Narrowband UVB Phototherapy (narrowband + uvb_phototherapy)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Influence of narrowband UVB phototherapy on vitamin D and folate status

Emanuela Cicarma
Please cite this paper as: Influence of narrowband UVB phototherapy on vitamin D and folate status. Experimental Dermatology 2010; 19: e67,e72. Abstract Background:, A variety of studies have shown beneficial effects of different types of phototherapy in skin disorders. Such therapy leads to enhanced cutaneous vitamin D synthesis, which may be one of the mechanisms of action. Furthermore, another nutrient, folate, can probably also be influenced by UV radiation. Objective:, The aim of our study was to investigate the influence of low-dose narrowband UVB (nUVB) phototherapy of patients with psoriasis, atopic eczema and other skin disorders on serum levels of 25(OH) vitamin D (the serum marker for vitamin D status) and on serum and erythrocyte-folate. Methods:, 25(OH) vitamin D (25(OH)D), serum and erythrocyte-folate levels were measured before and after low-dose nUVB (TL-01 tubes) phototherapy of these patients. The spectrum of the TL-01 tube was compared with the solar spectrum, and the efficiency spectra of vitamin D photosynthesis were calculated. Results:, For patients with a high initial 25(OH)D serum level (> 80 nmol/l), no significant (P = 0.36) increase in 25(OH)D levels was seen, in contrast to patients with a low initial level (< 80 nmol/l) where a significant increase (P < 0.001) was observed. The increase was 30,60%, depending on the UVB dose (2.35,13.4 J/cm2). No significant nUVB-effect was found on the erythrocyte and serum-folate level. Conclusion:, Low-dose nUVB treatment gives a significant increase (P < 0.001) of the vitamin D status in persons with low initial levels of 25(OH)D, but no effect on the folate level. [source]

Effective management of a psoriatic flare with narrowband UVB phototherapy during efalizumab therapy without discontinuing treatment

JM Carrascosa

The challenge of follow-up in narrowband ultraviolet B phototherapy

B.L. Diffey
Summary Background, The use of narrowband ultraviolet (UV) B phototherapy to treat psoriasis and other disorders has increased markedly since the TL-01 lamps were introduced in the 1980s. While broadband UVB phototherapy has generally been considered to be a relatively safe treatment, some concern has been raised about the potential increased skin cancer risk with narrowband UVB. Objectives, The likelihood of a patient who is free of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) at the start of phototherapy developing a malignancy after a certain follow-up period will be dependent not only on the carcinogenic potential of the treatment but also on the age-conditional probability of natural occurrence. We were interested to explore the potential difficulty of designing studies to separate these two events. Methods, Mathematical models were developed that combined age-conditional probabilities of developing NMSC due to natural causes with the risk of inducing these cancers from narrowband UVB phototherapy in order to estimate the excess number of cancers resulting from this therapeutic intervention in a cohort of patients. Results, Within-department studies will be most unlikely to demonstrate that the number of NMSCs observed in follow-up studies is significantly different from that expected in an untreated population, even for a follow-up period of 20 years. Conclusions, Determination of the carcinogenic potential associated with narrowband UVB will require large multicentre studies typically involving several thousand new patients per year and followed up for 10 years or more. [source]