Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Nominations

  • peer nomination

  • Selected Abstracts


    EVOLUTION, Issue 1 2002
    Dr. Lynda Delph
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]


    EVOLUTION, Issue 6 2000
    Dr. Lynda Delph SSE Secretary
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Wilson, Brandeis, and the Supreme Court Nomination

    Melvin I. Urofsky
    In late January 1916, many readers of the New York World chuckled as they looked at Rollin Kirby's editorial cartoon entitled, "The Blow that Almost Killed Father." In the drawing, Kirby showed a Wall Street big-shot,one who looked a little like J. P. Morgan,prostrate in his desk chair, the ticker-tape machine broken and leaning against the desk, a picture of the New York Stock Exchange askew on the wall, and a newspaper dropped to the ground, its headline blaring "Brandeis for the Supreme Court." [source]

    The Eagleton Affair: Thomas Eagleton, George McGovern, and the 1972 Vice Presidential Nomination

    The frequent mention of the Eagleton affair during discussions over vice presidential selections in the past election cycle has further enhanced the relevancy of the controversy surrounding Senator George McGovern's choice of Senator Tom Eagleton as his running mate in 1972. That soon led to Eagleton's forced resignation because of past treatment for depression,the only nominee who has ever had to depart from the ticket. This is the first scholarly study of that controversy. It is grounded in extensive interviews and archival research in the McGovern and the untapped Eagleton Papers. This Greek tragedy has much to say about the two protagonists and the casual way in which political parties sometimes selected vice presidential candidates. As a result, the Eagleton affair has also contributed to a more thoughtful approach to the selection of vice presidential nominees. [source]

    Two Parties, Two Types of Nominees, Two Paths to Winning a Presidential Nomination, 1972-2004

    Contrary to findings that show the contemporary nomination process, regardless of party, favoring early frontrunners, this article shows that the eventual Democratic nominee is typically different from and often travels a different path to victory than the eventual Republican nominee. Since 1972, the eventual Democratic winners began as relatively unknown candidates with single-digit support who emerge as the frontrunner late in the process, sometimes just before the voting begins in Iowa and New Hampshire and sometimes just after the first votes are cast. John Kerry is only the latest Democratic example. In contrast, Republican winners have been national figures and have consistently been the early favorites a year before any votes were cast or large sums of money raised. To date, the accuracy of partyless models is driven largely by Republican successes. These models may be better at predicting Republican nominees than predicting Democratic nominees. [source]

    Confirmation Politics and The Legitimacy of the U.S. Supreme Court: Institutional Loyalty, Positivity Bias, and the Alito Nomination

    James L. Gibson
    Gibson, Caldeira, and Spence (2003a, 2003b, 2005) expound the theory of positivity bias in their analysis of the legitimacy of the U.S. Supreme Court in the aftermath of Bush v. Gore. This theory asserts that preexisting institutional loyalty shapes perceptions of and judgments about court decisions and events. In this article, we use the theory of positivity bias to investigate the preferences of Americans regarding the confirmation of Judge Samuel Alito as an associate justice of the Supreme Court. More specifically, from the theory of positivity bias, we derive the hypothesis that preferences on the Alito confirmation are shaped by anterior commitments to the Supreme Court. Based on an analysis of a national panel survey, we find that those who have a high level of loyalty toward the Supreme Court rely much more heavily on what we term judiciousness,in contrast to ideology, policy, and partisanship,in forming their opinions on whether to confirm Alito. Thus, institutional loyalty provides a decisive frame through which Americans view the activity of their Supreme Court. [source]

    The 2010 Selma Jeanne Cohen Dance Prize Award for a Distinguished Published Work Call for Nominations

    Article first published online: 17 OCT 200
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Sex differences in relational and overt aggression in the late elementary school years

    Janet Kistner
    Abstract Sex differences in relational and overt aggression among 3rd (n=176), 4th (n=179), and 5th graders (n=145) from three public schools (n=500; 278 girls) were examined. Nominations of relational aggression increased over time among 4th and 5th grade girls, but not among boys or 3rd grade girls. Among 3rd graders, boys received more nominations for relational aggression than girls. By the end of the 5th grade, girls received more relational aggression nominations than boys. There was also a significant rise in nominations of overt aggression among 5th grade girls, but not among 5th grade boys or younger boys and girls. As expected, boys were more likely than girls to be nominated for overt aggression at all grade levels. The findings are helpful for explaining inconsistencies of earlier research pertaining to sex differences in relational aggression and for advancing our understanding of the causes of aggression. Aggr. Behav. 36:282,291, 2010. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Utilizing Peer Nominations in Middle School: A Longitudinal Comparison Between Complete Classroom-Based and Random List Methods

    Amy Bellmore
    Although peer nominations provide invaluable data on social status and reputations of classmates, the large size and organizational structure of secondary schools pose a practical challenge to utilizing nomination methods. Particularly problematic is determining the appropriate reference group when students are no longer in self-contained classrooms. In the current study, we compared a random list method as an alternative to complete classroom-based or grade list peer nominations. In a 3-year longitudinal study of 2,307 middle school students, the temporal stability and construct validity of the method were assessed regarding peer acceptance, rejection, coolness, aggression, and victimization. The findings suggested that the random list procedure provides a feasible method to study large peer groups in secondary school settings. [source]

    Bridging the Ethnic Divide: Student and School Characteristics in African American, Asian-Descent, Latino, and White Adolescents' Cross-Ethnic Friend Nominations

    Jill V. Hamm
    Based on the revised social contact theory, correlates of cross-ethnic friend nomination among 580 African American, 948 Asian-descent, 860 Latino, and 3986 White adolescents were examined. Socioeconomic and academic disparities between ethnic groups differentiated cross-ethnic friend nomination between schools for all groups but African Americans. For all groups, cross-ethnic friend nomination was less likely among students who preferred same-ethnic friends. Academic orientations were associated with cross-ethnic friend nomination positively for African American and Latino, but negatively for White participants. Longer family residence in the U.S. and English language facility was associated positively with cross-ethnic friend nomination for Asian-descent and Latino participants. Results point to the need to differentiate hypotheses by ethnic group, and to consider individual-in-context models in cross-ethnic friend nomination. [source]

    Presidents, Political Regimes, and Contentious Supreme Court Nominations: A Historical Institutional Model

    LAW & SOCIAL INQUIRY, Issue 4 2007
    Kevin J. McMahon
    Before the nominations of John Roberts and Samuel Alito, scholars consistently pointed to the presence of divided government as an underlying reason for conflict in the confirmation process for U.S. Supreme Court nominees. However, the importance of party unity and coalition-building appointments,each of which highlights the role of the president in the process,should not be underestimated in these confirmation battles. Moreover, an examination of the sixty twentieth-century nominations reveals that a presidency-focused political regimes model provides significant explanatory force for understanding when and what types of nominees are likely to face the most resistance in the Senate. It does so by incorporating Stephen Skowronek's analytical framework for understanding presidential authority to explain how and why different periods of political time affect presidential attempts to shape the U.S. Supreme Court through appointments. In turn, the model places recent conflict in the confirmation process in historical context. [source]

    Nominations for the Ewald Prize

    DOI: 10.1107/S010876730905063
    First page of article [source]

    The Party Decides: Presidential Nominations Before and After Reform , By Marty Cohen, David Karol, Hans Noel, and John Zaller

    Holly Brasher
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Nominations for RAS awards

    ASTRONOMY & GEOPHYSICS, Issue 2 2009
    Article first published online: 23 MAR 200
    The RAS awards prizes and medals annually and is currently seeking nominations for the 2010 awards, with a deadline of 31 July 2009. [source]

    Nominations called for AVA awards

    Article first published online: 10 MAR 200

    Call for Nominations for 2006 Honorary Fellow of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation

    BIOTROPICA, Issue 3 2005
    Article first published online: 10 AUG 200

    Call for Nominations for 2001 Honorary Fellow of the Association for Tropical Biology

    BIOTROPICA, Issue 4a 2000
    Article first published online: 15 MAR 200
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    2002 Vincent duVigneaud Award: American Peptide Society Request for Nominations

    Article first published online: 9 OCT 200
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Do Peer Groups Matter?

    ECONOMICA, Issue 277 2003
    Peer Group versus Schooling Effects on Academic Attainment
    This paper estimates an educational production function. Educational attainment is a function of peer group, parental input and schooling. Conventional measures of school quality are not good predictors for academic attainment, once we control for peer group effects; parental qualities also have strong effects on academic attainment. This academic attainment is a then a key determinant of subsequent labour market success, as measured by earnings. The main methodological innovation in this paper is the nomination of a set of instruments, very broad regions of birth, which, as a whole, pass close scrutiny for validity and permit unbiased estimation of the production function. [source]

    IMI's Aspire program feeds its senior leader pipeline through self-nominations

    Victoria Stage
    Self-nominations, combined with sophisticated assessment and selection tools, have produced a more diverse pool of highly qualified talent that IMI, a worldwide engineering company, is now grooming for its top 40 senior leadership roles. A three-step nomination and selection process for the enterprise-level Aspire program includes 360-degree-type performance assessments; online testing of potential that measures foundational capabilities and predispositions as well as accelerators in order to assign a norm-based percentile standing; and an assessment center with simulations for gauging readiness for senior leadership roles. Those selected as Aspire participants are afforded a range of activities, geared to individual and organizational needs, that include training/education, on-the-job and business-driven development, and relationship-driven development. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [source]

    Bridging the Ethnic Divide: Student and School Characteristics in African American, Asian-Descent, Latino, and White Adolescents' Cross-Ethnic Friend Nominations

    Jill V. Hamm
    Based on the revised social contact theory, correlates of cross-ethnic friend nomination among 580 African American, 948 Asian-descent, 860 Latino, and 3986 White adolescents were examined. Socioeconomic and academic disparities between ethnic groups differentiated cross-ethnic friend nomination between schools for all groups but African Americans. For all groups, cross-ethnic friend nomination was less likely among students who preferred same-ethnic friends. Academic orientations were associated with cross-ethnic friend nomination positively for African American and Latino, but negatively for White participants. Longer family residence in the U.S. and English language facility was associated positively with cross-ethnic friend nomination for Asian-descent and Latino participants. Results point to the need to differentiate hypotheses by ethnic group, and to consider individual-in-context models in cross-ethnic friend nomination. [source]

    Privatize your name: Symbolic work in a post-Soviet linguistic market

    Alexei Yurchak
    This paper analyzes the new names given to Russian private businesses that have appeared after the collapse of the Soviet State in 1991. By naming new private ventures their owners members of the new business class attempt to privatize public space not only legally but also symbolically and linguistically. They strive to construct their particular new version of social reality, to represent it as positive and meaningful, and to impose themselves publicly as legitimate authors, owners, and masters of this new reality. This paper proceeds on several distinct levels of analysis. First, it analyzes a number of discourses, representing various subcultures and periods of Soviet and Russian history, from which new business names draw their complex meanings. Second, it considers concrete linguistic and semiotic techniques that are employed by the new names in this process. Third, it examines the cultural and social implications of this process of nomination for post-Soviet developments in the Russian society. [source]

    Names That Show Time: Turkish Jews as "Strangers" and the Semiotics of Reclassification

    Marcy Brink-Danan
    ABSTRACT, In this article, I discuss the anthropological value of focusing on ontological processes in which seemingly local, native, or indigenous people are reclassified as foreigners. Building on theories of language and time, I show, through the ethnographic example of Jewish naming in Istanbul, how names come to signify foreignness. I also explore naming as a process through which the subjects of reclassification themselves understand present-day ontologies as historically informed and context dependent. By studying moments of categorical reassignment, I detail the social semiotic processes that drive the classification of signs as indices of belonging or exclusion. Anthropologists increasingly study military, juridical, and economic ontologies that reorder, relocate, and restrict human (and nonhuman) groups. I illuminate a quieter space, that of naming, through which classifications are made and undone. ÖZET, Bu makalede, yerel, yöreye ait ve do,ma büyüme yerli ki,ilerin yabanc, olarak yeniden s,n,fland,r,lmas,n,n görüldü,ü varl,ksal (ontolojik) süreçlere odaklanman,n antropolojik de,erini tart,,aca,,m. Çal,,may, dil ve zaman kuramlar,üzerine kurarak, ,stanbul Musevilerinin adland,r,lmas,n, konu alan etnografik bir örnekleme arac,l,,, ile, isimlerin nas,l bir yabanc,l,k anlam, yüklendi,ini göstermeyi umuyorum. Ayn, zamanda, yeniden s,n,fland,rmaya mazur kalanlar,n kendilerinin güncel ontolojileri tarihsel olarak belirlenmi, ve ba,lama dayal, olarak kavrayageldikleri süreçleri de ara,t,r,yorum. Kategorilerin yeniden tayin edildi,i belirli anlar, irdeleyerek, göstergelerin s,n,fland,r,lmas,n, aidiyet ve d,,lama endeksine dönü,türen toplumsal göstergebilimsel süreçleri ayr,nt,land,r,yorum. Antropologlar gün geçtikçe insan (ve insan olmayan) gruplar, tekrar düzene sokan, yerinden eden ya da k,s,tlayan askeri, hukuksal ve ekonomik ontolojilerin üzerine e,iliyorlar. Bense daha sessiz sedas,z bir mekana e,ilerek, s,n,fland,rmalar,n in,a edilip tekrar bozuldu,u isimlendirme alan,na ,,,k tutmaya çal,,,yorum. RÉSUMÉ, Cet article interroge, d'un point de vue anthropologique, le bien-fondé des processus ontologiques par lesquels des populations dites locales, natives ou autochtones sont (re-)catégorisées comme étrangères. A travers l'exemple ethnographique des noms juifs à Istanbul, et en m'appuyant sur les théories du langage et du temps, je montre comment les noms en viennent à signifier "étranger." J'explore également la nomination en tant que processus à travers lequel les sujets de cette reclassification eux-mêmes perçoivent ces schémas de catégorisation comme déterminés par une histoire et dépendants d'un contexte. En étudiant certains moments de réassignation fondamentaux, je précise les processus sémiotiques sociaux qui conduisent à la classification de signes comme indices d'appartenance ou d'exclusion. Les anthropologues étudient de plus en plus les ontologies militaires, juridiques et économiques qui réordonnent, resituent et restreignent des groupes humains (et nonhumains). Mon étude met en lumière les mécanismes d'un espace plus discret, celui de la nomination, à travers lequel des classifications sont faites et défaites. [source]

    Pages from a sociometric notebook: An analysis of nomination and rating scale measures of acceptance, rejection, and social preference

    Professor William M. Bukowski
    The association between acceptance and rejection measured with nominations is not adequately described by a simple linear relationship. Sociometric ratings measure social preference but can also yield indicators of acceptance and rejection. [source]

    Polls and Elections: Dixie's Kingmakers: Stability and Change in Southern Presidential Primary Electorates

    Recent presidential primaries have taken place against the backdrop of a secular realignment in the South, a shift that carries important consequences for nomination politics. In this article, we use statewide exit polls to trace changes between 1988 and 2008 in the Southern Democratic and Republican primary electorates. We find that the Democratic electorate has grown strikingly more liberal, more racially diverse, and less heavily Protestant over the last 20 years. Meanwhile, the Republican Party has solidified into a conservative, almost exclusively white primary electorate. We also identify a growing partisan gender gap in the region. The findings suggest that it will be increasingly difficult for a centrist white Democrat, such as Jimmy Carter or Bill Clinton, to use the South as a launching pad to the nomination. In addition, the growing polarization of the parties' Southern primary electorates will likely continue to widen the ideological distance between the major presidential nominees. [source]

    Research Priorities for Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Sexually Transmitted Infections Surveillance, Screening, and Intervention in Emergency Departments: Consensus-based Recommendations

    Jason S. Haukoos MD
    Abstract This article describes the results of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted infections (STI) prevention in the emergency department (ED) component of the 2009 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference entitled "Public Health in the ED: Surveillance, Screening, and Intervention." The objectives were to use experts to define knowledge gaps and priority research questions related to the performance of HIV and STI surveillance, screening, and intervention in the ED. A four-step nominal group technique was applied using national and international experts in HIV and STI prevention. Using electronic mail, an in-person meeting, and a Web-based survey, specific knowledge gaps and research questions were identified and prioritized. Through two rounds of nomination and refinement, followed by two rounds of election, consensus was achieved for 11 knowledge gaps and 14 research questions related to HIV and STI prevention in EDs. The overarching themes of the research priority questions were related to effectiveness, sustainability, and integration. While the knowledge gaps appear disparate from one another, they are related to the research priority questions identified. Using a consensus approach, we developed a set of priorities for future research related to HIV and STI prevention in the ED. These priorities have the potential to improve future clinical and health services research and extramural funding in this important public health sector. [source]

    Front and Back Covers, Volume 23, Number 3.

    ANTHROPOLOGY TODAY, Issue 3 2007
    June 200
    Front & back cover caption, volume 23 issue 3 PARTISAN ,ANTHROPOLOGY' The cover of this issue reproduces a Republican Party campaign poster from 1900, which claims that between 1896 and 1900 the American flag was being planted on foreign soil not ,to acquire more territory' but ,for humanity's sake'. The poster contrasts an image of economic decline at home and poverty in the Spanish colony of Cuba, alleged to be the Democratic legacy in 1896, with one of prosperity in the US and progress in its new dominion after four years of Republican rule. The next US presidential elections will take place in November 2008, and campaigning for nomination is already under way. Partisan proclamations that territories are occupied for ,humanity's sake' suggest good intentions, but anthropology researches and seeks to connect with humanity as a whole, not to serve one party or one nation over another. Bush's ,war on terror' has divided the world, generating a renewed interest in partisan use of the social and behavioural sciences, including anthropology, in the hope that these might help succeed where force has failed. The 2007 annual meeting of the Association of Social Anthropologists resolved that a research proposal by our principal research funding agency endangered lives and was in violation of our professional ethics. History will not judge us kindly if funding agencies proceed unilaterally, or if our professional associations fail to give clear guidance on the circumstances under which it is appropriate for professional anthropologists to be involved in such activities, if at all. Everyone supports non-partisan use of academic research for ,humanity's sake'. However, since anthropologists cannot research without first gaining and then retaining the trust of the peoples they engage with in the course of fieldwork throughout the world, in open and willing long-lasting relationships, partisan deployment of our research in war constitutes a potentially life-threatening development for the peoples we befriend, for ourselves, our students, our profession and for our family and colleagues. As part of an ongoing engagement with how our research, and that of other social and behavioural sciences, is being appropriated in war, this issue of ANTHROPOLOGY TODAY features discussions on their use in two areas of warfare, with contributions on counterinsurgency, by Roberto González, David Kilcullen and Montgomery McFate, and unwitting input into interrogation techniques, by David Price. [source]

    The Cultures of Capitalism: Glasgow and the Monopoly of Culture

    ANTIPODE, Issue 1 2009
    Eliot M. Tretter
    Abstract:, While many have recognized since the 1970s the strong relationship between culture and urban renewal, particularly as cities began to use cultural amenities to change their images and lure potential investors, little has been written about how and why cultural assets may be valued investments in their own right. There is at least one notable exception, in the work of David Harvey, and this approach takes as its starting point the importance of the monopoly aspects of culture, particularly for rents, competition and fixed capital. In part, I bring Harvey's theoretical insights on the political economy of culture to bear on the case of Glasgow, Scotland, in the 1980s, and particularly its nomination as the European City of Culture, with particular attention paid to how the economics of culture is related to local politics. [source]

    Children with behaviour problems: the influence of social competence and social relations on problem stability, school achievement and peer acceptance across the first six years of school

    Lisbeth Henricsson
    Abstract The aims of the present study were to investigate the role for problematic children of the child's social competence, teacher relations and behaviour with peers for later problem persistence, school performance and peer acceptance, in terms of moderating (protective and exacerbating) and independent effects. Groups of children with externalizing (n=26) and internalizing (n=25) problems and a non-problematic group (n=44) were followed from grade 1,6. Teachers rated behaviour problems and social competence in the first, third and sixth grades, the teacher,child relationship in third grade, and school achievement in sixth grade. Behaviour with peers was assessed in observations in later elementary school. Peer acceptance was assessed through peer nominations in sixth grade. Both problem groups had lower social competence, school achievement and peer acceptance in sixth grade than the non-problematic group. There were moderating and independent effects of social competence, teacher and peer relations on outcomes, but these applied mainly to children with internalizing problems. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    The role of specialist and general nurses working with people with multiple sclerosis

    Alison While
    Aim., To describe the perceived role of nurses and other carers of people with multiple sclerosis from the perspective of different stakeholders (people with multiple sclerosis, non-specialist nurses, specialist nurses and other health care professionals). Background., Multiple sclerosis is one of the commonest causes of disability in young adults. People with multiple sclerosis require supportive care during the disease trajectory. The role of different health and social care providers has not been reported previously. Design., Survey. Method., Questionnaire data collected in 2002 during the first phase of scale development (health professionals n = 459; people with multiple sclerosis n = 65; total response rate 59·4%). The data were reanalysed to compare responses across sample groups. Results., There was consensus that neurologists and specialist nurses were the most appropriate professionals in the provision of specialist care with specialist nurses also being identified as key providers of emotional support. However, there were also significant differences in nominations reflecting the different perspectives of the stakeholder groups and a self-report bias. Each stakeholder group frequently emphasised their own perceived contribution to care. The different perspective of people with multiple sclerosis was also noteworthy with their greater emphasis on social care and lay support. Conclusions., The findings indicate a dissonance in the views of different stakeholders within the care system. The division of labour associated with nursing care requires further exploration. The contrasting paradigms of health care professionals and people with multiple sclerosis regarding models of disability were highlighted. Relevance to clinical practice., Multiple sclerosis, like other chronic illnesses, requires substantial nursing care. There is a growing number of specialist nurses in the workforce, however, little is known how their role interfaces with other nurses. [source]