Nonisothermal Crystallization Kinetics (nonisothermal + crystallization_kinetics)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Nonisothermal and isothermal crystallization kinetics of nylon-12

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, Issue 2 2008
Neil L. A. McFerran
Abstract The isothermal and nonisothermal crystallization behavior of Nylon 12 was investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). An Avrami analysis was used to study the isothermal crystallization kinetics of Nylon 12, the Avrami exponent (n) determined and its relevance to crystal growth discussed and an activation energy for the process evaluated using an Arrhenius type expression. The Lauritzen and Hoffman analysis was used to examine the spherulitic growth process of the primary crystallization stage of Nylon 12. The surface-free energy and work of chain folding were calculated using a procedure reported by Hoffmann and the work of chain folding per molecular fold (,) and chain stiffness of Nylon 12 (q) was calculated and compared to values reported for Nylons 6,6 and 11. The Jeziorny modification of the Avrami analysis, Cazé and Chuah average Avrami parameter methods and Ozawa equation were used in an attempt to model the nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of Nylon 12. A combined Avrami and Ozawa treatment, described by Liu, was used to more accurately model the nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of Nylon 12. The activation energy for nonisothermal crystallization processes was determined using the Kissinger method for Nylon 12 and compared with values reported previously for Nylon 6,6 and Nylon 11. © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2008 [source]


Nonisothermal melt crystallization kinetics of poly(ethylene terephthalate)/Barite nanocomposites

POLYMER COMPOSITES, Issue 9 2010
Chunhua Ge
Poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET)/Barite nanocomposites were prepared by direct melt compounding. The nonisothermal melt crystallization kinetics of pure PET and PET/Barite nanocomposites, containing unmodified Barite and surface-modified Barite (SABarite), was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) under different cooling rates. With the addition of barite nanoparticles, the crystallization peak became wider and shifted to higher temperature and the crystallization rate increased. Several analysis methods were used to describe the nonisothermal crystallization behavior of pure PET and its nanocomposites. The Jeziorny modification of the Avrami analysis was only valid for describing the early stage of crystallization but was not able to describe the later stage of PET crystallization. Also, the Ozawa method failed to describe the nonisothermal crystallization behavior of PET. A combined Avrami and Ozawa equation, developed by Liu, was used to more accurately model the nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of PET. The crystallization activation energies calculated by Kissinger, Takhor, and Augis-Bennett models were comparable. The results reveal that the different interfacial interactions between matrix and nanoparticles are responsible for the disparate effect on the crystallization ability of PET. POLYM. COMPOS., 31:1504,1514, 2010. © 2009 Society of Plastics Engineers [source]


Isothermal and nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of nylon 10 12

POLYMER ENGINEERING & SCIENCE, Issue 9 2000
Yongjin Li
This article studied the crystallization behaviors of a newly industrialized polyamide, Nylon 10 12, under isothermal and nonisothermal conditions from the melt. A differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) was used to monitor the energetics of the crystallization process. During isothermal crystallization, relative crystallinity develops in accordance with the time dependence described by the Avrami equation with the exponent n=2.0. For nonisothermal studies, several different analysis methods were used to describe the crystallization process. The experimental results show that the Ozawa approach cannot adequately describe the nonisothermal crystallization kinetics. However, Avrami treatment for nonisothermal crystallization is able to describe the system very well. The calculated activation energy is 264.4 KJ/mol for isothermal crystallization by Arrhenius form and 235.5 KJ/mol for nonisothermal crystallization by Kissinger method. [source]


Nonisothermal crystallization behavior of a luminescent conjugated polymer, poly(9,9-dihexylfluorene- alt -2,5-didodecyloxybenzene)

POLYMER INTERNATIONAL, Issue 2 2007
Gui-Zhong Yang
Abstract The nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of poly(9,9-dihexylfluorene- alt -2,5-didodecyloxybenzene) (PF6OC12) from the melt were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry under different cooling rates. Several analysis methods were used to describe the nonisothermal crystallization behavior of PF6OC12. It was found that the modified Avrami method by Jeziorny was only valid for describing the early stage of crystallization but was not able to describe the later stage of PF6OC12 crystallization. Also, the Ozawa method failed to describe the nonisothermal crystallization behavior of PF6OC12. However, the method developed by combining the Avrami and Ozawa equations could successfully describe the nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of PF6OC12. According to the Kissinger method, the activation energy was determined to be 114.9 kJ mol,1 for the nonisothermal melt crystallization of PF6OC12. Copyright © 2006 Society of Chemical Industry [source]