Pulmonary Venous Return (pulmonary + venous_return)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Pulmonary Venous Return

  • anomalous pulmonary venous return

  • Selected Abstracts

    Hemiazygos Venous Additional Pulmonary Flow for Successful Total Cavo-pulmonary Connection

    Koichi Sughimoto MD
    ABSTRACT Patients who underwent only Glenn procedure after being deemed unsuitable candidates for Fontan completion are not small in number, and may develop arterio-venous (AV) pulmonary malformations during the follow-up period. We present the case of a 17-year-old woman with severe systemic desaturation 13 years after Glenn procedure and repair of total anomalous pulmonary venous return. Among other anomalies, the patient disclosed hemiazygos continuation to a persistent left superior vena cava. This case supports the concept that returning flow from the abdominal vein plays an important role in the well-balanced growth of the pulmonary artery and in the inhibition of the pulmonary AV malformation. [source]

    Localization of the mosaic transmembrane serine protease corin to heart myocytes

    FEBS JOURNAL, Issue 23 2000
    John D. Hooper
    Corin cDNA encodes an unusual mosaic type II transmembrane serine protease, which possesses, in addition to a trypsin-like serine protease domain, two frizzled domains, eight low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor domains, a scavenger receptor domain, as well as an intracellular cytoplasmic domain. In in vitro experiments, recombinant human corin has recently been shown to activate pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), a cardiac hormone essential for the regulation of blood pressure. Here we report the first characterization of corin protein expression in heart tissue. We generated antibodies to two different peptides derived from unique regions of the corin polypeptide, which detected immunoreactive corin protein of approximately 125,135 kDa in lysates from human heart tissues. Immunostaining of sections of human heart showed corin expression was specifically localized to the cross striations of cardiac myocytes, with a pattern of expression consistent with an integral membrane localization. Corin was not detected in sections of skeletal or smooth muscle. Corin has been suggested to be a candidate gene for the rare congenital heart disease, total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) as the corin gene colocalizes to the TAPVR locus on human chromosome 4. However examination of corin protein expression in TAPVR heart tissue did not show evidence of abnormal corin expression. The demonstrated corin protein expression by heart myocytes supports its proposed role as the pro-ANP convertase, and thus a potentially critical mediator of major cardiovascular diseases including hypertension and congestive heart failure. [source]

    Left Superior Vena Cava Draining into the Left Atrium, Associated with Partial Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Connection: Surgical Correction

    Andrea Quarti M.D.
    Although intra-atrial rerouting techniques, in patients with no connecting vein, have proved to be reliable and successful, in many cases the extracardiac repair is preferable. We report a case of a 5-month-old patient with a not connected left superior vena cava draining into the left atrium, associated with atrial septal defect and partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection. The correction has been achieved by rerouting the pulmonary venous return into the left atrium and by transposition of the left vena cava on the right appendage. [source]

    MRI of partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (scimitar syndrome)

    M Puvaneswary
    Summary We report a case of anomalous pulmonary venous drainage into the inferior vena cava (scimitar syndrome). Cine MRI and 3-D contrast-enhanced MR angiography provides an non-invasive diagnostic technique in the evaluation of anomalous pulmonary venous return. [source]

    Fully Autonomous Preload-Sensitive Control of Implantable Rotary Blood Pumps

    ARTIFICIAL ORGANS, Issue 9 2010
    Andreas Arndt
    Abstract A pulsatility-based control algorithm with a self-adapting pulsatility reference value is proposed for an implantable rotary blood pump and is to be tested in computer simulations. The only input signal is the pressure difference across the pump, which is deduced from measurements of the pump's magnetic bearing. A pulsatility index (PI) is calculated as the mean absolute deviation from the mean pressure difference. As a second characteristic, the gradient of the PI with respect to the pump speed is derived. This pulsatility gradient (GPI) is used as the controlled variable to adjust the operating point of the pump when physiological variables such as the systemic arterial pressure, left ventricular contractility, or heart rate change. Depending on the selected mode of operation, the controller is either a linear controller or an extremum-seeking controller. A supervisory mechanism monitors the state of the system and projects the system into the region of convergence when necessary. The controller of the GPI continuously adjusts the reference value for PI. An underlying robust linear controller regulates the PI to the reference value in order to take into account changes in pulmonary venous return. As a means of reacting to sudden changes in the venous return, a suction detection mechanism was included. The control system is robustly stable within a wide range of physiological variables. All the clinician needs to do is to select between the two operating modes. No other adjustments are required. The algorithm showed promising results which encourage further testing in vitro and in vivo. [source]

    Parental lead exposure and total anomalous pulmonary venous return

    Leila W. Jackson
    Abstract BACKGROUND Investigators from the Baltimore-Washington Infant Study (BWIS) reported an association between self-reported maternal lead exposure and total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) in their offspring. This association was further evaluated in the BWIS population using a more sensitive exposure estimate. METHODS Cases included 54 live-born infants with TAPVR; controls were a stratified random sample of 522 live-born infants from the BWIS control group. Parental lead exposure was based on three assessment methods, including: an industrial hygiene assessment, an a priori job exposure matrix, and self-reported exposures. A parent was classified as exposed to lead if he/she was classified as exposed by any one of the assessment methods. RESULTS Approximately 17% of case mothers and 11% of control mothers were classified as exposed to lead during the three months prior to conception through the first trimester (odds ratio [OR], 1.57; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.64,3.47). Among fathers, 61% of case fathers and 46% of control fathers were classified as exposed to lead during the six months prior to conception (paternal critical period) (OR, 1.83; 95% CI, 1.00,3.42). During the paternal critical period, when only the father was exposed compared to neither parent exposed, the OR for any lead exposure and TAPVR was 1.65 (95% CI, 0.84,3.25). CONCLUSIONS This study supports a possible association between paternal lead exposure and TAPVR. Further studies are warranted using validated assessment methods for occupational and nonoccupational lead exposures to corroborate this association and to elucidate the possible biological mechanism. Birth Defects Research (Part A), 2004. 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Specific congenital heart defects in RSH/Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome: Postulated involvement of the Sonic Hedgehog pathway in syndromes with postaxial polydactyly or heterotaxia

    Maria Cristina Digilio
    BACKGROUND RSH/Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome is an autosomal recessive syndrome due to an inborn error of cholesterol metabolism and is characterized by developmental delay, facial anomalies, hypospadias, congenital heart defect (CHD), postaxial polydactyly, and 2,3 toe syndactyly. CHD is found in half of the propositi, and a specific association with atrioventricular canal defect (AVCD) and anomalous pulmonary venous return has been demonstrated. METHODS We report on an additional patient with RSH/SLOS presenting with complete AVCD and anomalous pulmonary venous return, and discuss the possible relationship of the Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) pathway as causative factor of these CHDs and those in heterotaxia patients with postaxial polydactyly syndromes. RESULTS Anatomic similarities between heterotaxia and CHDs of several syndromes with postaxial polydactyly have been noted previously, considering the frequent association of AVCD with common atrium in these conditions. It is known that both CHDs of heterotaxia and postaxial polydactyly can be related to abnormalities of the SHH pathway. Cholesterol has a critical role in the formation of normally active hedgehog proteins. It could be hypothesized that specific types of CHDs in RSH/SLOS can be caused by modifications of the SHH protein related to the defect of cholesterol biosynthesis. CONCLUSIONS The specific association of AVCD and anomalous pulmonary venous return in patients with RSH/SLOS and the finding of AVCD common atrium in several syndromes with polydactyly leads to the hypothesis that heterotaxia due to SHH anomalies could be involved in a large spectrum of conditions. Perturbations in different components of the SHH pathway could lead to several developmental errors presenting with partially overlapping clinical manifestations. Birth Defects Research (Part A) 67149,153, 2003. 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Look before you close: Atrial septal defect with undiagnosed partial anomalous pulmonary venous return

    David T. Cragun MD
    Abstract The growing and continued success of percutaneous closure of atrial defects is related to its high benefit-to-risk ratio in appropriately selected patients. The following case illustrates a previously undocumented danger, namely, the potential for incomplete correction. A thorough transesophageal examination performed at the time of the planned atrial defect closure suggested the presence of a partial anomalous pulmonary vein insertion, which was then appropriately documented and the incomplete closure was averted. 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]