Noninvasive Procedure (noninvasive + procedure)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Neonatal Congestive Heart Failure Due to a Subclavian Artery to Subclavian Vein Fistula Diagnosed by Noninvasive Procedures

Gregory H. Tatum MD
ABSTRACT Congestive heart failure in the neonate is usually due to intracardiac anomalies or cardiac dysfunction. Extracardiac causes are rare. Patient., We report a newborn infant who presented with respiratory distress and cardiomegaly. Result., Echocardiography identified a dilated right subclavian artery and vein and superior vena cava. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a subclavian artery to subclavian vein fistula that was treated with surgical ligation. The infant recovered fully. This case underscores the need for clinical suspicion of fistulous connection in unusual locations in the face of unexplained heart failure in the neonate. Conclusion., Echocardiographic and magnetic resonance imaging are effective noninvasive modalities to confirm the diagnosis prior to surgical intervention. [source]

Association between atmospheric ozone levels and damage to human nasal mucosa in Florence, Italy

Stefania Pacini
Abstract We evaluated the effects of urban air pollutants on human nasal mucosa over an 8-month period on 102 subjects living in Florence, Tuscany, Italy. A group of subjects living in a city with a lower level of pollution (Sassari, Sardinia, Italy) was also analyzed. Nasal mucosa cells were harvested by brushing, a noninvasive procedure. Half of the cells were used for genotoxicity studies using the alkaline comet assay, and half for morphological studies. The levels of DNA damage in the nasal mucosa were considerably higher (+73%) in the subjects living in Florence than in Sassari. High levels of atmospheric ozone in Florence air correlated with DNA damage, and to the prevalence of inflammatory pathologies of the upper respiratory tract, although the ozone concentrations were below the Italian recommended attention level. Furthermore, higher levels of DNA damage were correlated with a dysfunction in the ability to maintain a normal epithelial cell structure. These data suggest an association between ozone air levels and damage in the upper respiratory tract. It remains unclear whether ozone itself or other associated pollutants are responsible for the observed alterations. Environ. Mol. Mutagen. 42:127,135, 2003. 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation as Prehospital Emergency Interventional Care: Treating Acute Pelvic Pain in Young Women

Renate Barker MD
Abstract Objectives., In Europe, patients with acute pelvic pain are transported to the hospital in an ambulance without an emergency physician. We hypothesized that transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) would be an effective noninvasive procedure for pain treatment. Methods., We conducted a prospective, randomized, blinded study where 100 women were randomly assigned into a real- or a sham-TENS group. TENS began before the transport to the ambulance and was left in place until the arrival at the hospital. Each patient rated her pain on paper using a visual analog scale. Results., Compared to sham TENS, patients with active TENS felt that their pain was reduced by half after treatment (p < 0.01), anxiety scores significantly decreased (p < 0.01), heart rate and arteriolar vasoconstriction decreased significantly (p < 0.01), and nausea (p < 0.01) was lessened. Overall satisfaction with the received care was significantly higher (p < 0.01). Conclusion., TENS is a safe, rapid, and effective analgesic treatment for acute pelvic pain. [source]

Diagnostics and staging procedures in non-small cell lung cancer , is less more?

David Felix Heigener
Abstract Introduction:, Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a common cancer with approximately 85% of patients dying of the disease. The only chance for cure is in the early stages, when surgery or definite chemoradiotherapy can be performed. Diagnosis and staging of lung cancer can sometimes be difficult, particularly because the intrathoracic structures are not easy to reach. Objective:, This review discusses the diagnosis and staging of lung cancer. Results:, When performing lung cancer diagnostics, both invasive and noninvasive procedures, such as computed tomogram of the chest, bronchoscopy and abdominal ultrasound, are mandatory. Suspected mediastinal involvement should be differentiated: bulky disease, contralateral or high mediastinal nodes need further clarification by endoscopic ultrasound, endobronchial ultrasound or mediastinoscopy. In opposition to current guidelines, in all other cases, surgery should be performed. Positron emission tomography will gain even more importance when becoming widely accessible and might replace other imaging techniques in the future. In case of advanced disease, staging should be limited to those examinations with impact on symptom control. Conclusion:, The diagnosis and staging of lung cancer should involve both invasive and noninvasive diagnostic procedures. In the case of advanced disease, staging should be limited to those examinations with impact on symptom control, whereas early stages call for rapid and thorough diagnosis. Please cite this paper as: Heigener DF, Diemel K-D, Reck M and Gatzemeier U. Diagnostics and staging procedures in non-small cell lung cancer , is less more? The Clinical Respiratory Journal 2008; 2: 67,73. [source]