Narrow Pore Size Distribution (narrow + pore_size_distribution)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Capillary electrochromatography with monolithic silica column:,I.

Preparation of silica monoliths having surface-bound octadecyl moieties, applications to the separation of neutral, charged species, their chromatographic characterization
Abstract Monolithic silica columns with surface-bound octadecyl (C18) moieties have been prepared by a sol-gel process in 100 ,m ID fused-silica capillaries for reversed-phase capillary electrochromatography of neutral and charged species. The reaction conditions for the preparation of the C18-silica monoliths were optimized for maximum surface coverage with octadecyl moieties in order to maximize retention and selectivity toward neutral and charged solutes with a sufficiently strong electroosmotic flow (>,2 mm/s) to yield rapid analysis time. Furthermore, the effect of the pore-tailoring process on the silica monoliths was performed over a wide range of treatment time with 0.010 M ammonium hydroxide solution in order to determine the optimum time and conditions that yield mesopores of narrow pore size distribution that result in high separation efficiency. Under optimum column fabrication conditions and optimum mobile phase composition and flow velocity, the average separation efficiency reached 160,000 plates/m, a value comparable to that obtained on columns packed with 3 ,m C18-silica particles with the advantages of high permeability and virtually no bubble formation. The optimized monolithic C18-silica columns were evaluated for their retention properties toward neutral and charged analytes over a wide range of mobile phase compositions. A series of dimensionless retention parameters were evaluated and correlated to solute polarity and electromigration property. A dimensionless mobility modulus was introduced to describe charged solute migration and interaction behavior with the monolithic C18-silica in a counterflow regime during capillary electrochromatography (CEC )separations. The mobility moduli correlated well with the solute hydrophobic character and its charge-to-mass ratio. [source]

Monolithic poly(glycidyl methacrylate- co -divinylbenzene) capillary columns functionalized to strong anion exchangers for nucleotide and oligonucleotide separation

Wolfgang Wieder
Abstract In the present work, poly(glycidyl methacrylate- co -divinylbenzene) monoliths were synthesized and further derivatized to obtain strong anion exchange supports. Capillary monoliths (65×0.2 mm id) were prepared in situ by copolymerization of glycidyl methacrylate and divinylbenzene, employing 1-decanol and tetrahydrofuran as porogens. The free epoxy groups were derivatized in a two step synthesis to obtain quaternary ammonium functionalities. On testing the pressure stability of the synthesized monolith, a highly linear dependence between flow rate and pressure drop was obtained, indicating the high stability of the material even at high flow rates. The morphology of the copolymer was investigated by scanning electron microscopy. Mercury intrusion porosimetry showed a narrow pore size distribution, having a maximum at 439 nm. On recording a van Deemter plot the number of theoretical plates per meter was found to be 59 324. The produced strong anion exchange monoliths turned out to be highly suitable for the separation of nucleotides and oligonucleotides. [source]

Synthesis of Microporous Carbon Foams as Catalyst Supports

F. Glenk
Abstract Microporous carbon foams were synthesized as structured catalyst supports by the carbide-derived carbon (CDC) method. The self-supporting foams showed a narrow pore size distribution which seems to induce shape-selective effects during reactions. The applicability of these materials as supports for active metals was tested in a hydrogenation reaction of different olefins with a CDC powder wet impregnated with platinum. [source]

Self-Assembling of Er2O3,TiO2 Mixed Oxide Nanoplatelets by a Template-Free Solvothermal Route

Beatriz Julián-López Dr.
Abstract An easy solvothermal route has been developed to synthesize the first mesoporous Er2O3,TiO2 mixed oxide spherical particles composed of crystalline nanoplatelets, with high surface area and narrow pore size distribution. This synthetic strategy allows the preparation of materials at low temperature with interesting textural properties without the use of surfactants, as well as the control of particle size and shape. TEM and Raman analysis confirm the formation of nanocrystalline Er2O3,TiO2 mixed oxide. Mesoscopic ordered porosity is reached through the thermal decomposition of organic moieties during the synthetic process, thus leading to a template-free methodology that can be extended to other nanostructured materials. High specific surface areas (up to 313,m2,g,1) and narrow pore size distributions are achieved in comparison to the micrometric material synthesized by the traditional sol,gel route. This study opens new perspectives in the development, by solvothermal methodologies, of multifunctional materials for advanced applications by improving the classical pyrochlore properties (magnetization, heat capacity, catalysis, conductivity, etc.). In particular, since catalytic reactions take place on the surface of catalysts, the high surface area of these materials makes them promising candidates for catalysts. Furthermore, their spherical morphology makes them appropriate for advanced technologies in, for instance, ceramic inkjet printers. [source]