Mortem Examination (mortem + examination)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Mortem Examination

  • post mortem examination

  • Selected Abstracts

    ,The Value of the Post Mortem Examination': Report of a Meeting at the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Thursday 10 April 2003

    J. E. Bell
    No abstract is available for this article. [source]

    Primary malignant melanoma in the oesophagus of a foal

    S. S. Caston
    Summary A 2-month-old filly was evaluated for severe colic. Ultrasound, abdominocentesis and physical examination findings prompted an abdominal exploratory surgery. Perforation of the stomach was discovered during the surgery. The filly was humanely subjected to euthanasia under anaesthesia and post mortem examination was performed. In addition to gastric and duodenal ulceration, a thickened, black area of the proximal oesophagus was discovered. Histopathology of the lesion revealed primary malignant melanoma. Although rare, primary melanoma can occur in noncutaneous locations. [source]

    Recurrent colics in a 9-year-old Arabian stallion due to several congenital anomalies

    M. P. Robert
    Summary A 9-year-old Arabian stallion was presented for evaluation of recurrent colic problems of 2 years' duration. These colic episodes were associated with a right sided abdominal distension. An exploratory laparotomy revealed a colonic diverticulum that was resected en bloc. Two days later, following signs of acute colic, a second laparotomy showed incarceration of the distal jejunum into a mesodiverticular band combined with haemorrhage of a mesenteric arterial branch. In addition, an abnormally short jejunum (10 m) was also observed. An end-to-end jejunojejunostomy was performed. Following surgery the horse developed septic peritonitis, ptyalism and became dysphagic. Ten days after the second surgery, an infected oesophageal diverticulum causing regional inflammation was diagnosed endoscopically and euthanasia was performed. Post mortem examination showed a 40 cm long diverticulum lateral to the oesophagus. Histology suggested a congenital nature of the colonic and oesophageal diverticuli. [source]

    Study of laryngopharyngeal pathology in Thoroughbred horses in southern California

    S. DIAB
    Summary Reasons for performing study: There is increasing anecdotal evidence among horse owners, trainers and equine clinicians of a high prevalence of subepiglottic ulcers, suggested to have a negative effect on racing performance. Objectives: To provide a prevalence study and pathological characterisation of laryngopharyngeal lesions with emphasis in the subepiglottic area and, in particular, subepiglottic ulcers. Methods: The study was carried out on 91 Thoroughbred racehorses received for post mortem examination from 4 major Southern California racetracks. The most common reason for submission was catastrophic musculoskeletal injury, but others include sudden death, laminitis, colic, colitis, neurological disorders, pleuropneumonia and arytenoid chondropathy. Laryngopharyngeal specimens were collected and examined grossly; selected cases were also examined histopathologically. Results: Thirteen horses (14.3%) had at least one type of laryngopharyngeal abnormality, 7 horses (7.7%) had lesions in the subepiglottic soft tissues, including 4 subepiglottic ulcers, 2 soft palate ,kissing lesions' and one 'subepiglottic scar'. Eight horses (8.8%) had lesions elsewhere in the laryngopharynx, including mucosal ulcerations, arytenoid chondropathy, epiglottic entrapment and partial absence of arytenoid cartilage. Conclusions and potential relevance: Lesions in the subepiglottic area were among the most prevalent in this study, suggesting that an important percentage of laryngopharyngeal abnormalities may be missed during routine endoscopy of the standing horse, which often does not include the examination of subepiglottic tissues. Pathologically, subepiglottic ulcers were chronic-active with viable hyperplastic epithelial margins, suggesting that proper healing and re-epithelialisation should occur with appropriate treatment. In most cases, the lesions observed do not necessarily indicate a clinical problem and more extensive prevalence studies and correlation between abnormalities found and performance are needed to assess the clinical relevance of subepiglottic soft tissue lesions accurately. [source]

    Double Aortic Arch in a Dog (Canis Familiaris): a Case Report

    C. Ricardo
    We herein report a case of a double aortic arch in a 10-week-old male dog of no defined race, which presented episodes of regurgitation at the time of weaning. This vascular malformation was characterized by the persistence of two aortic arches, right and left, of varying dimensions. The right aortic arch was observed to be larger. During post mortem examination the vessels of the animal were injected with coloured latex bi-centrifuged CIS I-4 polisopreno which revealed the patency of the two aortic arches. Concomitantly, dilation of the cranial oesophagus causing constriction was observed, indicating megaesophagus. Apart from the constriction, the oesophagus presented normal morphometric parameters in relation to its dimensions. [source]

    AML with bilateral retinal detachment

    Purpose: To present a case of thrombotic ocular and CNS involvement complicating acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). Methods: A 42 year old woman developed blurred vision shortly after diagnosis and treatment of M6 AML. Investigations showed anterior orbital infiltration, retinal detachment and panuveitis. Iris biopsy and vitreous aspirate were negative. She developed right temporal lobe infarction and died following further CNS infarction two months after initial diagnosis. Results: Post mortem examination showed cerebral oedema, multiple cerebral infarctions and hepatosplenomegaly; both eyes contained vitreous exudates, retinal detachment and uveal thickening. Microscopy showed exudative and haemorrhagic retinal detachment, without inflammatory or neoplastic infiltrate, and bilateral uveal leukaemic infiltration with infarction. Neoplastic cells infiltrated the leptomeninges and brain parenchyma with focal vascular occlusion. Lung vessels were occluded by neoplastic cells. The spleen and bone marrow were heavily infiltrated. Partial immunophenotyping suggested a diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL). Conclusions: Acute leukaemia involves the eye occurs in 39-53% cases. Visual loss is uncommon. Retinal involvement most frequently occurs in the form of superficial haemorrhages, detachment is uncommon. Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) treated with L-asparaginase, acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL) and non-M3 AML may present with a prothrombotic state which may be catastrophic, as occurred in this fatal case. [source]

    Idiopathic typhlocolitis in 40 aged donkeys

    N. Du Toit
    Summary Typhlocolitis was diagnosed in 40 aged donkeys at routine post mortem examinations subjected to euthanasia for colic-related clinical signs at The Donkey Sanctuary. Gross pathological changes included oedema, ulceration and haemorrhage involving the caecum and ventral colon. Histopathology indicated endoparasite and bacterial associated inflammation in 20 and 11 cases, respectively. Bacterial culture in 18 cases did not yield a definite aetiological agent. Other management and stress related factors were looked at to identify obvious risk factors. This report describes the clinical, biochemical and haematological parameters and pathological changes observed in 40 donkeys diagnosed with typhlocolitis. [source]

    The pathology of bronchointerstitial pneumonia in young foals associated with the first outbreak of equine influenza in Australia

    Summary Objectives: The aim of this study was to describe post mortem lesions in EIV-infected foals. Methods: Post mortem examinations were conducted on 11 young foals (age 2,12 days) submitted to the Scone Veterinary Hospital, New South Wales, Australia over a 2-month period in 2007. The foals had presented with or developed fatal pneumonia, and were known or suspected to be EIV-positive. Equine influenza virus nucleic acid was detected in tissue specimens using an influenza A group reactive real-time reverse transcriptase PCR assay. Results: Grossly there was diffuse or extensive pulmonary consolidation. Histological changes included: bronchiolar and alveolar necrosis; neutrophilic infiltration; hyaline membrane formation; and hyperplasia and squamous metaplasia of airway epithelium. Tissues for 10 foals were EIV-positive, with a positive nasal swab from the remaining animal. Conclusions: This is the first detailed pathological description of bronchointerstitial pneumonia associated with EIV infection in young foals. It is also the first series of such cases in which a causative agent has consistently been detected. Potential relevance: Given the findings in this outbreak, and a previous outbreak in the UK in 1965 involving a similarly naive population, veterinary clinicians and pathologists should be aware that EIV can cause fatal bronchointerstitial pneumonia in young foals that do not have maternal immunity. The lesions did not differ from those previously reported in foals of various ages with bronchointerstitial pneumonia of other or undefined causes, indicating that this is most likely to be a stereotypical response to a variety of insults. Therefore, tissue specimens should be obtained from cases of pneumonia in young foals for virological and bacteriological testing. Reasons for performing study: The first outbreak of equine influenza virus (EIV) infection was confirmed in Australia in 2007. Some EIV-positive young foals died with broncho-interstitial pneumonia, a rare disease process in this age group that is often postulated to be caused by viral infection. [source]

    Post mortem survey of dental disorders in 349 donkeys from an aged population (2005,2006).

    Part 1: Prevalence of specific dental disorders
    Summary Reasons for performing study: Donkey dental disorders are being recognised with increased frequency worldwide and have important welfare implications; however, no detailed investigations of dental disorders in donkeys appear to have been published. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of specified dental disorders in donkeys by performing a prospective post mortem study on donkeys that were subjected to euthanasia or died for other reasons at the Donkey Sanctuary, UK. Methods: Post mortem examinations were performed on 349 donkeys over an 18 month period, 2005,2006. The presence and extent of specified dental disorders were recorded and these data analysed to determine their prevalence and common locations. 45Results: A high prevalence (93%) of disorders was noted in the population with a median age of 31 years. In particular, cheek teeth diastemata (85% prevalence) were very common, often associated with advanced periodontal disease. Other disorders observed included missing teeth (in 55.6% of donkeys), displaced teeth (43%), worn teeth (34%), local overgrowths (15%), focal sharp overgrowths (3%) and dental-related soft tissue injuries (8%). Conclusions and potential relevance: Aged donkeys have a high prevalence of significant dental disease, especially cheek teeth diastemata. These findings highlight the importance of routine dental examinations and prophylactic dental treatments to improve the dental health and welfare of donkeys. [source]