NMR Spectroscopy Experiments (nmr + spectroscopy_experiment)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Solid-State NMR Investigations of the Unusual Effects Resulting from the Nanoconfinement of Water within Amphiphilic Crosslinked Polymer Networks

Ryutaro Ohashi
Abstract Two types of solid-state 19F NMR spectroscopy experiments are used to characterize phase-separated hyperbranched fluoropolymer,poly(ethylene glycol) (HBFP,PEG) crosslinked networks. Mobile (soft) domains are detected in the HBFP phase by a rotor-synchronized Hahn echo under magic-angle spinning conditions, and rigid (hard) domains by a solid echo with no magic-angle spinning. The mobility of chains is detected in the PEG phase by 1H,,,13C cross-polarization transfers with 1H spin-lock filters with and without magic-angle spinning. The interface between HBFP and PEG phases is detected by a third experiment, which utilized a 19F,,,1H,(spin diffusion),1H,,,13C double transfer with 13C solid-echo detection. The results of these experiments show that composition-dependent PEG inclusions in the HBFP glass rigidify on hydration, consistent with an increase in macroscopic tensile strength. [source]

Protocols for the Sequential Solid-State NMR Spectroscopic Assignment of a Uniformly Labeled 25 kDa Protein: HET-s(1-227)

CHEMBIOCHEM, Issue 11 2010
Anne Schuetz
Abstract The sequence-specific resonance assignment of a protein forms the basis for studies of molecular structure and dynamics, as well as to functional assay studies by NMR spectroscopy. Here we present a protocol for the sequential 13C and 15N resonance assignment of uniformly [15N,13C]-labeled proteins, based on a suite of complementary three-dimensional solid-state NMR spectroscopy experiments. It is directed towards the application to proteins with more than about 100 amino acid residues. The assignments rely on a walk along the backbone by using a combination of three experiments that correlate nitrogen and carbon spins, including the well-dispersed C, resonances. Supplementary spectra that correlate further side-chain resonances can be important for identifying the amino acid type, and greatly assist the assignment process. We demonstrate the application of this assignment protocol for a crystalline preparation of the N-terminal globular domain of the HET-s prion, a 227-residue protein. [source]

3-Methylarginine from Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae 22d/93 Suppresses the Bacterial Blight Caused by Its Close Relative Pseudomonas syringae pv. glycinea

CHEMBIOCHEM, Issue 12 2008
Sascha D. Braun
Abstract The epiphyte Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae 22d/93 (Pss22d) produces a toxin that strongly inhibits the growth of its relative, the plant pathogen P. syringae pv. glycinea. The inhibition can be overcome by supplementing the growth medium with the essential amino acid, L -arginine; this suggests that the toxin acts as an inhibitor of the arginine biosynthesis. The highly polar toxin was purified by bioassay-guided fractionation using ion-exchange chromatography and subsequent RP-HPLC fractionation. The structure of the natural product was identified by HR-ESI-MS, HR-ESI-MS/MS, and NMR spectroscopy experiments as 3-methylarginine. This amino acid has previously only been known in nature as a constituent of the peptide lavendomycin from Streptomyces lavendulae. Results of experiments in which labeled methionine was fed to Pss22d indicated that the key step in the biosynthesis of 3-methylarginine is the introduction of the methyl group by a S -adenosylmethionine (SAM)-dependent methyltransferase. Transposon mutagenesis of Pss22d allowed the responsible SAM-dependent methyltransferase of the 3-methylarginine biosynthesis to be identified. [source]

The Structure of a Novel Neutral Lipid,A from the Lipopolysaccharide of Bradyrhizobium elkanii Containing Three Mannose Units in the Backbone

Iwona Komaniecka Dr.
Abstract The chemical structure of the lipid,A of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from Bradyrhizobium elkanii USDA 76 (a member of the group of slow-growing rhizobia) has been established. It differed considerably from lipids,A of other Gram-negative bacteria, in that it completely lacks negatively charged groups (phosphate or uronic acid residues); the glucosamine (GlcpN) disaccharide backbone is replaced by one consisting of 2,3-dideoxy-2,3-diamino- D -glucopyranose (GlcpN3N) and it contains two long-chain fatty acids, which is unusual among rhizobia. The GlcpN3N disaccharide was further substituted by three D -mannopyranose (D -Manp) residues, together forming a pentasaccharide. To establish the structural details of this molecule, 1D and 2D,NMR spectroscopy, chemical composition analyses and high-resolution mass spectrometry methods (electrospray ionisation Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (ESI FT-ICR MS) and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS)) were applied. By using 1D and 2D,NMR spectroscopy experiments, it was confirmed that one D -Manp was linked to C-1 of the reducing GlcpN3N and an ,-(1,6)-linked D -Manp disaccharide was located at C-4, of the non-reducing GlcpN3N (,-linkage). Fatty acid analysis identified 12:0(3-OH) and 14:0(3-OH), which were amide-linked to GlcpN3N. Other lipid,A constituents were long (,-1)-hydroxylated fatty acids with 26,33 carbon atoms, as well as their oxo forms (28:0(27-oxo) and 30:0(29-oxo)). The 28:0(27-OH) was the most abundant acyl residue. As confirmed by high-resolution mass spectrometry techniques, these long-chain fatty acids created two acyloxyacyl residues with the 3-hydroxy fatty acids. Thus, lipid,A from B. elkanii comprised six acyl residues. It was also shown that one of the acyloxyacyl residues could be further acylated by 3-hydroxybutyric acid (linked to the (,-1)-hydroxy group). [source]

Self-Aggregation Tendency of Zirconocenium Ion Pairs Which Model Polymer-Chain-Carrying Species in Aromatic and Aliphatic Solvents with Low Polarity

Luca Rocchigiani
From pairs to double pairs: Zirconocene ion pairs bearing an aliphatic chain of variable length were synthesized and investigated by means of NOE and diffusion NMR spectroscopy experiments. The presence of long aliphatic chains allowed an unprecedented investigation of their self-aggregation tendency in cyclohexane (see figure), which has a dielectric constant similar to that of isoparaffins used in industrial plants. [source]