Old Girl (old + girl)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Old Girl

  • year old girl

  • Selected Abstracts

    Type 1 diabetes and epilepsy: Efficacy and safety of the ketogenic diet

    EPILEPSIA, Issue 6 2010
    Anastasia Dressler
    Summary Diabetes type 1 seems to be more prevalent in epilepsy, and low-carbohydrate diets improve glycemic control in diabetes type 2, but data on the use of the classic ketogenic diet (KD) in epilepsy and diabetes are scarce. We present 15 months of follow-up of a 3 years and 6 months old girl with diabetes type 1 (on the KD), right-sided hemiparesis, and focal epilepsy due to a malformation of cortical development. Although epileptiform activity on electroencephalography (EEG) persisted (especially during sleep), clinically overt seizures have not been reported since the KD. An improved activity level and significant developmental achievements were noticed. Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels improved, and glycemic control was excellent, without severe side effects. Our experience indicates that diabetes does not preclude the use of the KD. [source]


    Eva J. Soelaeman
    Helicobacter pylori eradication has been debated. Most investigators do not recommended treating the infection except in severe case. We report a unique case: H. pylori infection with appendicitis and lactose intolerance. Case report: A 6 year old girl was brought to children and maternity Hospital Harapan Kita due to abdominal pain and vomiting. She had 6- month history of epigastric pain. In the past 2 days, she suffered from abdominal pain arround Mc. Burney area. On physical examination, she was in pain. Her weight was 19 Kg. Vital signs were normal. Findings in heart, lung and extremities were also normal. Abdomen: severe pain in the epigastric and Mc. burney area.Laboratory investigations showed hemoglobin 12 g/dl, leukocyte 12800/ul. Platelets 289000/ul. Bleeding and clotting time were normal. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed inflammation of appendix with 9-mm diameter. Stool examination was normal.Appendectomy was done at the same time with esofagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). On EGD, we found moderete anthral gastritis. On histopathological examination, we found H. pylori at antral of the stomach. Breath hydrogen test was positive. After H. pylori eradication and milk avoidance, abdominal pain has never occurred. Conclusion: Abdominal: pain is not specific for H. pylori infection. The pain caused by many diseases including H. pylori infection. In our case, we can control abdominal pain by H. pylori eradication. [source]

    Transitional cell carcinoma in the paediatric population: Be aware of unusual aetiologies

    Caroline R Dowling
    Abstract: This is a case report of a 12 year old girl who presented with a rare condition in paediatrics, transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. It is important because it is readily treated by endoscopic means if diagnosed early. Potential aetiologies for this unusual condition are explored. [source]

    The management of a postdural puncture headache in a child

    Andrew Liley FRCA
    Summary We present a case of an 11-year old girl who underwent an elective pyeloplasty and had an epidural catheter placed for per- and postoperative analgesia. Postoperatively she developed a postural headache and severe nausea, and a diagnosis of postdural puncture headache (PDPH) was made. Her symptoms failed to respond to conservative management. An epidural blood patch was performed with immediate and complete resolution of her symptoms. We present this case to highlight the occurrence of PDPH in children and to outline the considerations for management. [source]

    B-cell dysfunction and depletion using mycophenolate mofetil in a pediatric combined liver and kidney graft recipient

    R. Ganschow
    Abstract: The use of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in combination with cyclosporin A (CsA) and steroids is well established after kidney transplantation (Tx) in children. A 9-yr-old girl with primary hyperoxaluria type 1 and systemic oxalosis underwent a combined kidney and liver Tx at our institution. The post-operative immunosuppression consisted of CsA, prednisolone, and MMF. Four weeks post-transplant the girl suffered from a severe urinary tract infection caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, when the serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) concentration was found to be critically low (< 1.53 g/L). Additionally, there was an isolated B-cell depletion (240/µL) at that time. In the following course, the B-cell count was significantly diminished until the MMF was stopped 13 weeks post-transplant. As a result of the very low serum IgG concentration, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) substitution was necessary. There was no significant loss of immunoglobulins in the ascites and urine and no other medication with possible side-effects on B cells was given. We suggest that MMF can lead to suppressed IgG production by B cells and can cause a defective differentiation into mature B cells. In vitro studies demonstrated these effects of MMF on B cells, but no in vivo cases of this phenomenon have been reported. B-cell counts and serum IgG concentrations returned to normal values after discontinuing the MMF. As we can assume that the observed B-cell dysfunction and depletion were MMF related, we suggest that serum IgG concentrations should be monitored when MMF is used after solid-organ Tx. [source]

    Alignment of transposed mandibular lateral incisor and canine using removable appliances

    E Canoglu
    Abstract The purpose of this paper was to present the management of a rarely encountered transposition anomaly involving the mandibular permanent lateral incisor and the canine. In the literature, the treatment of this type of anomaly involves fixed orthodontic appliances. The treatment of the present case, however, was performed with removable appliances. Transposition of the permanent mandibular right lateral incisor and the permanent mandibular right canine was detected in a 12 year old girl. The primary mandibular right canine was extracted to enable the distal movement of the permanent lateral incisor by the eruption force of the permanent canine. The transposed teeth were then aligned in the arch by using removable appliances. The forms of the teeth were changed with each other with composite restorations. [source]

    Isolated torsion and haemorrhagic infarction of a normal fallopian tube in an eleven year old girl

    O. A. Adekanmi Specialist Registrar
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Very early detection of RET proto-oncogene mutation is crucial for preventive thyroidectomy in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 children

    CANCER, Issue 2 2002
    Presence of C-cell malignant disease in asymptomatic carriers
    Abstract BACKGROUND Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2) is an inherited disease caused by germline mutations in the RET proto-oncogene, and is responsible for the development of endocrine neoplasia. Its prognosis is dependent on the appearance and spread of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). Relatives at risk can be identified before clinical or biochemical signs of the disease become evident. METHODS Twenty-one families with MEN 2 (16 families with MEN 2A and 5 families with MEN 2B) were studied. Peripheral blood DNA was amplified by polymerase chain reaction. DNA sequence or restriction enzyme analysis was performed to detect mutations of RET proto-oncogene exons 10, 11, and 16. Molecular analysis was carried out in all index patients as well as in 98 relatives of MEN 2A patients (60 juveniles, ages 6 months to 21 years, and 38 adults, ages 22 to 81 years) and in 13 relatives (6 juveniles ages 10 to 21 years, and 7 adults ages 41 to 66 years) from MEN 2B families. RESULTS Molecular studies showed a mutation at codon 634, exon 11 in all MEN 2A patients. All MEN 2B patients showed an ATG to ACG (Met918Thr) mutation. In MEN 2A families, 42 out of 98 relatives were affected. Total thyroidectomy was performed in 18 juvenile carriers ages 17 months to 21 years. Histopathologic studies of the glands revealed parafollicular cell (C-cell) hyperplasia in all of these carriers, medullary thyroid carcinoma in 15 carriers, and only one carrier with lymph node metastases. CONCLUSIONS The consistent finding of C-cell disease in all the juvenile carriers who underwent preventive thyroidectomy emphasizes the relevance of early screening in children at risk of developing MTC. The presence of MTC in the specimen of prophylactic thyroidectomy from a 17 month old girl highlights the importance of thyroidectomy as soon as the molecular diagnosis is confirmed. Cancer 2002;94:323,30. © 2002 American Cancer Society. [source]

    Resolution of protein-losing enteropathy after radiofrequency perforation and subsequent stent implantation for relief of complete occlusion of a redirected left superior vena cava

    Rainer Schaeffler MD
    Abstract The application of radiofrequency (RF) technologies in the treatment of congenital heart defects has provided a safe and effective alternative to conventional therapies in the restoration of vascular patency for a variety of arterial and venous occlusions. This report concerns an 8-year old girl that developed protein-losing enteropathy and elevated central venous pressure after occlusion of a surgically redirected anomalous draining left superior vena cava (SVC). Cardiac catheterization revealed complete obstruction of the anastomosis of the SVC into the coronary sinus. Transcatheter recanalization by RF perforation and subsequent stent implantation led to the restoration of upper venous blood flow and the resolution of her symptoms. © 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Bilateral Coats' disease: long-term follow up

    Anastassia Alexandridou
    ABSTRACT. Purpose: To report on the long-term follow-up of a female patient with bilateral Coats' disease, who showed marked asymmetry between the two eyes. Methods: A five year old girl presented in 1978 with leukocoria in a blind right eye. A total exudative retinal detachment and extensive retinal telangiectasiae were noted. In the other eye, there was a localized area of retinal exudation and vascular abnormality in the supero-temporal periphery. Ultrasonography showed no evidence of intraocular tumour in the right eye and a clinical diagnosis of bilateral Coats' disease was made. Results: In 1995, the area or retinal exudation in the left eye increased and laser photocoagulation was applied successfully. To date, no disease recurrences have occurred. Conclusion: Although Coats' disease is usually unilateral, bilateral, asymmetrical involvement may occur on rare occasions. Long-term follow-up of the least affected eye is necessary so that late complications can be identified early and treated adequately to prevent visual loss. [source]

    Collagenous colitis and eosinophilic gastritis in a 4-year old girl: a case report and review of the literature

    ACTA PAEDIATRICA, Issue 9 2007
    Eric I Benchimol
    Abstract Collagenous colitis (CC), a form of microscopic colitis, is characterized by a thick subepithelial collagen layer in the colon in the presence of chronic nonbloody watery diarrhoea and macroscopically normal-appearing colonic mucosa. Typically affecting elderly adults, CC is rare in children with only 12 cases previously reported in the literature. We report the case of a 4-year-old girl with CC associated with eosinophilic gastritis, which was clinically responsive to treatment with ketotifen, a benzocycloheptathiophene derivative, and H1 class of antihistamine that stabilizes mast cells and potentially impairs eosinophil migration to target organs. We review the published cases of paediatric-onset CC and summarize the links between eosinophils and CC in the clinical and basic science literature. Conclusion: CC is a rare cause of chronic diarrhoea in children and may relate to mast cell and eosinophil activity. [source]

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) presenting with nephrotic syndrome and membranous glomerulopathy in a 10-year-old girl

    ACTA PAEDIATRICA, Issue 10 2005
    Vānia Machado
    Abstract The authors report the case of a 10-y-old girl with clinical diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), made at the age of 6 y, based upon arthritis, serositis, haematological disorder and positive antinuclear antibody. The first manifestation of disease,Raynaud's phenomenon,appeared at the age of 4 y. Seven months after the diagnosis, she developed nephrotic proteinuria with haematuria. Percutaneous renal biopsy showed membranous glomerulonephritis, the least common form of lupus nephritis. Conclusion: Intravenous cyclophosphamide therapy associated with oral prednisolone proved effective in inducing complete remission of nephrotic syndrome. [source]

    Epilepsy evaluation by electroencephalography and magnetoencephalography in Lafora-body disease: a case report

    ACTA PAEDIATRICA, Issue 10 2003
    A Verrotti
    Lafora-body disease (LBD) is a rare neurometabolic disorder of autosomal recessive inheritance associated with progressive myoclonic epilepsy. We report here the first description of ictal and interictal recording by electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) of a 15-y-old girl suffering from LBD. Conclusions: Complementary use of MEG and EEG might be of future help to the clinician in better defining the pathophysiology of complex seizures, and also in patients with progressive neurological disorders, despite the poor prognosis of syndromes such as LBD. [source]

    A concurrent occurrence of cutis laxa, Dandy-Walker syndrome and immunodeficiency in a girl

    ACTA PAEDIATRICA, Issue 7 2003
    J Litzman
    We report on a 17-y-old girl with inherited cutis laxa, immunodeficiency and Dandy-Walker syndrome. Immunodeficiency manifested itself by decreased and fluctuating levels of IgG, IgA and IgM and intermittent leucopenia causing increased susceptibility to respiratory tract infections. Dandy-Walker syndrome (agenesis of the cerebellar vermis with a large posterior fossa cyst communicating with an enlarged 4th ventricle) was shown on a CT scan but with the exception of macrocrania, no typical signs or symptoms were observed at the age of 17. Loose hyperextensible skin with pendulous skinfolds as a manifestation of cutis laxa was observed from birth. Anomalies of the right pulmonary artery, abnormal branching of the left arteria subclavia (arteria lusoria) from the left aortic arch and bicuspidal aortic valve were also present. Conclusion: The combination of the rare disorders cutis laxa, Dandy-Walker syndrome and immunodeficiency is reported here for the first time. [source]

    Teacher training and HIV/AIDS prevention in West Africa: regression discontinuity design evidence from the Cameroon

    HEALTH ECONOMICS, Issue S1 2010
    Jean-Louis Arcand
    Abstract We assess the impact on teenage childbearing as well as student knowledge, attitudes, and behavior of a typical HIV/AIDS teacher training program in the Cameroon. Applying a regression discontinuity design identification strategy based on the key administrative criterion that determined program deployment, we find that 15,17 year old girls in teacher training schools are between 7 and 10 percentage points less likely to have started childbearing, an objective proxy for the incidence of unprotected sex. They are also significantly more likely to have used a condom during their last sexual intercourse. For 12,13 year old girls, the likelihood of self-reported abstinence and condom use is also significantly higher in treated schools, while the likelihood of having multiple partners is significantly lower. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Attitudes and feelings towards menstruation and womanhood in girls at menarche

    ACTA PAEDIATRICA, Issue 6 2006
    Gun I. Rembeck
    Abstract Aim: To elucidate early adolescent girls' attitudes, thoughts and feelings towards menstruation and their bodies. Methods: 309 12-y-old girls answered questionnaires. One part of the questionnaire dealt with thoughts and feelings towards menstruation. The other part dealt with thoughts and feelings towards menstruation and sex and ability to communicate on aspects of womanhood. Results: Postmenarcheal girls were less positive towards menstruation than premenarcheal girls (p=1×10,6). Many girls (43%) did not reaffirm the statement "I like my body" and almost one quarter stated being teased for their appearance. Many of the girls claimed that they had been called "cunt" (38%) or "whore" (46%). If called "cunt" or "whore", 17% stated that they felt alone, 76% felt anger and 50% were offended. Mothers were those with whom girls could most easily "chat" about their period. Sixty-seven per cent received information about menstruation from school nurses. Conclusion: Wanting to be an adult and liking that their body develops seem to be associated with a more positive feeling towards menstruation. Furthermore, mothers' timing and ability to communicate attitudes towards menstruation and the body are as important as those in a girl's immediate environment. [source]