New Horizons (new + horizon)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


NEW HORIZONS IN CATHOLIC PHILOSOPHICAL THEOLOGY: FIDES ET RATIO AND THE CHANGED STATUS OF THOMISM

THE HEYTHROP JOURNAL, Issue 1 2006
HAROLD E. ERNSTArticle first published online: 21 DEC 200
The author considers Pope John Paul II's 1998 encyclical, Fides et ratio, as bringing into view new horizons for Catholic philosophical theology by virtue of its endorsement of a constrained philosophical pluralism. Through a retrospective examination of the history of magisterial interventions as depicted in the encyclical, the author notes how a progressive openness to philosophical pluralism relates to the changed status of Thomism within magisterial teaching on the practice of Catholic philosophical theology. Fides et ratio describes an evolution in magisterial emphasis from proscription to prescription, which corresponds to change in the status of Thomism from an absolute to an exemplary norm. Attention to this decisive shift in the normative status of Thomism, as implied within the encyclical itself, provides both new illumination on the Pope's general intentions and new clarity with regard to some contested interpretive issues. Finally, the author highlights several new challenges that are implied by this development in magisterial teaching. [source]


Hospice and Palliative Medicine Ultrasound: a New Horizon for Emergency Medicine?

ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE, Issue 3 2010
Anthony J. Dean MD
No abstract is available for this article. [source]


Functional Electrical Stimulation: A New Horizon For Quadriplegic Patients

ANZ JOURNAL OF SURGERY, Issue 8 2000
Claudia R. Gschwind
No abstract is available for this article. [source]


Myeloproliferative disorders: a time of new definitions Outflow from New Horizons in Haematology Meeting, 9,10 March 2007

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF HAEMATOLOGY, Issue 2007
Radek Skoda
No abstract is available for this article. [source]


New Horizons for the Corporate Hydrologist

GROUND WATER, Issue 1 2003
T.N. Narasimhan
No abstract is available for this article. [source]


The 60th Anniversary of the First Polymer Journal ("Die Makromolekulare Chemie"): Moving to New Horizons

MACROMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, Issue 2 2003
Ingrid Meisel
First page of article [source]


New horizons in simulation training for endoscopic surgery

ASIAN JOURNAL OF ENDOSCOPIC SURGERY, Issue 1 2010
D. King
Abstract In recent years there has been both a paradigm shift in the way surgery is carried out and also in the way in which we train health professionals undertaking interventional procedures. Endoscopic procedures have replaced many traditional operations and the benefits of such an approach to patient care are well documented. However, evidence exists of higher patient complications during a surgeon's learning curve in endoscopic surgery, and it is now considered essential that endoscopic skills are learned in training laboratories rather than on patients. A new model of structured education, where surgical skills are practiced on models and virtual reality simulators, is set to replace the traditional apprenticeship model of training. Simulation is a rapidly evolving field that can provide a safe and increasingly realistic learning environment for trainees to practice in. This paper explores the current role of simulation in endoscopic training and provides a review of the developments in the field, including advances in simulation technology, progress in curriculum design and the use of simulation in nontechnical skills training. [source]


Secondary stroke: New horizons in prevention

CLINICAL CARDIOLOGY, Issue S2 2004
PH.D. Chairman, Robert A. Phillips M.D.
No abstract is available for this article. [source]


Cells carry the clue for targeted treatment: a new horizon for cytopathology

CYTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 5 2007
F. C. Schmitt
First page of article [source]


Theology and the Crisis in Darwinism

MODERN THEOLOGY, Issue 2 2002
Anthony D. Baker
In the past decade, the scientific challenges to "orthodox Darwinism" have multiplied rapidly, such that it is no longer unthinkable that natural selection's days as a universal law are numbered. But if this is the case, theologians have their work cut out for them. If Darwin's law proves to be historically and scientifically false, a new horizon appears for the discourse between theology and natural science. What will orthodox Christianity make of the crisis in Darwinism? This article, which follows the methodological imperative of "Radical Orthodoxy", employs Aquinas and contemporary "post-Darwinian" science to trace a space for a theological discourse beyond both natural selection and natural theology. [source]


Indigeneity across borders: Hemispheric migrations and cosmopolitan encounters

AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST, Issue 1 2010
ROBIN MARIA DELUGAN
ABSTRACT The increasing migration of indigenous people from Latin America to the United States signals a new horizon for the study of indigeneity,complexly understood as subjectivities, knowledge, and practices of the earliest human inhabitants of a particular place and including legal and racial identities that refer to these people. Focusing on indigenous migration to San Francisco, California, I explore how government, service providers, and community organizations respond to the arrival of new ethnic groups while also contributing to an expanding Urban Indian collective identity. In addition to reviewing such governmental practices as the creation of new census categories and related responses to indigenous ethnic diversity, I illustrate how some members of a diverse Urban Indian population unite through participation in rituals such as the Maya Waqxaqi' B'atz' (Day of Human Perfection), transplanted to San Francisco from Guatemala. The rituals recall homelands near and far in a broader social imagination about being and belonging in the world. The social imagination, borne in part through migration and diaspora, acknowledges the local and the particular in a framework of shared values about what it means to be human. I analyze this meaning making as cosmopolitanism in practice. By merging indigeneity and cosmopolitanism, I join other scholars who strive to decenter classical notions of cosmopolitan "worldliness," drawing attention to alternative sources of beneficent sociality and for cultivating humanity. [source]


Animal models of fetal renal disease

PRENATAL DIAGNOSIS, Issue 11 2001
Craig A. Peters
Abstract Fetal models of urinary tract disease have been used for many years and have provided unique and important insights into the pathophysiology of these conditions. This review will summarize the principal model systems used and the current directions of investigation. These models (including rabbit, opossum, sheep and recently swine) have demonstrated that in utero obstruction of the urinary tract alters renal growth, differentiation and produces stereotypical patterns of tissue response, particularly fibrosis. New molecular understanding of these processes has identified specific mechanisms that may be key elements in the development of renal dysfunction due to obstruction. These factors include the renin,angiotensin system (RAS) and its interaction with TGF-, in altering growth regulation and tissue fibrosis. These factors offer the prospect of clinical utility as markers of disease progression as well as pharmacologic therapy. Gene knockout systems have opened a new horizon of molecular models of congenital obstructive uropathy with insights into the role of the RAS in particular. It remains to be defined how closely these knockouts represent the human conditions they resemble. Continued application of fetal models of urinary obstruction, integrating large animal and knockout systems offers promise for improved diagnosis and treatment in these challenging conditions. Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


Psychological Interventions in the Context of Poverty: Participatory Action Research as Practice

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF ORTHOPSYCHIATRY, Issue 1 2010
Laura Smith
What innovations of socially just psychological practice exist for mental health professionals working in the context of poverty? This article argues for participatory action research (PAR) as a new horizon not only with regard to the creation of knowledge but as a community-based practice/action that promotes the emotional well-being of people surviving poverty and other forms of oppression. After the presentation of this argument, an ongoing PAR project in a poor urban community is described. This article explores its impact on all participants through observations from field notes along with the results of a focus group in which community co-researchers contributed their experiences of PAR. Finally, key practice-related considerations and other implications for mental health practitioners are proposed. [source]


Imaging of the lymphatic system: new horizons,

CONTRAST MEDIA & MOLECULAR IMAGING, Issue 6 2006
Tristan Barrett
Abstract The lymphatic system is a complex network of lymph vessels, lymphatic organs and lymph nodes. Traditionally, imaging of the lymphatic system has been based on conventional imaging methods like computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), whereby enlargement of lymph nodes is considered the primary diagnostic criterion for disease. This is particularly true in oncology, where nodal enlargement can be indicative of nodal metastases or lymphoma. CT and MRI on their own are, however, anatomical imaging methods. Newer imaging methods such as positron emission tomography (PET), dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) provide a functional assessment of node status. None of these techniques is capable of detecting flow within the lymphatics and, thus, several intra-lymphatic imaging methods have been developed. Direct lymphangiography is an all-but-extinct method of visualizing the lymphatic drainage from an extremity using oil-based iodine contrast agents. More recently, interstitially injected intra-lymphatic imaging, such as lymphoscintigraphy, has been used for lymphedema assessment and sentinel node detection. Nevertheless, radionuclide-based imaging has the disadvantage of poor resolution. This has lead to the development of novel systemic and interstitial imaging techniques which are minimally invasive and have the potential to provide both structural and functional information; this is a particular advantage for cancer imaging, where anatomical depiction alone often provides insufficient information. At present the respective role each modality plays remains to be determined. Indeed, multi-modal imaging may be more appropriate for certain lymphatic disorders. The field of lymphatic imaging is ever evolving, and technological advances, combined with the development of new contrast agents, continue to improve diagnostic accuracy. Published in 2006 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]


Current-Free Deposition of Prussian Blue with Organic Polymers: Towards Improved Stability and Mass Production of the Advanced Hydrogen Peroxide Transducer

ELECTROANALYSIS, Issue 3-5 2009
Anastasiya
Abstract We report on a novel approach for open-circuit (current-free) deposition of Prussian blue. Synthesis of Prussian blue is carried out by reduction of ferric ferricyanide with organic molecules, which are known to form polymers upon oxidation. The proposed interfacial deposition is a result of the synthesis in the presence of electrode support due to preconcentration of precursors at the interface. The resulting modified electrodes displayed the dramatically improved operational stability in hydrogen peroxide continuous monitoring with no loss of either electrochemical or analytical performance characteristics compared to electrodes with electrochemically deposited Prussian blue. The shown possibility to deposit stable films with regular structure in the absence of any external voltage could open new horizons for sensor science. [source]


Soil biology , new horizons

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE, Issue 4 2003
Article first published online: 14 NOV 200
No abstract is available for this article. [source]


Mouse models for human epithelial disease: novel insights and new horizons

EXPERIMENTAL PHYSIOLOGY, Issue 2 2009
Peying Fong
No abstract is available for this article. [source]


Stanford School on Sociological Institutionalism: A Global Cultural Approach,

INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL SOCIOLOGY, Issue 3 2010
Didem Buhari-Gulmez
Stanford School,World Society or World Polity approach,led by John W. Meyer has been largely overlooked despite its revolutionary insights (Robertson 2009). Nevertheless, renewed interest in neoinstitutionalisms and concepts as world society, culture, and legitimacy (Clark 2007) imply Stanford School's relevance for contemporary social and political sciences. This essay discusses first, the underlying theoretical arguments of the School, second, its main findings and responses to criticisms, and third, Stanford School's resonance with the Constructivist, Neoinstitutionalist, and Sociological turns in International Relations. Finally, it suggests that Stanford School opens new horizons for EU studies by establishing the "missing link" between globalization and European integration. [source]


State of the art and new horizons in the diagnosis and management of egg allergy

ALLERGY, Issue 3 2010
A. H. Benhamou
To cite this article: Benhamou AH, Caubet J-C, Eigenmann PA, Nowak-We,grzyn A, Marcos CP, Reche M, Urisu A. State of the art and new horizons in the diagnosis and management of egg allergy. Allergy 2010; 65: 283,289. Abstract Egg allergy is one of the most frequent food allergies in children below the age of three. Common symptoms of egg allergy involve frequently the skin as well as the gut and in more severe cases result in anaphylaxis. Non-IgE-mediated symptoms such as in eosinophilic diseases of the gut or egg-induced enterocolitis might also be observed. Sensitization to egg white proteins can be found in young children in absence of clinical symptoms. The diagnosis of egg allergy is based on the history, IgE tests as well as standardized food challenges. Ovomucoid is the major allergen of egg, and recent advances in technology have improved the diagnosis and follow-up of patients with egg allergy by using single allergens or allergens with modified allergenic properties. Today, the management of egg allergy is strict avoidance. However, oral tolerance induction protocols, in particular with egg proteins with reduced allergenic properties, are promising tools for inducing an increased level of tolerance in specific patients. [source]


Neurogastroenterology and motility: new millenium, new horizons

NEUROGASTROENTEROLOGY & MOTILITY, Issue 3 2001
Article first published online: 7 JUL 200
No abstract is available for this article. [source]


Governing the Captives: Forensic Psychiatric Nursing in Corrections

PERSPECTIVES IN PSYCHIATRIC CARE, Issue 1 2005
Dave Holmes RN
TOPIC/PROBLEM:,Since 1978, the federal inmates of Canada serving time have had access to a full range of psychiatric care within the carceral system. Five psychiatric units are part of the Federal Correctional Services. Nursing practice in forensic psychiatry opens up new horizons in nursing. This complex professional nursing practice involves the coupling of two contradictory socio-professional mandates: to punish and to provide care. METHOD:,The purpose of this article is to present the results of a grounded theory doctoral study realized in a multi-level security psychiatric ward of the Canadian Federal Penitentiary System. The theoretical work of the late French philosopher, Michel Foucault, and those of sociologist, Erving Goffman, are used to illuminate the qualitative data that emerged from the author's fieldwork. FINDINGS:,A Foucauldian perspective allows us to understand the way forensic psychiatric nursing is involved in the governance of mentally ill criminals through a vast array of power techniques (sovereign, disciplinary, and pastoral) which posited nurses as "subjects of power". These nurses are also "objects of power" in that nursing practice is constrained by formal and informal regulations of the penitentiary context. CONCLUSION:,As an object of "governmental technologies", the nursing staff becomes the body onto which a process of conforming to the customs of the correctional milieu is dictated and inscribed. The results of this qualitative research, from a nursing perspective, are the first of their kind to be reported in Canada since the creation of the Regional Psychiatric Correctional Units in 1978. [source]


Electrochemistry of graphene: new horizons for sensing and energy storage

THE CHEMICAL RECORD, Issue 4 2009
Martin Pumera
Abstract Graphene is a new 2D nanomaterial with outstanding material, physical, chemical, and electrochemical properties. In this review, we first discuss the methods of preparing graphene sheets and their chemistry. Following that, the fundamental reasons governing the electrochemistry of graphene are meaningfully described. Graphene is an excellent electrode material with the advantages of conductivity and electrochemistry of sp2 carbon but without the disadvantages related to carbon nanotubes, such as residual metallic impurities. We highlight important applications of graphene and graphene nanoplatelets for sensing, biosensing, and energy storage. © 2009 The Japan Chemical Journal Forum and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Chem Rec 9: 211,223; 2009: Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI 10.1002/tcr.200900008 [source]


NEW HORIZONS IN CATHOLIC PHILOSOPHICAL THEOLOGY: FIDES ET RATIO AND THE CHANGED STATUS OF THOMISM

THE HEYTHROP JOURNAL, Issue 1 2006
HAROLD E. ERNSTArticle first published online: 21 DEC 200
The author considers Pope John Paul II's 1998 encyclical, Fides et ratio, as bringing into view new horizons for Catholic philosophical theology by virtue of its endorsement of a constrained philosophical pluralism. Through a retrospective examination of the history of magisterial interventions as depicted in the encyclical, the author notes how a progressive openness to philosophical pluralism relates to the changed status of Thomism within magisterial teaching on the practice of Catholic philosophical theology. Fides et ratio describes an evolution in magisterial emphasis from proscription to prescription, which corresponds to change in the status of Thomism from an absolute to an exemplary norm. Attention to this decisive shift in the normative status of Thomism, as implied within the encyclical itself, provides both new illumination on the Pope's general intentions and new clarity with regard to some contested interpretive issues. Finally, the author highlights several new challenges that are implied by this development in magisterial teaching. [source]


Molecularly targeted therapies for glioma,

ANNALS OF NEUROLOGY, Issue 6 2009
Ryuya Yamanaka MD
Over the past decade, molecularly targeted therapies have been added to cytotoxic and antiendocrine drugs in the treatment of cancer, with the aim of targeting the molecular pathways that underlie the carcinogenic process and maintain the cancer phenotype. Success with some of these agents has suggested that identification and validation of drug targets is the starting point for the development of active, safe, and effective drugs. The main molecular targets used to develop anticancer drugs are cell surface receptors, signal transduction pathways, gene transcription targets, ubiquitin-proteasome/heat shock proteins, and tumor microenvironment components. Here, we review the development of the main molecularly targeted noncytotoxic agents studied in glioma, highlighting lessons derived from the development of these novel drugs and proposing new horizons for the clinical development of molecularly targeted therapies. Ann Neurol 2009;66:717,729 [source]


Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy for the detection and study of single molecules in biology

BIOESSAYS, Issue 8 2002
Miguel Ángel Medina
The recent development of single molecule detection techniques has opened new horizons for the study of individual macromolecules under physiological conditions. Conformational subpopulations, internal dynamics and activity of single biomolecules, parameters that have so far been hidden in large ensemble averages, are now being unveiled. Herein, we review a particular attractive solution-based single molecule technique, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS). This time-averaging fluctuation analysis which is usually performed in Confocal setups combines maximum sensitivity with high statistical confidence. FCS has proven to be a very versatile and powerful tool for detection and temporal investigation of biomolecules at ultralow concentrations on surfaces, in solution, and in living cells. The introduction of dual-color cross-correlation and two-photon excitation in FCS experiments is currently increasing the number of promising applications of FCS to biological research. BioEssays 24:758,764, 2002. © 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [source]


Irritable bowel syndrome: new horizons in pathophysiology and treatment

BRITISH JOURNAL OF SURGERY (NOW INCLUDES EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SURGERY), Issue 11 2001
M. Bose
No abstract is available for this article. [source]