Pompe Disease (pompe + disease)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Update of the Pompe disease mutation database with 107 sequence variants and a format for severity rating,

HUMAN MUTATION, Issue 6 2008
Marian Kroos
Abstract Pompe disease was named after the Dutch pathologist Dr JC Pompe who reported about a deceased infant with idiopathic hypertrophy of the heart. The clinical findings were failure to thrive, generalized muscle weakness and cardio-respiratory failure. The key pathologic finding was massive storage of glycogen in heart, skeletal muscle and many other tissues. The disease was classified as glycogen storage disease type II and decades later shown to be a lysosomal disorder caused by acid ,-glucosidase deficiency. The clinical spectrum of Pompe disease appeared much broader than originally recognized. Adults with the same enzyme deficiency, alternatively named acid maltase deficiency, were reported to have slowly progressive skeletal muscle weakness and respiratory problems, but no cardiac involvement. The clinical heterogeneity is largely explained by the kind and severity of mutations in the acid ,-glucosidase gene (GAA), but secondary factors, as yet unknown, have a substantial impact. The Pompe disease mutation database aims to list all GAA sequence variations and describe their effect. This update with 107 sequence variations (95 being novel) brings the number of published variations to 289, the number of non-pathogenic mutations to 67 and the number of proven pathogenic mutations to 197. Further, this article introduces a tool to rate the various mutations by severity, which will improve understanding of the genotype-phenotype correlation and facilitate the diagnosis and prognosis in Pompe disease. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

A mass spectrometric strategy for profiling glycoproteinoses, Pompe disease, and sialic acid storage diseases

Valegh Faid
Abstract Glycoproteinoses, Pompe disease, and sialic acid storage diseases are characterized by a massive accumulation of unprocessed oligosaccharides and/or glycoconjugates in urine. The identification of these glycocompounds is essential for a proper diagnosis. In this study, we investigated the potential of MALDI-TOF-MS to identify glycocompounds present in urine from patients with different inborn errors of glycan metabolism. Urinary glycocompounds were permethylated, and analyzed using GC-MS and MALDI-TOF-MS. In order to confirm tentative assignments, a second aliquot of urine was purified on a C18 Sep-Pak cartridge and glycocompounds were desalted on a column of nonporous graphitized carbon. The glycocompounds were then sequentially on-plate digested using an array of exoglycosidases. A range of disease-specific oligosaccharides as well as glycopeptides was identified for all oligosacchariduria models. In addition, free sialic acid accumulated in urine from a patient suffering from French-type sialuria, has been detected by a GC-MS approach, which could be applied to other sialic acid storage diseases. This procedure is simple, and can be performed in few simple steps in less than 24,h. This current method can be applied for newborn screening for other inherited metabolic diseases as well as for assessing treatments in clinical trials. [source]

Partial phenotypic correction and immune tolerance induction to enzyme replacement therapy after hematopoietic stem cell gene transfer of ,-glucosidase in Pompe disease

GaŽlle Douillard-Guilloux
Abstract Background Glycogen storage disease type II (GSDII) or Pompe disease is an inherited disease of glycogen metabolism caused by a lack of functional lysosomal acid ,-glucosidase (GAA). Affected individuals store glycogen in lysosomes resulting in fatal hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and respiratory failure in the most severe form. Even if enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has already proven some efficacy, its results remain heterogeneous in skeletal muscle, especially in cross reactive immunological material (CRIM)-negative patients. We investigated for the first time the use of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) gene therapy in a murine model of GSDII. Methods Deficient HSC were transduced with a lentiviral vector expressing human GAA or enhanced green fluorescent protein (GFP) under the control of the retroviral MND promoter and transplanted into lethally irradiated GSDII mice. Animals were then subjected to an ERT protocol for 5 weeks and monitored for metabolic correction and GAA-induced immune reaction. Results GAA was expressed as a correctly processed protein, allowing a complete enzymatic correction in transduced deficient cells without toxicity. Seventeen weeks after transplantation, a partial restoration of the GAA enzymatic activity was observed in bone marrow and peripheral blood cells of GSDII mice, allowing a significant glycogen clearance in skeletal muscle. ERT induced a robust antibody response in GFP-transplanted mice, whereas no immune reaction could be detected in GAA-transplanted mice. Conclusions Lentiviral vector-mediated HSC gene therapy leads to a partial metabolic correction and induces a tolerance to ERT in GSDII mice. This strategy could enhance the efficacy of ERT in CRIM-negative Pompe patients. Copyright © 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Response to letter to editor by Jastrzebski ,Short PR interval in Pompe disease'

O. I. I. Soliman
No abstract is available for this article. [source]