Montana L. (montana + l)

Distribution by Scientific Domains

Kinds of Montana L.

  • satureja montana l.

  • Selected Abstracts

    Localities and seasonal variations in the chemical composition of essential oils of Satureja montana L. and S. cuneifolia Ten

    M. Milos
    Abstract The essential oils of Satureja montana L. and Satureja cuneifolia Ten. were subjected to detailed GC,MS analysis in order to determine possible similarities between them and also the differences in their chemical compositions, depending on the locality and the stage of development. The plant materials were collected prior to, during and after flowering from three different locations in the central part of Dalmatia (Croatia). For both plants the qualitative composition of the components appeared to be constant in three phenological stages and in three different localities. However, considerable differences were found to exist in the amounts of several compounds. Copyright 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Permeation of bioactive constituents from Arnica montana preparations through human skin in-vitro

    I. A. Tekko
    This study investigated and characterised transdermal permeation of bioactive agents from a topically applied Arnica montana tincture. Permeation experiments conducted over 48 h used polydimethylsiloxane (silastic) and human epidermal membranes mounted in Franz-type diffusion cells with a methanol-water (50:50 v/v) receptor fluid. A commercially available tincture of A. montana L. derived from dried Spanish flower heads was a donor solution. Further donor solutions prepared from this stock tincture concentrated the tincture constituents 1, 2 and 10 fold and its sesquiterpene lactones 10 fold. Permeants were assayed using a high-performance liquid chromatography method. Five components permeated through silastic membranes providing peaks with relative retention factors to an internal standard (santonin) of 0.28, 1.18, 1.45, 1.98 and 2.76, respectively. No permeant was detected within 12 h of applying the Arnica tincture onto human epidermal membranes. However, after 12 h, the first two of these components were detected. These were shown by Zimmermann reagent reaction to be sesquiterpene lactones and liquid chromatography/diode array detection/mass spectrometry indicated that these two permeants were 11,13-dihydrohelenalin (DH) analogues (methacrylate and tiglate esters). The same two components were also detected within 3 h of topical application of the 10-fold concentrated tincture and the concentrated sesquiterpene lactone extract. [source]

    Enrichment of the thymoquinone content in volatile oil from Satureja montana using supercritical fluid extraction

    Clara Grosso
    Abstract Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) of the volatile oil from Satureja montana L. was performed under different conditions of pressure (90 and 100 bar), temperature (40 and 50C), mean particle sizes (0.4, 0.6 and 0.8 mm) and CO2 flow rate (0.8, 1.1 and 1.3 kg/h) to understand the influence of these parameters on the composition and yield of this oil. The results were compared with those obtained for the essential oil isolated by hydrodistillation (HD). The volatile and the essential oil were analysed by GC and GC-MS. The main compounds are carvacrol (52.2,62.0% for HD vs. 41.7,64.5% for SFE), thymol (8.6,11.0% for HD vs. 6.0,11.3% for SFE), p -cymene (6.9,12.8% for HD vs. 6.0,17.8% for SFE), ,-terpinene (6.4,9.4% for HD vs. 2.3,6.0% for SFE) and ,-bisabolene (2.0,2.7% for HD vs. 2.2,3.5% for SFE). The major difference between SFE and HD was the relative amount of thymoquinone, an oxygenated monoterpene with important biological activities, which can be ten-fold higher in volatile oil (1.6,3.0 for SFE vs. 0.2% for HD). The morphology of the glandular trichomes of S. montana and the effect of the grinding process on them was also evaluated by SEM. [source]

    Phytochemical analysis and in vitro antimicrobial activity of two Satureja species essential oils

    Mirjana Sko
    Abstract The phytochemical GC[sol ]MS analysis and in vitro antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of the aerial parts of Satureja montana L. and Satureja cuneifolia Ten., collected in Croatia were performed. The major compound of S. montana oil was the phenolic monoterpene carvacrol (45.7%). Other important compounds were the monoterpenic hydrocarbons p -cymene (12.6%), , -terpinene (8.1%) and the oxygen-containing compounds carvacrol methyl ether, borneol, thymol and thymol methyl ether. The volatile oil of S. cuneifolia was characterized as , -cubebene (8.7%), limonene (8.3%), , -pinene (6.9%), spathulenol and , -caryophyllene. The antimicrobial effects of S. montana and S. cuneifolia oils were found to have a broad spectrum activity against multidrug-resistant pathogens by the broth microdilution method. These oils were active against all the test strains, with the exception of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Compared with S. cuneifolia, savory oil exhibited greater antimicrobial activity. The maximum activity of savory oil was observed against Escherichia coli, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and against the yeast (Candida albicans). The essential oil of S. cuneifolia was also found to inhibit the growth of medically important pathogens such as S. aureus and E. coli. Fungicidal activity for both oils against C. albicans and S. cerevisiae was also observed. Copyright 2004 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]

    Antibacterial activity of medicinal plant extracts against periodontopathic bacteria

    L. Iauk
    Abstract This study was performed to evaluate the antibacterial activity of Althaea of,cinalis L. roots, Arnica montana L. ,owers, Calendula of,cinalis L. ,owers, Hamamelis virginiana L. leaves, Illicium verum Hook. fruits and Melissa of,cinalis L. leaves, against anaerobic and facultative aerobic periodontal bacteria: Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella spp., Fusobacterium nucleatum, Capnocytophaga gingivalis, Veilonella parvula, Eikenella corrodens, Peptostreptococcus micros and Actinomyces odontolyticus. The methanol extracts of H. virginiana and A. montana and, to a lesser extent, A. of,cinalis were shown to possess an inhibiting activity (MIC , 2048 mg/L) against many of the species tested. In comparison, M. of,cinalis and C. of,cinalis extracts had a lower inhibiting activity (MIC , 2048 mg/L) against all the tested species with the exception of Prevotella sp. Illicium verum methanol extract was not very active though it had a particular good activity against E. corrodens. The results suggest the use of the alcohol extracts of H. virginiana, A. montana and A. of,cinalis for topical medications in periodontal prophylactics. Copyright 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. [source]