Neuroendocrine Cell Hyperplasia (neuroendocrine + cell_hyperplasia)

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Selected Abstracts


Familial neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy,,

PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY, Issue 8 2010
J. Popler MD
Abstract Background Neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy (NEHI) is a recently described children's interstitial lung disease (chILD) disorder of unknown etiology. It manifests clinically with tachypnea, retractions, hypoxemia, and crackles. The characteristic radiographic appearance consists of pulmonary hyperexpansion and ground-glass densities on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Lung histology shows hyperplasia of bombesin-immunopositive neuroendocrine cells within distal bronchioles and alveolar ducts without other identifiable lung pathology or developmental anomaly. Methods We describe four families with multiple siblings diagnosed with NEHI. Cases were identified at three pediatric centers. Inclusion criteria included clinical findings consistent with NEHI, lung biopsy confirmation in the index case, and a diagnostic HRCT or biopsy in other siblings. Results Each family had a proband diagnosed with NEHI based upon pathologic review, and at least one additional sibling diagnosed either by pathologic review or HRCT. All patients presented between 2 and 15 months of age. Both male and female children were affected. The majority of the patients underwent both HRCT and lung biopsy. There were no deaths among affected children. No environmental exposures or other potential etiologies were identified as a cause of presenting symptoms. Conclusions The familial occurrence of NEHI suggests the possibility of a genetic etiology for this disorder and highlights the importance of taking a complete family medical history for infants presenting with a suggestive clinical picture. Identification of familial NEHI patients allows for the opportunity to further our understanding of this disorder, its natural history, the phenotypic spectrum, and potential genetic causes. Pediatr. Pulmonol. 2010; 45:749,755. 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]


The frequency of neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia in patients with pulmonary neuroendocrine tumours and non-neuroendocrine cell carcinomas

HISTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 3 2009
Selim M H Rizvi
Aims:, To evaluate the frequency of neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia (NEH) in resected neuroendocrine tumours and non-neuroendocrine cell carcinomas and to study its relationship to selected clinical parameters. Methods and results:, Random blocks without tumour from resected typical carcinoids (TCs, n = 46), atypical carcinoids (ACs, n = 14), large cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNECs, n = 18), small cell carcinomas (SCLCs, n = 22), adenocarcinomas (ADENOs, n = 26) and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs, n = 18) were stained for CD56 and evaluated for linear proliferations, cell aggregates (>4 CD56+ cells), and tumourlets (<5 mm with basement membrane invasion). There was a statistically significant difference between the frequency of NEH in all neuroendocrine tumours (TC/AC/LCNEC/SCLC, 35/100, 35%) (P = 0.009) when compared with non-neuroendocrine carcinomas (ADENO/SCC, 6/44, 14%) and in the frequency of NEH in TC (21/46, 46%) versus all other tumours (AC/LCNEC/SCLC/SCC/ADENO, 20/98, 20%) (P = 0.001). There was increased frequency of NEH in peripheral TCs (8/13, 62%) compared with central TCs (14/33, 43%) (P = 0.33). There was no association between smoking history and NEH. Clinical and imaging data showed no evidence of an increased frequency of obliterative bronchiolitis in patients with NEH. Conclusions:, NEH is significantly increased in the background lung of neuroendocrine tumours when compared with non-neuroendocrine carcinomas, supportive data for NEH having neoplastic potential. [source]


Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia: a report of two cases

PATHOLOGY INTERNATIONAL, Issue 7 2010
Cathy Lim
First page of article [source]


Familial neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy,,

PEDIATRIC PULMONOLOGY, Issue 8 2010
J. Popler MD
Abstract Background Neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia of infancy (NEHI) is a recently described children's interstitial lung disease (chILD) disorder of unknown etiology. It manifests clinically with tachypnea, retractions, hypoxemia, and crackles. The characteristic radiographic appearance consists of pulmonary hyperexpansion and ground-glass densities on high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Lung histology shows hyperplasia of bombesin-immunopositive neuroendocrine cells within distal bronchioles and alveolar ducts without other identifiable lung pathology or developmental anomaly. Methods We describe four families with multiple siblings diagnosed with NEHI. Cases were identified at three pediatric centers. Inclusion criteria included clinical findings consistent with NEHI, lung biopsy confirmation in the index case, and a diagnostic HRCT or biopsy in other siblings. Results Each family had a proband diagnosed with NEHI based upon pathologic review, and at least one additional sibling diagnosed either by pathologic review or HRCT. All patients presented between 2 and 15 months of age. Both male and female children were affected. The majority of the patients underwent both HRCT and lung biopsy. There were no deaths among affected children. No environmental exposures or other potential etiologies were identified as a cause of presenting symptoms. Conclusions The familial occurrence of NEHI suggests the possibility of a genetic etiology for this disorder and highlights the importance of taking a complete family medical history for infants presenting with a suggestive clinical picture. Identification of familial NEHI patients allows for the opportunity to further our understanding of this disorder, its natural history, the phenotypic spectrum, and potential genetic causes. Pediatr. Pulmonol. 2010; 45:749,755. 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]