Old Patients (old + patient)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Kinds of Old Patients

  • very old patient

  • Selected Abstracts


    Juan Marti MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    Franck Lebourgeois MD
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Reevaluating the Use of Antihypertensive Medications, a First Step Toward Reducing Polypharmacy in Very Old Patients

    Vito Campese MD
    First page of article [source]

    Flail arm syndrome: a clinical variant of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

    A. Czaplinski
    We describe a case of a 65-year old patient diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The clinical findings, with symmetric, predominantly proximal wasting and weakness of both arms (especially of the infra-, supraspinatus and deltoideus) leading to severe functional disability and contrasting with preserved independent ambulation and sparing of bulbar muscles, were consistent with the proposed criteria of the so-called flail arm syndrome. Based on our case we characterize the clinical features of flail arm syndrome and review the literature. [source]

    Spontaneous splenic haematoma in a multiple myeloma patient receiving pegfilgrastim support

    Summary Growth factors are a significant advance in the supportive care of patients with cancer with a wide range of indications. Frequent side effects of G-CSF include bone pain, headache, fatigue and nausea. We report a case of subcapsular splenic haematoma following pegfilgrastim administration in a 65-year old patient with multiple myeloma. Proposed mechanisms accounting for splenic enlargement include extramedullary haemopoiesis, intrasplenic infiltration by mature and immature myeloid cells and intrasplenic stem cell homing and proliferation. The risk of spontaneous splenic rupture is difficult to quantify. Physicians should be aware of this life-threatening condition and early diagnosis can be difficult since anemia and splenomegaly are common findings in haematologic patients. [source]

    Tungiasis (tungosis) comes to the Czech Republic

    A Pospí, ilová
    Summary, A case of a 39 year old patient in whom infection by the sand flea Tunga penetrans was diagnosed by histological examination is described. Clinical findings included small red lesions on the lower extremities, containing a pyodermic component and a central black dot resembling tattoo. A tropical parasitic disease was considered as the signs developed following the patient's return from Tanzania. [source]

    De novo epileptic confusion in the elderly: A 1-year prospective study

    EPILEPSIA, Issue 6 2010
    Olivier Veran
    Summary Purpose:, Nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is clinically difficult to diagnose, especially in old patients without epilepsy, and requires electroencephalography (EEG) for diagnosis. Its incidence among elderly patients with confusion of unknown origin (CUO) remains undetermined. Methods:, A 1-year prospective study was conducted in patients aged 60 years or older, for whom EEG was requested because of confusion considered to be of unknown origin after initial clinical, biologic, and imaging investigations. Diagnosis criteria included a validated clinical assessment scale to confirm confusion. Results:, Of 44 patients with confirmed CUO, 7 presented with de novo NCSE. NCSE population had a mean age of 76 years (range, 60,97 years). No statistically significant differences were found between NCSE patients and others for age, drugs, presence of myoclonia, eyelid myoclonia, tachycardia, or agitation. In contrast, an acute onset (<24 h), gender (100% female among NCSE patients), and lack of clinical response to simple commands were significantly associated with NCSE. No differences between the two groups were evidenced for mortality and morbidity (length of hospitalization, social outcome, and so on). Discussion:, Almost 16% of patients aged 60 or older with confusion of unknown origin had NCSE, according to this first prospective study. Female patients with rapid onset (<24 h) of symptoms and lack of response to simple commands were at a higher risk of presenting with NCSE. [source]

    Increasing relevance of acute cerebrovascular disease in very old patients

    A. Arboix
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Which parameters differ in very old patients with chronic atrial fibrillation treated by anticoagulant or aspirin?

    Antithrombotic treatment of atrial fibrillation in the elderly
    Abstract The objective was to determine the main parameters taken into account for the decision of antithrombotic treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF) by vitamin K antagonist or aspirin. This was a prospective clinical study of four clinical services of geriatric medicine. Two hundred and nine inpatients, 84.7 ± 7 years (women 60.8%), with chronic AF were included. The patients were distributed into two groups (anticoagulant or aspirin) according to medical decision. All the decision criteria for treatment were recorded: cardiopathy, conditions of life, clinical examination (nutrition and autonomy, mini-mental state examination (MMSE), walking evaluation, comorbidity), subjective evaluation of risk of falls and glomerular filtration rate. The thromboembolic risk and the bleeding risk, evaluated subjectively for each patient, were compared with two scores of thrombo-embolic risk and bleeding risk. The evolution of the patients was recorded after 3 months. Student's t -test and chi-squared tests were used for statistical analysis. One hundred and two patients (48.8%) received anticoagulant and 107 patients received aspirin. Patients in the aspirin group were significantly older (86.5 ± 6.5 vs. 82.9 ± 7.1 years), with more frequent social isolation, higher systolic blood pressure, and had more important subjective bleeding risk and risk of falls. Patients in the anticoagulant group had significantly more valvulopathies and a more important subjective thromboembolic risk. Thrombo-phlebitis antecedents, dementia, denutrition and walking alterations were only slightly more frequent in patients in the aspirin group. Physicians underestimated thromboembolic risk (one-third of patients) and they overestimated bleeding risk (half of the patients). After 3 months, the two groups did not significantly differ for death, bleeding or ischaemic events. In common practice, the decision of antithrombotic treatment for AF should take into account not only cardiovascular but also geriatric criteria. [source]

    Crohn's Disease runs a more aggressive course in young asian patients

    Kelvin Teck Joo Thia MRCP
    Abstract Background: Crohn's disease is a heterogeneous inflammatory bowel disease. The impact of age at diagnosis on the clinical course of patients varies widely as reported in the Western literature. Using the Vienna Classification, we seek to determine whether young Crohn's disease patients in an Asian population followed a different clinical course than old patients. Methods: The case records of 100 Crohn's disease patients who were treated at the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, Singapore General Hospital, were studied retrospectively. The age group and location of disease and behavior according to the Vienna classification were determined at diagnosis. Results: A1 group (age <40 years) defined as "young" and A2 group (age ,40) defined as "old" contained 65 and 35 patients, respectively. Median age for the young group was 27.4 years and that for the old group was 52.6 years. Of the young patients, 66.7% flared at least once compared with 28.6% of the old patients, odds ratio of 5.0 (P < 0.001). Young patients were more likely to be steroid dependent (20.0% of A1 versus 8.6% of A2, P = 0.14), received azathioprine (38.5% of A1 versus 5.7% of A2, P < 0.001) and experienced complications (31% of A1 versus 20% of A2, P = 0.25)-numerically higher rates that did not reach statistical significance. There was no significant difference between the age groups for the location and behavior of disease as well as requirement for surgery. Conclusion: In this first Asian study looking specifically at the impact of age at diagnosis of Crohn's disease, we found that young patients underwent a more aggressive clinical course. [source]

    Invasive bladder carcinoma: A pilot study of conservative treatment with accelerated radiotherapy and concomitant cisplatin,

    Abderrahim Zouhair M.D.
    Abstract From November 1992 to December 1997, 25 patients (inoperable or refusing cystectomy) were included in a prospective study to assess the feasibility, tolerance, and curative potential of accelerated radiotherapy (RT) and concomitant cisplatin. Median age was 74 years (range 49,86). Stage distribution was as follows: 1 T1, 10 T2, 8 T3, and 6 T4. Two patients had clinically positive pelvic nodes. The goal was to deliver a total dose of 40 Gy to the whole pelvis and bladder in 4 weeks using a concomitant boost of 20 Gy to the tumor or to the whole bladder during the third and fourth weeks (total dose 60 Gy), with daily cisplatin (6 mg/m2) before RT for patients with creatinine clearance > 50 ml/min. All but one patient completed the RT protocol. Daily cisplatin was sucessfully delivered in 18 patients. One patient presented with grade III ototoxicity. Diarrhea was scored grade III in two and grade IV in two patients. Acute urinary toxicity was scored grade III in one patient. Posttreatment late effects included bladder grade II and grade III in two patients and one patient, respectively; large bowel grade III in one; urethral grade III in one; and femoral head radionecrosis in one. Four-year overall and disease-specific survival rates were 23% and 35%, respectively. The latter was 60% for patients with T2 tumors. The 4-year actuarial locoregional control rate for all patients was 61%. In summary, accelerated RT and concomitant cisplatin is feasible with acceptable tolerance even in relatively old patients. Although outcome was better for patients with low-stage tumors, local control and survival rates appeared similar to those of standard RT schedules for a similar patient population. © 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Comparison of Short Form-36 Health Survey and Nottingham Health Profile in moderate to severe patients with COPD

    Sevgi Ozalevli
    Abstract Objective, To compare the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) assessed by Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) and Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) on the basis of lung function and exercise capacity parameters in patients with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods and materials, The investigation was a prospective, quality-of-life survey and cross-sectional study of 130 consecutive COPD patients. The NHP and SF-36 as generic HRQoL instruments, the Chronic Respiratory Disease questionnaire (CRQ) as a disease-specific HRQoL instrument and 6-minute walking test, severity of dyspnea, leg fatigue and lung function, were the measurements and instruments used in the study. Results, It was determined that the subscales of both questionnaires were generally related with the FEV1, walking distance, CRQ, severity of dyspnea and leg fatigue values (P < 0.05). The much higher correlation coefficient was determined between these parameters and NHP compared with the SF-36. Only NHP was found to be correlated with the age, body mass index and smoking consumption (P < 0.05). Conclusions, The stronger relation of NHP with the clinical and physical parameters of the patients compared with that of SF-36 may be associated with the increased sensitivity of NHP to the clinical state owing to the increasing respiratory symptoms of our old patients with moderate to severe obstruction and/or the more intelligible and easy-to-respond nature of NHP compared with SF-36. [source]

    Good neurological recovery after cardiopulmonary resuscitation and thrombolysis in two old patients with pulmonary embolism

    The use of thrombolysis as an emergency treatment for cardiac arrest (CA) due to massive pulmonary embolism (MPE) has been described. However, there are no reports of successful treatment of MPE-associated CA in patients over 77 years of age. We report two cases of successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation for an MPE-associated CA in two very old women (87 and 86 years of age). In both cases, typical signs of MPE were documented using emergency echocardiography, which showed an acute right ventricle enlargement and a paradoxical movement of the interventricular septum. Emergency thrombolysis was administered during resuscitation, which lasted 45 and 21 min, respectively. Despite old age and prolonged resuscitation efforts, both patients had good neurological recovery and one of them was alive and neurologically intact 1 year later. Thrombolysis is a potentially useful therapy in MPE-associated CA. A good neurological outcome can be obtained even in very old patients and after prolonged resuscitation. [source]

    Lower serum viral loads in young patients with hepatitis-B-virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma

    F.-C. Tsai
    Summary., Advanced age and high hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level are risk factors associated with the development of HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, little is known about the role of viral load in the carcinogenesis of HCC in young people. A total of 183 HBV-related HCC patients and 202 HBV carriers were therefore enrolled to compare serum viral loads in young (,40 years of age) and old (>40 years of age) age groups. Other factors associated with the development of HCC were also analysed. The results showed that serum alanine aminotransferase (38.7 ± 24.1 vs 58.4 ± 65.4 IU/L, P = 0.006) and HBV DNA levels (log10 titre: 4.20 ± 1.33 vs 4.80 ± 1.39, P = 0.053) were lower in young HCC patients than in old HCC patients. There was a positive correlation between age and serum HBV DNA level in HCC patients but a negative correlation in HBV carriers. Young HCC patients with HBV genotype B infection had higher viral loads than those with genotype C infection (log10 titre: 4.79 ± 1.34 vs 3.27 ± 0.60, P = 0.001). By multivariate logistic regression analyses, high serum HBV DNA level was associated with the development of HCC in old patients [odds ratio (OR) 1.584, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.075,2.333] rather than in young patients (OR 0.848, 95% CI 0.645,1.116). In conclusion, viral factors in association with the development of HBV-related HCC in young patients may be different from their old counterparts. The complicated interplay between host and virus could be responsible for the emergence and aggressive outcome of early-onset HCC. [source]

    Cancer Pain: An Age-Based Analysis

    PAIN MEDICINE, Issue 10 2010
    Carmen R. Green MD
    Abstract Objective., Although cancer pain (consistent and breakthrough pain [BTP; pain flares interrupting well-controlled baseline pain]) is common among cancer patients, its characteristics, etiology, and impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) across the lifespan are poorly understood. Design., This longitudinal study examines age-based differences and pain-related interference in young and old patients with cancer-related pain over 6 months. Patients in the community with stage III or IV breast, prostate, colorectal, or lung cancer, or stage II,IV multiple myeloma with BTP completed surveys (upon initial assessment, 3 and 6 months) assessing consistent pain, BTP, depressed affect, active coping ability, and HRQOL using previously validated measures. Results., Respondents (N = 96) were 70% white and 66% female, with a mean age of 57 ± 10 years. There were no significant differences in pain severity based upon age. However, the younger group experienced more pain flares with greater frequency (P = 0.05). The oldest group had better emotional functioning at baseline but worse physical functioning at 6 months. Younger groups also had worse cognitive functioning at 6 months (P = 0.03). Pain interference was independent of age. Conclusions., These data provide evidence for the significant toll of cancer pain on overall health and well-being of young and old adults alike but demonstrate an increased toll for younger adults (especially financially). Beyond race and gender disparities, further health care disparities in the cancer and cancer pain were identified by age, illustrating the need for additional research across the lifespan in diverse cancer survivors. [source]


    ANZ JOURNAL OF SURGERY, Issue 10 2006
    Maher Hamish
    Background: Popliteal artery aneurysms (PAA) are the most common peripheral aneurysm and are recognized as ,the silent killer of the leg circulation'. The timing and type of interventions used in their treatment is still controversial. This review examines the published data on the natural history, epidemiology, clinical presentation and management options available. The aim of this study is to try and reach a consensus with regards to the best management of PAA. Method: A systematic review of data in the English published works since 1980. Results: The authors include 53 studies containing 2854 patients with 4291 PAA. Most published data involves retrospective studies and personal experience, with one multicentre study. No randomized controlled studies exist regarding the management of PAA. Conclusions: 1. Although most PAA are of atherosclerotic origin in old patients, trauma, infection and family history are the main causes in young patients. 2. Great vigilance is needed for diagnosis as only approximately five patients are seen each year by a major vascular centre. There is no place for screening programmes to detect PAA. 3. Approximately 45% of patients are asymptomatic at the time of initial diagnosis. Aortic aneurysms are found in 40% and bilateral PAA in 50% of patients. More than 95% of patients are men with a mean age of 65 years and 45% have hypertension. 4. Surgical reconstruction is recommended for all symptomatic and asymptomatic aneurysms larger than 2 cm. Five-year graft patency rates after surgical repair range from 30 to 97%, with 5-year limb salvage ranging from 70 to 98%. Patient survival rates at 5 and 10 years are 75 and 46%, respectively. 5. If carried out carefully, intra-arterial thrombolysis can safely prepare patients presenting with acute ischaemia from occluded PAA, for surgical revascularization to restore distal run-off. 6. Endovascular repair of a PAA is a feasible option, although little evidence is yet available. 7. Lifelong, careful patient surveillance is essential to detect and treat new aneurysms at other sites. [source]

    Angiogenic gene modification of skeletal muscle cells to compensate for ageing-induced decline in bioengineered functional muscle tissue

    BJU INTERNATIONAL, Issue 7 2008
    Dawn M. Delo
    OBJECTIVE To explore the effects of ageing on the viability of bioengineered striated muscle tissue in vivo, and if this viability can be enhanced by concurrent neovascularization, as its utility for the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI) might be reduced if muscle cells are derived from old patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS Myoblasts were obtained and expanded in culture from young (2 weeks), mature (3 months) and old (24 months) mice, and were engineered to express vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) to stimulate neovascularization. Myoblasts were injected subcutaneously into male nude mice and after 2 and 4 weeks, the engineered muscle tissues were harvested. RESULTS Bioengineered muscle tissues were formed in all groups, but the engineered muscles formed by myoblasts from old mice were smaller and less contractile. However, the bioengineered muscles expressing VEGF had a greater mass and better contractility in all age groups. CONCLUSION This pilot study showed that there was an age-related decline in the size and function of bioengineered muscle; however, there was an improvement in volume and function when the muscle cells were expressing VEGF. [source]

    Ocular changes, risk markers for eye disorders and effects of cataract surgery in elderly people: a study of an urban Swedish population followed from 70 to 97 years of age

    Birgitta Bergman
    Abstract. Aims:, To investigate the prevalence of and potential risk factors for ocular disorders and the effects of timing of cataract surgery from age 70,97 years. Population:, A representative population sample taken from within the Gerontological and Geriatric Population Studies (H 70) in Gothenburg, Sweden (n = 958). All subjects underwent eye examinations at age 70 years in 1971 and subsequently at ages 82, 88, 95 and 97 years. All inhabitants of Gothenburg aged 95 and 97 years were invited to participate in the study. Results:, Decreased vision (visual acuity , 0.5) was found in 20% and 80% of subjects at ages 82 and 97 years, respectively. Blood folate and physical activity at age 70 years correlated positively and body mass index (BMI) negatively to visual acuity (VA) , 0.8 at ages 82 and 88 years. Smoking at age 70 years correlated to early age-related maculopathy (ARM). Cataract surgery had been performed in 40% of subjects at age 97 years. Surgery 2 years earlier led to a 15% increase in time spent with improved vision. Conclusions:, The deterioration of vision in elderly people is a major health problem, for which ,low' folate status, smoking, ,high' BMI and low physical activity are potential risk factors. Early cataract surgery is also beneficial in very old patients. [source]

    Efficacy and tolerability of EPs 7630 in patients (aged 6,18 years old) with acute bronchitis

    ACTA PAEDIATRICA, Issue 4 2010
    A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical dose-finding study
    Abstract Aim:, For EPs-7630, a herbal drug preparation from Pelargonium sidoides roots, therapeutic effects in respiratory tract infections outside the strict indication for antibiotics have already been demonstrated in adults. Now, a dose-finding study for EPs-7630 was performed in children and adolescents. Methods:, A total of 400 patients (aged 6,18 years) were randomized to receive either 30 mg, 60 mg or 90 mg EPs-7630 or placebo daily. Primary outcome criterion was the change in the Bronchitis Severity Score (BSS) from day 0 to day 7. Results:, After 7 days of treatment, the change in the BSS total score was significantly better in the 60 mg and 90 mg groups compared with placebo that of the without relevant differences between these two dosages. Especially ,coughing', ,sputum' and ,rales at auscultation' improved under EPs-7630. Onset of effect was faster, time of bed rest shorter and treatment outcome and satisfaction with treatment were rated better. Tolerability was comparable with placebo in all treatment groups. Conclusion:, EPs-7630 is effective in acute bronchitis outside the strict indication for antibiotics in 6,18 years old patients, with a dose of 60 mg or 90 mg daily offering the best benefit/risk ratio. EPs-7630 significantly reduces the severity of symptoms, leads to a more favourable course of the disease and a faster recovery from acute bronchitis compared with the placebo, and is well tolerated. [source]

    Transanal endoscopic microsurgery in 143 consecutive patients with rectal adenocarcinoma: results from a Danish multicenter study

    COLORECTAL DISEASE, Issue 3 2009
    G. Baatrup
    Abstract Objective, The long-term results are presented on total survival, cancer-specific survival and recurrence in 143 consecutive patients treated with transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) for adenocarcinoma of the rectum. Method, Four Danish centres established in 1995 a database for registration of all TEM procedures. Data were supplemented from pathology reports and death certificates were checked in the Danish patient registry. Data were analysed with multivariance regression and survival analysis. Results, The T stage was as follows: T1 50%, T2 33%, T3 14%, and stage unknown 3%. TEM was performed with curative intent in 43%, for compromise in 52% and for palliation in 5%. Five-year total survival was 66% and 5-year cancer-specific survival 87%. Cancer-specific survival for T1 was 94%. The significant predictors for total survival were age and tumour size. For cancer-specific survival T stage, radical resection, tumour size and recurrence were significant predictors. Eighteen per cent had recurrence and 15% had immediate reoperation. Conclusion, The TEM provides good long-term results for pT1 cancers. In old patients and patients with co-morbidity TEM may provide acceptable long-term results for T2 cancers. Tumours larger than 3 cm should not be treated with TEM for cure. [source]

    Medical students' first clinical experiences of death

    MEDICAL EDUCATION, Issue 4 2010
    Emily Kelly
    Medical Education 2010: 44: 421,428 Objectives, Many medical students feel inadequately prepared to address end-of-life issues, including patient death. This study aimed to examine medical students' first experiences of the deaths of patients in their care. Methods, Final-year medical students at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Western Ontario were invited to share their first experience of the death of a patient in their care. The students could choose to participate through telephone interviews, focus groups or e-mail. All responses were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim and analysed using a grounded theory approach. Results, Twenty-nine students reported experiencing the death of a patient in their care. Of these, 20 chose to participate in an interview, five in a focus group and four through e-mail. The issues that emerged were organised under the overlying themes of ,young', ,old' or ,unexpected' deaths and covered seven major themes: (i) preparation; (ii) the death event; (iii) feelings; (iv) the role of the clinical clerk; (v) differential factors between deaths; (vi) closure, and (vii) relationships. These themes generated a five-stage cyclical model of students' experiences of death, consisting of: (i) preparation; (ii) the event itself; (iii) the crisis; (iv) the resolution, and (v) the lessons learned. ,Preparation' touches on personal experience and pre-clinical instruction. ,The event itself' could be categorised as referring to a ,young' patient, an ,old' patient or a patient in whom death was ,unexpected'. In the ,resolution' phase, coping mechanisms included rationalisation, contemplation and learning. The ,lessons learned' shape medical students' experiences of future patient deaths and their professional identity. Conclusions, A tension between emotional concern and professional detachment was pervasive among medical students undergoing their first experience of the death of a patient in their care. How this tension was negotiated depended on the patient's clinical circumstances, supervisor role-modelling and, most importantly, the support of supervisors and peers, including debriefing opportunities. Faculty members and residents should be made aware of the complexities of a medical student's first experience of patient death and be educated regarding sympathetic debriefing. [source]