New Zealand Albino Rabbits (new + zealand_albino_rabbits)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

The use of plasma rich in growth factors on wound healing in the skin: experimental study in rabbits

Francesco Molina-Mińano
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to use autologous plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) on wound healing in the skin in New Zealand albino rabbits and to study reepithelialisation and inflammation at 7 and 28 days. A prospective study carried out on 20 adult rabbits. Two wounds were made on the in the skin on the back of each animal; one control, and the other in which PRGF was applied. The PRGF preparation was obtained from 10 ml of whole blood. The reepithelialisation and inflammation of wounds were measured at 7 and 28 days. Reepithelialisation improved in skin at 7 days (P = 0·007), with resolution of the inflammatory process (P = 0·005), having significant differences with respect to the control. Therefore, PRGF accelerates reepithelialisation and reduces inflammation at 7 days in skin. [source]

Free radical scavengers are more effective than indomethacin in the prevention of experimentally induced heterotopic ossification

L.C. Vanden Bossche
Abstract The pathogenesis of heterotopic ossification is still unclear and the preventive therapies are usually insufficient. The present study was designed to investigate the possible preventive effect of free radical scavengers on the development of experimentally induced heterotopic ossification in a rabbit model and to compare free radical scavengers with indomethacin to determine whether they act synergistically. A standard immobilization,manipulation model was used to induce heterotopical ossification in the hind legs of 40 1-year-old female New Zealand albino rabbits. The animals were divided into four groups and received daily either placebo, a free radical scavenger cocktail [allopurinol and N -acetylcysteine (A/A)], indomethacin or the combination of A/A and indomethacin in a randomized double-blind fashion. Every 4 days an X-ray was taken and the thickness and length of new bone formation was measured at the thigh. A marked statistically significant difference was found between the four groups. In the groups that received A/A, either alone or combined with indomethacin, an inhibition of bone growth, both in thickness and in length was demonstrated. In this experimental model free radical scavengers had a superior inhibitory effect on heterotopic ossification than indomethacin. Free radicals could play an important role in the pathogenesis of heterotopic ossification. © 2006 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 25:267,272, 2007 [source]

Effect of caffeic acid phenethyl ester on treatment of experimentally induced methicillin-resi,stant Staphylococcus epidermidis endophthalmitis in a rabbit model

Özlem Y
Abstract This study investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE), a natural bee-produced compound, and compared it with corticosteroids in the treatment of experimentally induced methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE) endophthalmitis in addition to intravitreal antibiotics. An experimental endophthalmitis model was produced in 24 New Zealand albino rabbits by unilateral intravitreal injection of 0.1,ml of 4.7,×,104 colony-forming units (CFU) methicillin-resistant S. epidermidis. The animals were then divided randomly into three treatment groups and a control group, group 1 (six rabbits), received only intravitreal vancomycin (1.0,mg/0.1,ml); group 2 (six rabbits), received both intravitreal vancomycin (1.0,mg/0.1,ml) and intravitreal dexamethasone (400,µg/0.1,ml) and group 3 (six rabbits), received both intravitreal vancomycin (1.0,mg/0.1,ml) and subtenon CAPE (10,mg/0.3,ml) after 24,h post-infection. No treatment was given to the control group. Treatment efficacy was assessed by clinical examination, vitreous culture and histopathology. There were no statististically significant differences between clinical scores of all groups in examinations at 24 and 48,h post-infection (p,=,0.915 and p,=,0.067 respectively), but in examinations at 72,h post-infection and after 7 days post-infection, although the clinical scores of treatment groups were not significantly different from each other, they were significantly lower than the control group (p,<,0.05). The culture results of all groups were sterile. As a result, CAPE was found to be as effective as dexamethasone in reducing inflammation in the treatment of experimental MRSE endophthalmitis when used with antibiotics. More studies are needed to determine the optimal administration route and effective dosage of this compound. Copyright © 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

Intravitreal and plasmatic levels of erythropoietin after sub-conjunctival administration in rabbits

Purpose Recently Erythropoietin (EPO) had been shown to have neuroprotective and neuroregenerative effects on retinal ganglion cells, apart from its erythropoietic properties, being a promissory alternative on ischemic retinal diseases. With the present study we pretend to evaluate the efficacy of subconjuntival injection for ocular EPO delivery. Methods New Zealand albino rabbits (n=6) were used. Complete ophthalmic examinations were carried out before and after the injections for 15 days. The proceedings (intravitreal punch and subconjuntival injections) were carried out under general anaesthesia. Through the subconjuntival route 100 UI of EPO diluted in 50 ,l saline solution 0,9% was administered. The opposite eyes of each animal served as controls. The vitreous and plasmatic concentration of EPO were measured using the ELISA method. Results Administration of EPO through the subconjuntival route allowed a vitreous absortion that reached the highest 24 hours after administration with 0,6 mUI/ml of EPO quantified in 100 ,l of vitreous sample. The sistemic absorption reached the highest concentration 3 hours after subconjunctival administration and 48 hours after the administration the plasmatic concentration of EPO regained physiologic values. EPO was not detected on control eyes. Conclusion All the previous studies used the systemic or intravitreal route of administration to acquire therapeutic concentrations of EPO on the retina, both difficult to use in clinical practice. In this study, the subconjuntival route proved to be a promising alternative for ocular EPO delivery. However further studies are necessary to assess the blood and intravitreal kinetics of EPO after subconjuntival administration. [source]