Novel Protease (novel + protease)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Purification and characterization of an organic solvent and detergent-tolerant novel protease produced by Bacillus sp.


Abstract BACKGROUND: Purification and characterization of a novel protease produced by Bacillus sp. RKY3, has been investigated, with special emphasis on the stability of the enzyme in the presence of different oxidizing and reducing agents as well as organic solvents. The enzyme was purified in two steps through concentration of the crude enzyme by ammonium sulfate precipitation, followed by anion exchange chromatography. RESULTS: The purified protease had a molecular mass of approximately 38 kDa, which was highly active over a broad range of pH between 7.0 and 9.0 and was also stable over a wide pH range from 5.0 to 11.0. Although the optimum temperature for enzyme activity was found to be 60 C, it was rapidly deactivated at temperatures above 60 C. It also showed good stability at 50 C, with a 70 min half-life. Ca2+ ions did not greatly enhance the activity or the stability of the enzyme. PMSF (1 mmol L,1) completely inhibited the protease activity, and thus the purified protease was considered to be serine protease. The purified protease was stable with oxidants (H2O2, 2%), reducing agents (sodium dodecyl sulfate, 2%), and organic solvents (25%) such as benzene, hexane, and toluene. CONCLUSION: The purified enzyme, protease, seems to possess potential applications in protease-based detergent and bleaching industries. The enzymatic activity against a wide variety of substrates suggests that the purified enzyme should be investigated for a range of commercial applications, especially for soy protein and gelatin hydrolysis in the food processing industry. Copyright 2008 Society of Chemical Industry [source]

Crystallization and preliminary diffraction studies of a truncated form of a novel protease from spores of Bacillus megaterium

Karthe Ponnuraj
During germination of spores of Bacillus species, a novel protease termed GPR initiates the degradation of a group of small acid-soluble spore proteins which protect the dormant spore's DNA from damage. Trypsin digestion of the zymogen of B. megaterium GPR removes ,15 kDa from the C-terminal end of the 46,kDa zymogen subunit, leaving a 30,kDa subunit. Single crystals of this truncated form of GPR have been obtained by the vapor-diffusion method using PEG 4000 as a precipitating agent. The crystals belong to the monoclinic space group P21, with unit-cell parameters a = 67.99, b = 105.34, c = 108.63,, , = 95.68. The cryofrozen crystals diffract X-rays to about 3.3, using synchrotron radiation. [source]

Cleavage of p130Cas in anoikis

Lin Wei
Abstract p130Cas is a multifunctional signaling adaptor protein. It integrates and relays signals generated from a variety of extracellular stimuli and regulates a number of cellular activities including cell death. In this study, we analyzed the regulation and function of p130Cas in anoikis, a type of apoptosis caused by disruption of cell-matrix interactions. We found that p130Cas was specifically cleaved during anoikis in anoikis-sensitive epithelial cells, but not in anoikis-resistant tumor cells. There is a close correlation between p130Cas cleavage and anoikis. Furthermore, we found that the cleavage of p130Cas, as well as another focal adhesion component FAK, is different from that of caspase substrate PARP and spectrin. Although caspases and calpain were found to be involved in the cleavage of p130Cas, there appear to be other unidentified proteases that are mainly responsible for the cleavage of p130Cas, particularly at the early stage of anoikis. Overexpression of the p130Cas cleavage product induced apoptosis. Taken together, these data suggest that there are novel proteases involved in the cleavage of p130Cas during anoikis, which may be functionally involved in the onset of anoikis. p130Cas may have a dual role in the regulation of anoikis. On one hand, it mediates a survival signal from cell-matrix interactions when cells are attached to the extracellular matrix. On the other hand, it participates in executing cell death when cell-matrix interactions are disrupted. These observations provide new insights into the understanding of the function of p130Cas and the molecular mechanism of anoikis. 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Comparing the impact of conventional pesticide and use of a transgenic pest-resistant crop on the beneficial carabid beetle Pterostichus melanarius

Evan A Mulligan
Abstract The potential impact of a chemical pesticide control method has been compared with that of transgenic plants expressing a protease inhibitor conferring insect resistance by utilising a tritrophic system comprising the crop plant Brassica napus (L.) (Oilseed rape), the pest mollusc Deroceras reticulatum (Mller) and the predatory carabid beetle Pterostichus melanarius (Illiger). Cypermethrin, as the most widely used pesticide in UK oilseed rape (OSR) cultivation, was selected as the conventional treatment. OSR expressing a cysteine protease inhibitor, oryzacystatin-1 (OC-1), was the transgenic comparator. In feeding trials, D. reticulatum showed no significant long-term effects on measured life history parameters (survival, weight gain, food consumption) as a result of exposure to either the cypermethrin or OC-1 treatment. However, D. reticulatum was able to respond to the presence of the dietary inhibitor by producing two novel proteases following exposure to OC-1-expressing OSR. Similarly, P. melanarius showed no detectable alterations in mortality, weight gain or food consumption when feeding on D. reticulatum previously fed either pesticide-contaminated or GM plant material. Furthermore, as with the slug, a novel form of protease, approximately Mr 27 kDa, was induced in the carabid in response to feeding on slugs fed OC-1-expressing OSR. Copyright 2006 Society of Chemical Industry [source]