Old Age Groups (old + age_groups)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack in the very old , risk factor profile and stroke subtype between patients older than 80 years and patients aged less than 80 years

J. I. Rojas
Old age groups have different risk profile and stroke features compared to younger groups. Our aim was to examine the risk factor profile and stroke subtype in patients older than 80 years with ischemic stroke. Data of 535 patients with ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) were prospectively recorded. Cardiovascular risk factors and stroke subtype in individuals aged 80 years or older were compared with patients under 80. Of 535 patients a total of 179 were over 80 years (33.5%). The mean age was 84.4 4.4 years (61.8%; 111 women). The most common risk factors included hypertension (82.7%) and hyperlipidemia (40.2%). Lacunar stroke was the most frequent subtype of stroke (41.7%). When the groups were compared, we observed the following risk factors more frequently in the group older than 80: female patients (P = <0.001), hypertension (OR = 1.62), atrial fibrillation (OR = 2.64); whereas diabetes (OR = 0.54), hyperlipidemia (OR = 0.57), smoking (OR = 0.17) and obesity (OR = 0.58) were more frequent in the group younger than 80. In the old group we found a high incidence of ischemic stroke in women. We also found a higher frequency of hypertension and atrial fibrillation. The available and future epidemiological data will provide a better knowledge about the effect of typical risk factors in old people. [source]

Focal lymphocytic infiltration in aging human palatal salivary glands: a comparative study with labial salivary glands

Marilena Vered
Abstract: Investigation of age-related prevalence of various types of focal lymphocytic infiltration (FLI) and degrees of histomorphologic changes was conducted on 120 biopsies of palatal and labial salivary glands (PSG and LSG, respectively) obtained from autopsy subjects free of salivary gland tumors/diseases. Biopsies were divided into young (<30 years, n=30), adult (30,60 years, n=45) and old (>60 years, n=45) age groups. A modified Chisholm & Mason grading system was used to record grades of FLI and a modified Greenspan et al. system was used to evaluate the severity of histomorphologic changes. The prevalence of FLI in PSG increased significantly from 10% in the young group to 46.6% in the old group (P=0.0012). No significant changes were found with aging in LSG. FLI was significantly more prevalent in the adult and old age groups in PSG as compared with LSG (P=0.015 and P=0.003, respectively). Both glands demonstrated significant histomorphologic changes among age groups (p<0.0001); however, these changes were significantly less common in the old age group in PSG as compared to LSG (P=0.003). In cases showing severe histomorphologic changes, FLI was not present. Therefore, FLI should not be considered as part of the deteriorating histomorphologic changes that are usually encountered in salivary glands with aging. The immunologic profile of these infiltrates should be further clarified to understand their role, both in physiologic and pathologic conditions. [source]

Heritability of diurnal type: a nationwide study of 8753 adult twin pairs

Summary Twin studies suggest a genetic component in diurnal types. In 1981, a questionnaire sent to the Older Finnish Twin Cohort yielded responses from 2836 adult monozygotic (MZ) and 5917 like-sexed dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs with four category self-report on diurnal type. We used structural equation modelling to estimate genetic and environmental components of variance in morningness and eveningness. The model fitting was best when the morningness and the eveningness were analysed together. The ADE-model (including additive genetic, dominant genetic and non-shared environmental effects) fitted best to the data. ADE-models for men and women separately did not differ in a statistically significant manner from the combined model, and similarly ADE-models for young and old age groups separately did not differ either. The estimate for overall genetic effect (broad sense heritability) was 49.7% (95% confidence interval 46.4,52.8), with the remainder accounted for by environmental factors not shared by siblings. The variance component estimates for the underlying liability to diurnal type were 11.7% (95% CI 0,23.7) for additive genetic factors, 38.0% (24.7,51.3) for genetic factors due to dominance. Genetic effects thus account for about one-half of the interindividual variability in diurnal type in adults. [source]

Button osteoma: Its etiology and pathophysiology

Vered Eshed
Abstract The present study investigates a circumscribed bony overgrowth on the cranial vault, known as button osteoma (BtO) and referred to here as button lesion (BtL). We discuss its anthropological implications. Data on its histology, location, and population distribution (by age, race, and gender) are provided. Microscopically, BtL is composed of well-organized dense lamellated bone which is poorly vascularized and with very few osteocytes. It forms a dome-shaped roof over an underlying diploeized area which includes the ectocranial table. The frequency of BtL is similar in modern (37.6%) and archaeological (41.1%) populations, in blacks, whites, males, and females, and correlates with age. It is rare in nonhuman primates. Fifty-five percent of the human skulls studied by us had BtL only on the parietal, 23.6% on the frontal, and 3.6% on the occipital bones. Fifteen percent had BtL on both the frontal and parietal bones. No lateral preference was found. Most skulls with BtL (64.1%) had only one lesion, 20.4% had two BtL, and 15.4% demonstrated multiple BtL. The average number of button osteomas on an affected skull was 1.97. The frequency of large osteomas (0.5,1.0 cm) was similar in young and old age groups. The demographic characteristics of BtL, mainly its high frequency among ancient and modern populations, its independence of sex and race, its scarcity in other primates, and the fact that its macro- and microstruture are indicative of an hamartoma (and not an osteoma or exostosis) suggest an evolutionary background to the phenomenon. Am J Phys Anthropol 118:217,230, 2002. 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]