MUC1 Expression (muc1 + expression)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

The expression pattern of MUC1 (EMA) is related to tumour characteristics and clinical outcome in ,pure' ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast

M A J De Roos
Aims:, To classify MUC1 according to five predefined expression patterns in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and related clinicopathological parameters, coexpression of other biological markers and prognosis. Methods and results:, With a manual tissue arrayer, 92% (n = 80) of the 87 DCIS samples were successfully targeted. Immunohistochemistry was carried out for MUC1, oestrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), Her2/Neu, p53 and cyclin D1. Entire membrane expression was related to Her2/neu negativity (P =0.042). Apical membrane expression was associated with low grade (P = 0.027), Her2/neu negativity (P = 0.014) and PR positivity (P = 0.005). Focal cytoplasmic expression was related to high grade (P = 0.006). Diffuse cytoplasmic expression was associated with high grade (P = 0.004), large tumour size (P = 0.046), Her2/neu positivity (P =0.042) and cyclin D1 positivity (P = 0.002). On the basis of these analyses the four patterns were reclassified as membranous or cytoplasmic expression. On multivariate analysis, cytoplasmic MUC1 expression (hazard ratio 8.5, 95% confidence interval 1.0, 73.0; P = 0.04) was the only independent predictor of local recurrence. Conclusions:, Four patterns of MUC1 expression are recognized in DCIS that suggest a relationship to functional differentiation and can be simplified into two types that are clinically relevant and could therefore be helpful in the distinction between different subgroups of DCIS. [source]

Microparticle-associated tissue factor activity: a link between cancer and thrombosis?

Summary. Background:,Cancer, in particular mucinous adenocarcinoma, is associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE). Tissue factor (TF), initiator of coagulation, plays a central role in the paradigm that clotting and tumor growth form a vicious circle, in which hypercoagulability facilitates the aggressive biology of cancer and vice versa. Expression of TF in tumors is associated with poor differentiation and poor prognosis. Patient/methods:,We investigated the association between clinically manifest VTE and procoagulant properties of circulating microparticles (MP) isolated from blood of unselected pancreatic and breast adenocarcinoma patients' consecutive subjects, who presented with ultrasound or CT-scan confirmed VTE, and healthy subjects. Results:,Patients with disseminated breast and pancreatic cancer had significantly increased levels of MP-associated TF activity compared with healthy controls, subjects with idiopathic acute VTE and non-metastatic cancer patients. Patients with both high MP-associated TF-activity and MP-associated epithelial mucin (MUC1) had a lower survival rate at 3,9 months follow-up than those with low TF-activity and no MUC1 expression: the likelihood of survival was 0.42 (95% CI: 0.19, 0.94) for an individual with these two predictor variables present, after adjustment for other factors (age cohort, type of cancer, VTE) in the Cox proportional hazards model. Conclusions:,Our results suggest an important role for MP-associated TF and MUC1 in the pathogenesis of thrombosis in disseminated mucinous adenocarcinoma patients. Future studies should reveal the mechanism underlying the observed associations. [source]

Molecular Classification of Thyroid Nodules by Cytology,,

Nitin A. Pagedar MD
Abstract Objectives: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of thyroid nodules provides cytologic specimens whose interpretation can direct patients toward either thyroidectomy or observation. Approximately 20% of FNA specimens yield an indeterminate result. Recent studies have characterized differences in gene expression between benign and malignant conditions, most often using whole tissue. Our goal was to determine the feasibility of quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR)-based gene expression analysis in cytologic samples. For five genes shown to be over-expressed in thyroid carcinomas (fibronectin, galectin-3, Met/HGFR, MUC1, and GA733-precursor), we compared expression among pathologic states. Study Design: Prospective laboratory analysis of 20 thyroidectomy specimens. Methods: Routine microscopy was performed. Cytologic samples were obtained from the dominant nodules, and RNA was extracted. Preliminary analysis using fluorometry and reverse-transcriptase (RT)-PCR was performed. Expression levels of the test genes in nodules and from control samples were measured by real-time qPCR. Fold changes in gene expression were compared. Results: Only one specimen did not yield sufficient intact RNA for gene expression analysis. RT-PCR revealed satisfactory RNA recovery in all other specimens. qPCR showed significant over-expression of fibronectin in the papillary carcinomas compared with the goiters (P = .0013), follicular adenomas (P = .0014), and follicular carcinomas (P = .0001). Differences in both fibronectin and MUC1 expression between the follicular carcinomas and the follicular adenomas were also significant (P = .025 and .045, respectively). Conclusions: Cytologic specimens were a satisfactory source of tissue for qPCR-based gene expression analysis. Both fibronectin and MUC1 were differentially expressed in follicular adenomas and follicular carcinomas, and fibronectin expression differed in papillary carcinomas compared with the other lesions. These results may form the basis of a clinical predictor for lesions with indeterminate or suspicious cytology. [source]