NMR Solution Structure (nmr + solution_structure)

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Selected Abstracts

NMR solution structure of KP-TerB, a tellurite-resistance protein from Klebsiella pneumoniae

Sheng-Kuo Chiang
Abstract Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP), a Gram-negative bacterium, is a common cause of hospital-acquired bacterial infections worldwide. Tellurium (Te) compounds, although relatively rare in the environment, have a long history as antimicrobial and therapeutic agents. In bacteria, tellurite (TeO3,2) resistance is conferred by the ter (Ter) operon (terZABCDEF). Here, on the basis of 2593 restraints derived from NMR analysis, we report the NMR structure of TerB protein (151 amino acids) of KP (KP-TerB), which is mainly composed of seven ,-helices and a 310 helix, with helices II to V apparently forming a four-helix bundle. The ensemble of 20 NMR structures was well-defined, with a RMSD of 0.32 0.06 for backbone atoms and 1.11 0.07 for heavy atoms, respectively. A unique property of the KP-TerB structure is that the positively and negatively charged clusters are formed by the N-terminal positively and C-terminal negatively charged residues, respectively. To the best of our knowledge, the protein sequence and structures of KP-TerB are unique. [source]

NMR solution structure and backbone dynamics of domain III of the E protein of tick-borne Langat flavivirus suggests a potential site for molecular recognition

Munia Mukherjee
Abstract Flaviviruses cause many human diseases, including dengue fever, yellow fever, West Nile viral encephalitis, and hemorrhagic fevers, and are transmitted to their vertebrate hosts by infected mosquitoes and ticks. Domain III of the envelope protein (E-D3) is considered to be the primary viral determinant involved in the virus,host-cell receptor interaction, and thus represents an excellent target for antiviral drug development. Langat (LGT) virus is a naturally attenuated BSL-2 TBE virus and is a model for the pathogenic BSL-3 and BSL-4 viruses in the serogroup. We have determined the solution structure of LGT-E-D3 using heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy. The backbone dynamics of LGT-E-D3 have been investigated using 15N relaxation measurements. A detailed analysis of the solution structure and dynamics of LGT-E-D3 suggests potential residues that could form a surface for molecular recognition, and thereby represent a target site for antiviral therapeutics design. [source]

Synthesis and NMR solution structure of an ,-helical hairpin stapled with two disulfide bridges

Philippe Barthe
Abstract Helical coiled-coils and bundles are some of the most common structural motifs found in proteins. Design and synthesis of ,-helical motifs may provide interesting scaffolds that can be useful as host structures to display functional sites, thus allowing the engineering of novel functional miniproteins. We have synthesized a 38-amino acid peptide, ,2p8, encompassing the ,-helical hairpin present in the structure of p8MTCP1, as an ,-helical scaffold particularly promising for its stability and permissiveness of sequence mutations. The three-dimensional structure of this peptide has been solved using homonuclear two-dimensional NMR techniques at 600 MHz. After sequence specific assignment, a total of 285 distance and 29 dihedral restraints were collected. The solution structure of ,2p8 is presented as a set of 30 DIANA structures, further refined by restrained molecular dynamics, using simulated annealing protocol with the AMBER force field. The RMSD values for the backbone and all heavy atoms are 0.65 0.25 and 1.51 0.21 , respectively. Excised from its protein context, the ,-hairpin keeps its native structure: an ,-helical coiled-coil, similar to that found in superhelical structures, with two helices spanning residues 4-16 and 25,36, and linked by a short loop. This motif is stabilized by two interhelical disulfide bridges and several hydrophobic interactions at the helix interface, leaving most of its solvent-exposed surface available for mutation. This ,-helical hairpin, easily amenable to synthetic chemistry and biological expression system, may represent a stable and versatile scaffold to display new functional sites and peptide libraries. [source]

NMR solution structure of the isolated Apo Pin1 WW domain: Comparison to the x-ray crystal structures of Pin1

BIOPOLYMERS, Issue 2 2002
Jennifer A. Kowalski
Abstract The NMR solution structure of the isolated Apo Pin1 WW domain (6,39) reveals that it adopts a twisted three-stranded antiparallel ,-sheet conformation, very similar to the structure exhibited by the crystal of this domain in the context of the two domain Pin1 protein. While the B factors in the apo x-ray crystal structure indicate that loop 1 and loop 2 are conformationally well defined, the solution NMR data suggest that loop 1 is quite flexible, at least in the absence of the ligand. The NMR chemical shift and nuclear Overhauser effect pattern exhibited by the 6,39 Pin1 WW domain has proven to be diagnostic for demonstrating that single site variants of this domain adopt a normally folded structure. Knowledge of this type is critical before embarking on time-consuming kinetic and thermodynamic studies required for a detailed understanding of ,-sheet folding. 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Biopolymers 63: 111,121, 2002 [source]

NMR solution structure of a potent cyclic nonapeptide inhibitor of ICAM-1-mediated leukocyte adhesion produced by homologous amino acid substitution

L.O. Sillerud
Abstract:, We have previously described a disulfide-linked cyclic nonapeptide (inhibitory peptide-01, IP01), with the sequence CLLRMRSIC, which binds to intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and blocks binding to its counter-structure, the integrin ,L,2 (leukocyte functional antigen-1, LFA-1) (Sillerud et al., J. Peptide Res. 62, 2003: 97). We now report the optimization of this peptide by means of single homologous amino acid substitutions to yield a new peptide (IP02-K6; CLLRMKSAC) which shows an approximately sixfold improvement in inhibitory activity of multivalent leukocyte binding (inhibition constant for 50% inhibition, IC50 = 90 ,m) compared with IP01 (IC50 = 580 ,m). This improvement in activity gives IP02-K6 potent in vivo activity in a murine model of ischemia reperfusion injury (Merchant et al., Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. 284, 2003: H1260). In order to determine the structural features relevant to ICAM-1-binding, we have determined the structure of IP02-K6 using proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and restrained molecular modeling. In our previously reported study of solution models of IP01, we observed three interconverting conformations during low-temperature molecular dynamics simulation. In the present study, we find a single conformation of IP02-K6 similar to one of the previously found conformations of IP01 (family C). In particular, an R4-S7 , -turn is present in similar proportions in both conformation C of IP01 and in IP02-K6; this motif is important in binding to ICAM-1 because this turn enables the IP02-K6 backbone to drape over proline-36 on ICAM-1. The NMR-derived solution model of IP02-K6 was found to dock at the ,L,2 -binding site on ICAM-1 with no changes in peptide backbone conformation. This docking model displaced five of the 15 ,L,2 residues at the ICAM-1-binding site and provided a rationale for understanding the quantitative relationship between IP02-K6 structure and biologic activity. [source]

Solution Structure of , -Am2766: A Highly Hydrophobic , -Conotoxin from Conus amadis That Inhibits Inactivation of Neuronal Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels

The three-dimensional (3D) NMR solution structure (MeOH) of the highly hydrophobic , -conotoxin , -Am2766 from the molluscivorous snail Conus amadis has been determined. Fifteen converged structures were obtained on the basis of 262 distance constraints, 25 torsion-angle constraints, and ten constraints based on disulfide linkages and H-bonds. The root-mean-square deviations (rmsd) about the averaged coordinates of the backbone (N, C,, C) and (all) heavy atoms were 0.620.20 and 1.120.23,, respectively. The structures determined are of good stereochemical quality, as evidenced by the high percentage (100%) of backbone dihedral angles that occupy favorable and additionally allowed regions of the Ramachandran map. The structure of , -Am2766 consists of a triple-stranded antiparallel , -sheet, and of four turns. The three disulfides form the classical ,inhibitory cysteine knot' motif. So far, only one tertiary structure of a , -conotoxin has been reported; thus, the tertiary structure of , -Am2766 is the second such example. Another Conus peptide, Am2735 from C. amadis, has also been purified and sequenced. Am2735 shares 96% sequence identity with , -Am2766. Unlike , -Am2766, Am2735 does not inhibit the fast inactivation of Na+ currents in rat brain Nav1.2 Na+ channels at concentrations up to 200,nM. [source]