Products Industry (products + industry)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Mergers and acquisitions, employment, wages, and plant closures in the U.S. meat product industries,

AGRIBUSINESS : AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, Issue 1 2009
Sang V. Nguyen
The purpose of this article is to evaluate the impact of mergers and acquisitions (M&As) on wages, employment, and plant closures in the meat packing, prepared meat products, and poultry slaughter and processing industries during two merger periods, 1977,1987 and 1982,1992. The analysis relies on two balanced panel datasets of all plants owned by meat and poultry firms that existed in the 1977 Census of Manufacturing and survived until 1987 and another dataset of plants that existed in 1982 and survived until 1992. We find that (a) M&As are positively associated with wages in the meat packing and prepared meat products industries during 1977,1987, but not during 1982,1992; (b) changes in employment are positively related to M&As in all three meat and poultry industries during 1977,1987, but only in the poultry industry during 1982,1992; and (c) M&As are generally negatively associated with plant closures [EconLit. Citations: J630]. 2009 wiley Periodicals, Inc. [source]


Profitability adjustment patterns in international food and consumer products industries

AGRIBUSINESS : AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, Issue 1 2004
Yvonne J. Acheampong
The study encompasses an analysis of the variation in speeds of profitability adjustment and accounting bias by developed country and firm size for two important agribusiness industries. Evidence of speeds of profitability adjustment and accounting bias varying by firm size was found in the beverage and tobacco industry and by country in the food and consumer products industry. This suggests that the competitive pressures of integrated international markets are less of a factor in the food and consumer products industry [EconLit citations: L100, L150, L660]. 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Agribusiness 20: 31,43, 2004. [source]


Developing a successful sector sustainability strategy: six lessons from the UK construction products industry

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, Issue 1 2008
Ian Holton
Abstract Sector sustainability strategies can provide frameworks to help business sectors identify and manage economic, environmental and social risks in an integrated way, and unlock opportunities to improve competitiveness and enhance reputation. They can also help trade associations to become more effective champions for their members; however, little research has been undertaken on their development. Current best practice guidance simply provides frameworks for managing the strategy development process. To add to this guidance, the context, purpose, process and content of three strategies from the UK construction products industry have been investigated. Strategy context and content were found to be unique; it is therefore not considered feasible to develop a generic sector sustainability strategy. However, six lessons have been identified with respect to strategy purpose and process, which may improve the chances of success of a sector sustainability strategy. Copyright 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment. [source]


Trade Linkages in Shrimp Exports: Japan, Thailand and Vietnam

DEVELOPMENT POLICY REVIEW, Issue 3 2006
Masahiro Kagawa
Considerable attention has been devoted to the social and environmental consequences of shrimp farming in the tropics, but relatively little has been given to the relationships involved in international trade in processed shrimp. Based on extensive field research, this article addresses this gap in the literature by examining the nature of the linkages between Japan, a major importer, and two major exporting countries, Thailand and Vietnam, underlying which are informal agreements rather than formal contractual relationships. It examines the rationale and operation of such informal agreements in the context of a dynamic market characterised by an international division of labour between Thailand (with an advanced food products industry) and Vietnam (just emerging into the world market). [source]


Ethics of studies involving human volunteers.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COSMETIC SCIENCE, Issue 6 2007

The importance to the personal products industry of testing novel products in healthy human volunteers and the need to ensure the trials were both safe and ethical were addressed in part I. The historical development of ethical standards for human testing was also summarized. The present paper highlights the ethical principles to be considered when testing novel non-medicinal products on human volunteers, and it describes how they can be implemented in a pragmatic manner to avoid delay to the sponsor's research program. The structure and function of ethics committees is discussed. [source]


Profitability adjustment patterns in international food and consumer products industries

AGRIBUSINESS : AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, Issue 1 2004
Yvonne J. Acheampong
The study encompasses an analysis of the variation in speeds of profitability adjustment and accounting bias by developed country and firm size for two important agribusiness industries. Evidence of speeds of profitability adjustment and accounting bias varying by firm size was found in the beverage and tobacco industry and by country in the food and consumer products industry. This suggests that the competitive pressures of integrated international markets are less of a factor in the food and consumer products industry [EconLit citations: L100, L150, L660]. 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Agribusiness 20: 31,43, 2004. [source]


Mechanism of foaming on polymer-paperboard composites

AICHE JOURNAL, Issue 2 2008
S. Kiran Annapragada
Abstract Foamed paperboard is a composite material with applications in the consumer products industry. The composite is comprised of paperboard sandwiched between two layers of polymers. One layer foams upon heating while the other acts as a barrier layer. Foaming is caused by the vaporization of the small amount of moisture present in the board and the resulting increase in pressure. The mechanism of foaming was investigated with a combination of high-speed photography, scanning electron microscopy, and infrared thermography using foamed paperboard of different compositions prepared both in the laboratory and on a commercial machine. The surface uniformity of the paper was found to be the overriding paper-related property controlling bubble formation. 2007 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2008 [source]


The importance of news media in pharmaceutical risk communication: proceedings of a workshop,,

PHARMACOEPIDEMIOLOGY AND DRUG SAFETY, Issue 5 2005
Felicia E. Mebane PhD
Abstract In response to mass media's role in the national and global system of pharmaceutical risk communication, the Centers for Education and Research on Therapeutics (CERTs) convened a ,think tank' session on the ,Importance of Media in Pharmaceutical Risk Communication'. Prominent journalists and experts from the pharmaceutical industry, academia, medical practice and government were invited to consider the benefits and challenges of improving the way we communicate the benefits and risks of therapeutics via mass media, especially news media. Workshop discussions revealed a paucity of systematic research directed towards understanding how and why news media report on therapeutic risk, the impact of this coverage and how coverage can be improved. Consequently, participants produced a research agenda capturing the key aspects of the flow of information around this topic, including the meaning of risk, how news audiences process and use therapeutic risk information in the news, how and why news organizations report on therapeutic risk, and the role and impact of the pharmaceutical industry, government officials and academic researchers as sources of therapeutic risk information. The workshop ended with a discussion on action items addressing what news professionals, representatives of regulatory agencies and the medical products industry, and academic researchers can and should do to enable news media to effectively report therapeutic risk information. In sum, this proceedings report provides an outline for developing mass media risk communication research, influencing the practices of journalists and expert sources and ultimately, improving the quality of the public's life. Copyright 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]