Scientific Achievements (scientific + achievement)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


2009 Burl Osborne Pioneer Organ Replacement Hero Award and the 2009 Osborne-IFAO Prizes for Outstanding Scientific Achievement

ARTIFICIAL ORGANS, Issue 12 2009
FRCP Jesse Brown VA Medical Center, Peter Ivanovich MD
No abstract is available for this article. [source]


IS EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY STRATEGIC SCIENCE?

EVOLUTION, Issue 1 2007
Thomas R. Meagher
There is a profound need for the scientific community to be better aware of the policy context in which it operates. To address this need, Evolution has established a new Outlook feature section to include papers that explore the interface between society and evolutionary biology. This first paper in the series considers the strategic relevance of evolutionary biology. Support for scientific research in general is based on governmental or institutional expenditure that is an investment, and such investment is based on strategies designed to achieve particular outcomes, such as advance in particular areas of basic science or application. The scientific community can engage in the development of scientific strategies on a variety of levels, including workshops to explicitly develop research priorities and targeted funding initiatives to help define emerging scientific areas. Better understanding and communication of the scientific achievements of evolutionary biology, emphasizing immediate and potential societal relevance, are effective counters to challenges presented by the creationist agenda. Future papers in the Outlook feature section should assist the evolutionary biology community in achieving a better collective understanding of the societal relevance of their field. [source]


Laudatio to Professor D. Luc Massart (1941,2005), educator, organizer, and scientist,

JOURNAL OF CHEMOMETRICS, Issue 7-9 2007
Paul J. Lewi
Abstract The intention of this laudatio is to portray how the educational, organizational, and scientific achievements of Professor D. Luc Massart affected the life and work of his contemporaries and will influence that of the next generations of scientists and professionals. Our perspective, therefore, is more toward the future than the past. Copyright 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


Giulio natta , his life and scientific achievements

MACROMOLECULAR SYMPOSIA, Issue 1 2004
Lido Porri
First page of article [source]


Translational experimental therapeutics: The translation of laboratory-based discovery into disease-related therapy

MOUNT SINAI JOURNAL OF MEDICINE: A JOURNAL OF PERSONALIZED AND TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE, Issue 1 2007
Karl Kieburtz MD
Abstract In the past decade, there has been an increasing emphasis on laboratory-based translational research. This has led to significant scientific advances in our understanding of disease mechanisms and in the development of novel approaches to therapy such as gene therapy, RNA interference, and stem cells. However, the translation of these remarkable scientific achievements into new and effective disease-modifying therapies has lagged behind these scientific accomplishments. We use the term "translational experimental therapeutics" to describe the pathway between the discovery of a basic disease mechanism or novel therapeutic approach and its translation into an effective treatment for patients with a specific disease. In this article, we review the components of this pathway, and discuss issues that might impede this process. Only by optimizing this pathway can we realize the full therapeutic potential of current scientific discoveries and translate the astounding advances that have been accomplished in the laboratory into effective treatments for our patients. Mt Sinai J Med 74: 7-14, 2007. Copyright 2007 Mount Sinai School of Medicine [source]


ORIGINAL RESEARCH,HISTORY: Nikolaj A. Bogoraz (1874,1952): Pioneer of Phalloplasty and Penile Implant Surgery

THE JOURNAL OF SEXUAL MEDICINE, Issue 1 2005
Dirk Schultheiss MD
ABSTRACT Phalloplasty and penile implants are outstanding pioneering procedures introduced in 1936 by the Russian surgeon Nikolaj A. Bogoraz and are thus of eminent interest to the urological and plastic surgeon. This article from the history of medicine will discuss his biography and scientific achievements during the first half of the 20th century. [source]


Alexis Carrel: Genius, Innovator and Ideologist

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPLANTATION, Issue 10 2008
P. Dutkowski
Alexis Carrel was a Frenchman from Lyon, who gained fame at the Rockefeller Institute in New York at the beginning of the 20th century. He was the first to demonstrate that arteriovenous anastomoses were possible. Alexis Carrel was awarded the Nobel Prize for his contributions to vascular surgery and transplantation in 1912. He was a versatile scientist, who made numerous discoveries from the design of an antiseptic solution to treat injuries during the First World War to tissue culture and engineering, and organ preservation, making him the father of solid organ transplantation. Together, with the famous aviator and engineer Charles Lindbergh, they were the first scientists capable of keeping an entire organ alive outside of the body, using a perfusion machine. Due to his many dubious ideas and his association with fascism in the 1930s and during the Second World War, many of his scientific achievements have been forgotten today and taken for granted. [source]