Neutral Sterol (neutral + sterol)

Distribution by Scientific Domains


Selected Abstracts


Lipid-lowering efficacy of 3,4-di(OH)-phenylpropionic L -leucine in high-cholesterol fed rats

JOURNAL OF BIOCHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR TOXICOLOGY, Issue 1 2005
Soon-Ja Kim
Abstract A preliminary study revealed that 3,4-di(OH)-hydrocinnamate (HC), a polyphenolic compound, lowered the plasma lipids in high-cholesterol fed rats. Accordingly, this study was designed to test the lipid-lowering efficacy of a synthetic derivative, 3,4-di(OH)-phenylpropionic (L -leucine) amide (PPLA), in rats fed a high-cholesterol (1%, wt/wt) diet. As such, HC or PPLA was given as supplement to a high-cholesterol diet for 6 weeks at a dose of 0.137 mmol/100 g diet. The supplementation of HC and PPLA significantly lowered the plasma and hepatic cholesterol and triglyceride levels compared to the control group. The activities of hepatic HMG-CoA reductase (164 9.12 and 124.74 17.09 pmol/min/mg protein vs. 245.41 13.01 pmol/min/mg protein, p < 0.05) and ACAT (411.49 11.48 and 334.35 17.68 pmol/min/mg protein vs. 490.41 16.69 pmol/min/mg protein, p < 0.05) were significantly lower in the HC- and PPLA-supplemented groups than in the control group. However, PPLA was more effective in inhibiting the enzyme activities than HC. The excretion of neutral sterol was significantly higher in HC- and PPLA-supplemented groups than in the control group. Therefore, these results indicate that PPLA, a leucine-attached version of HC, exhibited a similar significant hypocholesterolemic effect to HC in rats fed a high-cholesterol diet. 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biochem Mol Toxicol 19:25,31, 2005; Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com). DOI 10.1002/jbt.20054 [source]


Hypocholesterolaemic and antioxidant effects of Glycyrrhiza glabra (Linn) in rats

MOLECULAR NUTRITION & FOOD RESEARCH (FORMERLY NAHRUNG/FOOD), Issue 11 2006
Nishant P. Visavadiya
Abstract The hypocholesterolaemic and antioxidant effects of Glycyrrhiza glabra (GG) root powder were examined in hypercholesterolaemic male albino rats. A 4-week administration of GG root powder (5 and 10 gm% in diet) to hypercholesterolaemic rats resulted in significant reduction in plasma, hepatic total lipids, cholesterol, triglycerides and plasma low-density lipoprotein and VLDL-cholesterol accompanied by significant increases in HDL-cholesterol levels. Furthermore, significant increases in fecal cholesterol, neutral sterols and bile acid excretion along with an increase in hepatic HMG-CoA reductase activity and bile acid production were observed in these animals. The root powder administration to hypercholesterolaemic rats also decreased hepatic lipid peroxidation with a concomitant increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activities and total ascorbic acid content. Thus, the hypocholesterolaemic and antioxidant effects of GG root appeared to be mediated via (i) accelerated cholesterol, neutral sterol and bile acid elimination through fecal matter with an increased hepatic bile acid production and (ii) improving the activities of hepatic SOD, catalase and increasing the ascorbic acid content. The normo-cholesterolaemic animals when fed with GG root powder at 10 gm% level, registered a significant decline in plasma lipid profiles and an increase in HDL-cholesterol content. The antioxidant status of these animals also was improved upon treatment. [source]


LIPID-LOWERING EFFICACY OF PIPERINE FROM PIPER NIGRUM L. IN HIGH-FAT DIET AND ANTITHYROID DRUG-INDUCED HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIC RATS

JOURNAL OF FOOD BIOCHEMISTRY, Issue 4 2006
RAMASAMY SUBRAMANIAM VIJAYAKUMAR
ABSTRACT Male Wistar rats were divided into two groups: control diet group and high-fat diet group (HFD). Both groups were divided into four subgroups, each consisted of 10 animals, and the diets were supplemented with the following ingredients for 10 weeks: (1) 1% carboxymethyl cellulose; (2) 10 mg carbimazole (CM)/kg body weight; (3) 10 mg CM + 40 mg piperine/kg body weight; and (4) 10 mg CM + 2 mg atorvastatin/kg body weight. Feeding HFD to rats significantly (P < 0.05) elevated plasma total cholesterol, triglycerides, phospholipids, free fatty acids, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and the activity of 3-hydroxy 3-methyl glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG CoA) reductase in the liver, heart and aorta, while the activities of plasma and tissue lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and plasma lecithin cholesterol acyl transferase (LCAT) and high-density lipoprotein were significantly (P < 0.05) lowered compared to control rats. Supplementing piperine with HFD significantly (P < 0.05) reduced the levels of plasma total cholesterol, LDL, VLDL tissue HMG CoA reductase and significantly (P < 0.05) elevated the levels of LPL and LCAT compared to rats that did not receive piperine. Fecal bile acids and neutral sterols were also elevated in HFD-fed rats as compared to control animals, while simultaneous supplementation of piperine significantly (P < 0.05) enhanced further excretion of bile acids and neutral sterols. The results indicate that piperine can prevent the accumulation of plasma lipids and lipoproteins significantly by modulating the enzymes of lipid metabolism. [source]


Hypocholesterolaemic and antioxidant effects of Glycyrrhiza glabra (Linn) in rats

MOLECULAR NUTRITION & FOOD RESEARCH (FORMERLY NAHRUNG/FOOD), Issue 11 2006
Nishant P. Visavadiya
Abstract The hypocholesterolaemic and antioxidant effects of Glycyrrhiza glabra (GG) root powder were examined in hypercholesterolaemic male albino rats. A 4-week administration of GG root powder (5 and 10 gm% in diet) to hypercholesterolaemic rats resulted in significant reduction in plasma, hepatic total lipids, cholesterol, triglycerides and plasma low-density lipoprotein and VLDL-cholesterol accompanied by significant increases in HDL-cholesterol levels. Furthermore, significant increases in fecal cholesterol, neutral sterols and bile acid excretion along with an increase in hepatic HMG-CoA reductase activity and bile acid production were observed in these animals. The root powder administration to hypercholesterolaemic rats also decreased hepatic lipid peroxidation with a concomitant increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activities and total ascorbic acid content. Thus, the hypocholesterolaemic and antioxidant effects of GG root appeared to be mediated via (i) accelerated cholesterol, neutral sterol and bile acid elimination through fecal matter with an increased hepatic bile acid production and (ii) improving the activities of hepatic SOD, catalase and increasing the ascorbic acid content. The normo-cholesterolaemic animals when fed with GG root powder at 10 gm% level, registered a significant decline in plasma lipid profiles and an increase in HDL-cholesterol content. The antioxidant status of these animals also was improved upon treatment. [source]