Operative Care (operative + care)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Surgical repair of rib fractures in 14 neonatal foals: case selection, surgical technique and results

Summary Reasons for performing study: Fractured ribs are encountered quite frequently in newborn Thoroughbred foals, often with fatal outcome. Surgical repair of fractures therefore requires consideration as a means of reducing mortality. Objectives: To evaluate the repair of rib fractures using internal fixation techniques in foals at 2 different equine hospitals following similar diagnostics and case selection. Methods: The records of 14 foals that underwent internal fixation of fracture ribs were reviewed. Subject details, clinical presentation, diagnosis, surgical technique, post operative care and complications were recorded. Follow-up information was obtained in 7 foals. Results: The fractured ribs were reduced and stabilised using reconstruction plate(s), self-tapping cortical screws and cerclage wire in 12 cases, Steinmann pins and cerclage wires in 1 case and both techniques in 1 case. Not every rib was reduced on each case. Surgical reduction was performed on an average of 2 ribs, range 1,3 ribs in each foal. At the time of writing, 4 foals had been sold, one age 2 years was in training and 2 others died from unrelated causes. Conclusions: Our data support the use of surgical stabilisation utilising reconstruction plates, self-tapping cortical screws and cerclage wire for selected cases of thoracic trauma in neonatal foals. The use of Steinmann pins may be suboptimal due to cyclic failure, implant migration and the potential for iatrogenic internal thoracic trauma. Potential relevance: Foals with existing extensive internal thoracic trauma resulting from rib fracture(s), or the potential for such trauma, previously considered to have a guarded to poor prognosis for survival, may be successfully managed with internal fixation of selected fracture sites. [source]

Comparison of two laser fluorescence devices for the detection of occlusal caries in vivo

Felix Krause
Laser fluorescence measurements have been shown to be well suited for caries diagnosis. The aim of this study was to compare two laser fluorescence devices and to correlate the respective values with the visual and radiographic assessment and with the extent of the carious lesion. Ninety-four clinically non-cavitated occlusal carious lesions in the premolars and molars of 82 patients were examined. Laser fluorescence values on the surface were measured with a conventional laser fluorescence system and a novel laser fluorescence pen device. When operative intervention at a site was indicated, the extent of caries was determined after its removal. Readings obtained with both systems were significantly different with an interdevice factor of 0.64. Sensitivity and specificity for operative care were 92.6% and 53.7%, respectively, for the conventional, and 88.9% and 53.7%, respectively, for the pen device. For both devices, a correlation between laser fluorescence values and the visual and radiographic assessment and with the extent of the lesion was shown. The study indicates that the novel laser fluorescence device seems to be suitable for occlusal caries diagnosis. However, proposed guidelines for the clinical use of laser fluorescence readings of the conventional device cannot be transferred to the novel pen system. [source]

Day surgery in Finland: a prospective cohort study of 14 day-surgery units

Background: Day surgery is an established practice for elective operative care, and is considered safe and cost-effective in several procedures and for several patients. At present, day-surgery accounts for approximately 50% of elective surgery in Finland. The aim of this study was to prospectively describe the present situation at Finnish day-surgery units, focusing on the quality of care. Methods: Fourteen large- to medium-sized day surgery and short-stay units were recruited, and all patient cases performed during a 2-month study period were registered and analyzed. Quality of care was assessed by analyzing the rates and reasons for overnight admission, readmission, reoperation, and cancellations. Satisfaction of care was inquired from day- surgery patients during a 2-week period. Head anesthesiologists were interviewed about functional policies. Results: Of 7915 reported cases, 84% were day surgery. Typically, several specialties were represented at the units, with orthopedics accounting for nearly 30% of all day-surgery procedures. Patient selection criteria were in line with the present-day recommendations, although the proportion of older patients and the ASA physical status 3 patients were still relatively low. The rate of unplanned overnight admissions was 5.9%. Return hospital visits were reported in 3.7% and readmissions in 0.7% of patients 1,28 days post-operatively. Patient satisfaction was high. Conclusion: Along with the growing demand for day surgery, Finnish public hospitals have succeeded in providing good-quality care, and there still seems to be potential to increase the share of day surgery. Easily accessible benchmarking tools are needed for quality control and learning from peers. [source]

Prosthodontists in Private Practice: Current and Future Conditions of Practice in the United States (Part I)

Kent D. Nash PhD
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use data from surveys of prosthodontists to examine the current conditions and characteristics of prosthodontists in private practice in the United States. Materials and Methods: Characteristics of prosthodontists and conditions of practice are based on the 2002 Survey of Prosthodontists and the 2005 Survey of Prosthodontists. Both surveys were conducted by the American College of Prosthodontists. Several characteristics of private practice/practitioners are estimated including age, gender, number of patient visits, hours in the practice, employment of staff, and financial conditions (gross receipts, expenses of the practice, and net income of prosthodontists) Results: In 2004, the average age of private practitioners was 50 years. Years since graduation from dental school averaged 23.4 years, and years since completion of residency was 18.3 years. Prosthodontists spent an average of 35.7 hours per week in the office and 29.5 hours treating patients. In 2004, the average gross revenue per owner of a private practice reached $782,130, and mean net income was $258,490. The largest percentage of prosthodontist time was spent providing six procedures including fixed prosthodontics, implant services, complete dentures, operative care, diagnosis, and partial dentures. Conclusion: The United States spends about $1.8 billion on prosthodontic services provided by prosthodontists in private practice. Prosthodontists spend $1.1 billion dollars in expenses and treat an estimated 1.1 million patients per year. [source]

Review article: Perioperative care of patients with epidermolysis bullosa: proceedings of the 5th international symposium on epidermolysis bullosa, Santiago Chile, December 4,6, 2008

Summary Epidermolysis bullosa (EB) has become recognized as a multisystem disorder that poses a number of pre-, intra-, and postoperative challenges. While anesthesiologists have long appreciated the potential difficult intubation in patients with EB, other systems can be affected by this disorder. Hematologic, cardiac, skeletal, gastrointestinal, nutritional, and metabolic deficiencies are foci of preoperative medical care, in addition to the airway concerns. Therefore, multidisciplinary planning for operative care is imperative. A multinational, interdisciplinary panel of experts assembled in Santiagio, Chile to review the best practices for perioperative care of patients with EB. This paper presents guidelines that represent a synthesis of evidence-based approaches and the expert consensus of this panel and are intended to aid physicians new to caring for patients with EB when operative management is indicated. With proper medical optimization and attention to detail in the operating room, patients with EB can have an uneventful perioperative course. [source]