Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Professor

  • assistant professor
  • associate professor
  • clinical professor
  • emeritus professor
  • university professor

  • Selected Abstracts

    Lithium treatment in Aarhus: contributions and controversies through half a century

    Per Vestergaard
    In 1954 the first of several hundred publications on the use of lithium for treatment of affective disorders, lithium's unwanted effects, and its pharmacology was authored at the Aarhus University Psychiatric Hospital, the majority with Professor, now emeritus, Mogens Schou playing the principal part. The early part of this long series of papers highlights the pharmacology of lithium with its renal excretion, low therapeutic index, and ensuing risk of intoxication, the prophylactic effect not only against manic episodes but also the depressive ones and finally the long-term renal structural and functional impairment. Later papers present the problems related to lithium's lower effectiveness in routine clinical use, the problems of non-adherence, the dose effect relationships, and the problems inherent to establishing effective treatment service delivery. The present priority of the Aarhus lithium group is the simple large scale pragmatic effectiveness studies in which, together with domestic and foreign collaborators, we compare the long-term effectiveness of lithium with new promising drugs with mood stabilizing properties. The story of treatment with lithium in aarhus highlights important steps in the development of effective and comprehensive treatments for bipolar patients. [source]

    Laudatio in honour of Professor em Dr med Dr med h.c. Jules Angst on the occasion of the Burghölzli Award

    H. Häfner
    First page of article [source]

    Interview with Peter Baume

    Article first published online: 29 MAY 200
    Professor Peter Baume is the Chancellor of the Australian National University. He has been a minister in the Federal Government and in 1977 chaired the Senate Standing Committee on Social Welfare, which conducted a pathfinding enquiry about alcohol and drugs. Prior to his current post he was Professor of Community Medicine at the University of New South Wales. [source]

    Stakeholders in Comprehensive Validation of Standards-Based Assessments: A Commentary

    Linda Crocker
    Linda Cracker is a Professor of Educational Psychology, University ofFlorida, P.O. Box 11 7047 Gainesville, FL 32611-7043. Her areas of specialization are assessment development, validation, and test-taking behavior. [source]

    The Nature of the Gift: Accountability and the Professor-Student Relationship

    Ana M. Martínez-Alemán
    Abstract In this paper I introduce the theory of gift giving as a possible means to reconcile the contradictions inherent in accountability measures of ,faculty productivity' in the American university. In this paper I sketch the theory of gift economies to show how, given the historical ideals that characterize the faculty-student relationship, a theory of gift giving could help us better judge the labor of the faculty. I suggest that it is the relational character of teaching that frustrates accountability measures and that perhaps if viewed as a gift economy,and in particular an economy with ,reproductive' ends,we could better grasp the effectiveness of these relationships. [source]

    J.G. Granö and Edgar Kant: Teacher and Pupil, Colleagues and Friends

    Olavi Granö
    Abstract This paper is adapted from an address given at the plenary session of the conference 'From Native and Landscape Research to Urban and Regional Studies, held in Tartu on 23 August, 2002, to mark the birthdays of J.G. Granö (120 years.) and Edgar Kant (100 years). The Finnish geographer J.G. Granö was Professor of Geography at the University of Tartu from 1919 to 1923, a period during which that university became the birthplace of many original geographical ideas. Edgar Kant was beginning his studies at that time, and a link was forged between the two scholars which lasted until Granö's death in 1956. The nature of this interaction and its significance for the history of geographical studies are discussed. [source]

    German Academics in British Universities During the First World War: The Case of Karl Wichmann1

    Christopher T. Husbands
    ABSTRACT Despite the scholarly attention given to the treatment of Germans in Great Britain during the First World War, there are only sparse details in this historical literature about how those of German origin working specifically in higher education were treated. This article considers Professors of German of German origin in British higher education, focusing on the hitherto little-reported case of Karl Wichmann (better known as a minor German/English lexicographer), who was employed as Professor of German at the University of Birmingham from 1907 to 1917. It considers the circumstances leading to Wichmann's resignation in March 1917 and discusses the known details of what happened to him thereafter. [source]

    Vale to Raymond Chambers 1917,1999: Emeritus Professor of Accounting, The University of Sydney

    ACCOUNTING & FINANCE, Issue 1 2000
    Article first published online: 18 DEC 200
    First page of article [source]

    Hans Adolf Krebs (1900-1981),His Life and Times

    IUBMB LIFE, Issue 3 2000
    Marion Stubbs
    A symposium to mark the centenary of the birth of Sir Hans Krebs was held in St. Catherine's College, University of Oxford, UK, during September 13-15, 2000. It was organized by Marion Stubbs, a long-time associate of Krebs, and Geoff Gibbons, the head of the Metabolic Research Laboratory that was established for Krebs after his retirement from the Chair of Biochemistry at the University of Oxford. The speakers, from all parts of the world, were Krebs' friends and associates, dating from all stages of his career in the UK, beginning with Reg Hems, who joined Krebs in the early 1940s. The three children of Hans and Margaret Krebs-Helen, Paul, and John-were present. Sir John Krebs, F.R.S., Royal Society Research Professor of Zoology at Oxford, gave the welcoming address. This article was adapted by Drs. Stubbs and Gibbons from one of the same title that appeared in the program book. We thank them for their kind cooperation. We also thank Mrs. Helen Lowell (née Krebs) for conveying the permission of the Krebs' children to reproduce the illustrations in this article. - William Whelan, Editor-in-Chief [source]

    Interview with a Quality Leader: Dr. Ashish Jha

    Kevin C. Park
    Abstract: Dr. Jha is an Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. The major themes of his research are: 1. Quality of care provided by healthcare systems, with a focus on healthcare disparities as a marker of poor care. 2. Information technology among other tools as potential solutions for reducing medical errors and disparities while improving overall quality. 3. Organizations that provide care for minorities and underserved populations and the role clinical information systems can play in improving their care. [source]

    How to Treat Hypertension in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease disease.

    Marvin Moser MD
    Following a hypertension symposium in Los Angeles in October 2007, a panel was convened to discuss how to treat hypertension in patients with coronary artery disease or with evidence of multiple major risk factors for coronary heart disease. Marvin Moser, MD, Clinical Professor of Medicine at the Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, moderated the discussion. Jackson T. Wright Jr, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine, Program Director of William T. Dahms Clinical Research, and Director of the Clinical Hypertension Program at Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH; Ronald G. Victor, MD, Professor and Division Chief, Hypertension, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX; and Joel Handler, MD, Hypertension Lead, Care Management Institute, Kaiser Permanente, Anaheim, CA, participated in the discussion. [source]

    Microalbuminuria, Chronic Renal Disease, and the Effects of the Metabolic Syndrome on Cardiovascular Events

    Marvin Moser MD
    In March 2007, a panel discussion was held following a hypertension symposium in New York, New York. The panel was moderated by Marvin Moser, MD, Clinical Professor of Medicine at the Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. Serving on the panel were James R. Sowers, MD, Professor of Medicine and Physiology at the University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri, and Henry R. Black, MD, Clinical Professor of Medicine at the New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York. This expert panel discussion was supported by Novartis and each author received an honorarium from Novartis for time and effort spent participating in the discussion and reviewing the transcript for important intellectual content prior to publication. The authors maintained full control of the discussion and the resulting content of this article; Novartis had no input in the choice of topic, speakers, or content. [source]

    The Management of Hypertension in the African American Patient

    Jackson T. Wright MD
    A panel was convened to discuss the topic of the management of hypertension in the African American patient. Jackson T. Wright, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, moderated the panel. Kenneth A. Jamerson, MD, Professor of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, and Keith C. Ferdinand, MD, Association of Black Cardiologists, Inc, and Emory University, Atlanta, GA, participated in the discussion. This expert panel discussion was supported by Novartis and each author received an honorarium from Novartis for time and effort spent participating in the discussion and reviewing the transcript for important intellectual content prior to publication. The authors maintained full control of the discussion and the resulting content of this article; Novartis had no input in the choice of topic, speakers, or content. [source]

    The ALLHAT Study Revisited: Do Newer Data From This Trial and Others Indicate Changes in Treatment Guidelines?

    Marvin Moser MD
    Following a hypertension symposium in Washington, DC, in November 2006, a panel was convened to discuss new data from the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) and to revisit the significance of this trial in the management of hypertension. Based on these data and information from other trials, the expert panel also addressed the questions, "Is it time for a new Joint National Committee report?" and "Should the 2003 hypertension treatment recommendations be updated or are they still valid?" The panel was moderated by Marvin Moser, MD, Clinical Professor of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT. On the panel were Suzanne Oparil, MD, Professor of Medicine at the University of Alabama in Birmingham, and President of the American Society of Hypertension (ASH); William Cushman, MD, Professor of Preventive Medicine and Medicine at the University of Tennessee in Memphis and attending physician at the Washington, DC, VA Medical Center; and Vasilios Papademetriou, MD, Professor of Medicine at Georgetown University in Washington, DC, and attending physician at the Washington, DC, VA Medical Center. This expert panel discussion was supported by Pfizer Inc and each author received an honorarium from Pfizer Inc for time and effort spent participating in the discussion and reviewing the transcript for important intellectual content prior to publication. The authors maintained full control of the discussion and the resulting content of this article; Pfizer had no input in the choice of topic, speakers, or content. (Please note that Dr Oparil's comments herein do not represent the official opinion of ASH.) [source]

    Reduction of Stroke Risk Factors

    John B. Kostis MD
    In October 2006, a panel of experts participated in a teleconference to discuss the reduction of stroke risk factors in patients at risk for stroke. The panel was chaired by John B. Kostis, MD, Professor and Chairman, Department of Medicine at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey,Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ. Also participating were Philip B. Gorelick, MD, MPH, Director, Center for Stroke Research, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Chicago, IL, and Franz H. Messerli, MD, St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY. [source]

    Roundtable Discussion: Problems in the Management of Hypertension

    Marvin Moser MD
    Following a symposium on hypertension sponsored by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in Chicago, IL on October 3, 2001, a panel was convened to discuss various aspects of hypertension treatment. Moderating the panel was Dr. Marvin Moser, Clinical Professor of Medicine at The Yale University School of Medicine. Panel members included Dr. George Bakris, Professor of Preventive Medicine and Director, Hypertension/Clinical Research Center at the Rush-Presbyterian-St. Luke's Medical Center in Chicago, Illinois and Dr. Henry Black, Professor of Medicine, Associate Vice President for Research, and Chairman of the Department of Preventive Medicine at Rush-Presbyterian. [source]

    A true impact factor: N. Scott McNutt, MD

    Bruce R. Smoller
    N. Scott McNutt has recently retired from his long-standing position as a Professor in Pathology and Internal Medicine (Dermatology) at Weill Medical College at Cornell University. He leaves behind a legacy that includes trainees throughout the world, many of whom continue to contribute to the world of academic dermatopathology. His obvious love for true scholarship is reflected as much by his indirect influence on hundreds of trainees as by his already impressive personal bibliography. [source]

    A note on Annie Altschul, Emeritus Professor of Nursing Studies, The University of Edinburgh

    Steve Tilley DR
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Professor of Psychiatric Nursing honoured by Oxford Brookes University

    Article first published online: 2 SEP 200

    Ford Motor Company and the Firestone tyre recall

    Robert Moll
    Abstract This paper was prepared as the basis for a class discussion rather than to illustrate either effective or ineffective handling of an administrative situation. It may be appropriate for public affairs, business and public policy, and/or crisis management courses at the undergraduate or graduate level. In conjunction with this case, it may be useful to use the framework for crisis management developed by Dr Ian I. Mitroff, the Harold Quinton Distinguished Professor of Business Policy at the Marshall School of Business, University of Southern California. This best practice model is discussed in ,Managing Crises Before They Happen', which Mitroff published in 2001 with Gus Anagnos, Vice President of Comprehensive Crisis Management. This case leads the audience through the Ford,Firestone tyre crisis from 1997,when Ford began to learn of a problem with Firestone tyres on its popular Explorer sport-utility vehicle,up until the summer of 2001, just after Ford recalled 13 million Firestone tyres and the National Highway Transportation and Safety Administration cleared Ford of further investigation into potential defects in the Explorer. The case addresses potential causes of the tyre problem, how Ford handled the crisis from a corporate public affairs perspective and, tangentially, how Firestone handled the issue. Copyright © 2003 Henry Stewart Publications [source]

    Cereals, Cities and the Birth of Europe: R.I. Moore's First European Revolution c.970,1215: A Review

    John O. WardArticle first published online: 7 FEB 200
    The First European Revolution c.970,1215 by R. I. Moore, Professor of History at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, challenges traditional understandings of the twelfth century, which have accorded perhaps undue significance to religious developments. Placing the period under study in a global chronological and geographical context, the book is very up to date but presents a generally difficult line of argument, an oblique rather than a descriptive reference to key events and developments, and displays a tendency to overemphasise French socioeconomic and political circumstances. Moore's book is nevertheless a landmark contribution, and no one will be able to say anything about European development in the timespan chosen without taking into account everything its author has argued. If convinced, the reader will go away satisfied that the period 970,1215 in European history was a decisive one, if not the most decisive one. [source]

    Statistical issues in first-in-man studies

    Professor Stephen Senn
    Preface., In March 2006 a first-in-man trial took place using healthy volunteers involving the use of monoclonal antibodies. Within hours the subjects had suffered such adverse effects that they were admitted to intensive care at Northwick Park Hospital. In April 2006 the Secretary of State for Health announced the appointment of Professor (now Sir) Gordon Duff, who chairs the UK's Commission on Human Medicines, to chair a scientific expert group on phase 1 clinical trials. The group reported on December 7th, 2006 (Expert Scientific Group on Clinical Trials, 2006a). Clinical trials have a well-established regulatory basis both in the UK and worldwide. Trials have to be approved by the regulatory authority and are subject to a detailed protocol concerning, among other things, the study design and statistical analyses that will form the basis of the evaluation. In fact, a cornerstone of the regulatory framework is the statistical theory and methods that underpin clinical trials. As a result, the Royal Statistical Society established an expert group of its own to look in detail at the statistical issues that might be relevant to first-in-man studies. The group mainly comprised senior Fellows of the Society who had expert knowledge of the theory and application of statistics in clinical trials. However, the group also included an expert immunologist and clinicians to ensure that the interface between statistics and clinical disciplines was not overlooked. In addition, expert representation was sought from Statisticians in the Pharmaceutical Industry (PSI), an organization with which the Royal Statistical Society has very close links. The output from the Society's expert group is contained in this report. It makes a number of recommendations directed towards the statistical aspects of clinical trials. As such it complements the report by Professor Duff's group and will, I trust, contribute to a safer framework for first-in-man trials in the future. Tim Holt (President, Royal Statistical Society) [source]

    Vascular fluid dynamics and vascular biology and disease

    C. G. Caro
    My tribute to James Lighthill, one of the world's great mathematical scientists, is offered with admiration and sadness,he was both colleague and friend. I met James in 1964, through an introduction by Sir Geoffrey (G.I.) Taylor. He was then Royal Society Research Professor at Imperial College and I was a lecturer in medicine at St. Thomas's Hospital, with a particular interest in cardiovascular and respiratory mechanics. Within a short while we began to collaborate and about a year later James proposed to Imperial College that it should take the then almost unique step of setting up an activity in physiological flow. The Physiological Flow Studies Unit was started at the College in 1966,on an experimental basis with a staff of one (the writer). Looking back over a period of more than 30 years, I have three outstanding, interrelated impressions. First, that the field of physiological fluid dynamics has grown hugely worldwide, attesting in no small measure to James Lighthill's prescience and contributions. Second, that close collaboration between life scientists and doctors and engineers and physical scientists, has led to great advances in the understanding of normal and disturbed biology and of the relevant fluid dynamics. Third, that recognition that mechanical stresses play a key role in cellular and molecular biology, has given a tremendous boost to physiological mechanics. My aim in this note is to describe some earlier and current work on vascular fluid dynamics and vascular biology and disease and, where appropriate, to trace its descent from early studies undertaken with James. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Historical notes on botulism, Clostridium botulinum, botulinum toxin, and the idea of the therapeutic use of the toxin

    Frank J. Erbguth MD
    Abstract Food-borne botulism probably has accompanied mankind since its beginning. However, we have only few historical sources and documents on food poisoning before the 19th century. Some ancient dietary laws and taboos may reflect some knowledge about the life-threatening consumption of poisoned food. One example of such a dietary taboo is the 10th century edict of Emperor Leo VI of Byzantium in which manufacturing of blood sausages was forbidden. Some ancient case reports on intoxications with Atropa belladonna probably described patients with food-borne botulism, because the combination of dilated pupils and fatal muscle paralysis cannot be attributed to an atropine intoxication. At the end of the 18th century, some well-documented outbreaks of "sausage poisoning" in Southern Germany, especially in Württemberg, prompted early systematic botulinum toxin research. The German poet and district medical officer Justinus Kerner (1786,1862) published the first accurate and complete descriptions of the symptoms of food-borne botulism between 1817 and 1822. Kerner did not succeed in defining the suspected "biological poison" which he called "sausage poison" or "fatty poison." However, he developed the idea of a possible therapeutic use of the toxin. Eighty years after Kerner's work, in 1895, a botulism outbreak after a funeral dinner with smoked ham in the small Belgian village of Ellezelles led to the discovery of the pathogen Clostridium botulinum by Emile Pierre van Ermengem, Professor of bacteriology at the University of Ghent. The bacterium was so called because of its pathological association with the sausages (Latin word for sausage = "botulus") and not,as it was suggested,because of its shape. Modern botulinum toxin treatment was pioneered by Alan B. Scott and Edward J. Schantz. © 2004 Movement Disorder Society [source]

    Laurence Moss as Exceptional Professor

    Barbara Wong
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    An Interview with Diego Gambetta

    OXONOMICS, Issue 2 2009
    Article first published online: 18 DEC 200
    Diego Gambetta is Professor of Sociology and official fellow at Nuffield College, University of Oxford. Born in Turin, Italy, he received his PhD in Social and Political Sciences from the University of Cambridge, U.K. in 1983. Since 1992 he has been in Oxford in various positions. He has been visiting professor at the University of Chicago, Columbia University, Science Po and the College de France in Paris. His main scholarly interests are trust, signalling theory and its applications, organised crime, and violent extremists. In 2000 he was made a Fellow of the British Academy. He is the author of numerous books including The Sicilian Mafia (Gambetta, 1993), Making Sense of Suicide Missions (Gambetta, 2005) and, most recently, The Codes of the Underworld (Gambetta, 2009). [source]

    Magnetic ordering of Mn and Ru in (La0.52Ba0.48) (Mn0.51Ru0.49)O3

    S. Y. Wu
    The cover picture of the current issue relates to the article by S. Y. Wu et al. [1]. The authors study the crystal structure and magnetic properties of a polycrystalline (La0.52Ba0.48) (Mn0.51Ru0.49)O3 sample. The critical temperatures of Ru and Mn were determined using the temperature dependent peak intensities. Neutron magnetic diffraction measurements show anomalies that are associated with the ferromagnetic ordering of the Mn and Mn/Ru spins, respectively, with the spin magnetic moments (shown as arrows) either parallel or at an inclined angle to the c -axis direction. The corresponding author Sheng Yun Wu is Assistant Professor at the Department of Physics of the National Dong Hwa University in Hualien, Taiwan. His research interests include the study of magnetic properties in perovskite system and spin polarization of closed d-shell nanoparticles. [source]

    Hydrostatic pressure effects on the structural and electronic properties of carbon nanotubes

    Rodrigo B. Capaz
    This issue's Editor's Choice [1] is a theoretical study of the properties of single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) under hydro-static pressure. The cover picture is a snapshot of room-temperature molecular dynamics simulations of a chiral (8,7) SWNT at a pressure of 4 GPa, where a symmetry-breaking collapse of the tube into a flat shape is observed. This paper is an invited presentation from the 11th Interna-tional Conference on High Pressure Semiconductor Physics (HPSP-11), held in Berkeley, California, USA, 2,5 August 2004. The Proceedings of this conference series have been published for the fifth time in physica status solidi (b). The first author, Rodrigo Barbosa Capaz, is Associate Professor of Physics at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro and works on electronic properties and computer modeling of materials. [source]

    Interwell exciton dispersion engineering, coherent phonons generation and optical detectionof exciton condensate

    Yu. E. Lozovik
    This issue's Editor's Choice [1] discusses interwell excitons in coupled quantum wells as a candidate for observation of different phases in an exciton system, including the very interesting phenomenon of Bose condensation. The cover picture shows schematically how the generation of coherent phonons and the angular distribution of the exciton photoluminescence (PL) from the quantum well system can be controlled by the external electric and magnetic fields. The first author, Yurii E. Lozovik, is head of the Laboratory of Spectroscopy of Nanostructures at the Institute of Spectroscopy and also Professor of Physics at the Moscow Physical and Technical Institute. His main interests are electron and electron,hole systems in nanostructures, cluster physics, quantum electrodynamics in a cavity, matter in strong magnetic fields, nanotechnology, ultrafast and near field optics, and computer simulations. [source]

    Stripe fractionalization: the quantum spin nematic and the Abrikosov lattice

    J. Zaanen
    The cover picture of physica status solidi (b), taken from the Editor's Choice of this issue, shows a scheme of construction of the spin nematic ordered state and the topological interaction between spatially disconnected gauge defects. The gauge symmetry is broken by applying an external field B. The theory described in the paper [1] offers a potential explanation for recent observations of magnetic field induced antiferromagnetism in La1.9Sr0.1CuO4. The first author, Jan Zaanen, is Professor of Physics at the Instituut-Lorentz in Leiden where he works on quantum field theory in condensed matter physics, concentrating on problems in high- TC superconductivity, quantum magnetism, quantum liquid crystals, doped Mott insulators, and strongly correlated electron systems. This paper is an invited presentation from the European Conference Physics of Magnetism (PM'02), held in Pozna,, Poland, 1,5 July 2002. The proceedings of this conference are published in two parts: in the present issue of phys. stat. sol. (b) and in phys. stat. sol. (a) 196, No. 1 (2003). [source]