Non-convulsive Status Epilepticus (non-convulsive + status_epilepticu)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Non-convulsive status epilepticus of frontal origin following surgery for craniopharyngioma

M. O. McCarron
No abstract is available for this article. [source]

Review of non-convulsive status epilepticus and an illustrative case history manifesting as delirium

Daniel Epstein
Non-convulsive status epilepticus can result in significant morbidity and mortality. The condition can be difficult to recognise, and can mimic delirium due to other underlying pathologies. There are several clinical subtypes, although these can be difficult to distinguish by their clinical features alone. Electroencephalogram is the key diagnostic tool to making the diagnosis, but this investigation is a limited resource in many institutions. In this review, we present a case of non-convulsive status epilepticus, manifesting as delirium, and then proceed to a literature review on this important diagnosis. [source]

Role of valproate across the ages.

Treatment of epilepsy in children
In June 2005 a team of experts participated in a workshop with the objective of reaching agreement on the place of valproate use in the treatment of paediatric epilepsy patients. A general ,consensus of the meeting' was that the initiation of antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment should be based on a seizure-syndromic approach in children. Participants of the meeting also agreed that valproate is currently the AED with the broadest spectrum across all types of seizures and syndromes. Its superiority has been shown over almost 40 years of clinical experience. The best results are seen in idiopathic generalized epilepsy with or without photosensitivity, idiopathic focal and symptomatic generalized tonic,clonic seizures (GTCS). Evidence supports the use of valproate, ethosuximide and lamotrigine in absence epilepsies and the use of carbamazepine, lamotrigine, oxcarbazepine, phenytoin, topiramate, valproate and phenobarbital for primary GTCS. For new AEDs trials have been undertaken to define their therapeutic role but studies comparing their role to ,old' broad-spectrum drugs in specific syndromes are missing. Experts concluded that intravenous (i.v.) valproate is a useful agent in the treatment of non-convulsive status epilepticus (SE). There is an easy transition to oral treatment following i.v. valproate use. The discussion also concluded that, despite the lack of studies, valproate is an interesting, underutilized alternative in convulsive SE but more controlled studies are needed. The side effects of valproate use are well documented. Its effect on cognition and behaviour is more favourable than many of the other AEDs which is an important consideration in children. Overall, the clinical consensus of the meeting was that valproate's well established therapeutic properties far outweigh the negative side effects. Contraindication or withdrawal should be assessed individually. [source]