Neurologic Event (neurologic + event)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Course of Intraatrial Thrombi Resolution Using Transesophageal Echocardiography

Jennifer A. Larsen M.D.
Thromboembolic events are associated with atrial fibrillation and with cardioversion to sinus rhythm. Although studies have demonstrated the risk of this complication is reduced by a 3-week period of anticoagulation prior to cardioversion, limited data have suggested a longer period of anticoagulation is necessary for thrombus resolution. We identified and followed 25 patients noted to have intraatrial thrombi on an initial transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) who subsequently had a follow-up TEE. The majority of patients had a single thrombus, often but not uniformly located in the left atrial appendage with the largest found in those patients with mitral stenosis. Repeat TEE was performed at a mean of 4 ▒ 6 months and persistent thrombus was noted in 19 of 25 patients (76%). Seven of 19 patients with persistent thrombi were cardioverted and one of these patients had a neurologic event following the procedure (14%). The only findings associated with persistent thrombus were the presence of mitral valve disease and atrial fibrillation.. Our findings suggest that intraatrial thrombi do not generally resolve following several weeks of anticoagulation and that persistent left-sided intraatrial thrombi may be associated with an increased risk for events following cardioversion. Given that a TEE-guided approach to cardioversion is being utilized more frequently, it may be important to determine thrombus characteristics on follow-up that would be predictive of embolic events following cardioversion. (ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, Volume 20, February 2003) [source]

The Short-term Pulsatile Ventricular Assist Device for Postcardiotomy Cardiogenic Shock: A Clinical Trial in China

Xue-jun Xiao
Abstract:, Despite the recent advances in myocardial protection, surgical techniques, intra-aortic balloon therapy, and maximal pharmacological support, postoperative ventricular dysfunction continues to occur in 0.5,1.0% of all patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Ventricular assist device (VAD) is an important therapeutic adjunct in treating patients with profound ventricular dysfunction with postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock. The purpose of this report was to describe the clinical results with the China-made Luo-Ye VAD as a short-term circulatory support. From May 1998 to December 2006, 17 patients with postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock were supported by the Luo-Ye VAD. Of these patients, 10 were males and seven were females with a mean age of 49.6 years (range 36,68 years). All cases were supported by left VAD (LVAD). Mean duration of support was 46.3 h (range 13,113 h). A criteria of insertion was established to standardize implantation criteria. Among the 17 patients treated with LVAD, eight (47.1%) patients were weaned from support and seven (41.2%) patients were discharged from hospital. Ten (58.8%) patients died while on LVAD support (nine cases) or shortly after weaning (one case). The causes of death in the entire group were cardiac (40%), renal failure (20%), neurologic (10%), sepsis (10%), and multiple organ system failure (20%). The complications were represented by bleeding, renal failure, neurologic event, infection, ventricular arrhythmias, etc. The Luo-Ye VAD functioned well and proved to be useful in patients with postcardiotomy cardiogenic shock. It carries a less-postoperative anticoagulant and a low incidence of VAD-related complications. The survival rate was encouraging in our small cohort of patients. [source]

A Short-Term, Randomized, Double-Blind, Parallel-Group Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Dronedarone versus Amiodarone in Patients with Persistent Atrial Fibrillation: The DIONYSOS Study

Dronedarone versus Amiodarone in Patients with AF.,,Introduction: We compared the efficacy and safety of amiodarone and dronedarone in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF). Methods: Five hundred and four amiodarone-na´ve patients were randomized to receive dronedarone 400 mg bid (n = 249) or amiodarone 600 mg qd for 28 days then 200 mg qd (n = 255) for at least 6 months. Primary composite endpoint was recurrence of AF (including unsuccessful electrical cardioversion, no spontaneous conversion and no electrical cardioversion) or premature study discontinuation. Main safety endpoint (MSE) was occurrence of thyroid-, hepatic-, pulmonary-, neurologic-, skin-, eye-, or gastrointestinal-specific events, or premature study drug discontinuation following an adverse event. Results: Median treatment duration was 7 months. The primary composite endpoint was 75.1 and 58.8% with dronedarone and amiodarone, respectively, at 12 months (hazard ratio [HR] 1.59; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.28,1.98; P < 0.0001), mainly driven by AF recurrence with dronedarone compared with amiodarone (63.5 vs 42.0%). AF recurrence after successful cardioversion was 36.5 and 24.3% with dronedarone and amiodarone, respectively. Premature drug discontinuation tended to be less frequent with dronedarone (10.4 vs 13.3%). MSE was 39.3 and 44.5% with dronedarone and amiodarone, respectively, at 12 months (HR = 0.80; 95% CI 0.60,1.07; P = 0.129), and mainly driven by fewer thyroid, neurologic, skin, and ocular events in the dronedarone group. Conclusion: In this short-term study, dronedarone was less effective than amiodarone in decreasing AF recurrence, but had a better safety profile, specifically with regard to thyroid and neurologic events and a lack of interaction with oral anticoagulants. (J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol, Vol. 21, pp. 597-605, June 2010) [source]

Relationship of Static and Dynamic Mechanisms in Vestibuloocular Reflex Compensation,

FACS, Shawn D. Newlands MD
Abstract Objectives/Hypothesis: We tested the hypothesis that recovery of dynamic oculomotor behavior (specifically the vestibuloocular reflex [VOR]) after a unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL) is independent from static deficit recovery (e.g., spontaneous nystagmus). This hypothesis predicts that VOR recovery from peripheral vestibular lesions that do not cause static symptoms, such as unilateral semicircular canal plugging (UCP), would have a similar time course and magnitude as recovery from a lesion that creates both a static and dynamic imbalance, such as UL. Furthermore, animals compensated after UCP would be expected to retain their compensated VOR response after the additional insult of ipsilateral labyrinthectomy. Study Design: An experimental study in the Mongolian gerbil animal model. Methods: The horizontal VOR was measured from both eyes using infrared video-oculography on gerbils before and after UCP, UL, or ipsilateral labyrinthectomy after a previous UCP. Eye movements were recorded during yaw rotation in the dark. Results: UL resulted in a more severe acute deficit than the UCP. Over several weeks, the UCP animals compensated their horizontal VOR, particularly on rotation toward the intact side, quicker and more completely than the UL animals. Animals that underwent ipsilateral labyrinthectomy 8 to 11 weeks after UCP demonstrated preservation of the improved gain, particularly on rotation toward the intact labyrinth. However, the difference between the UL groups with or without precedent UCP was not retained after 72 hours, and long-term compensation was poorest in the UL after UCP group. Conclusions: Plasticity in dynamic vestibular reflexes induced by UCP is preserved after a subsequent UL. However, neurologic events during the first and second day after UL appear to limit, change, or suppress the long-term dynamic compensation of the VOR, regardless of whether the animal had a previous UCP. [source]