Novo Acute Myeloid Leukemia (novo + acute_myeloid_leukemia)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Kinds of Novo Acute Myeloid Leukemia

  • de novo acute myeloid leukemia

  • Selected Abstracts

    Comprehensive analysis of cooperative gene mutations between class I and class II in de novo acute myeloid leukemia

    Yuichi Ishikawa
    Abstract Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has been thought to be the consequence of two broad complementation classes of mutations: class I and class II. However, overlap-mutations between them or within the same class and the position of TP53 mutation are not fully analyzed. We comprehensively analyzed the FLT3, cKIT, N-RAS, C/EBPA, AML1, MLL, NPM1, and TP53 mutations in 144 newly diagnosed de novo AML. We found 103 of 165 identified mutations were overlapped with other mutations, and most overlap-mutations consisted of class I and class II mutations. Although overlap-mutations within the same class were found in seven patients, five of them additionally had the other class mutation. These results suggest that most overlap-mutations within the same class might be the consequence of acquiring an additional mutation after the completion both of class I and class II mutations. However, mutated genes overlapped with the same class were limited in N-RAS, TP53, MLL -PTD, and NPM1, suggesting the possibility that these irregular overlap-mutations might cooperatively participate in the development of AML. Notably, TP53 mutation was overlapped with both class I and class II mutations, and associated with morphologic multilineage dysplasia and complex karyotype. The genotype consisting of complex karyotype and TP53 mutation was an unfavorable prognostic factor in entire AML patients, indicating this genotype generates a disease entity in de novo AML. These results collectively suggest that TP53 mutation might be a functionally distinguishable class of mutation. [source]

    Both NUP98/TOP1 and TOP1/NUP98 transcripts are detected in a de novo AML with t(11;20)(p15;q11)

    Satsuki Iwase
    The NUP98 gene is involved in several chromosomal abnormalities associated with acute leukemia. The recurrent t(11;20)(p15;q11) chromosomal translocation results in generation of the NUP98/TOP1 chimeric gene. This abnormality has been observed primarily in therapy-related leukemias, and TOP1/NUP98 transcripts have not been demonstrated. We describe a case of de novo acute myeloid leukemia with t(11;20)(p15;q11), with no known history of exposure to chemicals. The translocation occurred in intron 13 of NUP98 and intron 7 of TOP1, as in the three previously reported cases. The breakpoint in NUP98 was exactly the same as that found in a previously reported case. In addition, a reciprocal TOP1/NUP98 transcript was detected for the first time in our patient. 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Human homeobox gene HOXC13 is the partner of NUP98 in adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(11;12)(p15;q13)

    Roberta La Starza
    The chimeric gene NUP98/HOXC13 was detected in a patient with a de novo acute myeloid leukemia and a t(11;12)(p15;q13). Fluorescence in situ hybridization with PAC1173K1 identified the breakpoint on 11p15, indicating that the NUP98 gene was involved in the translocation. At 12q13, the breakpoint fell within BAC 578A18, selected for the homeobox C (HOXC) cluster genes. RACE-PCR showed that HOXC13 was the partner gene of NUP98. To date, HOXC13 is the eighth homeobox gene that, as the result of a reciprocal translocation, fuses with NUP98 in myeloid malignancies. 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    MDM2 polymorphism increases susceptibility to childhood acute myeloid leukemia: A report from the Children's Oncology Group,

    PEDIATRIC BLOOD & CANCER, Issue 2 2010
    Christine L. Phillips MD
    Abstract Background The variant polymorphism in the gene MDM2, SNP309, leads to increased level of mdm2 protein and subsequent downregulation of p53 tumor suppressor pathway. Presence of this single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) has been associated with earlier tumorigenesis in patients with Li,Fraumeni syndrome, as well as decreased survival in patients with CLL. In addition, cells homozygous (G/G) for SNP 309 were found to have 10-fold increase resistance to topoisomerase II inhibitors in vitro. Procedure We genotyped children (n,=,575) with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated on three Children's Oncology Group protocols (CCG 2941/2961/AAML 03P1) for the presence of SNP309. Healthy blood donors were genotyped as control population. Results The variant G/G genotype was associated with an increased susceptibility to AML (OR 1.5; P,=,0.049). However, the presence of the variant allele at SNP309 did not modify disease response or toxicity in children treated on CCG protocols 2941/2961. Conclusions The variant SNP 309 influences susceptibility to pediatric AML, but does not impact overall response to therapy. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2010;55:248,253. 2010 Wiley,Liss, Inc. [source]

    Intensive induction chemotherapy with regimen containing intermediate dose cytarabine in the treatment of de novo acute myeloid leukemia,

    Jiazhuo Liu
    To improve long-term outcome of de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients by intermediate dose of cytarabine integrated in induction therapy and to explore the impact of cytogenetic abnormalities on the prognosis. Eighty-seven AML patients were treated with HAD regimen containing intermediate dose cytarabine (IDAra-C) as induction therapy, 83 from which with karyotype results were divided into three cytogenetic groups according to SWOG criteria. Complete remission (CR) rate, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS) among different groups were evaluated. The CR rate of the 87 cases was 80/87 (92%). Median DFS and OS have not reached (NR). DFS rates at 1 and 3 years were 76.3% and 63.4%, respectively. OS rates at 1 and 3 years were 86.0% and 58.7%, respectively. According to SWOG criteria, CR rate, median DFS, and OS were 100%, NR and NR for the favorable group; 88.9%, NR, and 16 months for the intermediate group; 83.3%, 4.5 months, and 7.5 months for the adverse group. The differences among the three groups were statistically significant excepting for CR rate between adverse and intermediate groups. HAD regimen containing IDAra-C as induction chemotherapy regimen is effective in de novo AML of adult patients and can achieve higher CR rate and longer survival than standard dose of cytarabine (SDAra-C) regimen. Most of the patients were able to endure the therapy. Cytogenetics is still an important prognostic factor despite of the incorporation of IDAra-C in induction chemotherapy. The differences among the three groups were statistically significant. Am. J. Hematol., 2009. 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]