Association

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Kinds of Association

  • adjusted association
  • allelic association
  • american anthropological association
  • american association
  • american diabetes association
  • american heart association
  • american medical association
  • american psychiatric association
  • american psychological association
  • american urological association
  • anthropological association
  • apparent association
  • bar association
  • borderline association
  • brand association
  • breed association
  • british association
  • cancer association
  • causal association
  • civil association
  • clear association
  • clinical association
  • close association
  • coincidental association
  • common association
  • complex association
  • consistent association
  • constant association
  • cross-sectional association
  • dental association
  • dermatological association
  • diabetes association
  • different association
  • differential association
  • direct association
  • disease association
  • disorders association
  • distinct association
  • dose-dependent association
  • drug association
  • dynamic association
  • ecological association
  • employer association
  • environmental association
  • epidemiological association
  • european association
  • evolutionary association
  • expected association
  • factor association
  • facy association
  • familial association
  • finance association
  • frequent association
  • functional association
  • fungal association
  • gene association
  • genetic association
  • genome-wide association
  • genotype association
  • greater association
  • habitat association
  • haplotype association
  • haplotypic association
  • health association
  • heart association
  • high association
  • highest association
  • highly significant association
  • hla association
  • hometown association
  • host association
  • hypothesized association
  • immigrant association
  • implicit association
  • important association
  • inconsistent association
  • independent association
  • indirect association
  • industry association
  • international association
  • interspecific association
  • intimate association
  • inverse association
  • investigating association
  • its association
  • landform association
  • latter association
  • limited association
  • linear association
  • little association
  • long association
  • longitudinal association
  • management association
  • marginal association
  • marker association
  • meaningful association
  • medical association
  • membrane association
  • microbial association
  • mineral association
  • moderate association
  • modest association
  • molecular association
  • mycorrhizal association
  • national association
  • negative association
  • neighborhood association
  • new association
  • new york heart association
  • non-significant association
  • nonlinear association
  • nonrandom association
  • novel association
  • nurse association
  • observed association
  • other association
  • pairwise association
  • parasite association
  • pathogen association
  • patient association
  • phenotype association
  • physical association
  • plant association
  • political association
  • positive association
  • positive spatial association
  • possible association
  • potential association
  • predictive association
  • preferential association
  • previous association
  • professional association
  • prospective association
  • protective association
  • psychiatric association
  • psychological association
  • putative association
  • random association
  • rare association
  • reported association
  • research association
  • response association
  • risk association
  • robust association
  • science association
  • selective association
  • several association
  • sex-specific association
  • showed significant association
  • significant association
  • significant independent association
  • significant inverse association
  • significant negative association
  • significant positive association
  • similar association
  • single association
  • sociological association
  • spatial association
  • species association
  • specific association
  • spurious association
  • stable association
  • statistical association
  • strong association
  • strong inverse association
  • strong negative association
  • strong positive association
  • stronger association
  • strongest association
  • structural association
  • subunit association
  • suggestive association
  • supramolecular association
  • symbiotic association
  • telomeric association
  • temporal association
  • testing association
  • their association
  • tight association
  • trade association
  • trait association
  • true association
  • unique association
  • univariate association
  • unreported association
  • unusual association
  • urological association
  • user association
  • variable association
  • vater association
  • voluntary association
  • water user association
  • weak association
  • weak negative association
  • weaker association
  • well-known association
  • york heart association

  • Terms modified by Association

  • association analysis
  • association annual meeting
  • association area
  • association class
  • association class i
  • association constant
  • association cortex
  • association data
  • association energy
  • association functional class
  • association guideline
  • association hypothesis
  • association learning
  • association mapping
  • association meeting
  • association member
  • association methods
  • association model
  • association parameter
  • association pattern
  • association rate
  • association reaction
  • association result
  • association rule
  • association signal
  • association strategy
  • association strength
  • association studies
  • association study
  • association test
  • association testing

  • Selected Abstracts


    ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SEX RATIO DISTORTION AND SEXUALLY ANTAGONISTIC FITNESS CONSEQUENCES OF FEMALE CHOICE

    EVOLUTION, Issue 8 2009
    Tim Connallon
    Genetic variation can be beneficial to one sex yet harmful when expressed in the other,a condition referred to as sexual antagonism. Because X chromosomes are transmitted from fathers to daughters, and sexually antagonistic fitness variation is predicted to often be X-linked, mates of relatively low-fitness males might produce high-fitness daughters whereas mates of high-fitness males produce low-fitness daughters. Such fitness consequences have been predicted to influence the evolution of female mating biases and the offspring sex ratio. Females might evolve to prefer mates that provide good genes for daughters or might adjust offspring sex ratios in favor of the sex with the highest relative fitness. We test these possibilities in a laboratory-adapted population of Drosophila melanogaster, and find that females preferentially mate with males carrying genes that are deleterious for daughters. Preferred males produce equal numbers of sons and daughters, whereas unpreferred males produce female-biased sex ratios. As a consequence, mean offspring fitness of unpreferred males is higher than offspring fitness of preferred males. This observation has several interesting implications for sexual selection and the maintenance of population genetic variation for fitness. [source]


    THE AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION ADDRESSES THE NATIONAL PROBLEM OF YOUTH AT RISK

    FAMILY COURT REVIEW, Issue 3 2007
    Karen J. Mathis
    During the 2006,2007 American Bar Association (ABA) year, a special ABA Presidential Youth at Risk Initiative has addressed several important topics: addressing the needs of juvenile status offenders and their families; foster children aging out of the foster care system; increases in girls, especially girls of color, in the juvenile justice system; the need to better hear the voices of youth in court proceedings affecting them; and improving how laws can better address youth crossing over between juvenile justice and child welfare systems. Lawyers are encouraged to use their skills to improve the systems addressing at-risk youth and their families and to help facilitate coordination of youth-related community efforts. Learning how to effectively communicate with youth is an important skill attorneys must learn. Through the Youth at Risk Initiative, the ABA has held continuing legal education programs, hosted community roundtables among youth-serving stakeholders, and developed projects on: juvenile status offenders; lawyer assistance to youth transitioning from foster care; educating young girls on violence prevention, conflict resolution, and careers in law and justice; and provision of useful information to youth awaiting juvenile court hearings. New ABA policy has addressed services and programs to at-risk youth, assuring licensing, regulation, and monitoring of residential facilities serving at-risk youth, enhanced support for sexual minority foster and homeless youth, juvenile status offenders, and improving laws and policies related to youth exiting the foster care system. [source]


    THE AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION AND UNIFIED FAMILY COURTS

    FAMILY COURT REVIEW, Issue 1 2004
    Introduction to a Survey
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SERUM CARBOXYMETHYL-LYSINE, A DOMINANT ADVANCED GLYCATION END PRODUCT, AND ANEMIA IN ADULTS: THE BALTIMORE LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF AGING

    JOURNAL OF AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, Issue 11 2008
    Richard D. Semba MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ADVANCE DIRECTIVES AND QUALITY OF END-OF-LIFE CARE: A NATIONAL STUDY

    JOURNAL OF AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, Issue 1 2008
    Julie Starr RN
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    DOES THE NUMBER OF COEXISTING CHRONIC DISEASES AFFECT THE ADVERSE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN POLYPHARMACY AND PRESCRIBING QUALITY IN OLDER ADULTS?

    JOURNAL OF AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, Issue 5 2007
    Huai yong Cheng MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    ASSOCIATION BETWEEN RISPERIDONE TREATMENT AND CEREBROVASCULAR ADVERSE EVENTS IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH DEMENTIA

    JOURNAL OF AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, Issue 8 2005
    Francesc Formiga MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    CLOSE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN GERIATRIC FUNCTIONAL ABILITY AND ECONOMIC STATUS IN DEVELOPING AND DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

    JOURNAL OF AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, Issue 8 2005
    Kiyohito Okumiya MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN URBAN SPRAWL AND OBESITY: IS IT A TWO-WAY STREET?

    JOURNAL OF REGIONAL SCIENCE, Issue 5 2007
    Andrew J. Plantinga
    ABSTRACT We empirically examine the relationship between obesity and urban development patterns where individuals reside. Previous analyses treat urban form as exogenous to weight, and find higher body mass indices (BMI) among residents of areas with sprawl patterns of development. Using samples of recent movers, we find that the causality runs in both directions. Individuals who move to denser locations lose weight. As well, BMI is a determinant of the choice of a dense or sprawling location. In sum, while moving to a dense area results in weight loss, such locations are unlikely to be selected by individuals with high BMI. [source]


    ASSOCIATION OF STRAWBERRY YOGURT SENSORY PROPERTIES WITH PRODUCT COMPOSITION BY PROCRUSTES ANALYSIS

    JOURNAL OF SENSORY STUDIES, Issue 4 2004
    ADRIANA GÁMBARO
    ABSTRACT The flavor of eight samples of commercial strawberry yogurt was studied by Free-Choice Profile analysis (FCP). Generalized Procrustes Analysis (GPA) applied to FCP allowed differentiation between samples and highlighted flavor attributes responsible for the observed differences. The relation between sensory and physicochemical datasets was studied by means of GPA. Those samples with higher carbohydrate content were perceived as sweeter, having stronger strawberry flavor, and with more dairy and yogurt flavors. Samples with higher titratable acidity, ash and protein content were perceived as more acidic and higher in intensity of "faulty" or "defective" flavors. Higher moisture content was associated with lower intensity of "dairy" flavors (creamy, dairy, and yogurt) and greater intensity of rancid flavor. It is concluded that, though not often used to this end, GPA is a suitable method to study the relationship of sensory and instrumental measurements. [source]


    GROSS HEMATURIA IN THE VATER ASSOCIATION: COINCIDENCE OR ASSOCIATION

    NEPHROLOGY, Issue 3 2008
    HIRO MATSUKURA
    [source]


    FELLOW OF THE AMERICAN FINANCE ASSOCIATION FOR 2010

    THE JOURNAL OF FINANCE, Issue 5 2010
    Article first published online: 21 SEP 2010
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    FELLOW OF THE AMERICAN FINANCE ASSOCIATION FOR 2009

    THE JOURNAL OF FINANCE, Issue 5 2009
    Richard H. Thaler
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    THE NEW ZEALAND PRESS ASSOCIATION 1880,2006: THE RISE AND FALL OF A CO-OPERATIVE MODEL FOR NEWS GATHERING

    AUSTRALIAN ECONOMIC HISTORY REVIEW, Issue 1 2008
    Article first published online: 6 FEB 200, Grant Hannis
    co-operatives; monopoly; New Zealand; news media; transaction costs The establishment of New Zealand's press agency, the New Zealand Press Association (NZPA), as a co-operative news gathering agency in 1880 has traditionally been regarded as reflecting a pioneering spirit of newspaper unity or as being largely determined by the political situation of the time. But these explanations are insufficient. Applying economic and organisational theories of co-operatives to the history of NZPA, this paper reveals it was market conditions that led to the creation of NZPA as a co-operative news gathering service. Following profound changes in those market conditions, NZPA recently abandoned this co-operative news gathering model. [source]


    REVISITING THE PAST: THE ASSOCIATION FOR AUSTRALIAN RURAL NURSES COMES OF AGE

    AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF RURAL HEALTH, Issue 6 2002
    Karen Francis
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    BEIJING IS THE VENUE OF THE 2006 INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BIOETHICS WORLD CONGRESS

    BIOETHICS, Issue 3 2006
    RUTH CHADWICK
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    THE BRITISH ASSOCIATION OF UROLOGICAL SURGEONS

    BJU INTERNATIONAL, Issue 2009
    Article first published online: 19 MAY 200
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    PLANNING THROUGH RESIDENTIAL CLUBS: HOMEOWNERS' ASSOCIATIONS

    ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, Issue 4 2005
    Evan McKenzie
    Private homeowners' associations now govern over 18% of the American population, enforcing contractual land-use restrictions and providing what would otherwise be municipal services. The rapid spread of these associations in new housing construction is explained by rising land costs, constraints on the ability of local governments to raise property taxes, and consumer preferences. Because these associations resemble club economies in significant respects, they provide an opportunity to test whether these private associations can provide services more efficiently than municipalities. Departures from the assumptions of the club economy model are noted, including the lack of options for consumer choice that undermine the consent-based rationale. [source]


    MUSEUM SPECIMENS AND PHYLOGENIES ELUCIDATE ECOLOGY'S ROLE IN COEVOLUTIONARY ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN MITES AND THEIR BEE HOSTS

    EVOLUTION, Issue 6 2007
    Pavel B. Klimov
    Coevolutionary associations between hosts and symbionts (or parasites) are often reflected in correlated patterns of divergence as a consequence of limitations on dispersal and establishment on new hosts. Here we show that a phylogenetic correlation is observed between chaetodactylid mites and their hosts, the long-tongued bees; however, this association manifests itself in an atypical fashion. Recently derived mites tend to be associated with basal bee lineages, and vice versa, ruling out a process of cospeciation, and the existence of mites on multiple hosts also suggests ample opportunity for host shifts. An extensive survey of museum collections reveals a pattern of infrequent host shifts at a higher taxonomic level, and yet, frequent shifts at a lower level, which suggests that ecological constraints structure the coevolutionary history of the mites and bees. Certain bee traits, particularly aspects of their nesting behavior, provide a highly predictive framework for the observed pattern of host use, with 82.1% of taxa correctly classified. Thus, the museum survey and phylogenetic analyses provide a unique window into the central role ecology plays in this coevolutionary association. This role is apparent from two different perspectives,as (a) a constraining force evident in the historical processes underlying the significant correlation between the mite and bee phylogenies, as well as (b) by the highly nonrandom composition of bee taxa that serve as hosts to chaetodactylid mites. [source]


    STRATEGIC PLANNING AND PERFORMANCE: AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF HOUSING ASSOCIATIONS IN NORTHERN IRELAND

    FINANCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY & MANAGEMENT, Issue 1 2009
    Roger Courtney
    Based on qualitative data this paper explores the resons for the non-profit housing sectors enthusiastic embrace of strategic planning practices. Evidence is presented on the use of specified techiniques by housing associations in Northeren Ireland and their impact on the performance of the assocaitions. Without dismissing rational goel seeking explanations for adoption, the study concludes the strategic planning is also a legimation seeking practice. Evidence suggest that the contested nature of performance in the non-profit sector makes it hard for chief executives to sustain a rational goal based argument for adopting strategic planing. [source]


    SPATIAL ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN LONGEST-LASTING WINTER SNOW COVER AND COLD REGION LANDFORMS IN THE HIGH DRAKENSBERG, SOUTHERN AFRICA

    GEOGRAFISKA ANNALER SERIES A: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY, Issue 2 2009
    STEFAN W. GRAB
    ABSTRACT. Although snow is known to influence landform genesis and distribution, the spatial associations between snow and landforms within particular cold regions has received limited research attention. We present a case study from the high Drakensberg of southern Africa, comparing the contemporary spatial pattern of longest-lasting cold-season snow patches with the distribution patterns of active and relic cold region landforms. Two 30 m resolution sets of TM images dated 3 and 19 August 1990 and a DEM were used to demonstrate the geographic trends of snow patch depletion during late winter. Geomorphological phenomena with known coordinates were then incorporated into the GIS. The spatial distribution of several periglacial land-forms (earth hummocks, stone-/turf-banked lobes, block deposits, large sorted patterned ground) coincides with topographic positions that limit snow accumulation. However, the strong spatial association between longest-lasting snow patches and palaeo-moraines implies substantial snow accumulation at some high altitude south-facing sites during the last glacial cycle. [source]


    MIGRAINE: EPIDEMIOLOGY, ASSOCIATIONS, AND COMORBIDITY

    HEADACHE, Issue 9 2003
    Article first published online: 19 SEP 200
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    ASIA PACIFIC LEAGUE OF ASSOCIATIONS FOR RHEUMATOLOGY (APLAR) LIST OF EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE (2002,2004)ASIA PACIFIC LEAGUE OF ASSOCIATIONS FOR RHEUMATOLOGY (APLAR) LIST OF EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE (2002,2004)

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RHEUMATIC DISEASES, Issue 2 2003
    Article first published online: 17 SEP 200
    [source]


    ASIA PACIFIC LEAGUE OF ASSOCIATIONS FOR RHEUMATOLOGY (APLAR) LIST OF EXECUTIVECOMMITTEE (2002,2004)

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RHEUMATIC DISEASES, Issue 1 2003
    Article first published online: 22 MAY 200
    [source]


    CROSS-SECTIONAL AND LONGITUDINAL ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN ANEMIA AND DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS IN THE ENGLISH LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF AGEING

    JOURNAL OF AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY, Issue 5 2009
    Mark Hamer PhD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    KERNEL MORPHOLOGY VARIATION IN A POPULATION DERIVED FROM A SOFT BY HARD WHEAT CROSS AND ASSOCIATIONS WITH END-USE QUALITY TRAITS,

    JOURNAL OF FOOD QUALITY, Issue 4 2000
    CHRISTINE J. BERGMAN
    ABSTRACT Physical attributes, including kernel morphology, are used to grade wheat, and indicate wheat milling and baking quality (MBQ). Using a recombinant inbred population derived from a soft by hard wheat cross, this study quantified kernel traits' sources of variation, studied their heritability, and relationships between morphological and MBQ traits. Transgressive segregation occurred for all traits. Thousand-kernel weight (TKW) and kernel texture (NIR-T) were primarily [source]


    II. PERSONALITY TYPES OF 6-YEAR-OLDS AND THEIR ASSOCIATIONS WITH ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND BEHAVIOR

    MONOGRAPHS OF THE SOCIETY FOR RESEARCH IN CHILD DEVELOPMENT, Issue 1 2003
    Article first published online: 11 JUN 200
    First page of article [source]


    THE UNPAID LEADERS OF FRENCH VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS

    ANNALS OF PUBLIC AND COOPERATIVE ECONOMICS, Issue 1 2010
    Lionel Prouteau
    ABSTRACT,:,This paper focuses on the voluntary workers who take on responsibilities in French voluntary associations. First, drawing on a national association survey, we contrast the characteristics of leadership volunteers, especially chairpersons, with those of the French population as a whole. We show that leaders are very different from the overall population even if these differences seem to diminish for organizations created more recently. Second, from a national household survey, we compare board members with other members of associations. Among other results, we find that the former are more rooted in their local environment and they participate more frequently in several associations. They are driven by more activist motives than are the other members. They give more time to their associations and they use more skills in their voluntary tasks than do the other volunteers. [source]


    ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN AIR POLLUTION AND HOSPITAL VISITS FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES IN THE ELDERLY IN SYDNEY USING BAYESIAN STATISTICAL METHODS

    AUSTRALIAN & NEW ZEALAND JOURNAL OF STATISTICS, Issue 3 2009
    Hiep Duc
    Summary Using generalized linear models (GLMs), Jalaludin,et al. (2006;,J. Exposure Analysis and Epidemiology,16, 225,237) studied the association between the daily number of visits to emergency departments for cardiovascular disease by the elderly (65+) and five measures of ambient air pollution. Bayesian methods provide an alternative approach to classical time series modelling and are starting to be more widely used. This paper considers Bayesian methods using the dataset used by Jalaludin,et al.,(2006), and compares the results from Bayesian methods with those obtained by Jalaludin,et al.,(2006) using GLM methods. [source]


    Introduction To the Special Issue on the 1999 Pacific Association for Computational Linguistics Conference

    COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE, Issue 4 2000
    Nick Cercone
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]