Novel Homozygous Mutation (novel + homozygous_mutation)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Severe type I protein C deficiency with neonatal purpura fulminans due to a novel homozygous mutation in exon 6 of the protein C gene


Novel mutation in the ceruloplasmin gene causing a cognitive and movement disorder with diabetes mellitus

Hui-Fang Shang MD
Abstract In a Chinese woman who had diabetes mellitus, undetectable ceruloplasmin, hand tremor, neck dystonia, and cognitive disturbances, genetic analyses revealed a novel homozygous mutation (848G>C or W283S) in exon 5 in the ceruloplasmin gene. Another member with a milder phenotype was also affected by this mutation. The healthy sister was heterozygous at the same position. Aceruloplasminemia has not yet been reported in China. This case suggests that increased awareness should be paid to this disorder in the presence of the typical symptoms. © 2006 Movement Disorder Society [source]

Two novel mutations in the human thyroid peroxidase (TPO) gene: genetics and clinical findings in four children

Diemud Simm
Abstract We report four children originating from two unrelated German families with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) due to mutations in the thyroid peroxidase (TPO) gene. Three female siblings (family 1) were found to be compound heterozygous for two mutations, a known mutation in exon 9 (W527C), and a mutation in exon 8 (Q446H), which has not been described before. In the second family we identified a boy with goitrous CH, who had a novel homozygous mutation in the TPO gene in exon 16 (W873X). All children of family 1 were diagnosed postnatally by newborn screening. The case of the boy of family 2 has already been reported for the in utero treatment of a goiter with hypothyroidism. Conclusion: Our results confirm existing data on the phenotypic variability of patients with TPO gene mutations. [source]

Allgrove syndrome with features of familial dysautonomia: A novel mutation in the AAAS gene

Essam A. Ismail
Abstract Allgrove syndrome (or triple-A syndrome) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by alacrima, achalasia, adrenal insufficiency (glucocorticoid in the majority of cases) and autonomic/neurological abnormalities. This disease is now known to be caused by mutation in the AAAS gene located on chromosome 12q13. Diagnosis should be readily available when the full-blown features are there, but it becomes less apparent when presentation is atypical or in the evolving process. We present a brother and sister (12 and 19 y old, respectively) born to consanguineous parents of Palestinian origin with Allgrove syndrome. The index patient was erroneously diagnosed to be a case of familial dysautonomia before the diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency was made at the age of 7.5 y, while his elder sister had only alacrima from birth and developed achalasia at the age of 15 y. She started to develop early evidence of adrenal disease at the age of 19 y. Both of them had neuroautonomic dysfunction. The diagnosis of Allgrove syndrome was confirmed in these two patients by studying the gene mutation in the family. The sequencing of the AAAS gene in the two patients identified a novel homozygous mutation within intron 5 (IVS5+1(G),A). Both parents as well as all three other children were heterozygous for the same mutation. Conclusion: These two cases illustrate the heterogenous nature and the intrafamilial phenotypic variability of Allgrove syndrome. [source]

A novel homozygous mutation in the second transmembrane domain of the gonadotrophin releasing hormone receptor gene

D. Söderlund
BACKGROUND and OBJECTIVE Mutations in the GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) gene cause hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism. Here, we present the molecular studies of the GnRH-R gene in three families with isolated hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism. PATIENTS Three unrelated families, with at least two members diagnosed with isolated hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism were included. MEASUREMENTS DNA sequencing was performed after polymerase chain reaction amplification of each of the three exons of the gene. RESULTS A novel homozygous missense mutation, at nucleotide 268, turning glutamic acid into lysine, located at the second transmembrane domain of the GnRH-R gene was found in two patients pertaining to one of the families studied. Both parents and an unaffected brother were heterozygous carriers of one mutant allele, an unaffected sister was homozygote wild type. In the other two affected families no mutations were found in the GnRH-R gene. CONCLUSIONS This constitutes the first description of an spontaneous mutation located at the second transmembrane domain (Glu90Lys) of the GnRH-R, indicating that the integrity of glutamic acid at this position is crucial for receptor function. Also this report, complementing others, demonstrates that mutations are distributed throughout the GnRH-R gene and that as in the only other homozygous mutation previously described, affected patients present a complete form of hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism. Due to the fact that apparently consanguinity was present in our affected family, we presume that the mutation derived from a common ancestor, by a founder gene effect. [source]