Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Kinds of Professionals

  • allied health professional
  • care professional
  • criminal justice professional
  • dental professional
  • different professional
  • education professional
  • educational professional
  • financial professional
  • genetics professional
  • health care professional
  • health professional
  • health-care professional
  • healthcare professional
  • hr professional
  • hrd professional
  • improvement professional
  • information professional
  • it professional
  • justice professional
  • legal professional
  • management professional
  • many professional
  • medical professional
  • mental health professional
  • nursing professional
  • oral health professional
  • other health care professional
  • other health professional
  • other healthcare professional
  • other professional
  • performance improvement professional
  • public health professional
  • school professional
  • service professional
  • services professional
  • transplant professional
  • various professional

  • Terms modified by Professionals

  • professional accountant
  • professional activity
  • professional anthropologist
  • professional antigen-presenting cell
  • professional apc
  • professional assessment
  • professional association
  • professional attitude
  • professional authority
  • professional autonomy
  • professional awareness
  • professional background
  • professional behaviour
  • professional body
  • professional boundary
  • professional burnout
  • professional care
  • professional career
  • professional caregiver
  • professional carer
  • professional certification
  • professional characteristic
  • professional code
  • professional colleague
  • professional commitment
  • professional communication
  • professional community
  • professional competence
  • professional competency
  • professional conduct
  • professional consensus
  • professional consequence
  • professional context
  • professional culture
  • professional development
  • professional development activity
  • professional development opportunity
  • professional development program
  • professional development programme
  • professional discipline
  • professional discourse
  • professional duty
  • professional education
  • professional employee
  • professional ethics
  • professional expectation
  • professional experience
  • professional expertise
  • professional follow-up study
  • professional group
  • professional groups
  • professional growth
  • professional guideline
  • professional help
  • professional identity
  • professional interaction
  • professional interest
  • professional intervention
  • professional investor
  • professional issues
  • professional journal
  • professional judgement
  • professional judgment
  • professional knowledge
  • professional learning
  • professional life
  • professional literature
  • professional management
  • professional network
  • professional norm
  • professional nurse
  • professional nursing practice
  • professional obligation
  • professional opinion
  • professional organisation
  • professional organization
  • professional perception
  • professional perspective
  • professional phagocyte
  • professional practice
  • professional preference
  • professional psychology
  • professional qualification
  • professional regulation
  • professional relationships
  • professional requirement
  • professional response
  • professional responsibility
  • professional role
  • professional satisfaction
  • professional service firm
  • professional services
  • professional services firm
  • professional skill
  • professional socialization
  • professional society
  • professional staff
  • professional standards
  • professional status
  • professional support
  • professional task
  • professional team sports
  • professional training
  • professional value
  • professional views
  • professional woman
  • professional work
  • professional worker

  • Selected Abstracts


    Despite its rapid growth in recent years, Project Management has received very little critical attention, particularly when compared to the more ,hyped' managerial fashions such as TQM (cf. Wilkinson and Willmott, 1995) and BPR (cf. Grey and Mitev, 1995; Grint, 1994). My intention in this paper is to critically examine the ongoing construction of Project Management as a professional discipline in modern organizations. Drawing on an understanding of ,discipline' based in Foucauldian work, I will briefly trace the historical construction of Project Management as a form of managerial knowledge, outlining the key models and techniques which make up contemporary Project Management. Through an empirical study of the articulation and reproduction of Project Management within two Financial Services institutions, the everyday construction of Project Management as an ,objective' and ,abstract' body of knowledge will be described. I then contrast this with the embodied and power-laden operation of Project Management, with disciplinary effects not only on those employees whose work is restructured in line with Project Management principles but equally upon self-professed Project Management professionals themselves. [source]


    ABSTRACT A subcategory of medical tourism, reproductive tourism has been the subject of much public and policy debate in recent years. Specific concerns include: the exploitation of individuals and communities, access to needed health care services, fair allocation of limited resources, and the quality and safety of services provided by private clinics. To date, the focus of attention has been on the thriving medical and reproductive tourism sectors in Asia and Eastern Europe; there has been much less consideration given to more recent ,players' in Latin America, notably fertility clinics in Chile, Brazil, Mexico and Argentina. In this paper, we examine the context-specific ethical and policy implications of private Argentinean fertility clinics that market reproductive services via the internet. Whether or not one agrees that reproductive services should be made available as consumer goods, the fact is that they are provided as such by private clinics around the world. We argue that basic national regulatory mechanisms are required in countries such as Argentina that are marketing fertility services to local and international publics. Specifically, regular oversight of all fertility clinics is essential to ensure that consumer information is accurate and that marketed services are safe and effective. It is in the best interests of consumers, health professionals and policy makers that the reproductive tourism industry adopts safe and responsible medical practices. [source]


    FAMILY COURT REVIEW, Issue 3 2008
    Peter Salem
    The domestic violence advocacy and family court communities have each grown dramatically over the last three decades. Although these professional communities share many values in common, they often find themselves at odds with one another on a host of issues. This article examines the practical, political, definitional, and ideological differences between the two communities and calls for them to join forces and collaborate on behalf of children and families. [source]


    Professional influence in policy-making is generally believed to rest on professionals successfully laying claim to access to expertise , knowledge, understanding or experience , not available to others, above all politicians. On the basis of a 2005 survey of nearly 800 lawyers serving in local authorities in England and Wales, this article explores the relationship between specialization and political influence. Lawyers who shape policy use conventional routes for political influence, establish contacts with political officeholders, tend to identify less with the profession at large and are less likely to see themselves as specialists in any field of law. This means that the relationship between expertise and political power is complex and that the notion that professionals use their expertise to shape policy should be treated with some caution. [source]


    BIOETHICS, Issue 3 2005
    Peter Murphy
    ABSTRACT When patients refuse to receive medical treatment, the consequences of honouring their decisions can be tragic. This is no less true of patients who autonomously decide to refuse treatment. I distinguish three possible implications of these autonomous decisions. According to the Permissibility Claim, such a decision implies that it is permissible for the patient who has made the autonomous decision to forego medical treatment. According to the Anti-Paternalism Claim, it follows that health-care professionals are not morally permitted to treat that patient. According to the Binding Claim it follows that these decisions are binding on health-care professionals. My focus is the last claim. After arguing that it is importantly different from each of the first two claims, I give two arguments to show that it is false. One argument against the Binding Claim draws a comparison with cases in which patients autonomously choose perilous positive treatments. The other argument appeals to considered judgments about cases in which disincentives are used to deter patients from refusing sound treatments. [source]

    Turning Professional: Content-Based Communication and the Evolution of a Cross-Cultural Language Curriculum

    Gisela Hoecherl-Alden
    Furthermore, the increasing demand for professional language classes makes it necessary to adjust the overall undergraduate program so that these courses fit meaningfully into the mainly humanities-oriented curriculum. If students are to bridge the gap between form and meaning, courses need to move from communicative training at the elementary level through an intermediate stage that combines communicative and content-based instruction. Finally, training students successfully for future careers in a global economy means that courses cannot focus only on content and form, but also must include a thorough development of cultural awareness. Applying ethnographic intercultural training methods to the language classroom ensures that the students attain not only linguistic but also cultural proficiency. The course structure presented in this paper demonstrates that professional school students can be trained alongside humanities majors by making minor but far-reaching adjustments to the elementary and intermediate language program, and without placing undue constraints on departmental resources. [source]

    Professional and service-user perceptions of self-help in primary care mental health services

    Rebekah Pratt MSocSci PGDip Comm Psych
    Abstract Self-help is becoming an increasingly accessible option for addressing mental health problems. Despite this, self-help is subject to a variety of interpretations, little is known about how professionals and service-users conceptualise self-help, or how service-users engage in self-help activities. This study aimed to explore the views of self-help by service-users and health professionals in one area of Scotland, including the perceptions of what constitutes self-help and how it might be used to address mental health problems in primary care. The research involved semistructured interviews with 31 primary care mental health professionals, and in-depth interviews with 34 service-users. We found that professionals and service-users describe self-help in different ways, which has great implications for referral to and implementation of self-help in primary care settings. It also emerged that self-help was not necessarily perceived to be able to address the causes of mental distress, which could leave some professionals defaulting to offering no interventions despite the fairly positive attitude service-users show to self-help strategies. Finally, professionals need to be convinced that interventions are useful, effective and accessible as there are significant barriers in professionals using self-help; if they are not convinced, such approaches will support their therapeutic approach. The research supports the need to develop methods of delivery that offer self-help as part of a broad package of care that also considers social causes of distress. [source]

    If You Can Use Them: Flexibility Policies, Organizational Commitment, and Perceived Performance

    Article first published online: 25 MAR 200, Susan C. Eaton
    This study links workplace flexibility policies,formal, informal, and perceived usable,to organizational commitment and self-reported productivity. Professional and technical employees of biotechnology firms were surveyed. Where employees could freely use policies, a positive association with outcomes is found. The article contributes a new measure to capture employees' organizational experience, relevant to work and family research. [source]

    Caring for the Heart Failure Patient: A Textbook for the Health Care Professional

    Elizabeth Halcomb BN RN GradCertIntCare
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Defining the content for the objective structured clinical examination component of the Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board examination: development of a blueprint

    MEDICAL EDUCATION, Issue 7 2000
    Philip Tombleson
    Introduction We describe the steps taken to develop an appropriate list of ,clinical problems' used to define the content of the objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) component of the Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) examination. Method A blueprint and list of 255 clinical problems was compiled by reviewing PLAB questions, published curricula of the UK Royal Colleges and other sources such as the General Medical Council's own guidelines. This list was sent to a random sample of 251 successful PLAB candidates who were asked to rate the clinical problems using a scale of ,seen frequently/seldom/never' and to 120 members of the accident and emergency (A&E) specialists' association who were asked to identify ,important' tasks. The list was further validated using activity data obtained for consecutive A&E attendances (934) and admissions (6130) at three hospitals. Results After two mailings, 131/251 (52%) former PLAB candidates and 89/120 (74%) A&E specialists replied. All of the 255 clinical problems were seen by some former candidates and were felt to be important by some A&E specialists. Of the 255 problems, 40 were neither rated as important nor as seen frequently/seldom by over 50% of respondents. The 255 clinical problems covered a mean 94% consecutive A&E attendances and 976% reasons for hospital admission. The correlation between clinical problems that were frequently encountered and those felt to be important was rho=038 (P < 001). Conclusion The clinical problems appear to be appropriate for defining the content of the PLAB OSCE. We suggest that our problem list is useful in that all the problems are seen by some senior house officers, are felt to be important by some A&E specialists and cover greater than or equal to 94% of the conditions for which patients both attend and are admitted from casualty. The correlation between clinical task importance and the frequency that they were seen was only moderate, partly reflecting the relative seriousness of some uncommon medical conditions, which should not be missed on clinical assessment. The content of the OSCE component of the PLAB examination is being reviewed in the light of the findings of this study. The limitations of the study are discussed. [source]

    Seeing the full picture?

    Technologically enabled multi-agency working in health, social care
    The implementation of local e-government in England touched all public services and affected front-line workers across local authorities and partner agencies. Professional ,cultures' are invoked rhetorically as barriers to the translation of this policy into practice. We propose that the concept of ,street-level bureaucrats' offers a more nuanced and grounded framework to think about local responses to centrally driven change. [source]

    Nominate an Outstanding Nursing Professional

    Article first published online: 9 MAR 200
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Professional and organizational commitment in paediatric occupational therapists: the influence of practice setting

    Francine M Seruya
    Abstract The professional and organizational commitment of paediatric occupational therapists working in two distinct practice settings, schools and medically based settings, was investigated. A web-based survey program was used to administer a questionnaire to occupational therapists employed in New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. The study employed social identity theory as a guiding perspective in understanding therapists' professional and organizational commitment. One hundred and fifty-seven paediatric therapists responded to the Professional Commitment Questionnaire and the Organizational Commitment Questionnaire to gauge their commitment to both the profession and their employing organizations. Results indicated that paediatric therapists, regardless of employment setting, have high professional commitment. Paediatric occupational therapists employed in medically based settings indicated statistically significant higher organizational commitment than their school-based counterparts. For therapists that work in school settings, the presence of a professional cohort did not influence professional commitment scores. As the study employed a web-based survey methodology, only individuals who were members of associations and had access to a computer and the Internet were able to participate. Further study might include widening the participant pool as well as adding additional instruments to explore both professional and organizational commitment on a more national scale. Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    The Social, Professional, and Legal Framework for the Problem of Pain Management in Emergency Medicine

    Sandra H. JohnsonArticle first published online: 24 JAN 200
    First page of article [source]

    Transplantation Oversight,Finding the Right Balance Between the Layperson, the Transplant Professional and the Regulator

    G. B. G. Klintmalm
    Is UNOS the right body to make recommendations for standards for medical evaluation and care? The authors, who were involved in the development of the recent rule, suggest that it would be more appropriately done by the professional societies. See also article by Brown, Jr. et al in this issue on page 31. [source]

    Time to be Professional?

    ANTHROPOLOGY TODAY, Issue 1 2003
    Paul Sillitoe

    Professional,Organisational Commitment: A Study of Canadian Professional Accountants

    Yves Gendron
    This paper extends the literature on professional and organisational commitment through an online survey of professional accountants that examines the influence of several contextual features; namely, workplace diversification, occupational stress, professional involvement and culture. The survey was carried out around the end of 2002 with Canadian chartered accountants (CAs) from four Canadian provincial institutes. Three of these provincial institutes are located in English-speaking provinces (Alberta, British Columbia and Nova Scotia), while the fourth CA association is in Quebec, a predominantly French-speaking province. In contrast to prior research carried out more than two decades ago, our results indicate that respondents in public practice do not differ from respondents in non-public accounting settings in their level of professional commitment and in their level of organisational commitment. Our results also suggest that occupational stress and professional involvement are both significantly related to professional commitment. Finally, our survey data indicate that accountants working in Quebec had a lower professional commitment than their peers working in English-speaking provinces, thereby suggesting that culture exerts significant influence on professional commitment. [source]

    Professional and economic factors affecting access to mammography: A crisis today, or tomorrow?,

    CANCER, Issue 3 2005
    Results from a national survey
    Abstract BACKGROUND Objective data and anecdotal reports have suggested that access to mammography may be declining because of facility closures and difficulty in recruiting and retaining radiologists and radiologic technologists. To gain insight into the practice patterns, use of emerging technologies, and concerns of breast imagers in current practice, the Society of Breast Imaging (SBI) conducted a national survey of breast imaging practices in the U.S. METHODS Between October 2003 and April 2004, the SBI conducted a survey of the SBI membership database, and received completed surveys from 575 breast imaging practices in the U.S. Responses to the survey regarding practice characteristics, the utilization of standard and emerging technologies, staffing, malpractice, finance, and morale were analyzed. RESULTS Job vacancies for radiologists who read mammograms were reported in 163 practices (29%), 59 of which (10%) had 2 or more openings. A higher proportion of practices with job openings had long appointment waiting times for asymptomatic women when compared with fully staffed practices. Unfilled fellowship positions also were common, with 41 of 65 practices that offer fellowships reporting 47 openings. Among 554 responding practices, 55% reported that someone in their practice was sued because of a mammography related case within the past 5 years, and 50% of practices reported that the threat of lawsuits made radiologist staffing "moderately" or "a lot" more difficult. Of 521 responding practices, 35% reported financial losses in 2002. One in 5 respondents reported that they would prefer to spend less time in mammography, and fewer than 1 in 3 would recommend a breast imaging fellowship to a relative or friend. Emerging technologies, such as breast magnetic resonance imaging and screening ultrasound, currently are being performed in many practices. CONCLUSIONS The survey results provide support for anecdotal reports that breast imaging practices face significant challenges and stresses, including shortages of key personnel, a lack of trainees, malpractice concerns, financial constraints, increased workload due to emerging technologies, low appeal of breast imaging as a career specialty, and the steady rise in the population of women of screening age. Cancer 2005. 2005 American Cancer Society. [source]

    Considering "The Professional" in Communication Studies: Implications for Theory and Research Within and Beyond the Boundaries of Organizational Communication

    George Cheney
    This essay positions contemporary "professionalism" as a contested term and a nexus of important theoretical and practical concerns for communication scholars, including, for example, those engaged in the empirical, interpretive, and critical examinations of culture and the self. We advance communication-based understandings of the meanings and practices of professionalism as a complement to the predominantly sociological conceptions of the rise and place of the professional in modern industrialized societies. We are deliberately playful with the term professionalism in demonstrating the power of its ambiguity for reflecting, shaping, and indexing particular kinds of social relations and expectations for them. Part of our argument concerns the complex interplay of symbolism and materiality in the domains of interaction and artifacts surrounding "the professional," and especially its embodiment in work and other settings. This brings us directly to an examination of the "intersectionality" of aspects of difference in the world of the professional (and by implication, the nonprofessional), including race, gender, and class, and to observe a broad-based cultural dialectic of the civilized and the primitive. Finally, we briefly consider extensions as relevant to domains of communication studies beyond the accustomed domain of organizational communication. [source]

    State of Research in High-consequence Hospital Surge Capacity

    Carl H. Schultz MD
    High-consequence surge research involves a systems approach that includes elements such as healthcare facilities, out-of-hospital systems, mortuary services, public health, and sheltering. This article focuses on one aspect of this research, hospital surge capacity, and discusses a definition for such capacity, its components, and future considerations. While conceptual definitions of surge capacity exist, evidence-based practical guidelines for hospitals require enhancement. The Health Resources and Services Administration's (HRSA) definition and benchmarks are extrapolated from those of other countries and rely mainly on trauma data. The most significant part of the HRSA target, the need to care for 500 victims stricken with an infectious disease per one million population in 24 hours, was not developed using a biological model. If HRSA's recommendation is applied to a sample metropolitan area such as Orange County, California, this translates to a goal of expanding hospital capacity by 20%,25% in the first 24 hours. Literature supporting this target is largely consensus based or anecdotal. There are no current objective measures defining hospital surge capacity. The literature identifying the components of surge capacity is fairly consistent and lists them as personnel, supplies and equipment, facilities, and a management system. Studies identifying strategies for hospitals to enhance these components and estimates of how long it will take are lacking. One system for augmenting hospital staff, the Emergency System for Advance Registration of Volunteer Health Professionals, is a consensus-derived plan that has never been tested. Future challenges include developing strategies to handle the two different types of high-consequence surge events: 1) a focal, time-limited event (such as an earthquake) where outside resources exist and can be mobilized to assist those in need and 2) a widespread, prolonged event (such as pandemic influenza) where all resources will be in use and rationing or triage is needed. [source]

    Toward the Development of an Interdisciplinary Information Assurance Curriculum: Knowledge Domains and Skill Sets Required of Information Assurance Professionals,

    Casey G. Cegielski
    ABSTRACT Since the ratification of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, both publicly traded companies and their respective financial statement auditors have struggled to comply with the requirements of the legislation. Utilizing three individual Delphi studies, separately, I surveyed partners, managers, and staff associates in the United States from each of the "Big 4" international accounting firms to ascertain from each respective group what knowledge domains and technical skills are most important in the practice of Sarbanes-Oxley,related information assurance compliance. Analysis of the data collected provided the basis for the development and subsequent implementation of a new interdisciplinary business curriculum in information assurance. [source]

    Development and validation of the Diabetes Obstacles Questionnaire (DOQ) to assess obstacles in living with Type 2 diabetes

    DIABETIC MEDICINE, Issue 8 2007
    H. Hearnshaw
    Abstract Aims To develop and validate an easy-to-use questionnaire to identify obstacles to self management in Type 2 diabetes. Methods The Diabetes Obstacles Questionnaire (DOQ) was developed from earlier research and the literature. It was completed by 180 people with Type 2 diabetes, recruited from 22 general practices in the UK. Responders also completed a quality-of-life questionnaire (ADDQoL) and the Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) scale. Results From analysis of the 176 usable questionnaires, 36 items of the original 113 items were deemed redundant. The remaining 77 items were assembled into eight sub-scales covering Medication, Self Monitoring, Knowledge and Beliefs, Diagnosis, Relationships with Health-Care Professionals, Lifestyle Changes, Coping, and Advice and Support. Each sub-scale had a factor structure of no more than three factors, had Cronbach's alpha of more than 0.75, and a Kaiser,Meyer,Olkin of more than 0.75. Each sub-scale correlated significantly with the PAID scale (P < 0.01), demonstrating criterion validity. Construct validity was shown by significant correlation between HbA1c and the sub-scales which relate to managing blood glucose levels: Self Monitoring, Relationship with Health-Care Professionals, Lifestyle Changes and Coping. Construct validity was further shown by significant correlation between QoL scores and Medication, Lifestyle Changes and Coping. Discussion The DOQ, comprising eight sub-scales, is a usable, valid instrument for both clinical and research settings. It helps to identify in detail the obstacles which an individual finds in living with Type 2 diabetes. [source]

    Patient-centred and professional-directed implementation strategies for diabetes guidelines: a cluster-randomized trial-based cost-effectiveness analysis

    DIABETIC MEDICINE, Issue 2 2006
    R. F. Dijkstra
    Abstract Aims Economic evaluations of diabetes interventions do not usually include analyses on effects and cost of implementation strategies. This leads to optimistic cost-effectiveness estimates. This study reports empirical findings on the cost-effectiveness of two implementation strategies compared with usual hospital outpatient care. It includes both patient-related and intervention-related cost. Patients and methods In a clustered-randomized controlled trial design, 13 Dutch general hospitals were randomly assigned to a control group, a professional-directed or a patient-centred implementation programme. Professionals received feedback on baseline data, education and reminders. Patients in the patient-centred group received education and diabetes passports. A validated probabilistic Dutch diabetes model and the UKPDS risk engine are used to compute lifetime disease outcomes and cost in the three groups, including uncertainties. Results Glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) at 1 year (the measure used to predict diabetes outcome changes over a lifetime) decreased by 0.2% in the professional-change group and by 0.3% in the patient-centred group, while it increased by 0.2% in the control group. Costs of primary implementation were < 5 Euro per head in both groups, but average lifetime costs of improved care and longer life expectancy rose by 9389 Euro and 9620 Euro, respectively. Life expectancy improved by 0.34 and 0.63 years, and quality-adjusted life years (QALY) by 0.29 and 0.59. Accordingly, the incremental cost per QALY was 32 218 Euro for professional-change care and 16 353 for patient-centred care compared with control, and 881 Euro for patient-centred vs. professional-change care. Uncertainties are presented in acceptability curves: above 65 Euro per annum the patient-directed strategy is most likely the optimum choice. Conclusion Both guideline implementation strategies in secondary care are cost-effective compared with current care, by Dutch standards, for these patients. Additional annual costs per patient using patient passports are low. This analysis supports patient involvement in diabetes in the Netherlands, and probably also in other Western European settings. [source]

    NCME Members' Suggestions for Recruiting New Measurement Professionals

    Stephen G. Sireci
    During February and March 2001, a survey on ideas for recruiting new educational measurement professionals was posted on the website of the National Council on Measurement in Education [source]

    Epilepsy in our Experience: Accounts of Health Care Professionals

    K. A. Jellinger
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Family Policy Matters: How Policymaking Affects Families and What Professionals Can Do

    FAMILY RELATIONS, Issue 3 2004
    Steven K. Wisensale
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Aromatherapy for Health Professionals

    AL Huntley

    Professionals on the Sidelines: the Working Lives of Bedside Nurses and Elementary Core French Teachers

    Isolde Daiski
    Oppression exists at many levels and in varying degrees. To demonstrate how marginality affects differently situated professionals, two occupational groups considered to be marginalized were studied: bedside nurses and elementary core French teachers. The findings confirm that women (and men) in ,feminized' fields experience, as well as exercise, oppression. Devaluation of their worth is internalized and taken for granted by most who inhabit these work spaces, including the members concerned. While those groups ,on top' bully those ,below,' dominance is also reinforced laterally amongst the members. Thus marginality between groups, as well as within them is thereby produced, with the centre of oppression constantly shifting. The authors conclude that professionals are not unified categories, readily distinguishable from outside oppressors. Their members, too, are caught up in power relationships amongst themselves. Recognition of the shifting centre of oppression is an essential first step to improve conditions for the marginalized. [source]

    Hispanic Women Managers and Professionals: Reflections on Life and Work

    Linda M. Hite
    Much of the research on professional and managerial women actually describes the experiences of White women, excluding those of other racial and ethnic backgrounds. This exploratory qualitative study focuses on the life and work experiences of Hispanic women in managerial and professional positions and how those experiences influence their career possibilities. Data from individual interviews of first-, second- and third-generation Hispanic women in the USA are used to illustrate a framework of career possibilities that reflects both cultural and personal perspectives. Implications for further study are addressed. [source]

    Professionals of Geopolitics: Agency in International Politics

    Merje Kuus
    This article highlights the key role of intellectuals of statecraft , the politicians, academics, consultants, and pundits who regularly participate in and comment on the practice of international affairs , in the practice of geopolitics. These professionals command the institutional and cultural resources required to project particular geopolitical arguments as informed and authoritative. We, therefore, need to carefully unpack the ways in which they influence world politics. To focus on intellectuals of statecraft is not to assign superior or authentic knowledge to them or to needlessly glamorize the high places they inhabit. It is rather to analyse the practices that function as expert and legitimate in public debates. To this end, we need to examine not only what intellectuals of statecraft do or say, but also the institutional and cultural resources that they deploy in their daily practices. The article suggests some strategies for how such contextually rich accounts could be produced. [source]