Mothers' Knowledge (mother + knowledge)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Selected Abstracts

Knowledge and management of infants' pain by mothers in Ile Ife, Nigeria

Adenike Olaogun
Mothers' knowledge and management of pain in infants were assessed in this study. A total of 130 mothers from two health centres in Ile Ife, Southwest, Nigeria were selected by systematic sampling method. Only 3.8% indicated that neonates experience pain. Malaria (46.2%) was the major cause of pain identified. Analgesic/antimalarials (56.9%) and breastfeeding (16.9%) are used in pain relief. To improve the quality of life of infants, mothers must be educated on the assessment, early detection and management of pain. [source]

Mothers' attitudes to the randomized controlled trial (RCT): the case of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) in children

C. Eiser
Abstract Objectives Survival rates for childhood cancer have improved substantially partly as a result of national and international randomized clinical trials (RCT). However, the decision for families is complex and emotional. Our aim was to describe the views of mothers of children newly diagnosed with ALL regarding consent to randomized controlled trials. Design Qualitative interview to explore mothers knowledge, and reasons for involving their child in RCTs. Interviews took place in mothers' homes. Participants Fifty mothers of children with newly diagnosed ALL (age 4,16 years; mean = 7.4) recruited through research nurses at outpatient appointments. Results All but three families had consented for their child to be treated in the RCT, although there was wide variation in their understanding of the aims, costs and benefits. Most mothers reported the aim of the trial to compare ,old' and ,new' treatments. Conclusion Despite detailed verbal and written information, mothers were poorly informed about the purpose of the trial, and possibility of side effects. Individual preferences for either standard or new treatment were routinely reported. The data raise questions about the extent to which families give truly informed consent to recruitment of their child to an RCT. [source]

Inner-City Children's Exposure to Community Violence: How Much Do Parents Know?

Rosario Ceballo
This study examines the psychological impact of children's exposure to violence and the influence of mothers' knowledge about their children's encounters with violence. Our sample consists of a poor, multiethnic sample of 104 fourth- or fifth-grade children and their mothers. Children in this sample were exposed to rather high levels of community violence, and on the whole, mothers greatly underestimated their children's exposure to violence and feelings of psychological distress. Hierarchical regression analyses indicated that children's exposure to violence was associated with greater psychological distress. Our findings suggest that the detrimental effects of community violence are present for all children, irrespective of their racial background. Further, greater mother-child agreement about children's exposure to violence was related to better psychological functioning. The implications of these results for effective parenting strategies and community-based interventions are discussed. [source]

Nurses' Views of Factors That Help and Hinder Their Intrapartum Care

Martha Sleutel
Objective:, To explore labor and delivery nurses' views of intrapartum care, particularly factors that help or hinder their efforts to provide professional labor support. Design:, Content analysis of narrative comments that nurses wrote on questionnaires during a two-part research study on professional labor support in 2001. Participants:, Intrapartum registered nurses. Results:, Six themes emerged under the category of factors that hinder nurses' intrapartum care: (a) hastening, controlling, and mechanizing birth; (b) facility culture and resources; (c) mothers' knowledge, language, and medical status; (d) outdated practices; (e) conflict; and (f) professional/ethical decline. Under the category of factors that help nurses' intrapartum care, four themes emerged: (a) teamwork and collaboration, (b) philosophy of birth as a natural process, (c) facility culture and resources, and (d) nursing impact, experience, and autonomy. Conclusions:, Nurses conveyed a spectrum of feelings from intense pride and pleasure to disillusionment, dissatisfaction, and distress based on barriers and facilitators to their ability to provide effective optimal care. They felt strongly that medical interventions often hindered their care and prevented them from providing labor support. Nurses offered blunt, often scathing criticism and also glowing praise for their colleagues in nursing, nurse-midwifery, and medicine regarding the quality of their care. JOGNN, 36, 203-211; 2007. DOI: 10.1111/J.1552-6909.2007.00146.x [source]