Promising Treatment Option (promising + treatment_option)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

The role of calcimimetics in the treatment of hyperparathyroidism

R. P. Wüthrich
Abstract Calcimimetics reduce serum levels of parathyroid hormone (PTH) and calcium, with a leftward shift in the set-point for calcium-regulated PTH secretion. The aim of this publication is to review the data available for calcimimetics in primary, secondary and tertiary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). Parathyroidectomy (PTX) is currently the only curative treatment for primary HPT, and recommended for patients with moderate-to-severe disease, as defined by a 2002 National Institute's of Health summary statement. In general, patients with primary HPT not meeting these surgical criteria, as well as those with contraindication or refusal for surgery, are monitored for signs and symptoms of primary HPT. There are currently no non-surgical therapies approved for use in primary HPT, although bisphosphonates are used in some patients, in an effort to control serum calcium levels. Calcimimetics decrease PTH and calcium levels and are a potential alternative for patients contraindicated for PTX, or who have failed previous PTX and have recurrent primary HPT. Secondary HPT develops early in chronic kidney disease and is present virtually in all patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Secondary HPT is a progressive disease and is associated with several systemic complications, including renal osteodystrophy, soft tissue and vascular calcifications, and adverse cardiovascular outcomes. In ESRD patients, calcimimetics were shown to simultaneously reduce PTH, calcium, phosphate and calcium × phosphate product. In addition, observational analyses of use of calcimimetics in the ESRD population have shown a reduction of important clinical outcomes. In renal allograft recipients with tertiary HPT and hypercalcaemia, calcimimetics are a promising treatment option to control the parameters of calcium phosphate metabolism and may be a valid alternative to PTX. Based on its unique mechanism of action, the calcimimetic cinacalcet may play a role in the medical treatment of primary and tertiary forms of HPT, in addition to the registered indication for the treatment of secondary HPT. [source]

Formation of cartilage repair tissue in articular cartilage defects pretreated with microfracture and covered with cell-free polymer-based implants,

Christoph Erggelet
Abstract The aim of our study was to evaluate the mid-term outcome of a cell-free polymer-based cartilage repair approach in a sheep cartilage defect model in comparison to microfracture treatment. Cell-free, freeze-dried implants (chondrotissue®) made of a poly-glycolic acid (PGA) scaffold and hyaluronan were immersed in autologous serum and used for covering microfractured full-thickness articular cartilage defects of the sheep (n,=,4). Defects treated with microfracture only served as controls (n,=,4). Six months after implantation, cartilage implants and controls were analyzed by immunohistochemical staining of type II collagen, histological staining of proteoglycans, and histological scoring. Histological analysis showed the formation of a cartilaginous repair tissue rich in proteoglycans. Histological scoring documented significant improvement of repair tissue formation when the defects were covered with the cell-free implant, compared to controls treated with microfracture. Immunohistochemistry showed that the cell-free implant induced cartilaginous repair tissue and type II collagen. Controls treated with microfracture showed marginal formation of a mixed-type repair tissue consisting of cartilaginous tissue and fibro-cartilage. Covering of microfractured defects with the cell-free polymer-based cartilage implant is suggested to be a promising treatment option for cartilage defects and improves the regeneration of articular cartilage. © 2009 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 27:1353,1360, 2009 [source]

Living donor liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma: A single-center preliminary report

Massimo Malagó
Liver transplantation (LT) is the treatment of choice for early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with end-stage liver disease but is limited by the availability of donor organs. Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) represents an alternative therapeutic option for patients with disease confined to the liver. Between April 1998 and December 2003, 537 patients underwent liver transplantation in our center. Thirty patients with HCC and associated terminal cirrhosis and 4 patients with tumor recurrence after liver resection who underwent LDLT were reviewed. Nineteen patients (55.8%) met the Milan criteria for LT, whereas 15 patients (44.2%) "exceeded" them. The overall survival rates at 1 and 2 years were 68% and 62%, respectively, with a median follow-up of 41 months (range, 17-64 months). Five patients (14.7%) died in the first 30 days after LDLT. Hospital mortality was significantly correlated with age >60 years. Four patients developed recurrence between 6 and 35 months after LDLT. Recurrence was significantly related to the presence of more than 3 tumor lesions in our series. In conclusion, LDLT is a promising treatment option for patients with HCC. Even longer follow-up and bigger patients' series are needed to fully assess the benefits of LDLT for HCC patients exceeding the Milan criteria. Liver Transpl 12:934,940, 2006. © 2006 AASLD. [source]

A double-blind study on a patient with tardive dyskinesia treated with pallidal deep brain stimulation

Z. Kefalopoulou
Background,,, Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a neurological disorder typically induced by long-term exposure to neuroleptics. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) may represent a therapeutic alternative for TD, which is often resistant to conservative treatment. Aims of the study,,, This report's objective is to present a case of TD successfully treated with DBS, as well as to indicate a putative role of brain perfusion scintigraphy as a helpful tool correlating functional imaging findings with clinical responsiveness to DBS. Methods/Results,,, A 42-year-old male patient suffering from refractory TD underwent bilateral GPi DBS surgery. Post-operative Burke-Fahn-Mardsen Dystonia Rating Scale (BFMDRS) and Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS) total scores have been reduced by 90.7% and 76.7% respectively on the 6-month follow-up assessment. Brain perfusion scintigraphy, performed post-operatively in the two stimulation states, revealed a decrease in cerebral blood flow, during the ,on-DBS', compared with the ,off-DBS' state. Conclusions,,, Clinical improvement of this patient, correspondent to previous studies, suggests that continuous bilateral GPi DBS may provide a promising treatment option for TD. Furthermore, this report could imply, as no previous such comparison study exists, a possible correlation between brain functional imaging findings and the movement disorder's response to DBS. [source]

Percutaneous rheolytic thrombectomy for large pulmonary embolism: A promising treatment option

Manish S. Chauhan MD
Abstract Background: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common cardiovascular disease with significant mortality. Some patients with large PE are not eligible for current treatment options such as thrombolysis or surgical embolectomy. We report our experience of percutaneous rheolytic thrombectomy (PRT) using the AngioJet system combined with adjunctive local thrombolytic therapy and inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement to treat massive or submassive PE in patients ineligible for current treatment options. Methods and Results: Of the 14 consecutive patients ineligible for thrombolysis or embolectomy treated with PRT, 10 patients had massive PE (6 patients were hypotensive and 4 patients had intractable hypoxemia) and 4 patients had submassive PE. Adjunctive local thrombolysis was performed in 5 patients. An IVC filter was placed in 11 patients. Angiographic success based on Miller score was achieved in 13 patients (92.9%). Procedure success was obtained in 12 patients (85.7%). Procedural mortality occurred in one patient who presented in cardiogenic shock (7.1%) and non-fatal hemoptysis occurred in 1 patient (7.1%). Total in-hospital mortality occurred in 3 patients (21.4%). On a mean follow-up of 9 months, all 11 survivors had noted significant improvement in symptoms without recurrence. Conclusions: Percutaneous rheolytic thrombectomy using the AngioJet may be a treatment option for patients with massive or submassive PE who may not be eligible for thrombolytic therapy or surgical embolectomy. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Sirolimus-eluting stents for the prevention of restenosis in a worst-case scenario of diffuse and recurrent in-stent restenosis

Gerald S. Werner MD
Abstract For recurrent in-stent restenosis (ISR), surgical revascularization or brachytherapy is still the principal therapeutic options. The present investigation explores the efficacy of a sirolimus-eluting stent to prevent restenosis in these lesions with a high risk of recurrence. In 22 consecutive patients with a recurrent and diffuse ISR, a sirolimus-eluting stent was implanted to cover the restenotic lesion. All patients were followed clinically for at least 1 year and underwent a repeat angiography after 7 months. A quantitative coronary angiographic analysis was done. The target vessel failure was 14% in the sirolimus-eluting stent group, with an angiographic late loss of only 0.39 ± 0.54. No subacute stent thrombosis was observed, and the 1-year event-free survival was 86%. The three cases with restenosis were all focal and could be successfully treated by additional drug-eluting stent implantation. This study showed the efficacy of a sirolimus-eluting stent for the prevention of restenosis in a worst-case scenario of recurrent and diffuse ISR. The observed restenosis rate is lower than that reported after brachytherapy and suggests that sirolimus-eluting stents are a promising treatment option for ISR. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv 2004;63:259,264. © 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]