Mosaic Virus 35S Promoter (mosaic + virus_35s_promoter)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Mosaic Virus 35S Promoter

  • cauliflower mosaic virus 35s promoter

  • Selected Abstracts

    Continuous expression in tobacco leaves of a Brassica napus PEND homologue blocks differentiation of plastids and development of palisade cells

    THE PLANT JOURNAL, Issue 1 2005
    Paul Wycliffe
    Summary Brassica napus complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) clones encoding a DNA-binding protein, BnPEND, were isolated by Southwestern screening. A distinctive feature of the protein was a bZIP-like sequence in the amino-terminal portion, which, after expression in Escherichia coli, bound DNA. BnPEND transcripts were present in B. napus roots and flower buds, and to a lesser extent in stems, flowers and young leaves. Treatment in the dark for 72 h markedly increased the amount of BnPEND transcript in leaves of all ages. Sequence comparison showed that BnPEND was similar to a presumed transcription factor from B. napus, GSBF1, a protein deduced from an Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA (BX825084) and the PEND protein from Pisum sativum, believed to anchor the plastid DNA to the envelope early during plastid development. Homology to expressed sequence tag (EST) sequences from additional species suggested that BnPEND homologues are widespread among the angiosperms. Transient expression of BnPEND fused with green fluorescent protein (GFP) in Nicotiana benthamiana epidermal cells showed that BnPEND is a plastid protein, and that the 15 amino acids at the amino-terminal contain information about plastid targeting. Expression of BnPEND in Nicotiana tabacum from the Cauliflower Mosaic Virus 35S promoter gave stable transformants with different extents of white to light-green areas in the leaves, and even albino plants. In the white areas, but not in adjacent green tissue, the development of palisade cells and chloroplasts was disrupted. Our data demonstrate that the BnPEND protein, when over-expressed at an inappropriate stage, functionally blocks the development of plastids and leads to altered leaf anatomy, possibly by preventing the release of plastid DNA from the envelope. [source]

    The function of SULTR2;1 sulfate transporter during seed development in Arabidopsis thaliana

    Motoko Awazuhara
    SULTR2;1 is a low-affinity sulfate transporter expressed in the vascular tissues of roots and leaves for interorgan transport of sulfate in Arabidopsis thaliana. Transgenic Arabidopsis carrying a fusion gene construct of SULTR2;1 5,-promoter region and ,-glucuronidase coding sequence (GUS) demonstrated that within the reproductive tissues, SULTR2;1 is specifically expressed in the bases and veins of siliques and in the funiculus, which connects the seeds and the silique. The antisense suppression of SULTR2;1 mRNA caused decrease of sulfate contents in seeds and of thiol contents both in seeds and leaves, as compared with the wildtype (WT). The effect of antisense suppression of SULTR2;1 on seed sulfur status was determined by introducing a sulfur-indicator construct, p35S::,SRx3:GUS, which drives the expression of GUS reporter under a chimeric cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter containing a triplicate repeat of sulfur-responsive promoter region of soybean ,-conglycinin , subunit (,SRx3). The mature seeds of F1 plants carrying both the SULTR2;1 antisense and p35S::,SRx3:GUS constructs exhibited significant accumulation of GUS activities on sulfur deficiency, as compared with those carrying only the p35S::,SRx3:GUS construct in the WT background. These results suggested that SULTR2;1 is involved in controlling translocation of sulfate into developing siliques and may modulate the sulfur status of seeds in A. thaliana. [source]

    Functional analysis of cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter: re-evaluation of the role of subdomains B5, B4 and B2 in promoter activity

    Simran Bhullar
    Summary The cauliflower mosaic virus 35S (35S) promoter is used extensively for transgene expression in plants. The promoter has been delineated into different subdomains based on deletion analysis and gain-of-function studies. However, cis -elements important for promoter activity have been identified only in the domains B1 (as-2 element), A1 (as-1 element) and minimal promoter (TATA box). No cis -elements have been described in subdomains B2,B5, although these are reported to be important for the overall activity of the 35S promoter. We have re-evaluated the contribution of three of these subdomains, namely B5, B4 and B2, to 35S promoter activity by developing several modified promoters. The analysis of ,-glucuronidase gene expression driven by the modified promoters in different tissues of primary transgenic tobacco lines, as well as in seedlings of the T1 generation, revealed new facets about the functional organization of the 35S promoter. This study suggests that: (i) the 35S promoter truncated up to ,301 functions in a similar manner to the ,343 (full-length) 35S promoter; (ii) the Dof core and I-box core observed in the subdomain B4 are important for 35S promoter activity; and (iii) the subdomain B2 is essential for maintaining an appropriate distance between the proximal and distal regions of the 35S promoter. These observations will aid in the development of functional synthetic 35S promoters with decreased sequence homology. Such promoters can be used to drive multiple transgenes without evoking promoter homology-based gene silencing when attempting gene stacking. [source]

    A rice promoter containing both novel positive and negative cis -elements for regulation of green tissue-specific gene expression in transgenic plants

    Meng Cai
    Summary The tissue-specific expression of transgenes is essential in plant breeding programmes to avoid the fitness costs caused by constitutive expression of a target gene. However, knowledge on the molecular mechanisms of tissue-specific gene expression and practicable tissue-specific promoters is limited. In this study, we identified the cis -acting elements of a tissue-specific promoter from rice, PD54O, and tested the application of original and modified PD54O and its cis -elements in the regulation of gene expression. PD54O is a green tissue-specific promoter. Five novel tissue-specific cis -elements (LPSE1, LPSE2, LPSRE1, LPSRE2, PSE1) were characterized from PD54O. LPSE1 activated gene expression in leaf and young panicle. LPSRE2 suppressed gene expression in leaf, root, young panicle and stem, and PSE1 suppressed gene expression in young panicle and stem. LPSRE1 and LPSE2 had dual roles in the regulation of tissue-specific gene expression; both functioned as activators in leaf, but LPSRE1 acted as a repressor in stem and LPSE2 as a repressor in young panicle and root. Transgenic rice plants carrying cry1Ac encoding Bacillus thuringiensis endotoxin, regulated by PD54O, were resistant to leaf-folders, with no Cry1Ac protein found in endosperm or embryo. A reporter gene regulated by a series of truncated PD54O showed various tissue-specific expression patterns. Different fragments of PD54O fused with the constitutive cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter suppressed 35S -regulated gene expression in various tissues. PD54O, truncated PD54O and the tissue-specific cis -elements provide useful tools for the regulation of tissue-specific gene expression in rice breeding programmes. [source]

    Over-expression of a Populus peroxisomal ascorbate peroxidase (PpAPX) gene in tobacco plants enhances stress tolerance

    PLANT BREEDING, Issue 4 2009
    Y-J. Li
    Abstract Ascorbate peroxidase (APX) plays an important role in the metabolism of hydrogen peroxide in higher plants. We studied the effect of over-expressing a Populus peroxisomal ascorbate peroxidase (PpAPX) gene under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter or the rd29 promoter in transgenic tobacco. High levels of PpAPX gene expression were observed in 35S-PpAPX transgenic plants, with a 50% increase in APX activity. The constitutive expression of PpAPX in the tobacco exhibited no morphological abnormalities, while significantly increased root growth was observed in transgenic plants, when compared to control plants. Several independently transformed lines were propagated and evaluated for resistance to methyl viologen (MV), drought and salt stress. Visual assessment of transgenic and control lines exposed to MV (50 or 100 ,mol) confirmed that over-expression of APX minimized leaf damage. APX activity was nearly 80% higher in the leaves of transgenic plants in response to drought or salt stresses. Moreover, the transgenic tobacco also showed significantly improved drought resistance and salt tolerance at the vegetative stage. RNA blot analysis indicated that the PpAPX transcript level was very low under normal growing conditions in rd29Ap-PpAPX plants, but clearly increased under drought stress. Our results show that PpAPX does not play a significant role under normal growing conditions, but did ameliorate oxidative injury under abiotic stress. The Ad29 promoter should be used as an inducible promoter in transgenic works. [source]

    Overexpression of DWARF4 in the brassinosteroid biosynthetic pathway results in increased vegetative growth and seed yield in Arabidopsis

    THE PLANT JOURNAL, Issue 6 2001
    Sunghwa Choe
    Summary Plants unable to synthesize or perceive brassinosteroids (BRs) are dwarfs. Arabidopsis dwf4 was shown to be defective in a steroid 22, hydroxylase (CYP90B1) step that is the putative rate-limiting step in the BR biosynthetic pathway. To better understand the role of DWF4 in BR biosynthesis, transgenic Arabidopsis plants ectopically overexpressing DWF4 (AOD4) were generated, using the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter, and their phenotypes were characterized. The hypocotyl length of both light- and dark-grown AOD4 seedlings was increased dramatically as compared to wild type. At maturity, inflorescence height increased >35% in AOD4 lines and >14% in tobacco DWF4 overexpressing lines (TOD4), relative to controls. The total number of branches and siliques increased more than twofold in AOD4 plants, leading to a 59% increase in the number of seeds produced. Analysis of endogenous BR levels in dwf4, Ws-2 and AOD4 revealed that dwf4 accumulated the precursors of the 22,-hydroxylation steps, whereas overexpression of DWF4 resulted in increased levels of downstream compounds relative to Ws-2, indicative of facilitated metabolic flow through the step. Both the levels of DWF4 transcripts and BR phenotypic effects were progressively increased in dwf4, wild-type and AOD4 plants, respectively. This suggests that it will be possible to control plant growth by engineering DWF4 transcription in plants. [source]

    Gossypium arboreum GHSP26 enhances drought tolerance in Gossypium hirsutum

    Asma Maqbool
    Abstract Heat-shock proteins (HSP) are molecular chaperones for protein molecules. These proteins play an important role in protein,protein interactions such as, folding and assisting in the establishment of proper protein conformation and prevention of unwanted protein aggregation. A small HSP gene GHSP26 present in Gossypium arboreum responds to dehydration. In the present study, an attempt was made to overcome the problem of drought stress in cotton. A cDNA of GHSP26 was isolated from G. arboreum, cloned in plant expression vector, pCAMBIA-1301 driven by the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter and introduced into Gossypium hirsutum. The integration and expression studies of putative transgenic plants were performed through GUS assay; PCR from genomic DNA, and quantitative real-time PCR analysis. Transgenic cotton plants showed an enhanced drought tolerance, suggesting that GHSP26 may play a role in plant responsiveness to drought. 2009 American Institute of Chemical Engineers Biotechnol. Prog., 2010 [source]