non-Western Populations (non-western + population)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Implementing a postcolonial feminist perspective in nursing research related to non-Western populations

Louise Racine
Implementing a postcolonial feminist perspective in nursing research related to non-Western populations In this article, I argue that implementing a postcolonial feminist perspective in nursing research transcends the limitations of modern cultural theories in exploring the health problems of non-Western populations. Providing nursing care in pluralist countries like Canada remains a challenge for nurses. First, nurses must reflect on their ethnic background and stereotypes that may impinge on the understanding of cultural differences. Second, dominant health ideologies that underpin nurses' everyday practice and the structural barriers that may constrain the utilization of public healthcare services by non-Western populations must be further examined. Postcolonial feminism is aimed at addressing health inequities stemming from social discriminative practices. I will draw on extant literature and data of an ongoing ethnography exploring the Haitian caregivers' ways of caring for ageing relatives at home to unveil how the larger social and cultural world has an impact on caregivers' everyday lives. Marginalized locations represent privileged sites from which health problems, intersecting with power, race, gender, and social classes, can be addressed. Postcolonial feminism provides the analytic lens to look at the impact of these factors in shaping health experiences. It also suggests redirecting nursing cultural research and practice to achieve social justice in the healthcare system. [source]

New predictive equations for spirometric reference values and comparison with Morris equation in a Korean population

RESPIROLOGY, Issue 3 2008
Chang-Hoon LEE
Background and objective: The clinical importance of the differences between actual and predicted spirometric indices in non-Western populations is poorly defined. This study evaluated the differences between the spirometric values derived from Morris equation, traditionally used in South Korea, and the actual values, in the classification and detection of patients with respiratory diseases, and developed new predictive equations for the calculation of reference spirometric values for healthy Koreans. Methods: Data derived from a subset of the population who completed the initial baseline survey of the Korean Health and Genome Study were used to develop new predictive equations for spirometric reference values, using multiple linear regression. The effects of the new equations relative to those of Morris on the detection and classification of patients with respiratory diseases were then evaluated. Results: In total, 9999 people completed the baseline survey; a subgroup of 1314 met the study inclusion criteria and were used to develop the new predictive equations. Morris equation are 53.8% less accurate in detecting people with restrictive disorders and 15.8% less accurate in estimating the severity of COPD than the newly derived equations, although the differences between values derived from the traditional equations and values from the new equations were as small as 3.3,7.6%. Conclusions: The use of spirometric reference values that underestimate the actual parameters, despite the small differences, may have a significant influence on the detection of patients with restrictive disorders and the staging of COPD. [source]

Testosterone, physical activity, and somatic outcomes among Filipino males

Lee T. Gettler
Abstract Testosterone (T) facilitates male investment in reproduction in part through its anabolic effects on skeletal muscle. Traits like muscle and strength are energetically costly but are believed to enhance competitive ability in humans and other mammals. However, there are limited data on relationships between T and somatic outcomes in lean, non-western populations. We evaluate relationships between waking and pre-bed salivary T and adiposity, fat-free mass (FFM), arm muscle area (AMA), and grip strength (GS) in a large, population-based birth cohort of young adult Filipino males (20.8,22.6 years, n = 872). Data were collected as part of the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey. Neither waking nor evening T predicted FFM, AMA, or GS. However, there were borderline or significant interactions between T and basketball playing (the most common team sport) and weight lifting as predictors of outcomes: higher waking T predicted higher FFM (activity T interaction P < 0.01), AMA (interaction P < 0.1), and GS (interaction P < 0.02) among frequent basketball players, and GS (interaction P < 0.09) among the smaller sample of weight lifters. In contrast to clinical studies, but consistent with findings in several subsistence-level populations, T was positively related to adiposity in these lean young males, suggesting that energy status might regulate circulating T. Our findings support a role of the prewaking rise in T as a determinant of energetic allocation to lean mass and strength in the context of repeated muscular use and support the hypothesized role of T as a mediator of investment in costly somatic traits in human males. Am J Phys Anthropol 142:590,599, 2010. 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]