Myeloproliferative Syndrome (myeloproliferative + syndrome)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

The t(1;9)(p34;q34) and t(8;12)(p11;q15) fuse pre-mRNA processing proteins SFPQ (PSF) and CPSF6 to ABL and FGFR1

Claire Hidalgo-Curtis
We have investigated two patients with acquired chromosomal rearrangements, a male presenting with a t(1;9)(p34;q34) and B cell progenitor acute lymphoid leukemia and a female presenting with a t(8;12)(p11;q15) and the 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome. We determined that the t(1;9) fused ABL to SFPQ (also known as PSF), a gene mapping to 1p34 that encodes a polypyrimidine tract-binding protein-associated splicing factor. The t(8;12) fused CPSF6, a cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor, to FGFR1. The fusions were confirmed by amplification of the genomic breakpoints and RT-PCR. The predicted oncogenic products of these fusions, SFPQ-ABL and CPSF6-FGFR1, are in-frame and encode the N-terminal domain of the partner protein and the entire tyrosine kinase domain and C-terminal sequences of ABL and FGFR1. SFPQ interacts with two FGFR1 fusion partners, ZNF198 and CPSF6, that are functionally related to the recurrent PDGFR, partner FIP1L1. Our findings thus identify a group of proteins that are important for pre-mRNA processing as fusion partners for tyrosine kinases in hematological malignancies. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Fusion gene-mediated truncation of RUNX1 as a potential mechanism underlying disease progression in the 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome

Helena Ågerstam
The 8p11 myeloproliferative syndrome (EMS) is a chronic myeloproliferative disorder molecularly characterized by fusion of various 5, partner genes to the 3, part of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1) gene at 8p, resulting in constitutive activation of the tyrosine kinase activity contained within FGFR1. EMS is associated with a high risk of transformation to acute myeloid leukemia (AML), but the mechanisms underlying the disease progression are unknown. In the present study, we have investigated a case of EMS harboring a t(8;22)(p11;q11)/BCR-FGFR1 rearrangement as well as a t(9;21)(q34;q22) at the time of AML transformation. FISH and RT-PCR analyses revealed that the t(9;21) leads to a fusion gene consisting of the 5, part of RUNX1 (exons 1,4) fused to repetitive sequences of a gene with unknown function on chromosome 9, adding 70 amino acids to RUNX1 exon 4. The t(9;21) hence results in a truncation of RUNX1. No point mutations were found in the other RUNX1 allele. The most likely functional outcome of the rearrangement was haploinsufficiency of RUNX1, which thus may be one mechanism by which EMS transforms to AML. © 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

Vasculitic leg ulcers in a patient with mixed myelodysplastic and myeloproliferative syndrome

W Hoetzenecker

Thrombin-mediated impairment of fibroblast growth factor-2 activity

FEBS JOURNAL, Issue 12 2009
Pierangela Totta
Thrombin generation increases in several pathological conditions, including cancer, thromboembolism, diabetes and myeloproliferative syndromes. During tumor development, thrombin levels increase along with several other molecules, including cytokines and angiogenic factors. Under such conditions, it is reasonable to predict that thrombin may recognize new low-affinity substrates that usually are not recognized under low-expression levels conditions. In the present study, we hypothesized that fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 may be cleaved by thrombin and that such action may lead to an impairment of its biological activity. The evidence collected in the present study indicates that FGF-2-induced proliferation and chemotaxis/invasion of SK-MEL-110 human melanoma cells were significantly reduced when FGF-2 was pre-incubated with active thrombin. The inhibition of proliferation was not influenced by heparin. Phe-Pro-Arg-chloromethyl ketone, a specific inhibitor of the enzymatic activity of thrombin, abolished the thrombin-induced observed effects. Accordingly, both FGF-2-binding to cell membranes as well as FGF-2-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase phosphorylation were decreased in the presence of thrombin. Finally, HPLC analyses demonstrated that FGF-2 is cleaved by thrombin at the peptide bond between residues Arg42 and Ile43 of the mature human FGF-2 sequence. The apparent kcat/Km of FGF-2 hydrolysis was 1.1 × 104 m,1·s,1, which is comparable to other known low-affinity thrombin substrates. Taken together, these results demonstrate that thrombin digests FGF-2 at the site Arg42-Ile43 and impairs FGF-2 activity in vitro, indicating that FGF-2 is a novel thrombin substrate. [source]