Old Woman (old + woman)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Kinds of Old Woman

  • year old woman

  • Selected Abstracts

    Rapid Occurrence of Giant Left Ventricular Pseudoaneurysm after Mitral Valve Replacement

    ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, Issue 10 2008
    Sofiene Rekik M.D.
    Left ventricular pseudoaneurysms are an uncommon and frightening complication after mitral valve replacement. We report the case of a 54-year old woman, having undergone a mitral valve replacement with uneventful postoperative course and normal echocardiographic predischarge control, who was readmitted to hospital, only 16 days later, for rapidly progressing dyspnea, and finally echocardiographically diagnosed to have a massive 8-cm long pseudoaneurysm communicating with the left ventricle through a narrow communication. The patient was proposed for emergency surgery but unfortunately died preoperatively. [source]

    Delayed complete remission in a patient with multiple myeloma

    R. Ria
    Abstract We report a strikingly positive, late response to bortezomib in conjunction with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in a 79-year old woman with multiple myeloma (MM). The patient obtained a partial remission after eight courses of therapy and a complete remission about 10 months after the end of therapy. This delayed complete remission may be similar to the spontaneous regression reported for other malignancies such as melanoma or lymphoma. We postulate that the immune response and a persistent anti-angiogenic effect of bortezomib could well explain the delayed complete remission in our patient. [source]

    A case of Adamantiades-Behçet disease with ischemic optic neuritis (posterior optic neuropathy)

    Satoko Shima
    Summary Adamantiades-Behçet disease (ABD) may present with cutaneous and ophthalmologic finings. A 29-year old woman complained of fever and general fatigue, along with erythema nodosum and vesiculo-pustular lesions on the legs, acneiform lesions, genital ulcerations and painful oral ulcers. She also complained of reduced visual acuity, visual disturbance and blurred vision in the left eye. Her left visual acuity was 6/20. Light reflex in the left eye was reduced. The relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) was positive in the left eye where a central scotoma was present. The vitreous was clear; the optic disc, macula, retina and iris were all normal. Uveitis was not observed. The patient was diagnosed with ischemic optic neuritis (posterior optic neuropathy) with ABD. Histopathological findings taken from a blister on the leg showed subepidermal bulla, dense dermal neutrophil infiltration, and extravasation of erythrocytes, suggesting leukocytoclastic vas-culitis. She was treated orally with high-dose corticosteroids (methylprednisolone 500 mg/d) for three days. Her general condition and ophthalmic symptoms resolved completely. Optic neuropathy with ABD is very rare; we know of two previous cases [1, 2] of ABD with ischemic posterior optic neuritis. [source]

    Hepatobiliary and pancreatic: An old woman with stones and jaundice

    Article first published online: 10 SEP 200

    Hepatobiliary and pancreatic: An old woman with gallstones

    Article first published online: 21 DEC 200
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Julio Cortázar quotes on normal and abnormal movements: Magical realism or reality?

    MOVEMENT DISORDERS, Issue 8 2006
    Marcelo Merello MD
    Abstract Together with Mario Vargas Llosa and Gabriel García Márquez, Julio Cortázar was one of the most representative authors of the Latin American magical realism genre. Within his extensive body of work, many descriptions of characters suffering physical disabilities, as well as situations suggesting such medical conditions, can be extracted. In this review, two short stories by Cortázar are presented. In the first one, the main character could easily be a man suffering from corticobasal degeneration; in the second, an old woman with symptoms suggestive of progressive supranuclear palsy is clearly depicted. Despite the fact that one of the main ingredients in Cortázar's magical realism is fiction, cases described here fit real medical conditions quite well, making it hard to believe that they represent purely fantastic descriptions rather than the product of Cortázar's inquisitive observation and the description of real patients. © 2006 Movement Disorder Society [source]

    Severe Venous and Lymphatic Obstruction after Single-Chamber Pacemaker Implantation in a Patient with Chest Radiation Therapy

    A 73 - year - old woman with a history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, sinus node dysfunction, bilateral breast cancer, and extensive chest radiation developed progressive edema, dyspnea, and recurrent pleural effusions soon after single - chamber pacemaker implantation. Thoracentesis yielded a diagnosis of chylothorax, and progressive refractory anasarca developed. A computed tomography angiogram suggested obstruction of the superior vena cava and left subclavian vein despite outpatient therapeutic anticoagulation. Autopsy confirmed venous thrombosis, along with mediastinal fibrosis. The presumed etiology of the chylothorax and anasarca was obstruction of the atretic central venous structures following pacemaker implantation, critically impairing the already tenuous venous and lymphatic drainage. (PACE 2010; 520,524) [source]


    Y. Kathiravel
    Primary intracranial chondrosarcomas account for under 0.16% of intracranial neoplasms and have been predominantly located in the skull base (1). Seventy five percent of intracranial chondrosarcomas originate from the skull base but they can arise from the meninges along the falx, tentorium and convexity (2). An intracranial classic chondrosarcoma arising from the falx is extremely rare and to date there is only a limited number of cases described in the literature (3). Falcine or parasagittal chondrosarcomas reported in the literature tend to be of a mesenchymal type. We present a case of a classic falcine chondrosarcoma in a 32 year old woman. Due to its rarity, there is little data on the management of these tumours. We review the diagnostic and management options pertaining to this tumour. [source]

    Spinal cord infarction in a patient with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, receiving chemotherapy combined with bevacizumab

    Katherine MASSELOS
    Abstract Bevacizumab is an anti-angiogenesis agent that has many applications in the current management of patients with cancer, including advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Its value is however, not without side effects. We present the first reported case of spinal cord infarction in the setting of bevacizumab use in a 70-year old woman with advanced non-small cell lung cancer. [source]

    A couple with gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST)

    We present a 70-year old woman with metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) and her partner, a 79-year old man with multiple gastric GIST tumors. This tumor is considered a rare malignancy with a reported incidence of 6,13 new cases per million. Our patients were found to have different genetic mutations in the C-KIT gene as the cause of their disease but, given the rarity of this tumor, it raises a question about their possible exposure to carcinogens or another shared mechanism that might have been involved in the pathogenesis of this cancer. [source]

    Androgenic adult granulosa cell tumour with prolongation of the activated partial thromboplastin time in a 29 year old woman

    Tsuyoshi Honda
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Ataxia with vitamin E deficiency in southeast Norway, case report

    J. Koht
    Background,, Ataxia with vitamin E deficiency (AVED) is a rare cause of hereditary ataxia in north European countries with unknown prevalence. Few cases are reported from these countries. Methods ,Through a systematic population based study of hereditary ataxia in southeast Norway subjects were classified and investigated. Aims , To report a subject with ataxia due to vitamin E deficiency in Norway. Results , One patient with AVED was identified. The subject was a 45 years old woman with progressive ataxia from preschool age. When she was 12 years old Friedreich's ataxia was diagnosed after neurological examination. At the age of 45 re-evaluation and re-examination was performed and genetic analysis of the Frataxin gene was negative. At that time she had truncal and extremities ataxia, titubation of the head, pes cavus, inverted plantar response, loss of proprioceptive and vibration sense and a severe sensory neuropathy. Vitamin E in serum was undetectable and genetic analysis detected a compound heterozygous mutation, p.A120T and p.R134X, in the ,-tocopherol transport protein gene on chromosome 8q13. Discussion , Vitamin E should always be assessed in progressive ataxia of genetic or unexplained causes and especially with a Friedreich's ataxia-like phenotype since treatment is available. Conclusion,, AVED is rare in Norway, but exists, and we here report the first genetically confirmed subject with ataxia due to vitamin E deficiency in Norway. [source]

    Motor aprosodia due to isolated brainstem stroke in a young woman

    M. Hoffmann
    A 21 year old woman presented with coma and quadriparesis secondary to bilateral pontine infarction. Three weeks later motor aprosodia was the most notable neurological finding apart from mild asymmetric limb weakness. No other supratentorial lesion was noted on initial and subsequent multimodality magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance perfusion imaging revealed right frontotemporal hypoperfusion. This is the first report of aprosodia with an isolated brainstem lesion. [source]

    AML with bilateral retinal detachment

    Purpose: To present a case of thrombotic ocular and CNS involvement complicating acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Methods: A 42 year old woman developed blurred vision shortly after diagnosis and treatment of M6 AML. Investigations showed anterior orbital infiltration, retinal detachment and panuveitis. Iris biopsy and vitreous aspirate were negative. She developed right temporal lobe infarction and died following further CNS infarction two months after initial diagnosis. Results: Post mortem examination showed cerebral oedema, multiple cerebral infarctions and hepatosplenomegaly; both eyes contained vitreous exudates, retinal detachment and uveal thickening. Microscopy showed exudative and haemorrhagic retinal detachment, without inflammatory or neoplastic infiltrate, and bilateral uveal leukaemic infiltration with infarction. Neoplastic cells infiltrated the leptomeninges and brain parenchyma with focal vascular occlusion. Lung vessels were occluded by neoplastic cells. The spleen and bone marrow were heavily infiltrated. Partial immunophenotyping suggested a diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL). Conclusions: Acute leukaemia involves the eye occurs in 39-53% cases. Visual loss is uncommon. Retinal involvement most frequently occurs in the form of superficial haemorrhages, detachment is uncommon. Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) treated with L-asparaginase, acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) and non-M3 AML may present with a prothrombotic state which may be catastrophic, as occurred in this fatal case. [source]

    Neonatal management of symptomatic transplacental cryoglobulinaemia

    ACTA PAEDIATRICA, Issue 4 2004
    V Laugel
    This study reports the first case of symptomatic placental transfer of cryoglobulins and discusses the potential pathogenic processes and the basic guidelines for neonatal management. A 32-y-old woman was affected by essential type I cryoglobulinaemia and displayed the cold-triggered cutaneous symptoms of the disease due to a monoclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) cryoglobulin. She gave birth to healthy dizygotic twins who were placed in incubators immediately after birth and did not show any cutaneous or visceral lesion in the first 2 d. Cyanotic macules appeared on the hand and foot of one of the newborns when they were removed from the incubators. The same monoclonal IgG-, cryoglobulin was identified in the two newborns'cord blood and in the mother's serum. The skin lesions disappeared within 1 wk as both twins were transiently replaced in incubators. No recurrence of skin lesions was observed even at room temperature and, 6 mo later, both twins were healthy and their clinical examination was normal. Conclusion: To the authors'knowledge, this is the first report of placental transfer of cryoglobulins and the first description of any neonatal effect. Neonates born to mothers suffering from IgG cryoglobulinaemia should be protected against cold to avoid precipitation of the pathogenic cryoglobulins, until spontaneous resolution. [source]

    Effects of aging and gender on the spatial organization of nuclei in single human skeletal muscle cells

    AGING CELL, Issue 5 2010
    Alexander Cristea
    Summary The skeletal muscle fibre is a syncitium where each myonucleus regulates the gene products in a finite volume of the cytoplasm, i.e., the myonuclear domain (MND). We analysed aging- and gender-related effects on myonuclei organization and the MND size in single muscle fibres from six young (21,31 years) and nine old men (72,96 years), and from six young (24,32 years) and nine old women (65,96 years), using a novel image analysis algorithm applied to confocal images. Muscle fibres were classified according to myosin heavy chain (MyHC) isoform expression. Our image analysis algorithm was effective in determining the spatial organization of myonuclei and the distribution of individual MNDs along the single fibre segments. Significant linear relations were observed between MND size and fibre size, irrespective age, gender and MyHC isoform expression. The spatial organization of individual myonuclei, calculated as the distribution of nearest neighbour distances in 3D, and MND size were affected in old age, but changes were dependent on MyHC isoform expression. In type I muscle fibres, average NN-values were lower and showed an increased variability in old age, reflecting an aggregation of myonuclei in old age. Average MND size did not change in old age, but there was an increased MND size variability. In type IIa fibres, average NN-values and MND sizes were lower in old age, reflecting the smaller size of these muscle fibres in old age. It is suggested that these changes have a significant impact on protein synthesis and degradation during the aging process. [source]

    Morbidity figures from general practice: sex differences in traumatology

    Toine Lagro-Janssen MD PhD
    Abstract Background, Trauma prevention starts with to find out the extent of the problem and who it affects. Insight into morbidity figures is therefore necessary. Aim, To explore sex differences in traumatology and secondary medical care utilization in primary care related to age and socio-economic status (SES). Methods, Data were obtained from an academic continuous morbidity registration project in the Netherlands in the period from 1996 to 2006, in which 13 000 patients were followed in 10 successive years. Results, Sex differences showed a male excess from childhood to 45 years and women showing almost double trauma rates in the elderly. Low SES was associated with the greatest incidence of traumas. The largest sex difference in incidence above 65 years appeared in the high SES with more traumas in women compared with men. From this age on, female morbidity in traumatology outnumbered male morbidity regardless of SES. Considering use of referrals, we found that in the age group 15,45 years men made a greater use of secondary medical care. However, the vastest gender influence in medical care utilization was noticed in the age group over 65 years, outnumbered with women. Conclusion, Young men and old women are the most at risk for traumatic health problems: men presenting with traumata of the skull, the tibia and ocular trauma's and women with fractures of the femur, humerus and wrist. For both men and women the greatest incidence is in the low SES. Family physicians can play a pivotal role in prevention to focus on their patients with high risks. [source]

    Cost-effectiveness analysis of triple test in second-trimester maternal serum screening for Down's syndrome: an experience from Taiwan with decreasing birth rate but increasing population of old pregnant women

    Hsiao-Lin Hwa PhD
    Objectives, We intended to assess the cost-effectiveness of adding unconjugated oestriol (uE3) in maternal serum screening for Down's syndrome in Taiwan, where there is a decreasing birth rate but an increasing trend of old women having pregnancies. Methods, We used logistic regressions to estimate the risk of Down's syndrome with maternal age and different combinations of biomarkers. Cost-effectiveness analysis was presented in terms of the average and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios. Sensitivity analyses with different parameters were performed. Results, Given a cut-off point of 1:270 for the confirmation of Down's syndrome with amniocentesis, the average cost per case averted for maternal age above 35 years only, double test [alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG)] and triple test (AFP, hCG and uE3) were estimated as $14 561, $42 367 and $37 424. The additional costs per case averted for double test and triple test (compared with maternal age above 35 years) were $135 950 and $77 394, respectively. The additional cost per case averted for triple test was $15 199 compared with double test. Conclusions, The performance of triple test is not only more effective in detecting Down's syndrome cases but also more cost-effective than double test in this study. [source]

    Good neurological recovery after cardiopulmonary resuscitation and thrombolysis in two old patients with pulmonary embolism

    The use of thrombolysis as an emergency treatment for cardiac arrest (CA) due to massive pulmonary embolism (MPE) has been described. However, there are no reports of successful treatment of MPE-associated CA in patients over 77 years of age. We report two cases of successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation for an MPE-associated CA in two very old women (87 and 86 years of age). In both cases, typical signs of MPE were documented using emergency echocardiography, which showed an acute right ventricle enlargement and a paradoxical movement of the interventricular septum. Emergency thrombolysis was administered during resuscitation, which lasted 45 and 21 min, respectively. Despite old age and prolonged resuscitation efforts, both patients had good neurological recovery and one of them was alive and neurologically intact 1 year later. Thrombolysis is a potentially useful therapy in MPE-associated CA. A good neurological outcome can be obtained even in very old patients and after prolonged resuscitation. [source]