Negative End (negative + end)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Quality of life in Jordanian children with asthma

Nemeh Al-Akour RN MSN DNSc
The purpose of this study was to describe how Jordanian children with asthma experience their quality of life (QoL). Two hundred children with asthma (34% girls and 66% boys) participated in the study. The Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire was used to measure how children with asthma disease impaired their daily life during the previous week on three domains: ,activity limitations', ,symptoms' and ,emotional function'. The main finding of this study was that children with asthma scored their QoL towards the negative end of the scale, but they scored more limitations in the domain of activities than in emotions and symptoms. Children reported that the most restricted activity was their ability to run. Younger children, being a girl and living in the rural areas, were associated with lower QoL. The children in the present study might not comply with their health regimen, and this might gave a darker view of the daily life of children with asthma. Further studies of Jordanian children and their QoL were suggested to identify and support the factors which influence QoL of children with asthma and other chronic diseases in Jordan. [source]

Correlates of the categories of adolescent attachment styles: Perceived rearing, family function, early life events, and personality

Nao Tanaka phd
Aims:, To identify the psychosocial correlates of adolescents. Methods:, Unmarried university students (n = 4226) aged 18,23 years were examined in a questionnaire survey. Results:, Four clusters of people (indifferent, secure, fearful, and preoccupied) identified by cluster analysis were plotted in 2-D using discriminant function analysis with the first function (father's and mother's Care, Cooperativeness, and family Cohesion on the positive end and Harm Avoidance and father's and mother's Overprotection on the negative end) representing the Self-model and the second function (Reward Dependence and experience of Peer Victimization on the positive end and Self-directedness on the negative end) representing the Other model. Conclusions:, These findings partially support Bartholomew's notion that adult attachment is based on the good versus bad representations of the self and the other and that it is influenced by psychosocial environments experienced over the course of development. [source]

Same-Sex Marriage: A Construct in a Quest for Ecological Validity

Carlton W. Parks Jr.
The Kitzinger and Wilkinson's ASAP paper serves as the foundation for this discussion of the same-sex marriage construct. The major focus of this discussion is, "What needs to occur in order for ecological validity to be achieved?" First, there needs to be some concerted attention paid to the entire spectrum of close relationships (at both the positive and the negative end of the continuum) before the same-sex marriage construct is fully embraced. Next, some attention needs to be paid to the diversity of viewpoints/beliefs/attitudes that exists concerning same-sex marriage within the ethnically and culturally diverse LGBT communities. [source]

Kinetics and sensitivity of ELISA IgG pertussis antitoxin after infection and vaccination with Bordetella pertussis in young children

APMIS, Issue 11 2009
Sera from 96 young children in a vaccine trial were analysed for kinetics of ELISA IgG anti-pertussis toxin (anti-PT) after a laboratory-verified pertussis infection. The antibody decay curves after infection were biphasic and similar in shape to those after vaccination. The change from a rapid to a slower decay after the peak occurred about 4,5 months from the first day of cough. In a group of children given a two- or a five-component acellular pertussis vaccine the proportion of sera above the tentative cut-off values for anti-PT of 20, 50 or 100 EU/ml 12 months after onset of the infection were 19%, 0% and 0% respectively. Corresponding figures for a whole-cell or placebo vaccine group of infected children were significantly higher, 73%, 39% and 30%, i.e. the antibody decay after infection in young children depends on vaccination status as well as on the pertussis vaccine given. In a large group of non-infected children vaccinated with the same five-component acellular vaccine 13%, 0% and 0% had sera above 20, 50 and 100 EU/ml at 12 months after the third vaccine dose and all were below the minimum level of detection 2 years after vaccination. In conclusion, knowledge about anti-PT kinetics is essential for the interpretation of seroepidemiological data but hardly offers the possibility to establish valid cut-off values for anti-PT in single sample serology. An option would be to identify a grey zone between the positive and negative ends of the distribution for follow-up testing by a second serum. [source]