Non-malignant Pain Patients (non-malignant + pain_patient)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Patients with problematic opioid use can be weaned from codeine without pain escalation

Background: Brief treatments for chronic non-malignant pain patients with problematic opioid use are warranted. The aims of the present study were to investigate (1) whether it is possible to withdraw codeine use in such patients with a brief cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), (2) whether this could be done without pain escalation and reduction in quality of life and (3) to explore the effects of codeine reduction on neurocognitive functioning. Methods: Eleven patients using codeine daily corresponding to 40,100 mg morphine were included. Two specifically trained physicians treated the patients with six CBT sessions, tapering codeine gradually within 8 weeks. Codeine use, pain intensity, quality of life and neuropsychological functioning were assessed at pre-treatment to the 3-month follow-up. Results: Codeine use was significantly reduced from mean 237 mg [standard deviation (SD) 65] pre-treatment to 45 mg (SD 66) post-treatment and to 48 mg (SD 65) at follow-up without significant pain escalation or reductions in quality of life. Moreover, neuropsychological functioning improved significantly on some tests, while others remained unchanged. Conclusion: The promising findings of codeine reduction in this weaning therapy programme for pain patients with problematic opioid use should be further evaluated in a larger randomized control trial comparing this brief CBT with both another brief treatment and attention placebo condition. [source]

Breakthrough pain in opioid-treated chronic non-malignant pain patients referred to a multidisciplinary pain centre: a preliminary study

J. Højsted
Background:, Breakthrough pain (BTP) has not formerly been discussed as such in chronic non-malignant pain patients referred to pain centres and clinics. The purpose of the study was to investigate the prevalence, characteristics and mechanisms of BTP in opioid-treated chronic non-malignant pain patients referred to a pain centre and to assess the short-term effects of pain treatment. Methods:, Patients were assessed at referral (T0) and after a treatment period of 3 months (T3) using the visual analogue scale (VAS) of the brief pain inventory (BPI) within somatic nociceptive, neuropathic and/or visceral pain conditions, the mini mental state examination (MMSE) and the hospital anxiety and depression scale (HADS). The main treatment intervention from T0 to T3 was to convert short-acting oral opioids to long-acting oral opioids and to discontinue on demand and parenteral use of opioids. Results:, Thirty-three patients were assessed at T0 and 27 at T3. The prevalence of BTP declined significantly from T0 (90%) to T3 (70.4%). Worst, least, average and current pain intensities as well as duration of BTP were significantly reduced from T0 to T3. The majority of BTPs were exacerbation of background pain assumed to be of the same pain mechanisms. High average pain intensity (BPI) was significantly associated with high scores for both anxiety and depression (HADS). Conclusion:, BTP in chronic non-malignant pain patients seems to be surprisingly frequent and severe. Stabilizing the opioid regimen seems to reduce pain intensity in general as well as the intensity and duration of BTP. Average pain intensity was associated with anxiety and depression. [source]

(231) Use of Transmucosal Fentanyl in Non-Malignant, Chronic Pain

PAIN MEDICINE, Issue 3 2001
Forest Tennant
Transmucosal fentanyl (TF) has recently become available for treatment of breakthrough pain in cancer patients who are already tolerant to opioids. In addition to cancer patients, there is a growing number of chronic pain patients who regularly use and are tolerant to opioids and require a breakthrough opioid for adequate pain control. This pilot study was done to determine if TF is effective and acceptable to non-malignant, chronic pain patients who are opioid tolerant and require a breakthrough opioid(s) for pain control. Sixty patients with chronic, non-malignant pain who were maintained on a long-acting opioid and who required breakthrough pain control were given TF in an initial dose of 400 or 600 mcg per single, transmuscosal administration. Among the study group 35 (58.3%) experienced chronic pain due to injuries to the spine and 25 (41.7%) were due to medical conditions other than cancer. After at least three months of usage, patients were asked if they desired to continue TF and the reason(s) why they believed it to be effective. Fifty-eight (96.7%) of these subjects perceived that TF was an effective breakthrough opioid and desired to continue it. The single, effective dosage ranged from 800 to 1600 mcg per administration, and the number of separate monthly dosages ranged from 2 to 360. The majority of patients used TF only for emergency, pain purposes but others preferred TF as their major breakthrough opioid and ceased use of other short-acting opioids including injectable meperidine. Reported reasons for widespread patient acceptance included TF's fast action, fewer bed-bound days, increased energy, decreased use of other opioids, less depression, and fewer emergency room visits. This pilot study indicates that TF is effective and desired as a preferential opioid for breakthrough pain by a high percentage of chronic, non-malignant pain patients. [source]