Professional Colleagues (professional + colleague)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Research utilisation among Swedish dental hygienists

K Íhrn
Dental hygienists have to practise evidence-based decision making in the future, which means that actively seeking and utilising research findings will become more important. Objective: The objective of this study was to explore barriers to and facilitators of research utilisation in clinical practice among Swedish dental hygienists. Methods: The study was a descriptive, comparative cross-sectional survey including a random sample of 491 dental hygienists in Sweden. The response rate was 62%. A validated questionnaire covering different aspects of participation in research, support for and availability of research, and research utilisation was employed. Results: The most common research-related activities were: reading research projects in professional journals, 83%; participating in clinical audit, 67%; and sharing research findings with their own professional colleagues, 65%. The most commonly reported available research-related resources were computer services to access the internet, which was true for 84%. A total of 31% reported exploring how research findings can be used in clinical settings as the best help to make research more useful. The most reported item that discouraged dental hygienists the most from using research in clinical practice was time limitation (42%). Dental hygienists with continuing education university courses reported a higher activity in seeking new research and more support and available research-related activities than those without a university course. Dental hygienists with a 2-year education reported a more positive attitude towards research and rated their own research utilisation in clinical practice higher than those with a 1-year education. Dental hygienists educated at universities without a dental school reported a more positive attitude towards research and rated their own research utilisation in clinical practice higher than those who were educated in connection with a dental school. Dental hygienists working in public dental care reported higher activity in seeking new research and rated their own research utilisation in clinical practice higher than those working in private dental offices. Conclusions: There is a need for continuing education in evidence-based dental hygiene. The length of the education is important, and a more comprehensive education support research utilisation. [source]

Ethical issues in the publication of clinical material1

Barbara Wharton
Abstract:, Some of the ethical issues involved in publishing clinical material are considered. These include the ,ownership' of such material, the responsibilities of the analyst towards patients and professional colleagues, the keeping and status of records, the nature of trust and confidentiality and its place in analysis, the question of obtaining consent for publication, the nature of consent, and its consequences for treatment. The issues of disguise, of authenticity, and of accuracy are also touched on, as is the potential role of the author's anonymity in protecting the anonymity of the patient. [source]

Medical and midwifery students: how do they view their respective roles on the labour ward?

Julie A Quinlivan
ABSTRACT Background It has been suggested that much of the medical and midwifery student curricula on normal pregnancy and birth could be taught as a co-operative effort between obstetric and midwifery staff. One important element of a successful combined teaching strategy would involve a determination of the extent to which the students themselves identify common learning objectives. Aim The aim of the present study was to survey medical and midwifery students about how they perceived their respective learning roles on the delivery suite. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional survey study was undertaken. The study venue was an Australian teaching and tertiary referral hospital in obstetrics and gynaecology. Survey participants were medical students who had just completed a 10 week clinical attachment in obstetrics and gynaecology during the 5th year of a six year undergraduate medical curriculum and midwifery students undertaking a one year full-time (or two year part-time) postgraduate diploma in midwifery. Results Of 130 and 52 questionnaires distributed to medical and midwifery students, response rates of 72% and 52% were achieved respectively. The key finding was that students reported a lesser role for their professional colleagues than they identified for themselves. Some medical students lacked an understanding of the role of midwives as 8%, 10%, and 23% did not feel that student midwives should observe or perform a normal birth or neonatal assessment respectively. Of equal concern, 7%, 22%, 26% and 85% of student midwives did not identify a role for medical students to observe or perform a normal birth, neonatal assessment or provide advice on breastfeeding respectively. Summary Medical and midwifery students are placed in a competitive framework and some students may not understand the complementary role of their future colleagues. Interdisciplinary teaching may facilitate co-operation between the professions and improve working relationships. [source]

Oral medicine in Australia 2000,2010.

A publications overview
Abstract Specialties within health care are often identified by the public profile provided by members within the private clinical practice arena. This is clearly important but often the real activity of a specialty discipline exists within the training institutions. This is an unseen area for most, both members of the public as well as professional colleagues, as papers reporting developments of all kinds are delivered to highly specific target audiences and publications reporting research are published in journals again targeting specific audiences. Publication in national journals is important and provides a glimpse of research activities and a wealth of clinical material in the form of reviews and case reports directed again to a specific target audience. This paper addresses the profile of oral medicine in Australia by presenting the papers published in the Australian Dental Journal within a 10-year bracket. [source]

MENTAL HEALTH AND SEN: Mental health and special educational needs: exploring a complex relationship

Richard Rose
The relationship between mental health and special educational needs is both complex and misunderstood. In this article, Richard Rose, Professor of Special and Inclusive Education, Marie Howley, Senior Lecturer, Ann Fergusson, Senior Lecturer, and Johnson Jament, a PhD student, all from the Centre for Special Needs Education and Research directed by Richard Rose at the University of Northampton, discuss findings from a national research project which explored the perceptions of pupil mental health needs by staff working in residential special schools. Teachers and other professional colleagues often feel ill-prepared to address mental health difficulties experienced by their pupils. This is, at times, exacerbated by a wider confusion when atypical behaviours are attributed to a diagnosed learning difficulty rather than being recognised as symptomatic of a mental health problem. The article suggests a need for clarification of the relationship between complex special educational needs and mental health and for increases in training opportunities and the development of resources for teaching about and supporting mental health and emotional well-being. [source]