Oral Care (oral + care)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Who Is Responsible for a Nursing Home Resident's Daily Oral Care?

Kenneth Shay DDS
No abstract is available for this article. [source]

Experiences of oral care in patients with haematological malignancies or head and neck cancer

The aim of the present study was to investigate cancer patients' experiences of oral hygiene information, oral care and self-care, information on oral complications, examination of the oral cavity, and ability to eat and drink during cancer treatment, and to explore patient attitudes to oral examination and oral hygiene. The sample consisted of 41 consecutive patients treated with radiotherapy for head and neck cancer (n = 18) or with chemotherapy for haematological malignancies (n = 23). Patients were interviewed at the end of radiotherapy or the second/third chemotherapy cycle. Compared with patients receiving chemotherapy, those who received radiotherapy had significantly more often visited hospital dentistry, been informed about oral complications and oral hygiene, received instructions in oral hygiene procedures, and been examined by hospital staff. More of the radiotherapy patients experienced oral symptoms and difficulties to eat and drink during treatment. There were no significant differences between the groups with regard to patient experiences of the oral hygiene procedures. Only one patient objected to having hospital staff discuss oral hygiene procedures, and three did not want hospital staff to examine their oral cavity. Patients undergoing radiotherapy or chemotherapy need to be monitored during treatment with regard to their oral status and oral symptoms and complications. There are no acceptable reasons for allowing patients to suffer from oral symptoms that can be reduced. [source]

Development of a Gerodontology course in Athens: a pilot study

A. E. Kossioni
Aim:, To describe the development of an undergraduate Gerodontology course in Athens Dental School. Background:, Because of demographic changes, undergraduate dental curricula should place appropriate emphasis on the oral care of the elderly. Therefore, the Athens Dental School Curriculum Committee authorised the development of a new Gerodontology course. Methods:, The new course was introduced in the 10th (final) semester of undergraduate studies. Teaching responsibilities were shared amongst staff from various Dental School departments and the National Health System. The course was elective and mainly didactic, consisting of seminars within the Dental School, educational visits to hospitals and geriatric day centres and elective clinical work in the comprehensive care clinic. The students evaluated the course at the end of the semester and indicated its strengths and weaknesses from their perspective. Conclusion:, The new course was generally satisfying. Based on the experience and evaluation of the first pilot year and taking into consideration the existing barriers, we plan to improve and expand educational activities, mainly including improved methods of teaching and assessment, and more clinical assignments. [source]

Developing an instrument to support oral care in the elderly

Yasunori Sumi
Abstract Background: The dramatic increase in the number of dependent elderly in developed countries has created a great need for their improved oral care. However, optimal oral care by caregivers is not possible because of time constraints, difficulty involved in brushing other individuals' teeth, lack of co-operation, and the lack of perceived need. Therefore, the development of an effective instrument simplifying and supporting oral care to relieve the strain on caregivers is a matter of some urgency. Purpose: In order to clean the mouths of elderly dependent patients, we have developed a new oral care support instrument (an electric toothbrush in combination with an antibacterial-agent supply and suction system). The purpose of the present study was to develop and evaluate a new oral care support instrument. Methods: a) Plaque removal study: The plaque- removing ability of this new instrument in 70 outpatients was compared with the Plak Control D9011 (Braun Gillette Japan Inc.) as a control by means of the Turesky modification of the Quigley and Hein plaque index, b) Clinical study: The subjects were 10 dependent elderly who received oral care using the new oral care support instrument for two weeks. The plaque and gingival indices were used for clinical evaluations. Results: a) Plaque removal study: Brushing with the new oral care support instrument removed significantly more plaque than with the Plak Control D9011. b) Clinical study: The new oral care support instrument allows a more effective removal of dental plaque and shows a significant improvement in the gingival indices in dependent elderly. Conclusion: It is concluded that the new oral care support instrument is effective and can be recommended for oral care in the dependent elderly. [source]

Dental procedures in adult patients with hereditary bleeding disorders: 10 years experience in three Italian Hemophilia Centers

HAEMOPHILIA, Issue 5 2005
M. Franchini
Summary., Excessive bleeding after dental procedures are one of the most frequent complications occurring in patients with hereditary bleeding disorders. In this retrospective study we collected data from 10 years of experience in the oral care of patients with congenital haemorrhagic disorders in three Italian Hemophilia Centers. Between 1993 and 2003, 247 patients with inherited bleeding disorders underwent 534 dental procedures including 133 periodontal treatments, 41 conservative dentistry procedures, 72 endodontic treatments and 288 oral surgery procedures. We recorded 10 bleeding complications (1.9%), most of which occurred in patients with severe/moderate haemophilia A undergoing multiple dental extractions. Thus, our protocol of management of patients with hereditary bleeding tendency undergoing oral treatment or surgery has been shown to be effective in preventing haemorrhagic complications. [source]

New guidelines for cardiac risk assessment prior to non-cardiac surgery

FA Pickett
To cite this article: Int J Dent Hygiene DOI: 10.1111/j.1601-5037.2009.00427.x Pickett FA. New guidelines for cardiac risk assessment prior to non-cardiac surgery. Abstract:, The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) has established guidelines to determine the risk for non-cardiac procedures, such as oral procedures, when individuals have experienced severe cardiac disease, including myocardial infarction. This is the first time the ESC has developed consensus guidelines to assist practitioners in managing care for cardiac patients receiving medical or dental procedures. Factors for risk assessment are described and management for oral care is discussed. [source]

A randomized controlled trial assessing the effectiveness of professional oral care by dental hygienists

T Sato
Abstract:, Objectives: This study was designed to compare professional oral care (POC) by a dental hygienist with tooth brushing and mouth rinsing by patients themselves according to the instructions of a nurse (control). Methods: Forty patients were randomly assigned to either the POC group (n = 20) or control group (n = 20). The presence of plaque and bacteria was assessed clinically. Results: One patient in the POC group and three patients in the control group dropped out because of exacerbation of underlying disease or death. Plaque control record scores were significantly lower in the POC group than in the control group on the fifth hospital day and the day of discharge. There was no significant difference between the groups in the detection rate of Candida species; and nosocomial pathogens on either day. Conclusions: Professional oral care by a dental hygienist is more effective than tooth brushing and mouth rinsing by patients themselves according to the instructions of a nurse. [source]

Attitudes and opinions of oral health and oral care among community-dwelling elderly subjects in Sweden: an interview study

K Andersson
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate attitudes and opinions of old, independently living people about their oral health and how it has affected them through life. Material and methods: A random selection of 12 individuals was made in a group of 79 individuals who earlier participated in a study about self-reported oral health. The average age was 78.4 years. An interview guide was used as support to focus on oral health. The respondents themselves decided what was important within the topics. The respondents were encouraged to speak freely about their childhood, family, social relations, memories from early dental care, general health situation, experience from health care, life and their future. The interviews were recorded and extended from 60 to 90 min. All of them were transcribed and analysed with phenomenological method inspired by Giogi. The analysis was made by two researchers independently. After 11 interviews, no new information was found; similar opinions, answers and stories recurred. Results: Seven of 11 respondents were born and grown up in the countryside and had moved to Stockholm in the forties. Awareness about dental care was generally low. Many of them have terrible memories from early dental visits, and the dentist was authoritarian and rough. Many had no memories of brushing their teeth as a child. Most of the respondents went to dentists as adults and when they could afford to pay by themselves. After retirement, all have continuous dental care and have visited a dental hygienist during the last 20 years. Nine of 11 have regular contact with a dental hygienist. Most of them are satisfied with their oral health and want to continue being clean and healthy in the mouth. Conclusions: Most of the respondents experienced an improved oral health, information and instructions from the dental hygienist have affected their self-care. Many tell that they have become more aware and carry out the oral hygiene more carefully after retirement. All of them experience that oral health affects the quality of life. [source]

Effect of oral hygiene instruction and scaling on oral malodour in a population of Turkish children with gingival inflammation

Summary. Aim., Oral malodour affects a large proportion of the population, and may cause a significant social or psychological handicap to those suffering from it. The condition has a positive correlation with the accumulation of bacterial plaque in the oral cavity. The aim of the present study was twofold: first, to determine whether oral malodour and periodontal disease parameters are associated with one another in 150 Turkish subjects (mean age ± SD = 9·1 ± 2·7 years; age range = 7,12 years); and secondly, to investigate the impact of oral hygiene instruction and scaling on oral malodour. Design., The parameters measured included whole-mouth odour judge scoring, halimeter measurements, saliva pH scores, gingival index, plaque index, and probing depth before and after the treatment procedures. Results., Odour judge scores were significantly associated with halimeter findings. However, gingival index, plaque index and probing depth were significantly associated with odour judge scores and halimeter scores. The statistical analysis revealed that periodontal treatments caused a significant reduction (P < 0·001) in volatile sulphur compound formation. Conclusion., These results suggest that, in the population studied, periodontal health and oral malodour are associated with one another. Oral malodour levels were significantly reduced after treating gingival inflammation. Thus, in order to avoid oral malodour in children, oral care should not be neglected. [source]

Dental hygiene education for nursing staff in a nursing home for older people

Erika Kullberg
kullberg e., sjögren p., forsell m., hoogstraate j., herbst b. & johansson o. (2010) Dental hygiene education for nursing staff in a nursing home for older people. Journal of Advanced Nursing,66(6), 1273,1279. Abstract Title.,Dental hygiene education for nursing staff in a nursing home for older people. Aim., This paper is a report of a study evaluating the effect of a repeated education programme for nursing staff in a home for older people. Background., A strong relationship exists between oral infections and general health complications (especially aspiration pneumonia) among nursing home residents and hospitalized older people. Thus, nursing staff need to be educated in oral hygiene measures. Methods., Forty-three nursing home resident older people (12 men, 31 women, age range 69,99 years) were included in a dental hygiene and gingivitis evaluation using gingival bleeding scores and modified plaque scores. Evaluation was conducted before and 3 weeks after a repeated dental hygiene education for nursing staff at a nursing home in Sweden in 2008. Dental hygiene education had been given 1·5 years previously. Findings., Forty-one residents (12 men and 29 women) were available for evaluation after the repeated dental hygiene education (one died, one had had teeth extracted). There was a reduction in gingival bleeding scores (P < 0·001), and in plaque scores (P < 0·001). Conclusion., Repeated dental hygiene education improves the dental hygiene among nursing home resident older people. In order to succeed it may be necessary to address attitudes and perceptions towards oral care in such a dental hygiene education programme for nursing staff. Improved oral hygiene contributes to reducing the incidence of healthcare-associated pneumonia among nursing home resident older people, and thus to reduced healthcare costs. [source]

Modification of the Risk of Mortality from Pneumonia with Oral Hygiene Care

Carol W. Bassim DMD
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the associations between the assignment of an oral hygiene aide staff member and risk factors for mortality from pneumonia in a nursing home and to test the hypothesis that this care would affect the incidence of mortality from pneumonia. DESIGN: Electronic medical records. SETTING: Nursing home. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred forty-three residents of a Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) nursing home. METHODS: The electronic medical records of 143 residents of a VAMC nursing home were analyzed for risk factors for pneumonia. A certified nursing assistant had been assigned to provide oral hygiene care for residents on two of four nursing home wards. Researchers performed a longitudinal analysis of resident's medical records to investigate the association between the assignment of an oral hygiene aide with the risk of mortality from pneumonia. RESULTS: Initially, the group that received oral care, an older and less functionally able group, showed approximately the same incidence of mortality from pneumonia as the group that did not receive oral care, but when the data were adjusted for the risk factors found to be significant for mortality from pneumonia, the odds of dying from pneumonia in the group that did not receive oral care was more than three times that of the group that did receive oral care (odds ratio=3.57, P=.03). Modified risk factors included age, functionality, cognitive function, and clinical concern about aspiration pneumonia. CONCLUSION: Oral hygiene nursing aide intervention may be an efficient risk factor modifier of mortality from nursing home,associated pneumonia. [source]

Adequacy of Oral Health Information for Patients with Diabetes

Hon K. Yuen PhD, OTR/L
Abstract Objective: We investigated the perception of dental hygienists regarding their adequacy of providing diabetics with diabetes-related oral health preventive education. Methods: A one-page questionnaire printed on both sides was mailed to 2,237 licensed registered dental hygienists with a South Carolina (SC) mailing address. In addition to the dental hygienists' background and practice characteristics, their perception of adequacy for educating patients with diabetes on various diabetes-related oral health topics and reasons for inadequate coverage of materials were queried in the survey. Results: After two follow-up mailings, 995 completed and usable surveys were returned. An average of 93.6 percent of respondents indicated that they adequately covered topics of oral hygiene and general oral health issues. However, about 60 percent of respondents reported not covering all essential materials related to oral health when educating diabetic patients. The three most common reasons were: a) insufficient time (60.1 percent); b) patient disinterest (41.2 percent); and c) insufficient information on oral care and diabetes (39.7 percent). Respondents reporting insufficient information were less likely to adequately address the effect of periodontal disease on diabetes (P < 0.001), effect of uncontrolled diabetes on periodontal disease (P < 0.001), and dry mouth management (P = 0.03). Conclusion: This study indicates that SC dental hygienists do not routinely provide patient education on diabetes-related oral health and healthy lifestyle topics. Lack of time, patient disinterest, and insufficient information were the three main reasons for respondents not covering these essentials. A practical method for improving dental hygienists' comprehensive service to patients with diabetes is to offer them more continuing education on diabetes and oral health to supplement their knowledge, skills, and confidence to educate this growing population. [source]

Providing a Dental Home for Pregnant Women: A Community Program to Address Dental Care Access , A Brief Communication

Peter Milgrom
Abstract Objective: This paper describes a community-based intervention to provide a dental home for women covered by Medicaid in Klamath County, Oregon. In 2001, 8.8 percent of pregnant women served by Medicaid in Oregon received care. The long-term goal of the program is to promote preventive oral care for both mothers and their new infants. Methods: Pregnant women received home/Women, Infant and Children visits and were assigned a dental home under a dental managed care program [Dental Care Organization (DCO)]. All initial care was provided at the Oregon Institute of Technology Dental Hygiene Clinic under the contract with the DCO. Emergency, preventive, and restorative care was provided. Results: Between February 2004 and January 2006, 503 pregnant women were identified; 421 women were contactable. Of these, 339 received home visits (339/421, 80.5 percent) and 235 received care (235/339, 69.3 percent). Overall, 55.8 percent of eligible women received care (235/421). Most who did not have a visit either moved or were not the caretaker of the baby. The missed appointment rate was 9 percent. Conclusion: A community health partnership led to a successful and sustainable model extending care to pregnant women and is being extended to promote preventive care for both new mothers and their offspring. [source]