Neuroectodermal Tumour (neuroectodermal + tumour)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Neuroectodermal Tumour

  • primitive neuroectodermal tumour

  • Selected Abstracts

    PKC-theta expression in Ewing sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumour and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumour

    HISTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 3 2009
    Gu Hyun Kang
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Paediatric renal tumours: recent developments, new entities and pathological features

    HISTOPATHOLOGY, Issue 5 2009
    Neil J Sebire
    Paediatric renal tumours represent a relatively common group of childhood solid neoplasms, in which both diagnosis and treatment are highly dependent on the histopathological findings. In addition to Wilms' tumour (nephroblastoma), a number of specific distinct entities are now reported, including (congenital) mesoblastic nephroma, clear cell sarcoma of the kidney, rhabdoid tumour of the kidney, specific paediatric variants of renal cell carcinoma, and others such as renal primitive neuroectodermal tumour and desmoplastic small round cell tumour. Recent advances in both molecular biological findings and immunohistochemistry allow reliable diagnosis of most of these entities even on the basis of small needle biopsy specimens. This review highlights both the salient features important for the diagnostic pathologist reporting such cases, and areas in which either new classifications or major advances in diagnostic criteria have occurred in recent years. [source]

    Radiation-induced brain disorders in patients with pituitary tumours

    A Bhansali
    Summary Radiation-induced brain disorders (RIBD) are uncommon and they are grave sequelae of conventional radiotherapy. In the present report, we describe the clinical spectrum of RIBD in 11 patients who received post-surgery conventional megavoltage irradiation for residual pituitary tumours. Of these 11 patients (nine men, two women), seven had been treated for non-functioning pituitary tumours and four for somatotropinomas. At the time of irradiation the age of these patients ranged from 30 to 59 years (mean, 39.4 8.3; median, 36) with a follow-up period of 6,96 months (mean, 18.3 26.4; median, 11). The dose of radiation ranged from 45 to 90 Gy (mean, 51.3 13.4; median, 45), which was given in 15,30 fractions (mean, 18.6 5.0; median, 15) with 2.8 0.3 Gy (median, 3) per fraction. The biological effective dose calculated for late complications in these patients ranged from 78.7 to 180 Gy (mean, 99.1 27.5; median, 90). The lag time between tumour irradiation and the onset of symptoms ranged from 6 to 168 months (mean, 46.3 57.0; median, 57). The clinical spectrum of RIBD included new-onset visual abnormalities in five, cerebral radionecrosis in the form of altered sensorium in four, generalized seizures in four, cognitive dysfunction in five, dementia in three and motor deficits in two patients. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/CT of the brain was suggestive of radionecrosis in eight, cerebral oedema in three, cerebral atrophy in two and second neoplasia in one patient. Associated hormone deficiencies at presentation were hypogonadism in eight, hypoadrenalism in six, hypothyroidism in four and diabetes insipidus in one patient. Autopsy in two patients showed primitive neuroectodermal tumour (PNET) and brainstem radionecrosis in one, and a cystic lesion in the left frontal lobe following radionecrosis in the other. We conclude that RIBD have distinctive but varying clinical and radiological presentations. Diabetes insipidus and PNET as a second neoplastic disorder in adults following pituitary irradiation have not been reported previously. [source]

    Familial Currarino syndrome presenting with peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumour arising with a sacral teratoma

    PEDIATRIC BLOOD & CANCER, Issue 1 2008
    G. Sen MD
    Abstract This report illustrates a rare genetic disorder, Currarino syndrome, in association with an unusual malignant transformation to a peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumour within a sacral teratoma. The triad of features consists of a presacral mass, partial sacral agenesis and anorectal anomalies. The most common presentation is constipation. In this case there was a history of constipation, teratomas and spinal abnormalities in many of the family members over three generations. Detailed family history taken at time of initial presentation may have prevented delay in diagnosis and averted the need for intensive treatment, which may well cause late sequelae. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2008;50:172,175. 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]