Tertiary Care (tertiary + care)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Terms modified by Tertiary Care

  • tertiary care center
  • tertiary care centre
  • tertiary care children hospital
  • tertiary care facility
  • tertiary care hospital
  • tertiary care institution
  • tertiary care medical center
  • tertiary care referral center
  • tertiary care setting
  • tertiary care teaching hospital
  • tertiary care university hospital

  • Selected Abstracts

    Maximum Daily 6 Minutes of Activity: An Index of Functional Capacity Derived from Actigraphy and Its Application to Older Adults with Heart Failure

    Jason Howell BA
    OBJECTIVES: To compare the correlation between the maximum 6 minutes of daily activity (M6min) and standard measures of functional capacity in older adults with heart failure (HF) with that in younger subjects and its prognostic utility. DESIGN: Prospective, cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care, academic HF center. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty, ambulatory, adults, New York Heart Association (NYHA) Class I to III, stratified into young (50.9 ± 9.4) and older cohorts (76.8 ± 8.0). MEASUREMENTS: Correlation between M6min and measures of functional capacity (6-minute walk test; 6MWT) and peak oxygen consumption (VO2) according to cardiopulmonary exercise testing in a subset of subjects. Survival analysis was employed to evaluate the association between M6min and adverse events. RESULTS: Adherence to actigraphy was high (90%) and did not differ according to age. The correlation between M6min and 6MWT was higher in subjects aged 65 and older than in those younger than 65 (correlation coefficient (r=0.702, P<.001 vs r=0.490, P=.002). M6min was also significantly associated with peak VO2 (r=0.612, P=.006). During the study, 26 events occurred (2 deaths, 10 hospitalizations, 8 emergency department visits, and 6 intercurrent illnesses). The M6min was significantly associated with subsequent events (hazard ratio=2.728, 95% confidence interval=1.10,6.77, P=.03), independent of age, sex, ejection fraction, NYHA class, brain natriuretic peptide, and 6MWT. CONCLUSION: The high adherence to actigraphy and association with standard measures of functional capacity and independent association with subsequent morbid events suggest that it may be useful for monitoring older adults with HF. [source]

    Foot abnormalities in Canadian Aboriginal adolescents with Type 2 diabetes

    DIABETIC MEDICINE, Issue 7 2007
    J. Chuback
    Abstract Aims To determine the profile of foot abnormalities in Canadian Aboriginal adolescents with Type 2 diabetes and the risk factors associated with these abnormalities. Methods Aboriginal adolescents with Type 2 diabetes underwent an interview, medical record review and foot examination in a tertiary care, paediatric hospital diabetes clinic and two geographically remote outreach clinics. The notes of 110 subjects were reviewed [mean age 15 ± 3 years; mean duration of diabetes, 30 ± 20 months; 71 (66%) female and 39 (34%) male] and 77 (70%) of the subjects were examined. Results Foot abnormalities were identified by either interview or notes review, and included poor toenail condition in 85 (77%), paronychia in 29 (26%), ingrowing toenails in 16 (15%) and neuropathic symptoms in 13 (12%) subjects. Foot abnormalities were identified by examination in many subjects, including poor toenail condition in 38 (49%), calluses in 34 (44%) and paronychia in 13 (17%) subjects. Eighteen (24%) of 75 subjects did not have running water in the home. Factors that significantly increased the presence of foot abnormalities included: foot care provided by a person other than self; absence of running water in the home; decreased frequency of bathing; and decreased frequency of nail clipping. A greater percentage of subjects living on a reservation or rural community had specialized consultations for retinal examination, footwear, or both than of those living in an urban or unknown residence. Conclusions A high prevalence of foot abnormalities was noted in Aboriginal adolescents with Type 2 diabetes. These findings highlight the associated comorbidities in this population, emphasizing the need for early detection and intervention. [source]

    Cancer and men from minority ethnic groups: an exploration of the literature

    S. Lees
    The authors reviewed literature which has been published in the last 20 years. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in developed countries and is expected to become a significant cause of death in developing countries. Whilst there are a large number of studies on cancer and men, there is a paucity of data on men from minority ethnic groups. In the USA, African Americans are more likely to develop cancer than any other ethnic group. Although cancer rates amongst minority ethnic groups in the UK are thought to be low, 11% of Indian and African men and 19% of Caribbean men died from cancer during 1979,1983. There is also further evidence in the USA that African American, Filipinos and Native Americans have the lowest cancer survival rates. Service utilization, especially tertiary care, is also thought to be low amongst minority ethnic groups from the USA and the UK. Reasons for these variations include artefactual, cultural, materialist and social selectivist explanations as well as the effects of migration, racism and genetic disposition. This area is under-researched, in particular cultural beliefs about cancer. Further research into this area should apply culturally competent methods to ensure valid data to inform cancer policy, education and practice. [source]

    Monitoring political decision-making and its impact in Austria

    HEALTH ECONOMICS, Issue S1 2005
    Adolf Stepan
    Abstract The range of services provided by the Austrian health care system has been greatly extended over the last few decades. The accompanying measures for long-term care bring the situation closer to the ideal concept of a ,seamless web' between primary, secondary and tertiary care. Due to the expansion in services it has become increasingly difficult to ensure the balance between the financing and degree of usage of the services. The reiterated political aim has been to achieve balanced financing via legally fixed social health insurance (SHI) contributions and taxation. A steadily expanding part is contributed by the private sector. In the 1980s, measures for SHI expenditure containment were implemented; in 1997 a new hospital financing system based on flat rates was introduced. In order to guarantee hospital financing, the historical financing shares of the SHI for the hospitals were introduced in the form of valorised global budgets. The contradictory incentives arising from the flat rates and global budgets lead hospitals to shift services to the primary and tertiary care sector, causing additional expenditure for SHI. Currently, attempts are being made to secure the financing by increasing the SHI contribution rates and patients' co-payments. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Community-acquired febrile urinary tract infection in diabetics could deserve a different management: a case,control study

    J. P. Horcajada
    Abstract., Horcajada JP, Moreno I, Velasco M, Martínez JA, Moreno-Martínez A, Barranco M, Vila J, Mensa J (Hospital Clínic Universitari-IDIBAPS, Barcelona, Spain) Community-acquired febrile urinary tract infection in diabetics could deserve a different management: a case,control study. J Intern Med 2003; 254: 280,286. Objective., To investigate if there are relevant differences in clinical, microbiological and outcome characteristics of community-acquired febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) between diabetic and nondiabetic patients. Design., A prospectively matched case,control study. Setting., An 800-bed tertiary care university-affiliated hospital. Subjects., A total of 108 patients (54 diabetic and 54 nondiabetic patients matched by age and gender) admitted between January 1996 and September 1999 with febrile UTI. Methods., Clinical, analytical, microbiological and outcome variables were analysed by means of McNemar test (categorical) or Wilcoxon matched pairs signed rank test (continuous). Results., Mean age (SD) in both groups was 67.9 (14.4) years. In comparison with controls, diabetic patients were more likely to have fever without localizing symptoms (27% vs. 9%, P , 0.0001), diminished consciousness level at admission (25% vs. 10%, P = 0.03), aetiological microorganism different from Escherichia coli (17% vs. 0, P = 0.0004), and quinolone-resistant bacteria (17% vs. 3.7%, P = 0.07). Duration of fever after the onset of treatment was 1.75 (1) days in diabetics and 1.5 (1.1) days in nondiabetics (P = 0.17). However, diabetic patients had a longer hospitalization [5.2 (3.3) days] than nondiabetics [3.9 (2.6) days, P = 0.006]. Conclusions., In diabetic patients, febrile UTIs have clinical and microbiological peculiarities that may have diagnostic and therapeutic implications. [source]

    Assessment of Celiac Plexus Block and Neurolysis Outcomes and Technique in the Management of Refractory Visceral Cancer Pain

    PAIN MEDICINE, Issue 1 2010
    Michael A. Erdek MD
    ABSTRACT Objective., To assess demographic and clinical factors associated with celiac plexus neurolysis outcomes. Design., Retrospective clinical data analysis. Setting., A tertiary care, academic medical center. Patients., Forty-four patients with terminal visceral (mostly pancreatic) cancer who failed conservative measures. Interventions., Fifty celiac plexus alcohol neurolytic procedures done for pain control after a positive diagnostic block. Outcome Measures., A successful treatment was predefined as >50% pain relief sustained for ,1 month. The following variables were analyzed for their association with treatment outcome: age, gender, duration of pain, origin of tumor, opioid dose, type of radiological guidance used, single- vs double-needle approach, type of block (e.g., antero- vs retrocrural), immediate vs delayed neurolysis, volume of local anesthetic employed for both diagnostic and neurolytic blocks, and use of sedation. Results., Those variables correlated with a positive outcome included lower opioid dose and the absence of sedation. Strong trends for a positive association with outcome were found for the use of computed tomography (vs fluoroscopy), and using <20 mL of local anesthetic for the diagnostic block. Conclusions., Celiac plexus neurolysis may provide intermediate pain relief to a significant percentage of cancer sufferers. Both careful selection of candidates based on clinical variables, and technical factors aimed at enhancing the specificity of blocks may lead to improved outcomes. [source]

    Analysis of outcome of laparoscopic splenectomy for idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura by platelet count

    A. Keidar
    Abstract Laparoscopic splenectomy (LS) is now performed routinely in patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) refractory to the medical treatment. Low preoperative platelet count was deemed to be a contraindication for a laparoscopic approach; however, there is no data reporting the outcome in those patients. We aimed to evaluate the influence of the preoperative platelet count on the operative and postoperative course and complication rate. Retrospective cohort study that was conducted in tertiary care university-affiliated medical center and included 110 consecutive patients who underwent LS. All patients were divided into three groups by their preoperative platelet counts: ,20 × 109/L (n = 12), (20,50) × 109/L (n = 18), and >50 × 109/L (n = 80). The outcome and the influence of preoperative factors predictive of complications, blood transfusion, and length of stay were compared between the groups. Patients with a platelet count of ,20 × 109/L had a much longer hospital stay, received more blood transfusions, and suffered more complications than patients with platelet counts of (20,50) × 109/L or higher (P < 0.05). Transfused patients had a longer hospital stay than non-transfused patients (2.08 vs. 6.4 days, P = 0.029). The strongest predictor for transfusion was the platelet count (odds ratio = 23, P = 0.008). LS in patients with very low platelet counts is feasible and reasonably safe, but the platelet count is a major determinant of morbidity. Every effort should be made to elevate platelet levels to >20 × 109/L before surgery. Patients with counts >20 × 109/L can safely undergo LS. Am. J. Hematol. 80:95,100, 2005. © 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]


    ANZ JOURNAL OF SURGERY, Issue 6 2007
    Neil S. Sharma
    Background: To compare temporal artery biopsy specimen lengths from a tertiary care and a community hospital in New South Wales to recommended clinical guidelines in suspected giant cell arteritis. Design: A retrospective observational study of all patients who underwent temporal artery biopsy at Bathurst Base Hospital (BBH) and Royal Prince Alfred Hospital (RPAH) over a 5-year period. Methods: Patients who underwent temporal artery biopsy during the 5-year period were identified using computerized hospital databases. A retrospective chart review was carried out on all cases. Data were collected regarding patient age, patient sex, length of biopsy specimen, histopathological results and surgical team carrying out the biopsy. Results: During the 5-year period, 157 temporal artery biopsies were carried out at both hospitals, with 38/157(24%) at BBH and 119/157 (76%) at RPAH. There was no significant difference in biopsy length at the two hospitals. The mean specimen length at BBH was 12.1 mm compared with 11.7 mm at RPAH (t = 0.35; P = 0.73). At RPAH, there was no significant difference in specimen length between the surgical specialties carrying out the biopsy (anovaF = 1.37; P = 0.26). Specimens of length 20 mm or greater were 2.8 times more likely to show features of giant cell arteritis than those less than 20 mm. Conclusion: The mean length of temporal artery biopsy specimens at both hospitals was substantially shorter than recommended guidelines of a minimum 20 mm. We recommend all surgeons carrying out temporal artery biopsies ensure a specimen of sufficient length is obtained. [source]

    Delirium in Older Emergency Department Patients: Recognition, Risk Factors, and Psychomotor Subtypes

    Jin H. Han MD
    Abstract Objectives:, Missing delirium in the emergency department (ED) has been described as a medical error, yet this diagnosis is frequently unrecognized by emergency physicians (EPs). Identifying a subset of patients at high risk for delirium may improve delirium screening compliance by EPs. The authors sought to determine how often delirium is missed in the ED and how often these missed cases are detected by admitting hospital physicians at the time of admission, to identify delirium risk factors in older ED patients, and to characterize delirium by psychomotor subtypes in the ED setting. Methods:, This cross-sectional study was a convenience sample of patients conducted at a tertiary care, academic ED. English-speaking patients who were 65 years and older and present in the ED for less than 12 hours at the time of enrollment were included. Patients were excluded if they refused consent, were previously enrolled, had severe dementia, were unarousable to verbal stimuli for all delirium assessments, or had incomplete data. Delirium status was determined by using the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (CAM-ICU) administered by trained research assistants (RAs). Recognition of delirium by emergency and hospital physicians was determined from the medical record, blinded to CAM-ICU status. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify independent delirium risk factors. The Richmond Agitation and Sedation Scale was used to classify delirium by its psychomotor subtypes. Results:, Inclusion and exclusion criteria were met in 303 patients, and 25 (8.3%) presented to the ED with delirium. The vast majority (92.0%, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 74.0% to 99.0%) of delirious patients had the hypoactive psychomotor subtype. Of the 25 patients with delirium, 19 (76.0%, 95% CI = 54.9% to 90.6%) were not recognized to be delirious by the EP. Of the 16 admitted delirious patients who were undiagnosed by the EPs, 15 (93.8%, 95% CI = 69.8% to 99.8%) remained unrecognized by the hospital physician at the time of admission. Dementia, a Katz Activities of Daily Living (ADL) , 4, and hearing impairment were independently associated with presenting with delirium in the ED. Based on the multivariable model, a delirium risk score was constructed. Dementia, Katz ADL , 4, and hearing impairment were weighed equally. Patients with higher risk scores were more likely to be CAM-ICU positive (area under the receiver operating characteristic [ROC] curve = 0.82). If older ED patients with one or more delirium risk factors were screened for delirium, 165 (54.5%, 95% CI = 48.7% to 60.2%) would have required a delirium assessment at the expense of missing 1 patient with delirium, while screening 141 patients without delirium. Conclusions:, Delirium was a common occurrence in the ED, and the vast majority of delirium in the ED was of the hypoactive subtype. EPs missed delirium in 76% of the cases. Delirium that was missed in the ED was nearly always missed by hospital physicians at the time of admission. Using a delirium risk score has the potential to improve delirium screening efficiency in the ED setting. [source]

    ,Blood On The Tracks' from corpora lutea to endometriomas,

    P Vercellini
    Objective, To detect a direct transition from a haemorrhagic corpus luteum to an endometriotic cyst by serial transvaginal ultrasonographic scans. Design, Prospective observational study. Setting, An academic tertiary care and referral centre for women with endometriosis. Population, One hundred and nine women younger than 40 years, with regular menstrual cycles, undergoing first-line surgery for endometriomas, and not wanting postoperative oral contraception. Methods, Three-monthly transvaginal ultrasonography during the luteal phase for 2 years after surgery. Main outcome measure, Sonographic identification of progression from a haemorrhagic corpus luteum to a recurrent endometriotic cyst. Results, A haemorrhagic corpus luteum was identified in 13 women. Serial ultrasonographic scans demonstrated transition to an endometriotic cyst in 11 (85%) instances and resorption in two. A unilateral endometriotic cyst without previous detection of a cystic corpus luteum was observed in 14 women. Conclusions, Bleeding from a corpus luteum appears to be a critical event in the development of endometriomas. [source]