Month Survival (month + survival)

Distribution by Scientific Domains
Distribution within Medical Sciences

Terms modified by Month Survival

  • month survival rate

  • Selected Abstracts

    Around the world with the model for end-stage liver disease

    Richard B. Freeman Jr MD
    Background: Indices for predicting survival are essential for assessing prognosis and assigning priority for liver transplantation in patients with liver cirrhosis. The model for end stage liver disease (MELD) has been proposed as a tool to predict mortality risk in cirrhotic patients. However, this model has not been validated beyond its original setting. Aim: To evaluate the short and medium term survival prognosis of a European series of cirrhotic patients by means of MELD compared with the Child-Pugh score. We also assessed correlations between the MELD scoring system and the degree of impairment of liver function, as evaluated by the monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX) test. Patients and methods: We retrospectively evaluated survival of a cohort of 129 cirrhotic patients with a follow up period of at least one year. The Child-Pugh score was calculated and the MELD score was computed according to the original formula for each patient. All patients had undergone a MEGX test. Multivariate analysis was performed on all variables to identify the parameters independently associated with one year and six month survival. MELD values were correlated with both Child-Pugh scores and MEGX test results. Results: Thirty one patients died within the first year of follow up. Child-Pugh and MELD scores, and MEGX serum levels were significantly different among patients who survived and those who died. Serum creatinine, international normalized ratio, and MEGX60 were independently associated with six month mortality while the same variables and the presence of ascites were associated with one year mortality. MELD scores showed significant correlations with both MEGX values and Child-Pugh scores. Conclusions: In a European series of cirrhotic patients the MELD score is an excellent predictor of both short and medium term survival, and performs at least as well as the Child-Pugh score. An increase in MELD score is associated with a decrease in residual liver function. [source]

    Alemtuzumab Induction Prior to Cardiac Transplantation with Lower Intensity Maintenance Immunosuppression: One-Year Outcomes

    J. J. Teuteberg
    Induction therapy with alemtuzumab (C-1H) prior to cardiac transplantation (CTX) may allow for lower intensity maintenance immunosuppression. This is a retrospective study of patients who underwent CTX at a single institution from January 2001 until April 2009 and received no induction versus induction with C-1H on a background of tacrolimus and mycophenolate. Those with C-1H received dose-reduced calcineurin inhibitor and no steroids. A total of 220 patients were included, 110 received C-1H and 110 received no induction. Recipient baseline characteristics, donor age and gender were not different between the two groups. Mean tacrolimus levels (ng/mL) for C-1H versus no induction: months 1,3 (8.5 vs. 12.9), month 4,6 (10.2 vs. 13.0), month 7,9 (10.2 vs. 11.9) and month 10,12 (9.9 vs. 11.3) were all significantly lower for the C-1H group, p < 0.001. There were no differences between the C-1H and no induction groups at 12 months for overall survival 85.1% versus 93.6% p = 0.09, but freedom from significant rejection was significantly higher for the C-1H group, 84.5% versus 51.6%, p < 0.0001. In conclusion, induction therapy after CTX with C-1H results in a similar 12 month survival, but a greater freedom from rejection despite lower calcineurin levels and without the use of steroids. [source]


    ANZ JOURNAL OF SURGERY, Issue 6 2006
    Mena Shehata
    Background: This study aims to assess the survival of patients who underwent peritonectomy, to assess the morbidity and mortality associated with the procedure and to review the published reports on the survival of patients with peritoneal spread of colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: Peritonectomy involves resection of all visible peritoneal tumour and is followed by heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Peritonectomy with heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy is associated with a 3-year survival of 30,50% in patients with low peritoneal cancer index (PCI) with peritoneal carcinomatosis from CRC. There are approximately 1000 patients in phase 2 studies and a large survival advantage was shown in a randomized control trial. We have carried out over 100 peritonectomy procedures. This study describes 22 patients with peritoneal spread of gastrointestinal cancer treated with peritonectomy between 1996 and March 2005. Twenty of these patients had primary colorectal cancer and two patients had primary small bowel cancer. Results: Of the 22 patients who underwent peritonectomy, 8 patients are now deceased. The median follow up is now 16.1 months. At 12 months, the survival was 61.5% and at 24 months the survival was 46.1%, which are creditable results comparable with the world published reports. We found that those patients with all macroscopic residual tumour removed at the end of the procedure (completeness of cancer resection, CCR O) had improved 24-month survival compared with patients in whom there was incomplete tumour resection (53.3% survival vs 22.2%, respectively, P = 0.024). Patients with a PCI score less than 13 had better survival (P = 0.0003). Conclusions: Peritonectomy for peritoneal carcinomatosis from CRC offers patients improved survival. Our results are consistent with the published data with respect to improved survival in patients with low PCI and complete cytoreduction. [source]

    Survival and predictors of outcome in patients with acute leukemia admitted to the intensive care unit

    CANCER, Issue 10 2008
    Snehal G. Thakkar MD
    Abstract BACKGROUND. Predictors of outcome and rates of successful discharge have not been defined for patients with acute leukemia admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) in the US. METHODS. This is a retrospective analysis of 90 patients with acute leukemia (no history of bone marrow transplant) admitted to an ICU from 2001,2004. The primary endpoints were improvement and subsequent discharge from the ICU, discharge from the hospital, and 2-month survival after hospital discharge. Secondary endpoints were 6- and 12-month survival. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors predicting outcome. RESULTS. The median age of patients was 54 years and 48 (53%) were male. The most common reason for ICU transfer for all patients was respiratory compromise. The majority of all patients (68%) were eventually placed on ventilator support and approximately half required pressors. During the ICU course, 29 patients (32%) improved and subsequently resumed aggressive leukemia management, and 24 patients (27%) survived to be discharged from the hospital. The 2-, 6-, and 12-month overall survival was 24 (27%), 16 (18%), and 14 (16%), respectively. Higher APACHE II score, use of pressors, undergoing bone marrow transplantation preparative regimen, and adverse cytogenetics predicted worse outcome. Newly diagnosed leukemia, type of leukemia, or age did not. CONCLUSIONS. One of 4 patients with acute leukemia survived an ICU admission to be discharged from the hospital and were alive 2 months later. A diagnosis of acute leukemia should not disqualify patients from an ICU admission. Cancer 2008. 2008 American Cancer Society. [source]

    Early change in bilirubin levels is an important prognostic factor in severe alcoholic hepatitis treated with prednisolone

    HEPATOLOGY, Issue 6 2003
    Philippe Mathurin M.D.
    Early identification of patients with severe (discriminant function ,32) biopsy-proven alcoholic hepatitis (AH) who are not responding to corticosteroids would be clinically relevant. Our goal was to develop simple criteria that will help physicians to promptly identify nonresponders to corticosteroids. A total of 238 patients were included. We used 6 months survival as an end point because of the rule requiring 6 months for listing alcoholic patients for transplantation. Overall survival at 1 and 6 months was 85% 2.3% and 64.3% 3.3%, respectively. An early change in bilirubin levels (ECBL) at 7 days (defined as bilirubin level at 7 days lower than bilirubin level on the first day of treatment) was observed in 73% of patients. At 7 days, in patients with ECBL, bilirubin decreased (84 75 ,mol/L [4.94 4.40 mg/dL]), whereas it increased in patients without ECBL (76.5 77 ,mol/L [4.50 4.54 mg/dL], P < .0001). Ninety-five percent of patients with ECBL continued to have improved liver function during treatment. At 6 months, survival of patients with ECBL was significantly higher than that of patients without ECBL, 82.8% 3.3% versus 23% 5.8%, P < .0001. On multivariate analysis, ECBL, discriminant function and creatinine were independent prognostic variables, and ECBL had the most important prognostic value. In conclusion, ECBL is a very simple predictive factor for identifying nonresponders. A recommendation to discontinue corticosteroids after 7 days in patients without ECBL, suggested by our results, awaits additional confirmation. [source]

    Expression profiling correlates with treatment response in women with advanced serous epithelial ovarian cancer

    Tanya R. Newton
    Abstract The majority of epithelial ovarian carcinomas are of serous subtype, with most women presenting at an advanced stage. Approximately 70% respond to initial chemotherapy but eventually relapse. We aimed to find markers of treatment response that might be suitable for routine use, using the gene expression profile of tumor tissue. Thirty one women with histologically-confirmed late-stage serous ovarian cancer were classified into 3 groups based on response to treatment (nonresponders, responders with relapse less than 12 months and responders with no relapse within 12 months). Gene expression profiles of these specimens were analyzed with respect to treatment response and survival (minimum 36 months follow-up). Patients' clinical features did not correlate with prognosis, or with specific gene expression patterns of their tumors. However women who did not respond to treatment could be distinguished from those who responded with no relapse within 12 months based on 34 gene transcripts (p < 0.02). Poor prognosis was associated with high expression of inhibitor of differentiation-2 (ID2) (p = 0.001). High expression of decorin (DCN) and ID2 together was strongly associated with reduced survival (p = 0.003), with an estimated 7-fold increased risk of dying (95% CI 1.9,29.6; 14 months survival) compared with low expression (44 months). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed both nuclear and cytoplasmic distribution of ID2 in ovarian tumors. High percentage of nuclear staining was associated with poor survival, although not statistically significantly. In conclusion, elevated expression of ID2 and DCN was significantly associated with poor prognosis in a homogeneous group of ovarian cancer patients for whom survival could not be predicted from clinical factors. 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc. [source]

    Extended Survival by Urgent Liver Retransplantation after Using a First Graft with Metastasis from Initially Unrecognized Donor Sarcoma

    Jorge A. Ortiz
    A 58-year-old man underwent orthotopic liver transplantation for polycystic liver disease. Shortly after the procedure, it was discovered that the donor harbored a sarcoma of the aortic arch that had metastasized to the spleen, and bilateral renal cell carcinomas. The two sole organ recipients, our liver recipient and a lung recipient at another institution, were both listed for urgent retransplantation, which they received from the same second donor. The liver explant contained metastatic sarcoma. Twenty-four months survival following lung retransplantation has been previously reported. We report the 76-month disease-free survival in the liver recipient. [source]