Aspects

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Kinds of Aspects

  • additional aspect
  • algorithmic aspect
  • analytical aspect
  • another aspect
  • anterior aspect
  • basic aspect
  • behavioral aspect
  • behavioural aspect
  • biochemical aspect
  • biological aspect
  • broad aspect
  • buccal aspect
  • cellular aspect
  • central aspect
  • certain aspect
  • challenging aspect
  • clinical aspect
  • cognitive aspect
  • communicative aspect
  • comparative aspect
  • complex aspect
  • computational aspect
  • core aspect
  • critical aspect
  • crucial aspect
  • cultural aspect
  • current aspect
  • demographic aspect
  • design aspect
  • developmental aspect
  • different aspect
  • differing aspect
  • difficult aspect
  • distal aspect
  • distinct aspect
  • distinctive aspect
  • diverse aspect
  • dorsal aspect
  • dorsolateral aspect
  • dynamic aspect
  • dynamical aspect
  • ecological aspect
  • economic aspect
  • educational aspect
  • emotional aspect
  • endocrine aspect
  • environmental aspect
  • epidemiological aspect
  • essential aspect
  • ethical aspect
  • evolutionary aspect
  • experimental aspect
  • financial aspect
  • functional aspect
  • fundamental aspect
  • future aspect
  • general aspect
  • genetic aspect
  • health aspect
  • histological aspect
  • historical aspect
  • implementation aspect
  • important aspect
  • inferior aspect
  • institutional aspect
  • interesting aspect
  • internal aspect
  • international aspect
  • interpersonal aspect
  • key aspect
  • kinetic aspect
  • lateral aspect
  • least one aspect
  • legal aspect
  • lingual aspect
  • main aspect
  • major aspect
  • management aspect
  • many aspect
  • many different aspect
  • many other aspect
  • mechanical aspect
  • mechanistic aspect
  • medial aspect
  • medical aspect
  • mesial aspect
  • methodological aspect
  • molecular aspect
  • morphological aspect
  • motivational aspect
  • multiple aspect
  • negative aspect
  • neglected aspect
  • new aspect
  • normative aspect
  • novel aspect
  • numerical aspect
  • numerous aspect
  • nutritional aspect
  • occlusal aspect
  • of aspect
  • one aspect
  • only one aspect
  • organizational aspect
  • other aspect
  • outer aspect
  • particular aspect
  • pathogenetic aspect
  • pathological aspect
  • pathophysiological aspect
  • peculiar aspect
  • pharmacological aspect
  • phenomenological aspect
  • phylogenetic aspect
  • physical aspect
  • physicochemical aspect
  • physiological aspect
  • plantar aspect
  • political aspect
  • positive aspect
  • posterior aspect
  • practical aspect
  • problematic aspect
  • proximal aspect
  • psychological aspect
  • psychosocial aspect
  • qualitative aspect
  • quality aspect
  • quantitative aspect
  • regulatory aspect
  • relate aspect
  • relevant aspect
  • reliability aspect
  • review aspect
  • safety aspect
  • salient aspect
  • scientific aspect
  • selected aspect
  • sensory aspect
  • several aspect
  • several important aspect
  • several key aspect
  • significant aspect
  • slope aspect
  • social aspect
  • spatial aspect
  • special aspect
  • specific aspect
  • spiritual aspect
  • statistical aspect
  • stereochemical aspect
  • strategic aspect
  • structural aspect
  • subjective aspect
  • technical aspect
  • technological aspect
  • temporal aspect
  • theoretical aspect
  • therapeutic aspect
  • thermal aspect
  • thermodynamic aspect
  • third aspect
  • topological aspect
  • ultrastructural aspect
  • unique aspect
  • useful aspect
  • variety of aspect
  • various aspect
  • ventral aspect
  • vital aspect
  • volar aspect

  • Terms modified by Aspects

  • aspect ratio

  • Selected Abstracts


    TO LIVE A RIDDLE: THE TRANSFORMATIVE ASPECT OF THE LAOZI ????

    JOURNAL OF CHINESE PHILOSOPHY, Issue 3 2009
    GALIA PATT-SHAMIR
    First page of article [source]


    THE ENTERPRISE ACT:ASPECTS OF THE NEW REGIME,

    ECONOMIC AFFAIRS, Issue 4 2002
    Derek Morris
    The forthcoming Enterprise Act makes the Competition Commission (CC) determinative in relation to merger and market inquiries. It also introduces new competition-based tests, the rationale for which is examined. Several procedural aspects of the new regime are explored, in particular the need for economic guidance to be published on the application of the new tests. A number of key economic considerations are then examined, including market definition, oligopoly pricing, entry and the scope for different perspectives as between economic analysis and business practice. [source]


    ECONOMIC AND FINANCIAL ASPECTS OF AGED CARE

    ECONOMIC PAPERS: A JOURNAL OF APPLIED ECONOMICS AND POLICY, Issue 1 2005
    Warren P. Hogan
    The focus of this article is on the Report of the inquiry into residential aged care in Australia. Consideration is given to the results of a confidential survey of financial submissions from providers of aged care. Most attention is given to labour costs and earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA). The most important result is the evidence showing providers whatever their size, location, ownership and resident mix, can perform in the top 10 per cent and 25 per cent of providers as measured by EBITDA. Management is vital to the performance of entities whether they be ,for-profit' or ,not-for-profit' entities. Attention is also directed to other studies about efficiency and productivity and modelling. Treating technical efficiency as a measure by which the industry lags behind best practice, the analysis of regulatory efficiency explains much about ways to secure gains in efficiency. [source]


    APPRAISING THE ETHOS OF EXPERIENTIAL NARRATIVES: KEY ASPECTS OF A METHODOLOGICAL CHALLENGE

    EDUCATIONAL THEORY, Issue 1 2009
    Carola Conle
    In this essay, Carola Conle and Michael deBeyer describe their efforts to find a conceptual approach and methodology for the appraisal of the ethos of experiential narratives presented in a particular curriculum context. The language of "implied authorship,""the patterning of desire," and "friendships offered and received," first introduced by Wayne Booth, is elaborated through data from narrative presentations given by local heroes to students. Appraisals seemed possible when a narrative could be placed on Booth's "scales of friendship" and when the rational qualities of experiential narratives were considered. In addition, data needed to be available in which students' experiential encounters with the narratives could be seen as occasions where, during such moments of encounter, feelings and desires were created, memories were activated, and events and actions in a narrative were vicariously experienced through those activated phenomena. The authors offer a potential framework for future appraisals. [source]


    NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS OF DOING HARM REDUCTION BETTER

    ADDICTION, Issue 9 2009
    DON DES JARLAIS
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS , CLINICAL ASPECTS

    INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RHEUMATIC DISEASES, Issue 2006
    Article first published online: 6 JUL 200
    First page of article [source]


    ALCOHOLIC BANANA BEVERAGE , ASPECTS IN FERMENTATIVE PRODUCTION

    JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION, Issue 3 2009
    SUNITA SINGH
    ABSTRACT This study quantified fermentative changes in processing alcoholic banana beverage as a result of two factors, namely, sorghum as an ingredient in mix and time period of fermentation, affecting the process in two scales (375 g and 2,900 g) of ingredients mix used. Diluted pulp (with water) from overripe bananas (Musa robusta) mixed with sprouted sorghum grains as ingredients were compared with ingredients without sorghum. The total sugars (reducing and total carbohydrates) were higher when sorghum was not added as an ingredient in initial mix to be fermented. Nevertheless, there was higher utilization of fermentable sugars and carbohydrates in the mix when sorghum was present in both scales of mix studied. The fermentative activities of inoculate as a result of interactive effect of sorghum and time period in the process was attributed to these utilizations. The time factor in fermentation allowed for significant increase in alcohol in the beverage (48 h with 375 g and 68 h with 2,900 g). The beverage obtained with sorghum contained 9.8 g% alcohol at 48 h from 375 g mix and 24.3 g% alcohol at 68 h from the 2,900 g mix of ingredients. These contents were higher as compared to beverage prepared without sorghum: 18.3 g% alcohol at 48 h from 375 g mix and 13.1 g% at 68 h from 2,900 g ingredient mix. The average yields of beverage (with added sorghum) were 54.6% and 57.9%, from 375 g mix batch and 2,900 g mix larger scales, respectively. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS Banana has a short shelf life after it enters the retail market. The domestic supply in India in 2002 accounted for 20% wastage of bananas as a postharvest loss. The total losses in banana transactions were of the order 13,18% in a single wholesale market of the local city. It was possible to add value of ~48% if these overripe bananas processed into alcoholic beverage. The wasted bananas in domestic supply chain may be source of raw material present in the cycle of marketing itself. Using overripe bananas as the raw material in this study, we could ascertain the product characteristics so obtained after fermentation. These wasted bananas can thus be utilized using modified process detailed herein, if such a technology is readily available. This can replace spurious/illicit drinks in local pockets by using these cheap raw materials available in local abundance. [source]


    Association of Pretreatment ASPECTS Scores with tPA-Induced Arterial Recanalization in Acute Middle Cerebral Artery Occlusion

    JOURNAL OF NEUROIMAGING, Issue 1 2008
    Georgios Tsivgoulis MD
    ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The Alberta Stroke Program Early CT-Score (ASPECTS) assesses early ischemic changes within the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and predicts poor outcome and increased risk for thrombolysis-related symptomatic ICH. We evaluated the potential relationship between pretreatment ASPECTS and tPA-induced recanalization in patients with MCA occlusions. SUBJECTS & METHODS Consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke due to MCA occlusion were treated with standard IV-tPA and assessed with transcranial Doppler (TCD) for arterial recanalization. Early recanalization was determined with previously validated Thrombolysis in Brain Ischemia (TIBI) flow-grading system at 120 minutes after tPA-bolus. All pretreatment CT-scans were prospectively scored by trained investigators blinded to TCD findings. Functional outcome at 3 months was evaluated using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS). RESULTS IV-tPA was administered in 192 patients (mean age 68 ± 14 years, median NIHSS-score 17). Patients with complete recanalization (n= 51) had higher median pretreatment ASPECTS (10, interquartile range 2) than patients with incomplete or absent recanalization (n= 141; median ASPECTS 9, interquartile range 3, P= .034 Mann-Whitney U-test). An ASPECTS ,6 was documented in 4% and 17% of patients with present and absent recanalization, respectively (P= .019). Pretreatment ASPECTS was associated with complete recanalization (OR per 1-point increase: 1.54; 95% CI 1.06,2.22, P= .023) after adjustment for baseline characteristics, risk factors, NIHSS-score, pretreatment TIBI grades and site of arterial occlusion on baseline TCD. Complete recanalization (OR: 33.97, 95% CI 5.95,185.99, P < .001) and higher ASPECTS (OR per 1-point increase: 1.91; 95% CI 1.17,3.14, P= .010) were independent predictors of good functional outcome (mRS 0,2). CONCLUSIONS Higher pretreatment ASPECT-scores are associated with a greater chance of complete recanalization and favorable long-term outcome in tPA-treated patients with acute MCA occlusion. [source]


    FURTHER ASPECTS OF VAN DER WOUDE SYNDROME (CONGENITAL LOWER LIP PITS)

    PEDIATRIC DERMATOLOGY, Issue 1 2004
    Matthias Möhrenschlager M.D..
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    TRADE-RELATED ASPECTS OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

    THE DEVELOPING ECONOMIES, Issue 1 2001
    Huala ADOLF
    First page of article [source]


    CATHECTING BODY AND MIND IN A NEW RELATIONSHIP: ASPECTS OF THE ANALYTIC METHOD IN WORK WITH ADOLESCENTS

    THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOANALYSIS, Issue 3 2002
    Björn Salomonsson
    First page of article [source]


    FROM SUSA TO ANURADHAPURA: RECONSTRUCTING ASPECTS OF TRADE AND EXCHANGE IN BITUMEN-COATED CERAMIC VESSELS BETWEEN IRAN AND SRI LANKA FROM THE THIRD TO THE NINTH CENTURIES AD*

    ARCHAEOMETRY, Issue 3 2008
    B. STERN
    In contrast with artefactual studies of long-distance trade and exchange in South Asia during the Prehistoric and Early Historic periods (Ardika et al. 1993; Gogte 1997; Krishnan and Coningham 1997; Tomber 2000; Gupta et al. 2001; Ford et al. 2005), few scientifically orientated analyses have focused on artefacts from the region's Historic period. During excavations at the ancient city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, a number of buff ware ceramics with a putative organic coating on the interior were recovered (Coningham 2006). Dated stylistically to between the third and ninth centuries ad, analysis of the coatings using gas chromatography,mass spectrometry (GC,MS) and stable isotope analysis (carbon and deuterium) confirmed that the coatings are bitumen,an organic product associated with petroleum deposits. There are no known bitumen sources in Sri Lanka, and biomarker distributions and isotopic signatures suggest that the majority of the samples appear to have come from a single bitumen source near Susa in Iran. The relationship between the bitumen coatings and the vessels is discussed, and it is suggested that the coatings were used to seal permeable ceramic containers to allow them to transport liquid commodities. This study enhances our knowledge of networks of trade and exchange between Sri Lanka and western Asia during Historic times. [source]


    Hyperdense middle cerebral artery sign is an ominous prognostic marker despite optimal workflow

    ACTA NEUROLOGICA SCANDINAVICA, Issue 2 2010
    K. Abul-Kasim
    Abul-Kasim K, Brizzi M, Petersson J. Hyperdense middle cerebral artery sign is an ominous prognostic marker despite optimal workflow. Acta Neurol Scand: DOI: 2010: 122: 132,139. © 2009 The Authors Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Munksgaard. Objectives,,, To evaluate the association between the hyperdense middle cerebral artery sign (HMCAS) and the functional outcome on one hand, and different predictors such as the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), infarct size, ASPECTS Score, intracerebral hemorrhage, and mortality on the other hand. Material and methods,,, Retrospective analysis of 120 patients with MCA-stroke treated with intravenous thrombolysis. We tested the association between HMCAS and NIHSS, infarct volume, ASPECTS, outcome, level of consciousness, different recorded time intervals, and the day/time of admission. Results,,, Seventy-four percentage of patients treated with thrombolysis developed cerebral infarction. All patients with HMCAS (n = 39) sustained infarction and only 31% showed favorable outcome compared with 62% and 60%, respectively among patients without HMCAS (P < 0.001 and P = 0.002). There was statistically significant association between functional outcome and HMCAS (P = 0.002), infarct volume, NIHSS, and ASPECTS (P < 0.001). The time to treatment was 12 min shorter in patients who developed infarction (P = 0.037). Independent predictors for outcome were NIHSS and the occurrence of cerebral infarction on computed tomography for the whole study population, and infarct volume for patients who sustained cerebral infarction. Conclusions,,, Despite optimal workflow, patients with HMCAS showed poor outcome after intravenous thrombolysis. The results emphasize the urgent need for more effective revascularization therapies and neuroprotective treatment in this subgroup of stroke patients. [source]


    ASPECTS OF NARCISSISM IN A ONCE-WEEKLY PSYCHOTHERAPY

    BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHOTHERAPY, Issue 1 2000
    Dick A Gass
    ABSTRACT The author explores the clinical problem of narcissism by discussing a patient who was seen privately for once-weekly therapy for a period of two years. The emphasis is on trying to understand the nature of this pathology and the difficulties it presents to the therapist, especially in the transference and countertransference. The clinical material is examined in the light of theoretical concepts relating mainly to pathological organizations of the personality and perversion. The viability of working once weekly with such patients within a psychoanalytic framework is also considered. [source]


    EFFECT OF THE PHOSPHODIESTERASE 5 INHIBITORS SILDENAFIL, TADALAFIL AND VARDENAFIL ON RAT ANOCOCCYGEUS MUSCLE: FUNCTIONAL AND BIOCHEMICAL ASPECTS

    CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL PHARMACOLOGY AND PHYSIOLOGY, Issue 4 2009
    Haroldo A Toque
    SUMMARY 1The anococcygeus muscle is part of the erectile machinery in male rodents. Phosphodiesterase (PDE) 5 inhibitors enhance and prolong the effects of cGMP, which has a key role in penile erection. The aim of the present study was to provide a functional and biochemical comparison of the three PDE5 inhibitors, namely sildenafil, tadalafil and vardenafil, in the rat anococcygeus muscle. 2Muscle strips were mounted in 4 mL organ baths and isometric force recorded. Levels of cGMP were measured using an enzyme immunoassay kit. Western blots were used to determine PDE5 protein expression. 3The PDE5 inhibitors concentration-dependently relaxed carbachol-precontracted anococcygeus muscle; however, vardenafil was more potent (pEC50 = 8.11 ± 0.05) than sildenafil (7.72 ± 0.06) or tadalafil (7.69 ± 0.05). Addition of NG -nitro- l -arginine methyl ester (100 µmol/L) or 1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one (10 µmol/L) to the organ baths caused significant rightward shifts in concentration,response curves for all PDE5 inhibitors. 4Sildenafil, tadalafil and vardenafil (all at 0.1 µmol/L) caused leftward shifts in the glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) concentration-response curves (by 4.0-, 3.7- and 5.5-fold, respectively). In addition, all three PDE5 inhibitors significantly potentiated relaxation responses to both GTN (0.01,10 µmol/L) and electrical field stimulation (EFS; 1,32 Hz), with vardenafil having more pronounced effects. 5All three PDE5 inhibitors reduced EFS-evoked contractions in a concentration-dependent manner over the concentration range 0.001,1 µmol/L. There were no significant differences between the effects of the three PDE5 inhibitors. 6Vardenafil (0.01,0.1 µmol/L) was more potent in preventing cGMP degradation in vitro than sildenafil (0.01,0.1 µmol/L) and tadalafil (0.01,0.1 µmol/L). 7Under control conditions, the expression of PDE5 was higher in the anococcygeus muscle than in the corpus cavernosum. 8In conclusion, PDE5 inhibitors enhance exogenous and endogenous nitric oxide-mediated relaxation in the rat anococcygeus muscle. The potency of vardenafil was greater than that of either sildenafil or tadalafil. [source]


    Teaching the Subjective Aspect of Forecasting Through the Use of Basketball Scores

    DECISION SCIENCES JOURNAL OF INNOVATIVE EDUCATION, Issue 1 2008
    Srinagesh Gavirneni
    First page of article [source]


    Overwintering of the sycamore aphid, Drepanosiphum platanoidis

    ENTOMOLOGIA EXPERIMENTALIS ET APPLICATA, Issue 2-3 2002
    F.A. Wade
    Abstract Spatial and temporal aspects of overwintering in the holocyclic sycamore aphid Drepanosiphum platanoidis (Schrank) (Homoptera: Callaphididae) were investigated. Eggs of D. platanoidis were principally laid on trunks and branches of Acer pseudoplatanus L., at considerable distances from the buds. Trunks with rough bark, followed by branches with moderate roughness supported more overwintering eggs than the relatively exposed smooth surfaces of twigs and terminal buds. Eggs were aggregated on rough bark. Aspect had no effect on the number of eggs laid. Experimental manipulations varying ovipara densities showed intra-specific competition among oviparae for optimal oviposition sites. Overwintering egg mortality was a function of time, with the greatest mortality rate occurring in late winter. Egg mortality varied from 80.4% to 76.9% on trunks and 83.0% to 65.9% on branches in 1996 and 1997. [source]


    On the Skilled Aspect of Employee Engagement

    INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, Issue 1 2008
    MICHAEL J. BURKE
    [source]


    Significant Self-Acceleration Effects of Nitrile Additives in the Rhodium-Catalyzed Conversion of Aldoximes to Amides: A New Mechanistic Aspect

    ADVANCED SYNTHESIS & CATALYSIS (PREVIOUSLY: JOURNAL FUER PRAKTISCHE CHEMIE), Issue 11-12 2009
    Min Kim
    Abstract It was found that the catalytic activity of rhodium complexes was highly sensitive to the type of N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) ligands in the conversion of aldoximes to amides. Among those species examined, the (cyclooctadiene)rhodium chloride-carbene complex Rh(cod)(IMes)Cl exhibited the highest reactivity when it was employed in combination with a Brųnsted acid, thus allowing mild reaction conditions. A significant rate acceleration effect resulting from the addition of nitrile additives was also observed. With the new protocol, the substrate scope of aldoximes has been widely expanded to include sterically congested and electronically varied derivatives. On the basis of detailed mechanistic studies, it is proposed that the reaction proceeds mainly via intramolecular electrophilic addition of aldoxime to rhodium-bound nitrile, which is different from the generally postulated two-step route: dehydration of aldoxime to nitrile followed by hydration of the latter intermediate. [source]


    Hydrogenated natural rubber blends: Aspect on thermal stability and oxidative behavior

    JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, Issue 3 2009
    N. Hinchiranan
    Abstract Hydrogenated natural rubber (HNR) prepared from natural rubber (NR) is a new sustainable elastomer with excellent thermal properties. This study reports on the effect of vulcanization system and blend ratio on the thermal and oxidative resistance of HNR/NR vulcanizates. The various HNR/NR ratios vulcanized by peroxide and sulfur donor system exhibited the highest retention of tensile strength after thermal aging due to the formation of zinc-dimethyldithiocarbamate (ZDMDC) which is an efficient antioxidant. The results from thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) indicated that the saturated structure of HNR had higher decomposition temperature and activation energy to enhance the thermal stability of HNR/NR vulcanizates. The initial and maximum decomposition temperatures of NR and HNR phases in vulcanizates were not affected by rubber blend ratio. This suggests that the decomposition pattern of HNR has no influence on another constituent. The increase in HNR content in the blends could retard the ozonolysis resulting in the surface cracking attacked by ozone. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2009 [source]


    A Study of the Incidence of Accidents Occurring during an Arctic Expedition: Another Important Aspect of Travel Medicine?

    JOURNAL OF TRAVEL MEDICINE, Issue 4 2000
    Fiona J. Cooke
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    The Roles of L1 Influence and Lexical Aspect in the Acquisition of Temporal Morphology

    LANGUAGE LEARNING, Issue 1 2002
    Laura Collins
    Two cross-sectional studies (N= 70; N= 91) used a replication design to investigate the degree to which adult Francophone ESL learners' use of tense/aspect markers in past contexts supported the predictions of the aspect hypothesis (Andersen & Shirai, 1994; Bardovi-Harlig, 1994) and the degree to which it showed L1 influence. Consistent with the aspect hypothesis, the learners were significantly more successful in using simple past with telics, struggled most with statives, and, in their nontarget responses, preferred progressive for activities and present for statives. The Role of the L1 was restricted to the learners' association of nontarget perfect (a French-influenced form) with telics. The interpretation of the findings takes into account methodological issues and developmental constraints. [source]


    Tense and Aspect in Romance Languages. edited by AYOUN, DALILA, & M. RAFAEL SALABERRY

    MODERN LANGUAGE JOURNAL, Issue 2 2007
    MARY EMILY CALL
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    The Protozooplankton,Ichthyoplankton Trophic Link: An Overlooked Aspect of Aquatic Food Webs,

    THE JOURNAL OF EUKARYOTIC MICROBIOLOGY, Issue 3 2010
    DAVID J. S. MONTAGNES
    ABSTRACT. Since the introduction of the microbial loop concept, awareness of the role played by protozooplankton in marine food webs has grown. By consuming bacteria, and then being consumed by metazooplankton, protozoa form a trophic link that channels dissolved organic material into the "classic" marine food chain. Beyond enhancing energy transfer to higher trophic levels, protozoa play a key role in improving the food quality of metazooplankton. Here, we consider a third role played by protozoa, but one that has received comparatively little attention: that as prey items for ichthyoplankton. For >100 years it has been known that fish larvae consume protozoa. Despite this, fisheries scientists and biological oceanographers still largely ignore protozoa when assessing the foodweb dynamics that regulate the growth and survival of larval fish. We review evidence supporting the importance of the protozooplankton,ichthyoplankton link, including examples from the amateur aquarium trade, the commercial aquaculture industry, and contemporary studies of larval fish. We then consider why this potentially important link continues to receive very little attention. We conclude by offering suggestions for quantifying the importance of the protozooplankton,ichthyoplankton trophic link, using both existing methods and new technologies. [source]


    ChemInform Abstract: A New Aspect of Nickel-Catalyzed Grignard Cross-Coupling Reactions: Selective Synthesis, Structure, and Catalytic Behavior of a T-Shape Three-Coordinate Nickel(I) Chloride Bearing a Bulky NHC Ligand.

    CHEMINFORM, Issue 29 2010
    Satoshi Miyazaki
    Abstract ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a "Full Text" option. The original article is trackable via the "References" option. [source]


    ChemInform Abstract: Revisiting [3 + 3] Route to 1,3-Cyclohexanedione Frameworks: Hidden Aspect of Thermodynamically Controlled Enolates.

    CHEMINFORM, Issue 23 2002
    Teruhiko Ishikawa
    Abstract ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 100 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract of an article which was published elsewhere, please select a "Full Text" option. The original article is trackable via the "References" option. [source]


    Computational Aspects of Risk-Based Inspection Planning

    COMPUTER-AIDED CIVIL AND INFRASTRUCTURE ENGINEERING, Issue 3 2006
    Daniel Straub
    In this article, a computationally efficient method for the calculation of risk-based inspection (RBI) plans is presented, which overcomes the problem through the use of a generic approach. After an introduction in RBI planning, focus is set on the computational aspects of the methodology. The derivation of inspection plans through interpolation in databases with predefined generic inspection plans is demonstrated and the accuracy of the methodology is investigated. Finally, an overview is given on some recent applications of the generic approach in practice, including the implementation in efficient software tools. [source]


    Managing the Efficiency-Flexibility Tension in Innovation: Strategic and Organizational Aspects

    CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION MANAGEMENT, Issue 1 2009
    Mats Magnusson
    First page of article [source]


    Classification of Compression Bandages: Practical Aspects

    DERMATOLOGIC SURGERY, Issue 5 2008
    HUGO PARTSCH MD
    BACKGROUND Compression bandages appear to be simple medical devices. However, there is a lack of agreement over their classification and confusion over the use of important terms such as elastic, inelastic, and stiffness. OBJECTIVES The objectives were to propose terms to describe both simple and complex compression bandage systems and to offer classification based on in vivo measurements of subbandage pressure and stiffness. METHODS A consensus meeting of experts including members from medical professions and from companies producing compression products discussed a proposal that was sent out beforehand and agreed on by the authors after correction. RESULTS Pressure, layers, components, and elastic properties (P-LA-C-E) are the important characteristics of compression bandages. Based on simple in vivo measurements, pressure ranges and elastic properties of different bandage systems can be described. Descriptions of composite bandages should also report the number of layers of bandage material applied to the leg and the components that have been used to create the final bandage system. CONCLUSION Future descriptions of compression bandages should include the subbandage pressure range measured in the medial gaiter area, the number of layers, and a specification of the bandage components and of the elastic property (stiffness) of the final bandage. [source]


    Economic Policy and Women's Informal Work in South Africa

    DEVELOPMENT AND CHANGE, Issue 5 2001
    Imraan Valodia
    This article examines the gender dimensions of the growth in informal and flexible work in South Africa and the government's policy response to this. It outlines the growth in informal and flexible work practices and, as illustrative examples, analyses how trade and industrial policies and labour market policies are impacting on the growth of informal and flexible work. It is argued that the South African government's trade and industrial policies are shifting the economy onto a path of capital intensification. Allied to this, firms are undergoing a process of extensive restructuring. These developments are further promoting the growth of flexibilization and informalization, and thereby disadvantaging women. The article demonstrates that whilst the government offers a vast package of support measures to big business, its policy is largely irrelevant to the survivalist segment of small business, where most women in the informal economy are to be found. The picture for labour policy is more diverse. Aspects of the labour legislation are promoting the growth of a dual labour market, whilst there seems to be some tightening up of practices aimed at bypassing aspects of the protection provided to workers. [source]