New Serotype (new + serotype)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

New serotype of mutans streptococci isolated from pig oral cavity

Kazuko Takada
ABSTRACT Gram-positive streptococcal mutans-like strains, but with clearly different colony formation than S. orisuis on Mitis Salivarius agar, were isolated from the pig oral cavity and identified by 16S rRNA sequencing, G+C content, DNA-DNA homology and extensive biochemical and serological testing. The phenotypic data showed that the strains were similar to S. orisuis except for susceptibility to bacitracin. DNA-DNA homology between the isolates and S. orisuis was 72,81%. However, serological data showed that they have a different sero-specific antigen from S. orisuis and other mutans streptococci. A new serotype, designated p, strains are classified in a serovar of S. orisuis, one of mutans streptococci. [source]

Identification of a new serotype of Rickettsia heilongjiangensis in wild rats from Guangdong Province, China

L. J. Zhang
No abstract is available for this article. [source]

Random mutagenesis of Legionella pneumophila reveals genes associated with lipopolysaccharide synthesis and recognition by typing monoclonal antibodies

C. Wagner
Abstract Aims:, To use random mutagenesis for the characterization of Legionella pneumophila lipopolysaccharide (LPS) components and serotypes. Methods and Results:, Five strains belonging to different serogroups and/or monoclonal subgroups were mutagenized using a mini-Tn10 transposon. Exactly 11 819 mutants were checked for alterations in LPS using at least 11 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that define L. pneumophila serotypes. Among the mutants, five different mini-Tn10 insertions were identified. Four mutants originating from serogroup-1 did not lose their serogroup-specific epitope, but did sustain subtler changes that resulted in switches to different mAb subgroups. In contrast, a mutant from serogroup-6 lost its serogroup-specific epitope, while retaining a serogroup-cross-reacting epitope. Conclusions:, Random mutagenesis is a valuable tool for LPS epitope mapping. While some characteristics of L. pneumophila LPS can be altered, others appear resistant to mutagenesis. This underscores both the flexibility and rigidity of LPS architecture in L. pneumophila. Significance and Impact of the Study:, Losses of L. pneumophila LPS epitopes can result in new serotypes, changes that might escape detection by current DNA-based typing schemes. But, as the frequency of these changes is rare, based upon our observations, serotyping should remain an important tool for identifying L. pneumophila in water systems that are implicated in human infection. [source]