Tattoo Pigment (tattoo + pigment)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Successful Treatment of a Cosmetic Tattoo Using a Combination of Lasers

Karen Rebecca Suchin MD
Background. Cosmetic tattoos are becoming more popular and are often composed of several colors. Tattoo pigments containing ferric oxide and titanium dioxide can change to a blue-black color after exposure to Q-switched lasers that can be permanent. Objective. Using a patient who presented with rouge tattoos on the cheeks as an example, we describe a useful approach to laser treatment of cosmetic tattoos. Methods. Test areas were done with the Q-switched Nd:YAG at both 532 and 1064 nm and with the pulsed-dye laser at 595 nm. Results. Although an immediate blue-black color change occurred after treatment with the Nd:YAG at 532 and 1064 nm, sequential treatments at 1064 nm produced a near complete clearance of the tattoos. The pulsed-dye laser was used to remove subtle pink tones. Conclusion. Performing small test areas before complete treatment and using several laser wavelengths throughout the course of therapy are essential to the successful treatment of cosmetic tattoos. [source]

Spontaneous resolution of a delayed granulomatous reaction to cosmetic tattoo

Brad Jones MBBS, MPhil(Path)
A 27-year-old woman presented with linear, flesh-colored papules along her vermillion borders, 4 years after a cosmetic lip tattoo was applied. A biopsy of the lesion was performed and histology showed it to be a granulomatous reaction surrounding the tattoo pigment. Following the biopsy, the lesions began to resolve spontaneously within 4 weeks and were not noticeable at a follow-up review. Granulomatous reactions are rare after cosmetic facial tattoos and may respond to topical corticosteroids or laser ablation. We present a unique report of a delayed granulomatous reaction to a cosmetic tattoo completely resolving without any specific treatment. [source]

Photochemical cleavage of a tattoo pigment by UVB radiation or natural sunlight

Eva Engel
Summary Background: Millions of people have at least one tattoo. Complex and light absorbing molecules are implanted in the skin. When tattooed skin receives UV radiation or natural sunlight, photochemical cleavage of the pigments may occur. As a first step, we dissolved pigments in a suitable solvent and analyzed them after light irradiation. Methods: The widespread Pigment Red 22 was dissolved in different solvents. The solutions were irradiated with either UVB radiation (up to 8 h) or with natural sunlight (110 days). After irradiation, the solutions were analyzed by means of liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Results: A clear cleavage of the pigment was detected in all solvents and the primary decomposition products were identified. In tetrahydrofuran and dioxane, the pigment concentration decreased significantly during UVB irradiation, whereas the pigment was completely destroyed during sunlight exposure. In chloroform and dichloromethane, the pigment concentration decreased slightly during UVB irradiation, whereas the pigment was almost completely destroyed during sunlight exposure. Conclusion: Since chloroform and dichloromethane do not affect the cleavage process, these solvents are optimal for such in vitro experiments. We have shown the cleavage of the tattoo pigment Red 22 when exposed to UVB radiation or natural sunlight. The decomposition products are hazardous showing a potential risk of being toxic or even carcinogenic. At present, a risk assessment is not feasible since the concentration of pigments and their decomposition products in skin are unknown. [source]

Cutaneous allergic reactions to tattoo ink

Ravneet Ruby Kaur BSN
Summary Tattoo artists use many compounds to create tattoo pigment and several allergic reactions can occur as a result of these additives. The compositions of many inks have been identified; however, as new mixtures are created it becomes difficult to identify the specific ingredients in a particular ink. Allergic reactions to a particular pigment can manifest in several ways including allergic contact dermatitis and photoallergic dermatitis. Subsequently, tattoo ink or pigment allergy reactions can be classified as acute inflammatory reactions, allergic hypersensitivities, and granulomatous, lichenoid, and pseudolymphomatous types of reactions. This paper will review the clinical manifestations and the most common compounds associated with cutaneous reactions to tattoo ink. [source]

Eruptive squamous cell carcinomas, keratoacanthoma type, arising in a multicolor tattoo

Gary Goldenberg
Permanent tattoos are formed through the injection of ink solids through the epidermis into the dermis and can cause multiple adverse reactions. We report a 38-year-old man who presented to our Dermatologic Surgery Unit with a diagnosis of a superficially invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), keratoacanthoma (KA) type, of the left forearm in a 1-month-old tattoo. Since his initial biopsy, he developed four more similar lesions on his left forearm within his tattoo. On physical examination, the patient had a large, multicolor tattoo on his left forearm, a well-healed surgical biopsy site and four erythematous hyperkeratotic papules within differently pigmented areas of the patient's tattoo. Histopathological examination showed KA and tattoo pigment. Based on the eruptive nature of these lesions, their clinical presentation and the histopathological changes, we report this as the first case of eruptive KA arising in a multicolor tattoo. [source]

Comment on: Tattooing of skin results in transportation and light-induced decomposition of tattoo pigments

Gregor B. E. Jemec
Abstract:, Decorative tattoos have become a common feature of many societies. Their popularity appears mainly driven by fashion, and scant attention has been paid to any associated risk. The risks can be associated either with the tattooees' proclivity for risk taking in general, or with the substances used in the tattoos. It is well established that tattoo pigments wander widely in the body after they have been injected, and research now suggests that azo pigments may become mutagenic after exposure to either natural light or laser light. This may not only affect the risk profile of tattoos themselves, but also tattoo removal using lasers. [source]

Granulomatous tattoo reaction and erythema nodosum in a young woman: common cause or coincidence?

Uwe Wollina MD
Summary Tattooing has become quite popular in Western countries. With the increasing prevalence, there is also an increased risk of adverse effects. We describe a 17-year-old female patient with a black and red,colored tattoo, who developed immediately after red tattooing general malaise with fever, nausea, and vomiting. A bullous reaction was temporarily seen within the red part of her tattoo. The reaction later shifted to a subacute dermatitis with bacterial superinfection. Two months later, she felt ill again. She developed painful tender nodules on the anterior aspect of both lower legs identified as erythema nodosum without sarcoidosis. Is this is a unique case of adverse reaction to tattoo pigments with a type I and a type IV reaction, or is this a coincidence? The treatment was initiated with systemic and topical corticosteroids and topical antibiotics combined with compression bandages for the legs. After 3 weeks of treatment, the erythema nodosum completely resolved and did not reappear during a 1-year follow-up. The treatment of the local reactions, however, was unsatisfactory without complete response. There is an indispensable need for regulation of tattoo pigments and tattooing to improve consumer safety. [source]

Tattoo removal by non-professionals , medical and forensic considerations

S Karsai
Abstract Tattoos are common phenomena in the western world and the demand for their removal has become widespread in the recent years. The introduction of quality-switched lasers has provided an effective removal method that is increasingly being exploited by tattoo studios themselves. Dermatologists, however, are frequently confronted with complications and side effects of tattoo removals that were performed by non-professionals. The objective of this study is to assess potential risks and pitfalls of laser tattoo removal when performed by medical laymen. The methods followed are systematic and evidence-based review of the literature. Four major problem areas were identified: rare but potentially severe allergic or toxic effects of decomposition products of the tattoo pigments; bodily harm caused by out-of-specification usage of the laser devices; malignant disease that is obscured within the area of a tattoo and requires meticulous dermatological diagnosis; and insufficient pre-operative consultation of patients about the risks, side effects and realistic expectations on the therapeutic outcome. We came to a conclusion that tattoo laser removal by medical laymen is unacceptable from the point of view of patient safety and the laws need to ban this practice swiftly. [source]