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## Network Modeling (network + modeling)
Kinds of Network Modeling
## Selected Abstracts## NEURAL NETWORK MODELING OF END-OVER-END THERMAL PROCESSING OF PARTICULATES IN VISCOUS FLUIDS JOURNAL OF FOOD PROCESS ENGINEERING, Issue 2010YANG MENGABSTRACT Modeling of the heat transfer process in thermal processing is important for the process design and control. Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been used in recent years in heat transfer modeling as a potential alternative to conventional dimensionless correlation approach and shown to be even better performers. In this study, ANN models were developed for apparent heat transfer coefficients associated with canned particulates in high viscous Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids during end-over-end thermal processing in a pilot-scale rotary retort. A portion of experimental data obtained for the associated heat transfer coefficients were used for training while the rest were used for testing. The principal configuration parameters were the combination of learning rules and transfer functions, number of hidden layers, number of neurons in each hidden layer and number of learning runs. For the Newtonian fluids, the optimal conditions were two hidden layers, five neurons in each hidden layer, the delta learning rule, a sine transfer function and 40,000 learning runs, while for the non-Newtonian fluids, the optimal conditions were one hidden layer, six neurons in each hidden layer, the delta learning rule, a hyperbolic tangent transfer function and 50,000 learning runs. The prediction accuracies for the ANN models were much better compared with those from the dimensionless correlations. The trained network was found to predict responses with a mean relative error of 2.9,3.9% for the Newtonian fluids and 4.7,5.9% for the non-Newtonian fluids, which were 27,62% lower than those associated with the dimensionless correlations. Algebraic solutions were included, which could be used to predict the heat transfer coefficients without requiring an ANN. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS The artificial neural network (ANN) model is a network of computational elements that was originally developed to mimic the function of the human brain. ANN models do not require the prior knowledge of the relationship between the input and output variables because they can discover the relationship through successive training. Moreover, ANN models can predict several output variables at the same time, which is difficult in general regression methods. ANN concepts have been successfully used in food processing for prediction, quality control and pattern recognition. ANN models have been used in recent years for heat transfer modeling as a potential alternative to conventional dimensionless correlation approach and shown to be even better performers. In this study, ANN models were successfully developed for the heat transfer parameters associated with canned particulate high viscous Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids during an end-over-end rotation thermal processing. Optimized configuration parameters were obtained by choosing appropriate combinations of learning rule, transfer function, learning runs, hidden layers and number of neurons. The trained network was found to predict parameter responses with mean relative errors considerably lower than from dimensionless correlations. [source] ## ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELING FOR REFORESTATION DESIGN THROUGH THE DOMINANT TREES BOLE-VOLUME ESTIMATION NATURAL RESOURCE MODELING, Issue 4 2009MARIA J. DIAMANTOPOULOUAbstract In the management of restoration reforestations or recreational reforestations of trees, the density of the planted trees and the site conditions can influence the growth and bole volume of the dominant tree. The ability to influence growth of these trees in a reforestation contributes greatly to the formation of large dimension trees and thereby to the production of commercially valuable wood. The potential of two artificial neural network (ANN) architectures in modeling the dominant,Pinus brutia,tree bole volume in reforestation configuration at 12 years of age was investigated: (1) the multilayer perceptron architecture using a back-propagation algorithm and (2) the cascade-correlation architecture, utilizing (a) either the nonlinear Kalman's filter theory or (b) the adaptive gradient descent learning rule. The incentive for developing bole-volume equations using ANN techniques was to demonstrate an alternative new methodology in the field of reforestation design, which would enable estimation and optimization of the bole volume of dominant trees in reforestations using easily measurable site and competition factors. The usage of the ANNs for the estimation of dominant tree bole volume through site and competition factors can be a very useful tool in forest management practice. [source] ## Neural Network Modeling of Constrained Spatial Interaction Flows: Design, Estimation, and Performance Issues JOURNAL OF REGIONAL SCIENCE, Issue 1 2003Manfred M FischerIn this paper a novel modular product unit neural network architecture is presented to model singly constrained spatial interaction flows. The efficacy of the model approach is demonstrated for the origin constrained case of spatial interaction using Austrian interregional telecommunication traffic data. The model requires a global search procedure for parameter estimation, such as the Alopex procedure. A benchmark comparison against the standard origin constrained gravity model and the two,stage neural network approach, suggested by Openshaw (1998), illustrates the superiority of the proposed model in terms of the generalization performance measured by ARV and SRMSE. [source] ## Neural network modeling of physical properties of chemical compounds INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF QUANTUM CHEMISTRY, Issue 1 2001J. KozioAbstract Three different models relating structural descriptors to normal boiling points, melting points, and refractive indexes of organic compounds have been developed using artificial neural networks. A newly elaborated set of molecular descriptors was evaluated to determine their utility in quantitative structure,property relationship (QSPR) studies. Applying two data sets containing 190 amines and 393 amides, neural networks were trained to predict physical properties with close to experimental accuracy, using the conjugated gradient algorithm. Obtained results have shown a high predictive ability of learned neural networks models. The fit error for the predicted properties values compared to experimental data is relatively small. © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Int J Quant Chem 84: 117,126, 2001 [source] ## Artificial neural network modeling of RF MEMS resonators INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RF AND MICROWAVE COMPUTER-AIDED ENGINEERING, Issue 4 2004Yongjae LeeAbstract In this article, a novel and efficient approach for modeling radio-frequency microelectromechanical system (RF MEMS) resonators by using artificial neural network (ANN) modeling is presented. In the proposed methodology, the relationship between physical-input parameters and corresponding electrical-output parameters is obtained by combined circuit/full-wave/ANN modeling. More specifically, in order to predict the electrical responses from a resonator, an analytical representation of the electrical equivalent-network model (EENM) is developed from the well-known electromechanical analogs. Then, the reduced-order, nonlinear, dynamic macromodels from 3D finite-element method (FEM) simulations are generated to provide training, validating, and testing datasets for the ANN model. The developed ANN model provides an accurate prediction of an electrical response for various sets of driving parameters and it is suitable for integration with an RF/microwave circuit simulator. Although the proposed approach is demonstrated on a clamped-clamped (C-C) beam resonator, it can be readily adapted for the analysis of other micromechanical resonators. © 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Int J RF and Microwave CAE 14: 302,316, 2004. [source] ## Improving the prediction of liquid back-mixing in trickle-bed reactors using a neural network approach JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY, Issue 9 2002Simon PichéAbstract Current correlations aimed at estimating the extent of liquid back-mixing, via an axial dispersion coefficient, in trickle-bed reactors continue to draw doubts on their ability to conveniently represent this important macroscopic parameter. A comprehensive database containing 973 liquid axial dispersion coefficient measurements (DAX) for trickle-bed operation reported in 22 publications between 1958 and 2001 was thus used to assess the convenience of the few available correlations. It was shown that none of the literature correlations was efficient at providing satisfactory predictions of the liquid axial dispersion coefficients. In response, artificial neural network modeling is proposed to improve the broadness and accuracy in predicting the DAX, whether the Piston,Dispersion (PD), Piston,Dispersion,Exchange (PDE) or PDE with intra-particle diffusion model is employed to extract the DAX. A combination of six dimensionless groups and a discrimination code input representing the residence-time distribution models are used to predict the Bodenstein number. The inputs are the liquid Reynolds, Galileo and Eötvos numbers, the gas Galileo number, a wall factor and a mixed Reynolds number involving the gas flow rate effect. The correlation yields an absolute average error (AARE) of 22% for the whole database with a standard deviation on the AARE of 24% and remains in accordance with parametric influences reported in the literature. © 2002 Society of Chemical Industry [source] ## Accurate prediction of the blood,brain partitioning of a large set of solutes using ab initio calculations and genetic neural network modeling JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL CHEMISTRY, Issue 11 2006Bahram HemmateenejadAbstract A genetic algorithm-based artificial neural network model has been developed for the accurate prediction of the blood,brain barrier partitioning (in logBB scale) of chemicals. A data set of 123 logBB (115 old molecules and 8 new molecules) of a diverse set of chemicals was chosen in this study. The optimum 3D geometry of the molecules was estimated by the ab initio calculations at the level of RHF/STO-3G, and consequently, different electronic descriptors were calculated for each molecule. Indeed, logP as a measure of hydrophobicity and different topological indices were also calculated. A three-layered artificial neural network with backpropagation of an error-learning algorithm was employed to process the nonlinear relationship between the calculated descriptors and logBB data. Genetic algorithm was used as a feature selection method to select the most relevant set of descriptors as the input of the network. Modeling of the logBB data by the only quantum descriptors produced a 5:4:1 ANN structure with RMS error of validation and crossvalidation equal to 0.224 and 0.227, respectively. Better nonlinear model (RMSV and RMSCV equals to 0.097 and 0.099, respectively) was obtained by the incorporation of the logP and the principal components of the topological indices to electronic descriptors. The ultimate performances of the models were obtained by the application of the models to predict the logBB of 23 molecules that did not have contribution in the steps of model development. The best model produced RMS error of prediction 0.140, and could predict about 98% of variances in the logBB data. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Comput Chem 27: 1125,1135, 2006 [source] ## Artificial neural network modeling of O2 separation from air in a hollow fiber membrane module ASIA-PACIFIC JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, Issue 4 2008S. S. MadaeniAbstract In this study artificial neural network (ANN) modeling of a hollow fiber membrane module for separation of oxygen from air was conducted. Feed rates, transmembrane pressure, membrane surface area, and membrane permeability for the present constituents in the feed were network input data. Output data were rate of permeate from the membrane, the amount of N2 in the remaining flow, and the amount of O2 in the permeate flow. Experimental data were obtained from software developed by Research Institute of Petroleum Industry (RIPI). A part of the data generated by this software was confirmed by experimental results available in literature. Two third of the data were employed for training ANNs. Based on different training algorithms, radial basis function (RBF) was found as the best network with minimum training error. Generalization capability of best RBF networks was checked by one third of unseen data. The network was able to properly predict new data that incorporate excellent performance of the network. The developed model can be used for optimization and online control. Copyright © 2008 Curtin University of Technology and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source] |