Primary Health Care Providers (primary + health_care_provider)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Physician and emergency medical technicians' knowledge and experience regarding dental trauma

Shaul Lin
Abstract,,, The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the knowledge of physicians and emergency medical technicians (EMT) regarding primary treatment for dental trauma and to assess the experience they have in treating dental injuries. The study population consisted of 70 military physicians and EMT during their military service. A questionnaire was distributed relating to demographic data, such as age, gender, position, and type of military service, as well as the following issues: past experience in treating or witnessing dental trauma, former education regarding diagnosis and treatment of dental trauma, assessment of knowledge regarding dental trauma, etc. Of all participants, only 4 (5.9%), all physicians, received education regarding dental trauma. Nevertheless, 42 (61.8%) reported they witnessed such an injury during their military service. Dental injuries were first seen by the EMT in 41.2% of the cases, by the physician in 25%, and by a dentist in only 7.3%. Overall, 58 (85.3%) of the physicians and EMT stated that it was important to educate the primary health care providers regarding diagnosis and treatment of dental trauma. Special emphasis should be given to providing primary caregivers with the relevant education to improve their knowledge and ability of dealing with diagnosis and treatment of dental trauma. [source]

Identification of ,hot spots' of obesity and being underweight in early pregnancy in Liverpool

J. C. Abayomi
Abstract Background: Obesity and being underweight in pregnancy are related to an increased risk of maternal and foetal morbidity, yet their prevalence is often unknown. The present study aimed to identify neighbourhoods with a higher than average prevalence or ,hot spots' of obesity and/or being underweight among first trimester pregnant women. Methods: A database was compiled consisting of postcode, height and weight for 7981 women who had booked-in for antenatal care between July 2004 and June 2005 at Liverpool Women's Hospital. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated and women were categorised accordingly. Postcodes for 6865 cases across Merseyside were converted to geolocations (pin-points on a map) using conversion software ( Results: There was a very high prevalence of being overweight (27%) and obesity (17%); 3.8% of women were underweight and probably malnourished (BMI < 18.5 kg m,2); and a further 10.7% of women were possibly malnourished (BMI < 20.0 kg m,2. Deriving case density from the geolocations allowed visualisation and identification of six neighbourhoods with above average levels of obesity and three neighbourhoods had marked concentrations of both being underweight and obesity. Conclusions: These neighbourhoods, particularly those identified as ,hot spots' for both being underweight and obesity, include some of the most deprived wards in the UK. As dietetic intervention may help to promote optimal weight gain during pregnancy and improve dietary intake for pregnant women and their families, primary health care providers should target these localities with a high prevalence of low and high BMI as a priority. [source]

Determination of sensitivity and specificity of breast tumor diagnosis by primary health care providers (Behvarz) using clinical examination by obstetrician as a gold standard

Tayebeh Naderi
Abstract Aim:, The aim of this study was to find a practical screening strategy to detect breast tumors in those who cannot refer to specialists due to problems, such as geographic location, and economical obstacles. Methods:, Considering the mentioned aim this study was designed to compare the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis of breast tumors made by health care providers (Behvarz) with those made by specialists. For this, the results of examinations of Behvarzes and an obstetrician on 2000 women referring to the 17 health care centers of Kerman and Zarand cities were compared. Results:, Among the 2000 women examined by Behvarzes 170 cases were reported to have pathological signs (palpable mass) and 1830 cases were reported without any pathological sign. Among 169 cases diagnosed by physicians as having pathological signs, 162 cases had also been diagnosed by Behvarzes, and there were only seven cases diagnosed by physicians that had been missed by Behvarzes. There were eight cases diagnosed by Behvarzes as having pathological signs that were reported healthy by physicians. Conclusions:, Based on these findings, the sensitivity and specificity of diagnosis of breast tumors made by Behvarzes was 95.8% and 99.56%, respectively, compared with those made by specialists. Considering the obtained results, the screening program for breast tumors by Behvarzes can be very helpful in early diagnosis of breast tumors. [source]

Emergency contraception , knowledge and attitudes in a group of Australian university students

Helen Calabretto
Abstract Objective: To explore first year Australian university students' knowledge and attitudes about emergency contraception and their understanding of the risk for pregnancy. Method: A self-report questionnaire was completed by a convenience sample of 627 first year on-campus students from both health and non-health disciplines. Results: Knowledge about emergency contraception (EC) was generally poor including misunderstanding that it can only be used the ,morning after', as well as where it may be accessed. Its potential use was, however, more highly accepted as a preventative measure after unprotected sexual intercourse than abortion in the event of unplanned pregnancy. Women had better knowledge than men, and on a number of measures there were significant differences between these groups. Conclusions: Poor knowledge about the timing, accessibility, action and side effects of EC may act as a barrier to its use in the event of unprotected sexual intercourse. Although EC has been available in Australia as a Schedule 3 medication since 2004, its availability from pharmacies is not well known, nor is access from other primary health care providers. Implications: The lack of knowledge about EC may lead to its underutilisation and underlines the need for future educational strategies about EC as well as the need for health professionals who provide contraceptive services to discuss EC with clients. Health promotion campaigns which are both general as well as gender-specific may improve overall community knowledge about this method of contraception. [source]