National Heritage (national + heritage)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Al-Aqir near Bahl,', an Early Bronze Age dam site with planoconvex ,copper' ingots

Gerd Weisgerber
Some 20 years ago the Ministry of National Heritage and Culture received an important collection of planoconvex copper ingots, tools and anthropomorphic figures which came from a site at al-Aqir near Bahl,' in the al-Z,hirah Wil,ya. Several years elapsed before their provenance could be reconstructed and the site could be investigated. The finds had been deposited as building offerings in a prehistoric, 300 m-long dam built to trap soil and moisture for agricultural purposes. Although the area has been intensively used since at least 3000 BC, the evidence for irrigation installations does not pre-date 2000 BC. The finds are dedicatory rather than functional in nature. [source]

Obsessive-compulsive disorder among African Americans and blacks of Caribbean descent: results from the national survey of American life,

Joseph A. Himle Ph.D.
Abstract Background: There is limited research regarding the nature and prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) among various racial and ethnic subpopulations within the United States, including African Americans and blacks of Caribbean descent. Although heterogeneity within the black population in the United States has largely been ignored, notable differences exist between blacks of Caribbean descent and African Americans with respect to ethnicity, national heritage, and living circumstances. This is the first comprehensive examination of OCD among African Americans and blacks of Caribbean descent. Methods: Data from the National Survey of American Life, a national household probability sample of African Americans and Caribbean blacks in the United States, were used to examine rates of OCD among these groups. Results: Lifetime and 12-month OCD prevalence estimates were very similar for African Americans and Caribbean blacks. Persistence of OCD and rates of co-occurring psychiatric disorders were very high and also similar between African American and Caribbean black respondents. Both groups had high levels of overall mental illness severity and functional impairment. Use of services was low for both groups, particularly in specialty mental health settings. Use of anti-obsessional medications was also rare, especially among the Caribbean black OCD population. Conclusions: OCD among African Americans and Caribbean blacks is very persistent, often accompanied by other psychiatric disorders, and is associated with high overall mental illness severity and functional impairment. It is also likely that very few blacks in the United States with OCD are receiving evidence-based treatment and thus considerable effort is needed to bring treatment to these groups. Depression and Anxiety, 2008. Published 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Patriotism, Nationalism, and Internationalism Among Japanese Citizens: An Etic,Emic Approach

Minoru Karasawa
The present study examined national attitudes among Japanese citizens. A National Identity Scale was developed and administered to a non,student sample (n = 385) and an undergraduate sample (n = 586) in a metropolitan area of Japan. The results revealed aspects that are common (i.e., etic) to different nationalities and those that are indigenous (i.e., emic) to Japanese people. Factor analyses identified etic factors of patriotism (i.e., love of the homeland), nationalism (belief in superiority over other nations), and internationalism (preference for international cooperation and unity). Attachment to the ingroup and ethnocentrism were thus shown to be separate dimensions. Distinct from these factors, commitment to national heritage emerged as an emic component of Japanese national identity. The discriminant validity of these factors was demonstrated in differential relationships with other variables, such as ideological beliefs and amount of knowledge. Commitment to national heritage was associated with conservatism, whereas internationalism was related to liberal ideology, a high level of media exposure, and knowledge of international affairs. Implications for the study of intergroup and international relations are discussed. [source]

OZ OT EBP 21C: Australian occupational therapy, evidence-based practice and the 21st century

Anne Cusick
Occupational therapy in Australia is entering the 21st century as a dynamic and growing profession. The adoption of evidence-based practice is an important feature to ensure the profession's continued success. There are also other issues evident in Australian occupational therapy today that need to be considered to ensure the profession's continued growth. These are: the terminology that is and could be used in occupational therapy; the possibility of ,collateral damage' to occupational therapy concepts and processes if deterministic elements of evidence-based practice predominate; and the importance of making explicit our national position on occupational therapy core concepts and processes. Regarding the latter, the author proposes that this position is best described as ,finding unity in diversity'. This position reflects the national heritage, character and social/health priorities facing Australian occupational therapy. The implications of these issues are explored. [source]

Art, death and taxes: the taxation of works of art in Britain, 1796,1914

Peter Mandler
Based primarily on an extensive survey of death duty papers in the Public Record Office, this article shows how works of art were taxed,or not,over the course of the long nineteenth century. It sheds light on the theory and practice of capital taxation, and the special treatment accorded works of art, especially when attached to landed estates. It also shows how towards the end of the period government negotiated the countervailing pressures both to professionalize the valuation and assessment of works of art and to protect the ,national heritage' in art from sale and export. [source]