Myocardial Involvement (myocardial + involvement)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Characterization of the Electroanatomic Substrate for Monomorphic Ventricular Tachycardia in Patients with Nonischemic Cardiomyopathy

HSIA, H.H., et al.: Characterization of the Electroanatomic Substrate for Monomorphic Ventricular Tachycardia in Patients with Nonischemic Cardiomyopathy. Ventricular arrhythmias are common in the setting of nonischemic cardiomyopathy. The etiology for the cardiomyopathy is frequently not identified and the label of "idiopathic" is applied. Interstitial fibrosis with conduction system involvement and associated left bundle branch block characterizes the disease process in some patients and the mechanism for monomorphic ventricular tachycardia is commonly bundle branch reentry. However, most patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy have VT due to myocardial reentry and demonstrate marked myocardial fibrosis and electrogram abnormalities. Although patient specific, the overall distribution of electroanatomic abnormalities appears to be equal on the endocardium and epicardium. The extent of electrogram abnormalities appears to parallel arrhythmia presentation and/or inducibility. Patients with sustained uniform morphology VT have the most extensive endocardial and epicardial electrogram abnormalities. Magnetic electroanatomic voltage mapping provides a powerful tool to characterize the location and extent of the arrhythmia substrate. Basal left ventricular myocardial involvement, as indexed by the location of contiguous electrogram abnormalities, is common in patients with sustained VT and left ventricular cardiomyopathy. The relatively equal distribution of electrogram abnormalities on the endocardium and epicardium, and the results of mapping and ablation attempts, suggest that critical parts of the reentrant circuit may be epicardial. Unique features of the electroanatomic substrate associated with cardiomyopathy due to Chagas' disease, sarcoidosis, and arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia are also discussed. [source]

Assessment of myocardial involvement using cardiac troponin-I and echocardiography in rheumatic carditis in ,zmir, Turkey

Vedide Tavli
Abstract Background: Acute rheumatic carditis is still a major problem in developing countries. Cardiac troponin-I (cTnI) has been identified as a sensitive and specific marker in the diagnosis of myocarditis in children and adults. Methods: A prospective study was performed using Doppler echocardiography and cTnI in order to detect myocardial involvement in 26 consecutive patients with acute rheumatic valvular disease. Patients were divided into two groups: group 1, rheumatic fever with carditis (n > 16); group 2, rheumatic fever without carditis (n > 10). Results: Clinically age, gender, body temperature, heart rate and white blood count did not differ significantly between the groups and the age-matched control group. C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, anti-streptolysin-O were significantly different. Left ventricular fractional shortening was normal in all patients (group 1, 37 10%; group 2, 34 5%; NS). Left ventricular dimensions were larger in group 1, in which all patients except two had moderate to severe mitral and/or aortic valvular regurgitation (5.05 0.75 cm/m2) compared to group 2, in which none had valvular regurgitation (3.27 0.26 cm/m2, P < 0.05). None of the patients in either group presented with or developed pericarditis. Mean cTnI was 0.12 0.034 ng/mL in group 2 and 0.077 0.02 in group 1, the difference of which was not statistically significant. Neither significant cTnI elevations nor echocardiographic systolic function abnormalities were found in the present patients with rheumatic carditis. Conclusions: The present results indicate the absence of myocardial involvement in acute rheumatic carditis without congestive heart failure. [source]

Cardiac involvement in systemic sclerosis assessed by tissue-doppler echocardiography during routine care: A controlled study of 100 consecutive patients

Christophe Meune
Objective To assess the prevalence of primary cardiac complications in a large population of patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), using recently developed echocardiographic techniques. Methods We prospectively studied 100 consecutive patients (mean SD age 54 14 years; 86 women) presenting with SSc without pulmonary arterial hypertension or clinical manifestations of heart failure. All patients underwent standard echocardiography, along with measurements of longitudinal velocities by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) to assess left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) contractility and LV diastolic function. Results were compared with those in 26 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Results Patients with SSc had a wider mean left atrial diameter and impaired relaxation compared with the controls. A trend was observed toward a smaller LV ejection fraction (EF) in the patients (mean SD 64.9 0.6%) than in the controls (67.2 0.7%), as well as higher pulmonary artery pressure (mean SD 33.3 0.6 mm Hg versus 30.8 1.0 mm Hg). LVEF was <55% in 7 patients versus none of the controls. Peak systolic mitral annular velocity as measured by TDI was <7.5 cm/second in 14 patients versus none of the controls (P = 0.040). Mitral annulus early diastolic velocity was <10 cm/second in 30 patients versus 2 of the controls (P = 0.022). Fifteen patients and none of the controls had reduced peak systolic tricuspid annular velocity (P = 0.039). The TDI results correlated with each other, but not with lung abnormalities or other disease characteristics. Conclusion Depression of LV and RV systolic and LV diastolic function is common in patients with SSc and is due to primary myocardial involvement. Considering the major contributions of TDI, the addition of this simple technique to standard measurements may improve the detection of heart involvement in patients with SSc. [source]